US 2521381 A
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Sept. 5, 1950 P. A. LINCZK PREFABRICATED BUILDING 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Oct. 19, 1945 INVENTOR.
ATTORNEK PIQUL A. L/NCK BYW l l i M k 2 N lfllll u llllnlMH' |||H .HIH Hill W a Sept. 5, 1950 P. A. LINCK PREFABRICATED BUILDING Filed 001;. 19. 1945 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN V EN TOR.
A TTORNEY Sept. 5, 1950 P. A. LINCK PREFABR'ICATED BUILDING 4 Sheets-Sheet 8 111106.," Oct 19, 1945 INVENTOR. PAUL A. LIA/CK.
' Sept. 5, 1950 P. A. UNCK PREFABRICA'RED BUILDING 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 mm; Oct. 19, 1945 INVENTOR. PAUL A. L/NCK.
A TTORNEY Patented Sept. 5, 1950 1 UNITED STATES; PATENT CE Application October 19, 1945, Serial No. 623,332
This invention relates to prefabricated houses.
An object of this invention is to provide a prefabricated house which may be assembled wholly from prefabricated parts, including outer walls,
inner partitions, ceilings, floors, rafters and roofing, the parts being so arranged that they may be attached together by bolts, screws and the like fastening means.
Another object of this invention is to provide in a building of the character described, inner panels or partitions which may be disassembled and removed so as to permit changing positions of partitions within the building.
Yet another object of this invention is to provide in a prefabricated building of the charac ter described, top and bottom channels opening toward each other and posts having their upper and lower ends received in said channels.
A further object of this invention is to provide in a building of the character described, partitions c-r panels comprising inner and outer wall boards and posts between said wall boards, said partitions at the ends thereof being provided with posts of angle-shaped cross section adapted to interfit with the angle-shaped complementary 1 posts on the walls of the building.
Still a further object of this invention is to provide a strong, rugged and durable building construction of the character described which shown various possible illustrative embodiments of this invention:
Fig. l is a partial perspective View of a prefabricated building embodying the invention.v
. Fig. 2 is anenlarged cross-sectional view taken on line 2-2 of Fig. l. Fig. 3 is a partial perspective view illustrating a corner of the building.
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3, but showing Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4, but showing part of the ceiling added and part of a top 'channel added to the structure of Fig. 4.
the structure of Fig. 3 with some flooring and"- partitioning added.
flanges 2| and 22. fastened to the'bottom wall I9 by screws, bolts, nails or the like fastening means.
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of a corner of the building.
Fig. '7is a partial perspective view showing a joint between an outside building wall and a partition.
Fig. 8 is another perspective view of the structure shown in Fig. '7. I
Fig. 9 is a perspective view showing the meeting ends of two top channels.
Fig. 10 is a perspective view of a portion of a partition.
Fig. 11 is a transverse cross-sectional view of apartition.
Fig. 12* is a horizontal cross-sectional view through a building embodying the invention. Referring now in detail to the drawing, III
"designates abuilding embodying the invention. The same comprises outer walls I I, outer corners I2, inner corners I3, and partitions I4. The building may be provided with concrete abutment foundations I6. On the abutment I6 may be laid boards I I as shown in Fig. 2 of the draw- .ing. Supported on boards I! are bottom channels "Leach comprising a bottom web I9 and parallel upwardly extending outer and inner The flanges 2I, 22 may be The bottom channels may be bolted to the abutments I6 by means of suitable bolts 23. I
0n the boards I1 and contacting the inner Walls 22 of the bottom channels iii are planks 26. Mounted on planks 26 are the horizontal floor beams 21. The upper edges Zlaof the beams 21 are at the level of the upper edges of flanges 2I,'22 of the bottom channels I8. Supported on the floor boards 21 are flooring boards 2'") contacting also the upper edge of the inner flanges Supported on the bottom channels I8, at the outer corners I2, arethe corner posts 36. The
lower ends of the corner posts project into the bottom channels. Each corner post 30 comprises 7 portions 3| and 32 extending at right angles to each other and formed with extending inner ver- .tical es 3Ia, and 32a respectively.
Receiving the upper ends of post 3!! are top channels 35 each comprising a top web 36 and side flanges 3? and 38. Posts 35 may be attached to the top and bottom channels by horizontal transverse bolts 40 and 4!, respectively. Cont a'cting the inner flanges 3'! of the top channels are the ceiling beams 42. Attached to the under- ]side of the ceiling beams 62 are ceiling boards 43.
Supported by "the top channels 35- are top tie means.
. 3 beams 43a which may be bolted to the ceiling boards 42 by bolts 44. Attached to the tie beams 43a are inclined rafters 45 bolted thereto by bolts 46. The rafters 45 support the roofing boards 47. In Fig. 9 there are shown the meeting ends of a pair of top channels 35 and showing the method of joining such top channels to one another at right angles to form a right angle channel groove to receive the upper end of a corner post. Flange 38 of one tbp channel has an end surface 513 which abuts the end portion of the inner surface of wall 38 of the other top channel as at 5!. The top webs 36 of the two top channels have interfitting superimposed flanges 52 and 5-3. The inner flange 37 of one top channel has an end surface 54 which abuts the inner surface of the inner flange 31 of the other top channel, as at 55. The two top channels thus interfit and may be attached together by any suitable fastening The joint illustrated in Fig. 9 of course, earned out at the various corners of the building, not only by the top channels also by the bottom channels. The top channels and the bottom channels have similar right angle joints and thus form right angular grooves at top and bottom to receive the corner posts 30 at the outer corners 12, as well as at the inner corner i3 to be described in detail hereinafter.
