US 251923 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(Model) S. S. NEWTON.
1%. 251,923. Patented Jan. 8,1882;
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5 f" UNITED STATES PATE T ()FFICE.
STEPHEN S. NEWTON, OF BINGHAMTON, NEW YORK.
SPEGIFICATIONtorming part of- Letters Patent No. 251,923, dated January 3 1882.
To all whom it may concern:
of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottle-Stoppers; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference beinghad to the accompanying drawin gs, and toletters orfiguresof reference marked thereon,w.hich form a part of this specification.
Figure l is a vertical section of my improved stopper. Fig. 2 is a vertical section, showing a part of the invention. Fig. 3 is a section of my stopper havinga vent-tube applied thereto. Fig. 4 is a vertical section of Fig. 2 enlarged. Fig. 5 is a plan or top view ofFigs. 2, 3, 4., with ports closed. Fig. 6 is a horizontal section taken on line y y, Fig. 3. Fig. 7 is a horizontal section taken on line w 00, Fig. 1.
In all the figures, F is a discharge-tube, through which the contents of the bottle are delivered, its upper end being closed by aflat plate provided with one or more eccentric ports, f.
In Fig. 1 the lower end of the discharge-tube is screw-threaded externally to receive a cork, D, and has a horizontal flange, B, adapted to cover the bottle-neck. In the other figures the tube F is screw-threaded internally to engage with an external screw-thread on the bottleneck. I
F is a cap-plate fitting closelyupon the flat upper surface of the discharge-tube, and is provided with adownwardly-projectin g flan ge, (3, which fits closely the outer surface of the discharge-tube, and with eccentric ports f. The rotation of the cap-plate is limited as follows: 0 is a spur projecting from the inner face of the depending flange G and entering a groove or recess, g, formed for its reception in the discharge-tube, near its upper edge, so that when the spur c strikes the vertical wall at either end of the slot further rotation of the cap-plate in the direction in which it is then moved is checked, the relation of the groove and spur to the portsff being such that when the capplate has reached the limit of its rotation in one direction these ports will coincide, as in Application filed June 23, 1881. (ModeL) Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, and that when it has reached the limit of its throw in the opposite direction the ports shall not coincide, as indicated in dotted lines, Fig. 5.
In Fig. 1 the spur c and grooveg perform the further function of holding the cap-plate and its flange down closely upon the upper flat end of the discharge-tube, this result being accomplished in the other figures by reason of the lower edge of the flange 0 being spun or otherwise turned in under'a head formed upon the upper end of said tube, the spur c bein g formed, by preference, in all the figures by a blow with a punch.
In each of the other constructions (represented by Figs. 2, 4, 6, 7) the upper end of the discharge-tube has a projecting rib or head, the cap-plate being secured to the upper face of the flat tube-plate by means of a depending flange, the lower edge of which is spun under the lower edge of the said head or rib, thus forming a groove in which the said bead or rib is seated.
From an examination of the drawings it will be seen that in each of the constructions shown the cap-plate is attached to the upper face of the tube-plate by means of a groove and a projection which enters the groove and engages with its walls.
In Fig. 4, G is a vent-tube attached to the lower side of the upper end of the dischargetube and opening into one of the portsf, so that the vent-tube and the discharge-port f shown in Fig. 4 shall be opened and closed simultaneously by the rotation of the cap-plate.
I am aware that bottle-stoppers have been constructed with eccentric ports at the upper ends of their discharge-tubes, and with rotatin gplateshavingcorrespondingeccentrio ports and stops to limit the rotation of said plates;
but I believe I am the first to construct a bottle-stoppercontaining a flat plate covering the upper end of the discharging-tube,a cap-plate resting upon the upper face of said tube-plate, a flange depending from the outer ed e of the cap-plate and secured to the tube by means of a groove and a projection entering said groove,
in g at its upper end a flat circular plate provided with an eccentric port, in combination with a cap-plate having an eccentric port, and a downwardly-projectingflange mounted upon and se- 5 cured to the upper face of the tube-plate by means of a groove and a projection which engages with the groove, and a stop which limits 'the rotation of the cap-plate, substantially as set forth. 7 1o 2. In a bottle-stopper, a discharge-tube havin g at its upper end a flat circular plate, an eccentric port, and an eccentric veut-tube,in com bination with acap-plate having two eccentric ports,
and a downwardly-projecting flange mounted upon and secured to the upper face of the tube- 15 1 In testimony whereof Iaffix my signature'in 2o presence of two witnesses.
, Witnesses: V
J. S. BARKER, H. H. BLiss;