US 251949 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. A. RISDON;
(Model) STOVE LEG.
Patented Jan. 3,1882'.
INVENTOR WITNESSES :UNITED STATES PATENT Garrett.
JAMES A RISDOh T, OFGENOA, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO SIDNEY A. RISDON, OF WALTHAM, MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFICATIQN forming part of Letters PatentNo. 251,949, dated January 3, 1882.
v Application filed August 29, 1881. (ModeL) To all whom it may concern I Be it known that I, J. A. 'RlsDoN, of Genoa, in the county; of DeK-alb and State of Illinois, h ave invented certain new and useful I in pro vements in Stove-Legs; and I do hereby declare the following to be: a full, clear, and exact de scription of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part oi this specification.
My invention relates to an improvement in stove-legs, the object of the same being to provide stove-legs with means for retaining them in position on the stove, and also to provide means whereby the stove or range to which the legs are applied can he moved from one part of the house to the other without employing extra labor.
Withthese'ends in view my invention consists in certain details in construction and combinations oftparts, as will be more fully explained, and pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical section showing the position of the caster when the stove-leg is resting on the floor. Fig. 2 is a vertical section showing the position of the caster when it is desired to move the stove, and Fig. 3 is a bottom plan through the lines :20 0c of Fig. 1.
A represents the stove-leg of any desired de sign or shape externally, and provided with the usual arm, B, having beveled edges (1, the said arm B adapted to slide between the lugs b, the latter being cast solid with the bottom of the stove and beveled to correspond with the edges a of the arm B. A portion of the under surface of the arm B is recessed for the reception of the cam O, the latter being provided with a projection, 0,011 its upper surface, by which it is secured to the arm B, and a thumb-piece, d, on its under surface, by which it is. brought in contact with the lug b. This cam G is inclined for a distance on its periphery, and is provided with serrations e on the said inclined portion, adapted to engage with the lug b; and when the serrated portion a is brought to bear on the lug b the stove-leg A is held securely in post tion, and the accidental displacement of the sa-me, with the consequent upsetting of the stove, which isafrequentoccurrence with stoves having the old style of legs, is prevented.
IVhen it is desired to remove the legs from the stove the cam G is turned until the serrated portion thereofis disengaged, which leaves the leg free to be withdrawn from between the lugs b'without opposition.
The internal face of the leg A is provided with a hearing or guide plate, E, and a socket and guide, F, the latter having an opening, i, extending clear through, for the entrance of the end of the spindle Gr when it is desired to rest the footH of the leg A on the floor. The bearing or guide plate E is situated just above the union of the foot with; the leg, leaving a sufficient'space in the same for the Wheel I to enter and rest above the floor when the stove is in position. This plate or guideis centrally perforated for the passage of the spindle G, and atfords bearing for the spring J, which bears directly on a removable collar, 0, surrounding the perforation in the plate or guide. This spring J encircles the spindle Gr above the plateE, and bears at its upper end against a removable collar, m, resting against a pin or projectiomf, passing through the spindle G, and is consequently exerting an upward pressure on the spindle, which is constantly tending to elevate the wheel I above the foot H of the leg A. The upper end of the spindle G is adapted to fit in the socket and guide 'F, the latter being provided with an opening, 2', extending clear through the same, into which the upper end of the spindle G is introduced when it is desired to rest the stove on the legs, and a cavity or recess, a, into which the end of the spindle is placed when it is desired to have the stove rest on the casters. The opening i is situated in a direct line with the recess a, the two beingconnected by the arms 0, extending along the sides ofthe same, and forming aguide which directs the end of the spindle from one to the other, and all manipulation of the caster can be carried on without viewing the under side of the stove.
The recess a is placed between the opening i and the leg A, the socket being enlarged at this point to resist the strain caused by the end of the spindle bearing on same, and is also strengthened by a rib, I, running vertically downward from the arm B to the top of the socket and guide.
When it is desired to move the stove from one room to the other it is tilted sufficiently to allow the caster to be withdrawn as far as the spring will permit, which indicates that theend of the spindle is out of the perforation, and the wheel I is pressed downward or backward as far as it will go, when the wheel is released, which allows the end of the spindle to enter the recess, where it is held by the upward pressure of the spring, and when in this position the wheels being sufficiently below the foot to turn freely without striking the same. When all of the wheels have been brought below the feet the stove rests directly on thewheels, and it only requires a slight pressure to move it in any direction. When the position for placing the stove has been reached the stove is again tilted and the operation reversed, andthe stove again allowed to rest firmly on its feet. Therollers are completely hidden when the stove is in its ordinary position, and the leg has the appearance of an ordinary one.
I do not confine the use of my invention ,to stoves, as it can equally well be applied to any and all heavy furniture; neither do I limit myself to the exact construction of parts shown and described, but consider myself at liberty to make such changes as comewithinthe spirit and scope of my invention.
Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters 4 Patent, is
1. The combination, with the spindleofacaster, of a leg provided with a guide-plate for the lower portion ofthe spindle and a combined socket and guide for the upper portion of the spindle, said parts being constructed to allow the spindle to be inserted in the socket and cause the weight to be supported by the caster, or to allow the spindle to bedisen'gaged from the'socket and inserted in the guide and cause the weight to be supported by the leg, substantially as set forth.
2. The combination, with a stove-leg having a guide or hearing near its lower end and a combined guide and socket near its upper'end, of a caster-spindle supported in the lower guide of the leg and adapted to have its upper end placed either in the socket or in the guide, and a spring for upholding the caster when it is not desired for use, substantially as set forth.
3. The combination,with a stove-leg having a bearingor guide plate, E, and socket and guide F, thelatter being provided with an opening, i, and a recess, n, and strengthened by a rib, l, of a caster-spindle. adapted toenter either theuopening i or the recess n and allow the weight of the stove to rest either on the foot H or onthe-wheel I, and a spring encirclingthe spindle and having its lower end resting on the'plate E and its upper end bearing against a collar or projection on the spindle, substantiallyas set forth.
In'testimony that I claim the foregoingI have hereunto set my hand this 17th dayot August, 1881'.
' JAMES A. RISDON.
I I. BOIES,
J on y: PATTERSON.