|Publication number||US2521084 A|
|Publication date||Sep 5, 1950|
|Filing date||Sep 1, 1949|
|Priority date||Sep 1, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2521084 A, US 2521084A, US-A-2521084, US2521084 A, US2521084A|
|Inventors||Oberto William T|
|Original Assignee||Oberto William T|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (61), Classifications (16) |
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Mandible cushion for oxygen masks
US 2521084 A
Sept. 5, 1950 w. T. OBERTO MA-NDIBLE CUSHION FOR OXYGEN MASKS Filed Sept. 1, 1949 IN VEN TOR. MAM/W 7 0552 r0 AVTOE/VE) Patented Sept. 5, 1950 UNITED STATES "PATENT OFFICE".
MANDIBLE CUSHION FOR OXYGEN MASKS William T. Oberto, Denver, Colo.
Application September 1, 1949, Serial No 113,617
1 Claim. 1
This invention relates to a mouth prop or mandible cushion. In modern therapy for the treatment of certain psychological conditions, electric shocks are given the patient. The-shocks cause an involuntary contraction of the muscles, resulting in a closing and clamping of the patients jaws with such force that damage is often done to the teeth and tongue. Cushioning devices have been used to prevent such tooth contacts. These devices occasionally result in suffocation of the patient, and often prevent proper administration of oxygen for resuscitation purposes.
The principal object of this invention is to provide a mandible cushion which will efiiciently and effectively prevent injury to the teeth and tongue of a patient; which will provide a free open-air passage for breathing purposes; and which can be quickly and easily attached to a conventional oxygen mask for the administration of oxygen or other gases.
Other objects and advantages reside in the detail construction of the invention, which is designed for simplicity, economy, and efiiciency. These will become more apparent from the following description.
In the following detailed description of the invention, reference is had to the accompanyin drawing which forms a part hereof. Like numerals refer to like parts in all views of the drawing and throughout the description.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a vertical section through a conventional oxygen mask, illustrating the improved mandible cushion attached thereto;
Fig. 2 is a top View of the improved mandible cushion;
Fig. 3 is a perspective view thereof; and
Fig. 4 is a longitudinal section, taken on the line 4-4, Fig. 2.
The conventional oxygen mask is formed with a flexible nose enclosure 10 and a mouth chamber H from which an expansible breathing bag l2 depends. A nipple I3 is provided for the attachment of an oxygen hose 14. Such masks are usually provided with a microphone cavity l5 opening to the mouth chamber 1 I through a flexible opening 16.
The improved mandible cushion is designed to be inserted through the flexible opening l6 into the microphone chamber 15, and to be held in place in the mask by the inherent elasticity of the peripheral portions of the opening 16.
The improved mandible cushion is formed from a single, unitary piece of resilient material, such as relatively soft, molded rubber. It consists of a V-shaped tooth pad having two leg portions ll joined by a connecting bridge portion l8. A curved lip guard I9 extends around the forward portions of the leg portions I! and the connecting bridge portion I8 and projects upwardly and downwardly therefrom.
An air passage 20 extends completely through the middle of the lip guard l9 into a tubular stem 2|. The stem 2| terminates in a bulbous, enlarged extremity 22. An inwardly extending, arcuate notch 23 is formed in the bridge portion IB opposite the air passage 20 to allow free communication with the latter passage. Two oppositely positioned ports 24 are formed in the tube 2| between the enlarged extremity 22 and the lip guard 19.
In use, the device is placed in the mouth of the patient, with the tooth pad between the upper and lower mandibles, and with the lip guard extending into the labial cavities between the teeth and the lips. The tube 2l' projects forwardly from between the lips.
It will be noted that it is impossible for the lips or the tongue to come between the teeth, so that injury to both is prevented. It will also be noted that there is an open air passage through the tube 2|, the ports 24, the passage 20, and the notch 23 leading to the distal sides of the teeth so that free breathing through the mouth is possible at all times. It is impossible for the lips or tongue of the patient to block the opening of the notch 23.
Should it be necessary to apply a gas mask to the patient, the enlarged extremity 22 is simply slipped through the microphone opening 16 into the microphone cavity l5 of the mask. The latter is then strapped or otherwise attached over the face of the patient and the oxygen from the hose I4 flows freely through the ports 24 without interference and without it being necessary to remove the device from the patients mouth.
The attachment through the resilient opening I 6 is sufiiciently adherent so that in all ordinary cases the mandible cushion will be removed with the mask as a unitary part thereof. Should the mandible cushion, however, be so tightly gripped by the teeth that its removal is difficult, the mask can simply be withdrawn therefrom, allowing the resilient opening to snap from the enlarged extremity 22.
