US 2519740 A
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COMBINATION coNvENTIoNAL AND BALL POINT TooTHooNB Filed Feb. 5,V 1948 N Q /W 7//////fY Patented Aug. 22, l11950 l This invention yrelates to a comb and more particularly" to 'acoinbfof the type having in addition4 to a seriesof conventional teeth, 'a series of hollow teethhaving ball `lj ooints 5and so connected by'cavities in said hollow teeththatithere will be means'forsuppl'yingironia reservoir in the handle of 'the comb variousmedicines, oils, ton ics, 'liquids or'wother ingredients directly to the ball lpointsat'the lends-"of the hollow teeth of the comb. 4 c f "":It ispreferable butnotynecessary that my `new combination comb have an equal ,number of ball point teeth as there: are conventional teeth, but. this' however may be varied as desired. The purposefofthis hollowA tooth comb is to permitfthe ingredients from the reservoirwto be placed directly upon theskn orfscalpQalong/withymeans for massagingNthescalpiand roots of 4the hair by a rollingmotion, whilethe conventional teeth on the'comb maybe used for the final combing or. placing of the hair. f "Among Vthe objectsfof my inventionis to accomplish meansoicombing the hair without the 'scratchingor'damaging ofthe scalp yby the sharp points of the conventionalV teeth of combs and in lieu thereof, to permit the treating of the scalp by-a rolling motion; orthe 'combing' of the hair` with the.l ball kpoints on 'the end oi the hollow teeth of the-comb.
A further object .isto` provide a meansof depositing directly on the skin or Scalp various f oils or medicines or tonics withouttheseim gredients kbeing primarily' worked into o r depositedin thelhair.` A
n Aj-still further object' ofmy-inventionis to so providea comb `of the type described which will expend a very thin coating of medicine-orloils on the scalp by a rolling or `rubbing motion;
In this way they-comb minimizesl any surf-ace scratching of the scalp and accomplishes a direct massaging and medicinal treatmentof the scalp by the ballrpointed teeth directly Aat the hairv roots or follicles and scalp. l
`Another object is :t'o provide a comb in which the cavities from theteethhavingf the ball points, are connected witha'reservoir inthe handle of the comb,V said reservoir having means of opening at the end of'the comb where `the Various medicines,"oils, :ointmentsjor tonicsmay'be poured l ooMBINA'iIoICoNVENTIoNAL ANDBALL y roINT TooTH 00MB Georige Richard Call, Sioux City, Iowa. f; y j alpiicatiqiiebmary 6, 194s, serial No. 6,596
` solaires. (01.132-13) v ,2 only along two Contact circles whereby the gap between the ball and its supporting contactcir- Icles is reduced to a minimumv and results in the production of only a thin coating during the Y combing of the hair or contact of the ball with the scalp, skin, or roots of the hair. v
Av further object is to provide a comb in which a means is provided for the lling of the reservoir in the 'handlefofthe combA with various ingredients which flow freely .from the reservoir through the cavities of fthefvarious-hollow teeth to the ball point ofn each hollow tooth. In each ball point is a spring leaf inl the' ball enclosure which has for its purpose'the'pressing of the ball with proper pressure into contact with thecurled forward edge of the ballenclosingwalls or cup, andby this process reducing theflow of the various oils or ointments through the cavity in each hollow tooth to a substantial even flow to the inner edge' of the'ball' and hence'the movement of the=ball against the scalp 'will deposit said medicines, ointments, or oils'vevenly`2 and freely upon the skin or scalp. l u l f A still further object is toprovide a simple means for either lling orremoving the various ingredients from the reservoirwin lthehandle of the comb and the ,relling of the reservoir With other types which may be indicated as desirable. VA' further object is to provide a means of treatment of the scalp where the' various ingredients from the reservoir of the `comb shall be deposited directly on the Aroots' of the hair or the scalp with a minimum Vof depositing of the ingredients in the remaining part of the hair, thus concentrating the medicinaltrea'tment and depositing of ointnments at the baseror roots ofthe hair and on'the scalp. Y
My inventionfur'ther resides inthe combination. constructionf and arrangement of the parts of the comb as illustrated inthe accompanying drawing and in which I have shown a preferred embodiment, but I Wish it understood thatnthe same is subject to modification, size, andchange without departinglrornV the spiritof my invention.
