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Publication numberUS2518709 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 15, 1950
Filing dateDec 8, 1947
Priority dateDec 8, 1947
Publication numberUS 2518709 A, US 2518709A, US-A-2518709, US2518709 A, US2518709A
InventorsMosby Jr Fink E
Original AssigneeMosby Jr Fink E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Mixing and dispensing device
US 2518709 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 15, 1950 F. E. MOSBY, JR 2,518,709

MIXING AND DISPENSING DEVICE Filed Dec. 8, 1947 IN V EN TOR.

f/me [Masay J2 IIg [13- Arr y Patented Aug. 15; 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICEv 2,518,709 MIXING AND DISPENSING DEVICE Fink E. Mosby, J r., Santa Monica, Calif.

Application December 8, 1947, Serial No. 790,401

Claims.

This invention relates to a mixing and dispensing device and more particularly to one for comingling and discharging a plurality of liquids simultaneously.

The device of the present invention is particularly adapted to be used as a showed head in a bathroom although as will be apparent from the following description, the device is not limited to ashower head. In fact the device can be used in any application where a plurality of liquids are to be intermixed and discharged in spray form.

It will be seen thatthe device of the present invention is one in which a primary liquid passing through the device is adapted to entrain or pick up a secondary fluid or liquid by utilization of well-known injector principles. Spray nozzles, shower heads and like devices utilizing this principle have been heretofore proposed but such devices have not thoroughly intermixed the plurality of liquids at or prior to their discharge.

Such prior devices as are known have also been difficult to maintain in proper working condition as the interiors thereof were not readily accessible for cleaning purposes.

The device of the present invention obviates the difliculties had with like devices heretofore proposed for the plurality of liquids are thorough- 1y intermixed before they are discharged from the device. The intermixing of the liquids is brought about by first atomizing the primary liquid and then forcing the atomized primary liquid under relatively high pressure and at an angle approaching the normal into a stream of the secondary liquid. The primary liquid is forced into the stream of the secondary liquid by directing the former into a hollow substantially spherical stream converging onto the stream of the secondary liquid from all sides thereof and a very thorough and uniform mixture of the two liquids results.

To insure complete comingling of the two liquids, the intermixed liquids are passed into a mixing chamber prior to discharge and as the now comingled liquids enter the chamber just subsequently to the admixing of the two liquids the same are extremely turbulent and this agitation results in even more thorough mixing of the two liquids. The now very thoroughly comingled liquids are discharged from the device through a series of small apertures in the form of a conical spray.

The device is quite easy to maintain in good working use for it can be easily disassembled for cleaning the surfaces of the elements which when assembled form-the interior surface of the device.

This obviates the disadvantages of many of like devices heretofore proposed which were diflicult, if not impossible, to clean.

Other features and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which:

Figure l is a side elevational view of the device of the present invention;

Figure 2 is a vertical sectional View of the device shown detached from the container forming a reservoir for the secondary liquid;

Figure 3 is a section taken along line 373 of Figure 2; and

Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view of that part of the device wherein admixing of the two liquids first occurs. H

The illustrated embodiment of the present invention, referring now to the drawing and more particularly to Figures 1 and 2 thereof,' comprises an Open-ended receptacle In which forms a reservoir for the secondary liquid. The external wall portion of the container adjacent the open end thereof is formed with threads or other forms of attaching means for co-action with like means formed internally of a closure member I I adapted to close the open end of the container I0. I

The closure member II carries an upstanding stanchion I2 which terminates in a substantially annularly shaped member I3. Extending inwardly somewhat radially from the inner wall of the member I3.is a small conduit I4 which is laterally deflected intermediate the ends thereof to form a projection I5 coaxially extending relative to said annular member I3. In the illustrated form of the present invention the conduit I4 is formed integral with the annular member I3 although if desired it may be separately formed and subsequently attached to the inner wall of the member I3.

The bore I6 of the conduit I4 forms a continuation of a passage I'I centrally extending through the stanchion I2 from a tapped aperture formed in the bottom face thereof. The aperture is aligned with an opening in the closure member II and receives the threaded end of a tubular member I8 extending downwardly into the container III as shown in Figure 1. To prevent accidental rotation of the tubular member I8, a nut I9 is threadedly mounted onto the end of the same to clamp the tubular member within the aperture of the stanchion. v

It will be seen, referring again to Figure 2, that the end face of the projection I5 is formed with a tapped aperture concentric with the bore of the 3 same for receiving the threaded boss 2| of a plu 22. The plug 22, when the boss thereof is threadedly mounted within the aperture of the projection 15, forms an extension of the latter. The plug 22 is formed with a passage 23 which forms a continuation of the bore I6 of the conduit 14 and its lateral projection [5. The plug 22 terminates at its free end in a small nipple 24 having an opening therethrough communicating with the passage 23 of the plug 22. It will now be seen that there is continuous path for fluid fiow from the container to the discharge end of the nipple 24.

