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Publication numberUS2522114 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 12, 1950
Filing dateDec 4, 1948
Priority dateFeb 1, 1947
Publication numberUS 2522114 A, US 2522114A, US-A-2522114, US2522114 A, US2522114A
InventorsEsther C Goddard
Original AssigneeDaniel And Florence Guggenheim
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Means for cooling projected devices
US 2522114 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 12, 1250 R. H. GODDARD 2,522,114

MEANS FOR COOLING PROJECTED DEVICES I Original Filed Feb. 1, 1947 IN V EN TOR. Ross/Pr 1% 6000mm ob. Ear/Isle C- Gommw, fxzcunclx.


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Patented Sept. 12, 1950 UNITED STATES PTENT OFFICE MEANS FOR COOLING PROJECTED DEVICES Original application February 1, 1947, Serial No.

725,805. Divided and this application December 4, 1948, Serial No. 63,601

1 Claim. 1

This invention relates to the cooling of devices such as rockets, rocket craft and projectiles which are caused to travel through the atmosphere at very high rates of speed. This application is a division of original application Serial No. 725,805 filed February 1, 1947, now Patent No. 2,468,820 dated May 3, 1949.

It is found that the speeds now used for such devices cause an extreme rise in temperature due to friction. The temperatures thus produced may even be above the melting point of any available metal or other material which is suitable for use in the outer casings of such projected devices.

It is the general object of the present invention to provide means for effectively cooling the outer surface of a projected device, even when travelling at excessive speed.

To the accomplishment of this general object, improved constructions have been developed by which water or other suitable liquid coolant may be supplied to the outer surface of the projected device in such manner that it will form a protecting film which is continuously replenished.

The invention further relates to arrangements and combinations of parts which will be hereinafter described and more particularly pointed out in the appended claim.

A preferred form of the invention is shown in the drawings, in which Fig. l is a partial sectional elevation of the front portion of a projected device;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged detail section of certain parts shown in Fig. 1; and

Fig. 3 is a detail circumferential section to be described,

Referring to the drawings, the front portion of a projected device is shown in section and is provided with a casing C and a front end casing portion C. The casing portion C has an inner annular member 10 which coacts with the part to enclose an annular channel II to which water or any other suitable coolant may be delivered under pressure through one or more pipes E2,

The front end of the casing C is contracted as indicated at M and is joined to the under side of the annular member 10. An annular passage P is thus formed between the contracted casing portion I and the rear edge or flange 15 of the front end casing portion 0'.

A series of spray openings 18 are formed in the rear face of the member l0 and deliver sprays of coolant into the annular passage P and against the contracted front portion I4 of the casing. C.

The openings 13 are preferably inclined to the axis of the projected device as shown in Fig. 3, so that the coolant is delivered at a tangential angle to said axis. The coolant is thus caused to circulate helically about the casing C and to form a continuous thin film of cooling liquid. The front portion of the projected device is thus effectively cooled and is kept from overheating, even at the very high speeds now encountered in aerial flight.

Having thus described the invention and the advantages thereof, it will be understood that the invention is not to be limited to the details herein disclosed, otherwise than as set forth in the claim, but what is claimed is:

In a projected device, an enclosing body having a contracted forward portion, a front casing member of substantial length mounted on said body and having its rear end of greater diameter than the contracted forward portion of said body, an annular member mounted in the rear portion of said front casing member and enclosing an annular passage, means to feed a liquid coolant to said passage, said front casing member having a rearwardly projecting annular flange at its outer rear edge, and said annular member in said front casing member having a series of spray openings directed rearwardly and tangentially into the shielded but rearwardly and outwardly open annular space between said flange and the contracted forward portion of said body, and said spray openings delivering said liquid coolant against the forward portion of said body to form a protecting film thereover.

ESTHER C. GODDARD. Executrz'a: of the Last Will and Testament of Robert H. Goddard, Deceased.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,376,316 Chilowsky Aug. 26, 1921 1,426,907 Ramsey Aug. 22, 1922 2,011,249 Larson Aug. 13, 1935 2,468,820 Goddard May 3, 194=

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1376316 *Oct 24, 1918Apr 26, 1921Constantin ChilowskyProjectile
US1426907 *Apr 23, 1917Aug 22, 1922Ramsey GeorgeProjectile
US2011249 *Oct 23, 1934Aug 13, 1935Arthur LarsonBullet
US2468820 *Feb 1, 1947May 3, 1949Daniel And Florence GuggenheimMeans for cooling projected devices
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3002716 *Feb 27, 1957Oct 3, 1961Power Jets Res & Dev LtdAircraft
US3062148 *Jan 25, 1960Nov 6, 1962Hugh E NicholsSpace vehicle
US3106162 *May 8, 1959Oct 8, 1963Hagerty John PNose cooling means for missiles
US3122891 *Dec 11, 1958Mar 3, 1964Air Prod & ChemCryogenic methods and apparatus
US6857602 *May 22, 2002Feb 22, 2005Lockheed Martin CorporationEnvironmental control system and method of using the same
US7721502Oct 17, 2005May 25, 2010Interface, Inc.System and method for floor covering installation
US8220221Feb 9, 2010Jul 17, 2012Interface, Inc.System and method for floor covering installation
US8381473Nov 13, 2008Feb 26, 2013Interface, Inc.System and method for floor covering installation
US8468771Oct 6, 2009Jun 25, 2013Interface, Inc.System and method for floor covering installation
US8468772Jun 14, 2010Jun 25, 2013Interface, Inc.Carpet tiles and carpet tile installations
US9691240Jan 22, 2016Jun 27, 2017Interface, Inc.Floor covering system with sensors
US20060107617 *Oct 17, 2005May 25, 2006Scott Graham ASystem and method for floor covering installation
US20100024329 *Oct 6, 2009Feb 4, 2010Interface, Inc.System and Method for Floor Covering Installation
US20100176189 *Feb 9, 2010Jul 15, 2010Interface, Inc.System and method for floor covering installation
US20100251641 *Apr 6, 2010Oct 7, 2010Interface, Inc.Systems and Methods for Modular Floor Installation
U.S. Classification244/117.00A, 60/915, 102/704, 244/159.1, 62/64, 62/DIG.500
International ClassificationF42B15/34
Cooperative ClassificationY10S102/704, Y10S62/05, Y10S60/915, F42B15/34
European ClassificationF42B15/34