After the'ball point Vtooth section of thecomb has been used in the normal'or daily treating of the roots of the hair and the massaging' of the scalp; the final parting or placinig'of the hair may be then completed by the use of the conventional teeth usuallyY constructed on the opposite endof the comb handle. The number of ball point teeth of the comb or thenumber. of conventional teeth onl the opposite end ofthe comb handle maybe along line 2 2 of Fig. l showing the construct-ion of the hollow ball point teeth and the reservoir in the handle of the comb.
In the embodiment according to Figurel, the:
handle of the comb I is constructed with a hollow body or reservoir 4 on one end of which is a clos ing member 6 which is fastened in the handle of the comb1 by.V threadsv The other: endofthe comb comprises av series, ofconventional comb teethrZ, for examples.and which can beo,I varying numbers;
'lhe'hollow` point teeth 3 of which there can be any additional number added, are` each connected by cavity: Sfat right anglesto reservoir 4, thus permitting` the ingredientsV that may be placed' inreservoirv 4' to freely flow down the cavities ofV the Various teeth-,3 to ball 8 atl the end' of each hollow'tooth.
At the end-ofithechannel or cavity-in-thetooth is asubstantial ball shaped-depression of the head= portion 'I in which isplaced' a small balli and said ball' can freely'rotatefin4 any direction. The endv portion of the cavity 9- is sufficiently tight and anged to be abletofhold leaf spring If!` which-A presses against ball 8;
At the end ofthe reservoir 4 inthe handle of the'- comby I is a threaded opening 5 into which is screwed a cap E tow properly and tightly close theopening to reservoiry 4.
As shown in Figure 2, I haveprovidedz athin, narrow, circular leaf spr-ing Il] having a cenhal hole I and of' less diameter'than thediameter ofthe opening of cavity I2 and sothatsaid,` leaf on flat spring will= be received iny andl extend across said cavity |12- and seat on-the two shoulders 1I; which shouldersin eiect formithe inner end'of: cavity |12. By constructing the teeth of the-comb in this-mannerthe ballis constantly spring urgedy to contact with the outer cir-cular contact edge I3 while the comb'is`- at restbutz the ball is permitted-,to move slightly away from the contact edge` during the; act ofcombing or applying pressure on the-scalpor skin so as to allow the passage onto the scalp or skin of the proper ointment, medicine or other liquid which isgdepositedv on the ball surface only through the hole |45 inthe leaf spring. I 0 as theball rotates during the .combing or` pressing operation. This rotationthuszpermits.v the depositing of an even amount of the various,liquidingredientsor oils fromv the reservoir through each of. the hollowteeth to the scal-p as said ball 8 of each hollow tooth is placed in motionby the movement, of the comb.V against the skin.
Referring tc Figure 2. thamain-portion of the reservoir, 4 is shown in relationtofthe; cross-sec.- tion of the comb I whichi. relation.Y may vary in percentage and style as`r desirable. 'Ilhrough the hollow ductlllin each hollow tooth=ofA thecomb, I there will flow the various, ingredients deposited in the reservoir 4 to, the ball rwhichisiretained 4 in the cavity I2 at the end of the tooth, as has been more completely described in the paragraph above and in reference to Figure 1.
Verylittle of the ointment or liquids in the reservoir will penetrate to the outer edge of the ball through cavity I2 when the comb is in a position of rest, due to the functioning of spring III and the snugging of the ball 8 against the opening. of" the outerv circui'ar edgesl, I3l to thereby minimize the seepage of ingredientswith which the reservoir may be filled until such time when the comb is in actual use.