The plug 22 is provided with an annular shoul der 25 formed by reducing the end portion of the same adjacent the nipple 24. The shoulder seats against an annular shoulder 26 formed internally of a longitudinally bored body element 21 having a threaded reduced portion received within an annular flange 28 coaxially extending from the one end face of the member It. The outer diameter of the body element 21' adjacent the reduced portion received within the flange 28 is equal to the outer diameter of the flange to the end that the member 23 and the element 2? form a smoothly contoured body member of tubular shape.

It will be seen that the hollow body element 2'! circumscribes the plug 22' and that the latter completely fills the passageway 29 formed by the bore of the element intermediate the ends of the same. The passageway although of a relatively large constant diameter throughout its initial course progressively decreases to a diameter substantially that of the plug and is sharply reduced at the shoulder 26 to a diameter just slightly larger than that of the reduced portion of the plug. The wall of the passageway 29 circumscribing the end portion of the plug carrying the nipple 24, as best seen in Figure 4, is domeshaped or formed as a spheroidal surface 31. This portion of the passageway leads to a relatively small diametered terminal portion forming an orifice 32 in the end face of the body ele ment 21.

A somewhat conical cap or nozzle 33'threaded onto a reduced portion of the element 27 completes the body member of the device. The cap or nozzle is provided with a cavityor chamber 34 the one wall of which is perforated to form a plurality of outlet openings 35. The chamber 34', it will be noted, communicates'with the passageway 29 through the orifice 32 of the body ele- .ment 21.

The device is intended to be connected to a source of primary liquid under pressure such as the conventional household water supply line; To this end the annular member i3 is provided with a spherical socket for receiving a ball '36 mounted to one end of a female fitting 37 adapted to threadedly receive a male fitting, not shown, carried by the water line. The ball 36 is held within the socket by a flanged ring 38 loosely mounted to the fitting 3'! and internally threaded for engaging external threads formed on the one end of the annular member IS.

The ball 36 is formed with a passage 39 for conducting water under pressure from the fitting 31 to the interior of the annular member l3 which is in communication with the passageway '29 of the element 21. Although the plug 22 completely fills the passageway 29 as above described, water is passed along the plug through a plurality of circumferentiall-y spaced grooves 48 'longitudi nal'ly for-med in the outer surface ofs the same.

4 The stream of water flowing through the pas sageway 29 is therefore broken up or divided into three eircumferentially spaced streams, the velocity of which is relatively'high. It will be seen, referring now to Figure 4, that the grooves 40, lead water, forced into the passageway 29, at a high velocity against the spheroidal surface 3!. The streams of water impinging against the spheroidal surface 31 are atomized and directed by the surface in spheroidally converging streams into mutual intersection at the orifice 32.

As will be understood the reduced water passage formed between the end face of the nipple 24 and the spherical surface 3i decreases the pressure at the discharge end of the passage 23 to induce a flow of the secondary liquid held by the container it up through the tubular member I8,

passage I1, bore [6, passage 23 to the nipple 24 from whence it is discharged. It will be seen that the secondary liquid is discharged from the nipple at the point where the atomized water is forcibly directed as a converging stream intothe orifice 32'. As the atomized water has a, relatively high velocity and converges onto the secondaryliquid from all sides thereof the two'liquids are thoroughly intermixed, Furthermore, as the spherical sheet of atomized water converges'onte' the secondary liquid at the orifice 32, the comingle'd liquids are forced through the same into the mixing chamber 34 where the liquids are more thoroughly comingled before they are discharged under pressure through the openings 35 in the form of a spray.

It will be seen now that the water and the secondary liquid are very thoroughly comingled before'the'sa-me are discharged. As has been seen the water is first atomized before it is diverted into the'orifice where'the secondary liquid is discharged from the nipple 24- and the atomized waterwill more completely mix with the secondary liquid than would a' solid stream of water. Furthermore as the comingled liquids enter the mixing chamber in a very turbulent state the-mixing action, because of the agitation of the-liquids and expansion of the same in the chamber, is increased and the liquids are intimately'intermixed before discharge through the openings 35.

The secondary liquid may be any type of liquid desired such as bath oils, soaps, perfumes, antiseptics or the like. The secondary liquid might be a liquid fertilizer or an insecticide forit will be apparent that the device of the presentinvention might be attached to a garden hose or like source of water under pressure and used to dispose a liquid fertilizer, an insecticide or other solutions useful in horticulture.

To permit a user tovar-y the solution strengthof the discharged liquids, a valve 41 is formed-in the passage ll. The valve is provided with an actuator 42 by means of which the valve can be moved to decrease or increase the fiow of the secondary liquid up through the passage H.

As the body forming the spray head ofthe device of the present invention is formed of a plurality of easily detachable pieces the interior of the same can be quickly exposed for cleaning if it should appearthat such action was necessary during use of the device.