At the inner corner l3 there is a vertical corner post 61), the" upper and lower ends whereof are also received in right angle grooves formed in the top and bottom channels. The ceifrfer post 60 likewise has right angular portions 61 and 62 formed with extending flanges 61a and 62d.
Contacting the outer and inner surfaces "of posts 35 and '60 are vertical planks 6i and 65 which abut the edges oi the flanges of the top and bottom channels. The outer wausn of the building may be made up of panels Me or an desired length, similar to the artitions r4. Each panel Md com rises an outer wall bearers, an inner wall b'oa'rd ti, and a central ve tical s acing post '68 tnerebetwe'en. The w'all board '61 is or less width than the wan board 68. Atithc 'end'sof the panel are vertical angle posts 69 likewise interposed between said wal boards, and each is formed Wilih an outwardly extendin flang tee contacting and extendin it the edges or wan board 6'6. The outer wan boards as extend to the ends of the flanges 69a and are, therefore, longer than the inner wall boards 61. here an outer w n comprises a number of panels I}, the panels are reversed "so that the flanges 59 or adjacent panels interfit. Til such case the inner wall boards are longer than the outer wall boards as shown at the right side of Fig. 12.
The wall boards 66, '61 Contact the edges of the fianges of the top and bottom channels. Such wall boards, furthermore, extend to theinner and outer planks 84, 65. The angle posts 69 rurthelmore interfit "with the flanges 3H1, 3261., 31 a, and 62a of the corner posts 31] and 60.
The partitions M are similar in construction to the wall panels Me. At the ends of the sartitions 14 are angle-shaped'posts l interfi'tting with the angle-shaped members '9. The angleshaped posts 10 ma be attached 'to either "outer 'walls or to other partitions so as to provide a flush wall. v Itwill be noted thatth angle-shaped members 69, the spacing post 68, and the angleshaped member Ill of either the partitions 14 "or wallpan'els I421, are 'of less height than the wall boards 85 and 67. Attached to the underside of the ceiling boards #3 and the floor boards 27b are top and bottom planks 8B and 8|, respectively, which interfit between the wall boards 66, 61 and contact the upper and lower ends of the angle posts 69, spacing posts 68, and angle posts Ill.
All the various parts described herein may be interconnected by screws, bolts or other fastening means as desired.
In Fig. 12, there is shown an intermediate post 913 whichinay be used at a junction between the outer wall and a partition of the building. The post comprises a portion 9| in the plane of the outer wall and formed with outwardly extending vertical flanges 9|a. Extending at right angles to the post portion 9! is a post portion 92 in alignment with a partition 93 similar to partition M and eit'ending at right angles to the outer wall. Portion 92 is formed with a vertical flange 94'. The flanges 91a interfit with angle posts 69 of wall panels I la as heretofore described. The flange '94 iht'e'rfits with an angle post 69 on the partition 93 'as described hereto. The upper and lower ends of the post 96 are received in top and bottom channels in the same manner as heretofere described. It will be noted that the top and bottom channels do not only eiitend along the outer walls of the building, but as shown in Figs. '7 and 8, may extend along the main partitions of the house. Thus both the portions 9| and '92 of the corner posts '90 may be received in top and bottom channels forming T-connectiohs H10, lfllla and having l"-sl'1ar ied grooves to receive said posts, as shown in Figs, '7 andB.
It will thus be seen that there is provided a device in which the several objects of this in've'ntion are achieved, and which is well adapted to meet the conditions of practical use.
As various [possible embodiments might be made of the above invention, and as various changes might be made in the embodiments above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter herein set forth or shown in theaccompanying drawing is to be interpreted as illustrative and notin a limiting sense.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1*. A prefabricated house comprising top and bottom channels, corner posts having the ends thereof received in said channels andformed with flanges, and panels each comprising outer and inner boards, and angle posts between said boards interfitti-n'g with the flanges of said corner posts, floor beams extending between-and havi'ng their ends abutting against the sides of said bottom channels, flooring on said floor beams, ceiling beams extending between and having their ends abutting against the sides of the top channels, and ceiling boardsat the underside of the ceiling beams.
2. In a prefabricated building, a pair of interfitted bottom channels opening upwardly and forming a corner groove, a pairof interfitted top channels opening downwardly and forming a corner groove, and a corner post having vertical portions extending at right angles to each other, thee'n'ds of said corner post being'rece'ived within the corner grooves of said top and bottom channel's, said 'co'rn'er posts being formed with vertical flanges, outer wall panels fcornprising outer and inner wall boards, and angular posts between the wall boards inte'rfitting with the flanges of said corner posts. g
3. A prefabricated building comprising top channels opening downwardly, and bottom channels opening upwardly, saidjchannels extending around the outer contour of the building, inner and outer corner posts, the ends whereof are received between said channels .and disposed at the inner and outer corners of the building, wall panels interposed between said corner posts, said corneryposts and panels having interfitted portions, floor beams having their ends attached to the sides of said bottom channels, and flooring on said floor beams and contacting upper edge portions of said bottom channels, ceiling beams having their ends attached to the sides of said top channels, and ceiling boards attached to the underside of the ceiling beams and contacting lower edge portions of said top channels.
PAUL A. LINCK.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,458,563 Walker June 12, 1923 2,331,752 Wilson Oct. 12, 1943 2,362,162 Sheldon Nov. 7, 1944 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 10,068 Sweden Apr. 22, 1898 11,892 Norway 1902 611,128 France 1926 OTHER REFERENCES Architectural Forum-Page 99, September, 1944.
Army Air Forces Material Command Manual on Hospital Shelters: relying on a page bearing the words Blank Wall Panel Detail, and identified as 7W1; a page bearing the words Single Window Panel Detail," and identified as 7W2; a page bearing the words Typical Post Construction, and identified as P1 and a page bearing the words vestibule Parts Details," and identified as V1.