There. isA further shown on Figure 1 the threaded section 5 into which may be screwed cap 6 as shown in Figure 1, thus closing the opening. in. theV4 handle of the comb and sealing in theingredient in the reservoir until such time as the action of combing or the massaging of the scalp-is commenced and then the ingredient will be withdrawn through the cavity 9 in each of the hollow teeth. 3 of` theecomb I; tothe ball*v B.
rPhe above description and illustration of: the function of one hollow tooth of the comb,l and its appropriate,referencerbynumber to. the diagram in both Figure L andy Figure 2 is-byr this reference made applicable to all the other balll point teeth. of, the comb which, are shown by reference@ and the number of said teethrmay be of any multipleor. number or ratio tothe num ber of the conventional teeth of the combi, It will. be apparentv to. those, skilled the. art.- that there are variousmodiiicationsA possible, in. the construction of my novelr comb. and although L have hereinabovedescribed` a preferred embodiment,4 lL wish it understood that thew same is susceptible of modication infsize and number of te.eth,. and other. changes,Y without` departing from this spirit ofv my. invention.-
Having now. described myinvention, I claim;
l. Al fountain. comb. comprising4 a comb body having a recess providing a reservoir and atooth having a channel. in. communication with said reservoir for passing fluid fromrsaidreservoir, to the extremity oisaidtooth, said extremity of the tooth being provided with a cavity forming a shouldered portion at the outletopening, ofisaid channel and an annular inturned flange extend'- ing from said shouldered portion,. and. a ball positioned in said cavity over said shouldered portion and in line with said` outlet opening, of said channel and rotatably retained in said cavity by said inturnedl annular flange.
2. A fountain comb comprising a. comb` body having a recess providinga reservoir and=a tooth having a channel in communicatibnv with said reservoir forpassing iluidfrom said'reservoirto the extremity ofthe tooth, said' extremity of' the tooth being' provided with a cavity forming a; shoulderedi portion at the outlet opening of said channel and' an annular` inturned' ange extending from said.l shouldered portion, aY leaff spring seated on said shouldered portion, said' leaf` springl having a hole` communicating with said outlet opening of the channel; and" arball positionedY against said leaf spring' over' the hole therein and' movablyv retained'. in saidI cavity by saidf annularl inturned flange'.A
3. A- fountaincomb comprising ax comb: body havinga-recess providing a reservoir-andxaatonth having a channel. in.l communication with, said reservoir for. passing iluidffromA said reservoirrto the4 extremity ofthe tooth, said; extremity/ of: the tooth being provided with a', cavity| for-ming,r a shouldered portion at jthe; outlet opening, of t said channel and anrannular inturned angesfextendeing from said shouldered portion, a leaf spring seated on said shouldered portion, said leaf spring having a hole communicating with said outlet opening of the channel, said leaf spring overlying said outlet opening and preventing the passage of fluid from said outlet opening except vthrough said hole in the leaf spring, and a ball positioned against said leaf spring over the hole therein and movably retained in said cavity by said annular inturned flange.
4. In a fountain comb comprising a unitary comb body having a portion provided with a group of conventional teeth and a portion having a recess forming a reservoir and provided with a group of hollow teeth each having a channel in communication with said reservoir for passing fluid from said reservoir to the extremity of the hollow tooth, the improvement comprising the extremity of a hollow tooth of said comb provided with a cavity forming a shouldered portion at the outlet opening of the channel therein and an annular inturned flange extending from said shouldered portion, a leaf spring seated on said shouldered portion, said leaf spring having a hole communicating with said outlet opening of the channel, said leaf spring overlying said outlet opening and preventing the passage of uid from said outlet opening except through said hole in the leaf spring, and a ball positioned against said leaf spring over the hole therein and movably retained in said cavity by said annular inturned flange.
5. In a fountain comb comprising a unitary comb body having a portion provided with a group of conventional teeth and a portion having a recess forming a reservoir and provided with a group of hollow teeth each having a channel in communication with said reservoir for passing fluid from said reservoir to the extremity of the hollow tooth, the improvement comprising the extremity of a hollow tooth of said comb provided with a cavity forming a shouldered portion at the outlet opening of the channel therein and an annular inturned flange extending from said shouldered portion, and a ball positioned in said cavity over said shouldered portion and in line with said outlet opening of said channel and rotatably retained in said cavity by said inturned annular flange.
GEORGE RICHARD CALL.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,664,168 Harris Mar. 2'7, 1928 1,667,631 Mach Apr. 24, 1928 2,122,580 Morris July 5, 1938 2,258,841 Biro Oct. 14, 1941 2,249,163 Nissen, Jr July 15, 1941 2,409,847 Gregg Oct. 22, 1946