Although the now preferred embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described herein it is to be understood that'the present inventionis not to be limited thereto for it is sus ceptible to changes in form and detail within the scope .of the appended c a ms- I claim:

1. A device of the type described, comprising: a body having a passageway therethrough; means for admitting a pressurized liquid into one end of said passageway; means intermediate the ends of said passageway for dividing the stream of liquid flowing through said passageway into a plurality of parallel, circumferentially spaced smaller streams having a relatively high velocity; baflle means disposed substantially transversely of said smaller streams at the discharge ends thereof for impact-atomizing said streams and convergently directing the atomized streams into mutual intersection; and a conduit from a source of secondary liquid leading into said body and terminating at said intersection centrally of said smaller streams whereby a supply of said secondary liquid is induced into the smaller streams at the mutual intersection thereof thereby intermixing and comingling said liquids.

2. A device of the type described, comprising: a body having a passageway therethrough; means for admitting a pressurized liquid into one end of said passageway; means intermediate the ends of said passageway for dividing the stream of liquid flowing through said passageway into a plurality of parallel, circumferentially spaced smaller streams having a relatively high velocity; bafille means disposed substantially transversely of said smaller streams at the discharge ends thereof for impact-atomizing said streams and convergently directing the atomized streams into mutual intersection; a conduit from a source of secondary liquid leading into said body and terminating at said intersection centrally of said smaller streams whereby a supply of said secondary liquid is induced into the smaller streams at the mutual intersection thereof thereby intermixing and comingling said liquids; and an expansion chamber located forwardly of said mutual intersectiqn into which said comingled liquids are directed for further intermixing.

3. A device of the type described, comprising: a body having a passageway therethrough; means for admitting a pressurized liquid into one end of said passageway; means coaxially mounted within said passageway intermediate the ends thereof and cooperative with the wall of said passageway for dividing the stream 7 of liquid flowing through said passageway into a plurality of parallel, circumferentially spaced smaller streams having a relatively high velocity; bafile means disposed substantially transversely of said smaller streams at the discharge ends thereof for w impact-atomizing said streams and convergently directing the atomized streams into mutual intersection; a conduit from a source of secondary liquid leading into said body and terminating at said intersection centrally of said smaller streams whereby a supply of said secondary liquid is induced into the smaller streams at the mutual intersection thereof thereby intermixing and comingling said liquids; and wall means forming an expansion chamber located forwardly of said mutual intersection into which said comingled liquids are directed for further intermixing; and at least a part of said wall means being perforate and exit means for forming said intermixed liquids.

4. A device of the type described, comprising: a body having a passageway therethrough; means for admitting a pressurized liquid into one end of said passageway; means intermediate the ends of said passageway for dividing the stream of liquid flowing through said passageway into a plurality of parallel, circumferentially spaced smaller streams having a relatively high velocity; the wall of said passageway circumscribing the discharge ends of said smaller streams being dome-shaped and forming a spheroidal surface against which said smaller streams are impinged to impact-atomize the liquids thereof and to convergently direct the same in spheroidally moving streams into mutual intersection; and a conduit from a source of secondary liquid leading into said body and terminating at said intersection centrally of said smaller streams so as to enable the latter to induct secondary liquid from said source into central contact with said spheroidally moving streams at the mutual intersection thereof whereby said liquids are intermixed and comingled.

5. A device for mixing and dispensing a plurality of liquids, comprising: a tubular body; means for admitting a pressurized liquid into the one end of said body and directing the same longitudinally of said body; a conduit connectable to a source of fluid leading into said body and having a terminal portion coaxially disposed in the bore of said body; plug means coaxially carried by and forming an extension of said terminal portion closing the bore of said body, said plug means having a plurality of circumferentially spaced, longitudinally extending channels formed in the outer surface thereof for dividing the liquid directed longitudinally of said body into a plurality of small streams having a relatively high velocity; the bore of said body terminating in a spheroidal surface eircumscribing the free end of said plug means against which said small streams are impinged, said spheroidal surface constricting the bore of said body and REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,040,890 Wrentmore May 19, 1936 2,044,088 Lord June 16, 1936 2,316,781 7 Fox Apr. 20, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 20,122 Great Br tai Sept. 11, 1911

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2040890 *Jun 3, 1932May 19, 1936Wrentmore Margaret MJet pump
US2044088 *Dec 11, 1933Jun 16, 1936U S Submarine Motorship DredgeHydraulic material elevator
US2316781 *Feb 12, 1941Apr 20, 1943Florence H ChapmanSolution mixing and dispensing device
GB191120122A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3279703 *Aug 3, 1964Oct 18, 1966Schneider Richard CHydro therapeutic fluid nozzle
US3999713 *Jul 16, 1975Dec 28, 1976Arbrook, Inc.Nebulization-humidification nozzle
US6027041 *Nov 10, 1992Feb 22, 2000Evnx Technologies, Inc.Sprayer with swiveling spray head
US6935542May 15, 2002Aug 30, 2005S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Device for retaining and for inserting a flexible tube assembly into a fluid container
US8110068 *Mar 20, 2008Feb 7, 2012Novellus Systems, Inc.Gas flow distribution receptacles, plasma generator systems, and methods for performing plasma stripping processes
Classifications
U.S. Classification239/430, 239/587.4, 126/271.1, 239/318
International ClassificationB05B7/24
Cooperative ClassificationB05B7/2443
European ClassificationB05B7/24A4R