While a specific form of the improvement has been described and illustrated herein, it is desired to be understood that the same may be varied, within the scope of the appended claim,
3 without departing from the spirit of the inven-' mediate its length, communicating with the intion. teriors of said mask. Having thus described the invention, what is WILLIAM T. OBERTO.
claimed and desired secured by Letters Patent is:
The combination with a gas mask of the type 5 REFERENCES CITED having a resilient opening Opposite the users The following references are of record in the mouth, of a tube adapted to pass through said fil f this patent;
opening; an enlarged extremity on said tube resisting withdrawal from said opening; and means UNITED STATES PATENTS on the other extremity of said tube for maintain- 10 Number Name Date ing the teeth of the user separated, there being 6 0 by et a1 Oct. 10, 1944 ports formed through the wall of said tube inter- 2,483,157 Singer Sept. 27, 1949
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2360193 *||May 10, 1941||Oct 10, 1944||Boothby Walter M||Oxygen-delivering parachute escape outfit|
|US2483157 *||Jun 17, 1946||Sep 27, 1949||Singer Rose B||Mouth-protective bit|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2669988 *||May 8, 1951||Feb 23, 1954||Carpenter Victor H||Teeth protector|
|US2694397 *||Sep 15, 1952||Nov 16, 1954||Herms Frederick W||Mouth prop|
|US2995131 *||Jul 3, 1958||Aug 8, 1961||Elam James O||Face mask|
|US3079916 *||Dec 23, 1960||Mar 5, 1963||Marsden Herman A||Resuscitator-aspirator|
|US3082765 *||Jan 15, 1962||Mar 26, 1963||Helmer Norman Donald||Protector for the lips and teeth|
|US4198967 *||Jan 13, 1978||Apr 22, 1980||Dror Leon L||Tongue holder|
|US4520809 *||Jan 12, 1983||Jun 4, 1985||Greef Magdel N De||Anaesthetic induction device|
|US4573463 *||Aug 2, 1982||Mar 4, 1986||Hall Lester B||Breathing mask|
|US4719911 *||Oct 20, 1986||Jan 19, 1988||Carrico George L||Air filter mask with mouth retention means|
|US4862903 *||Oct 9, 1987||Sep 5, 1989||U.S. Divers Company, Inc.||Breathing mouthpiece for contacting upper palate and lower jaw of user's mouth|
|US4895143 *||Dec 21, 1987||Jan 23, 1990||Joseph A. Fisher||Mouthpiece|
|US4928710 *||Oct 11, 1988||May 29, 1990||U.S. Divers Company, Inc.||Breathing mouthpiece for a snorkel|
|US5074295 *||Aug 3, 1989||Dec 24, 1991||Jamie, Inc.||Mouth-held holder|
|US5235991 *||Aug 14, 1992||Aug 17, 1993||Minneman Sue A||Mouth guard|
|US5373859 *||Apr 19, 1993||Dec 20, 1994||Forney; Leroy S.||Tongue positioning device|
|US5381783 *||Dec 29, 1993||Jan 17, 1995||Hintz; Roger L.||Mouthpiece with a breathing channel|
|US5469865 *||Jun 2, 1994||Nov 28, 1995||Minneman; Sue A. F.||Mouthguard having an extra-oral portion and an intra-oral portion|
|US5533524 *||Sep 12, 1995||Jul 9, 1996||Minneman; Sue A. F.||Mouthguard having an extra-oral portion and an intra-oral portion|
|US5603317 *||Mar 25, 1996||Feb 18, 1997||Farmer; Charlene C.||Environmental mask|
|US5755219 *||May 14, 1996||May 26, 1998||Thornton; W. Keith||Device for improving breathing|
|US5954048 *||Apr 16, 1997||Sep 21, 1999||Thornton; W. Keith||Device and method for improving breathing|
|US5983892 *||Jun 19, 1997||Nov 16, 1999||Thornton; W. Keith||Device for improving breathing|
|US6155262 *||Jan 21, 1997||Dec 5, 2000||Thornton; W. Keith||Method and apparatus for adjusting a dental device|
|US6247926||Jan 17, 2000||Jun 19, 2001||W. Keith Thornton||Oral appliance having a bonding layer and methods for fitting and relining same|
|US6269810 *||Mar 5, 1999||Aug 7, 2001||Battelle Memorial Institute||Pulmonary dosing system and method|
|US6305376||Sep 9, 1999||Oct 23, 2001||W. Keith Thornton||Device and method for improving breathing|
|US6405729||Apr 5, 2000||Jun 18, 2002||W. Keith Thornton||Oral appliance for improving breathing and method of constructing same|
|US6464924||Apr 5, 2000||Oct 15, 2002||W. Keith Thornton||Homopolymer of caprolactone initiated with a diol|
|US6516805||Mar 31, 1997||Feb 11, 2003||W. Keith Thornton||Apparatus for prevention of snoring and improved breathing during sleep|
|US6533761||May 31, 2001||Mar 18, 2003||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army||Catheter securing device and bite block|
|US6571798||Apr 5, 2000||Jun 3, 2003||W. Keith Thornton||Device for improving breathing and method of constructing same|
|US6755191||Feb 22, 2001||Jun 29, 2004||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army||Securing device for an endotracheal tube|
|US6805118||Aug 2, 2001||Oct 19, 2004||Zivena, Inc.||Pulmonary dosing system and method|
|US6857428||Oct 24, 2002||Feb 22, 2005||W. Keith Thornton||Applying a deformable mask sheet against a portion of the user's face surrounding nostrils and fitting to facial bone structure and features; allowing to become nondeformable; sleep disordered breathing; snoring; obstructive sleep apnea|
|US6890322||Jun 29, 2001||May 10, 2005||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army||Catheter securing device|
|US7128072||Dec 14, 2001||Oct 31, 2006||Total Gard Corporation||Mouthguard|
|US7174895||May 1, 2003||Feb 13, 2007||W. Keith Thornton||Device and method for improving a user's breathing|
|US7243650||Jul 12, 2004||Jul 17, 2007||Thornton W Keith||Custom fitted mask configured for coupling to an external gas supply system and method of forming same|
|US7422017||May 9, 2006||Sep 9, 2008||Total Gard Corporation||Mouthguard|
|US7597103||Feb 13, 2007||Oct 6, 2009||W. Keith Thornton||Device and method for improving a user's breathing|
|US7677889||Jul 30, 2007||Mar 16, 2010||Thornton W Keith||Device and method for forming a custom oral appliance|
|US7721741||May 22, 2009||May 25, 2010||Thornton W Keith||Oral appliance for treating a breathing condition|
|US7748386||Apr 6, 2006||Jul 6, 2010||Thornton W Keith||Oral appliance for treating a breathing condition|
|US7909035||Jul 6, 2006||Mar 22, 2011||Airway Technologies, Llc||Multi-chamber mask and method of forming the same|
|US7963284||Aug 18, 2004||Jun 21, 2011||Airway Technologies, Llc||Custom fitted mask and method of forming same|
|US7992558||Sep 11, 2007||Aug 9, 2011||Airway Technologies Llc||Stability medical mask|
|US8020276||Nov 29, 2007||Sep 20, 2011||Airway Technologies, Llc||System and method for custom-orienting a medical mask to an oral appliance|
|US8205617||May 11, 2007||Jun 26, 2012||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Oral appliance for treatment of snoring and sleep apnea|
|US8236216||Jun 26, 2007||Aug 7, 2012||Airway Technologies, Llc||System and method for forming a custom medical mask using an orientation device|
|US8316857||Jun 7, 2010||Nov 27, 2012||Airway Technologies, Llc||Oral appliance for treating a breathing condition|
|US8316858||Jun 7, 2010||Nov 27, 2012||Airway Technologies, Llc||System for coupling an oral appliance to a medical mask|
|US8356603||Jul 2, 2010||Jan 22, 2013||Airway Technologies, Llc||Oral appliance for treating a breathing condition|
|US8573224||Sep 28, 2010||Nov 5, 2013||Airway Technologies, Llc||Custom-molded oral appliance and method of forming|
|US8607796||Feb 25, 2010||Dec 17, 2013||Airway Technologies, Llc||Apparatus and method for coupling an oral appliance to a gas delivery device|
|US8656925||Oct 28, 2011||Feb 25, 2014||Surgovations, LLC||Bite block device|
|US8662084||Apr 5, 2011||Mar 4, 2014||Airway Technologies, Llc||Universal oral appliance with a universal coupler|
|US8671946||Apr 5, 2011||Mar 18, 2014||Airway Technologies, Llc||Custom dental appliance and method of creating a custom dental appliance|
|US8783261||Apr 5, 2011||Jul 22, 2014||Airway Technologies, Llc||Apparatus for prevention of snoring and improved breathing|
|US8874251||Jun 26, 2007||Oct 28, 2014||Airway Technologies, Llc||System and method for forming a custom medical mask from a three-dimensional electronic model|
|EP1575650A1 *||Dec 5, 2003||Sep 21, 2005||Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited||Mouthpiece|
|WO2004052438A1||Dec 5, 2003||Jun 24, 2004||Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Ltd||Mouthpiece|
| || |
|International Classification||A62B9/00, A62B9/06, A61M16/04, A61M16/10, A61M16/06, A61M16/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A62B9/06, A61M16/06, A61M2016/0493, A61M2205/3375, A61M16/0078, A61M16/10, A61M2202/0208|
|European Classification||A61M16/10, A61M16/06|