US 2523812 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Filed April 5', 1949 Inventor Joseph T; Carr B, QM W Patented Sept. 26, 1950 UNITED STATES PA T OFFICE P 2,523,812 r i SUTURING MEANs."
Joseph T. Carr, Moselle, Miss.
Application April 5, 1949, Serial No. 85,609
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in surgical appliances and the primary object of the present invention is to provide a novel and improved means for drawing and holding wounds, cuts or the like.
Another important object of the present invention is to provide a surgical appliance including a plurality of pins that are extended through the skin adjacent a wound and a bendable or flexible element joining all of the pins and urging the edges of a cut or wound together.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a first aid surgical appliance that is so designed as to permit the same to be quickly and readily applied by one hand of a casualty when assistance is not available.
A still further aim of the present invention is to provide a suturing means that is simple and practical in use, strong and reliable when applied, small and compact in its structure, relatively inexpensive to manufacture, and otherwise well adapted for the purposes for which the same is intended.
Other objects and advantages reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying'drawings forming part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like Figure 4 is a sectional view of a wound andillustrating the manner in which a pin is disposed relative thereto.
Referring now to the drawings in detail, wherein for the purpose of illustration, there is disclosed a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the numeral represents a portion of a body having a wound or cut I2.
l-Ieretofore many various methods and apparatus have been employed for drawing and holding wounds, such as stitches, suture clamps, and adhesive strips secured to the skin adjacent the wound and joined by string, stitching cord or the like. Although these methods are satisfactory, frequently battlefield wounds must be treated by the person wounded since assistance is not usually present. It is therefore the principal feature of 1 Claim. (Cl. 12 8335) this invention to produce a surgical appliance or suturing means that can be applied by a wounded person in a convenient manner and in the minv imum time.
To accomplish the'above desired results, there is provided a plurality of anchoring members or pins designated by the numeral l4. Pins M include eye terminals I6 and rounded or curved pointed end portions H3.
The pins M are constructed of any suitable material such as silver, copper, steel -or plastic and are preferably coated with a rust resistant lacquer in order to prevent rust from entering a wound to infect the same.
In practical use of the present invention, a plurality of the pins 14 are extended through the skin and transversely of the wound 12. The pins M are spaced substantially parallel to each other, the ends of the pin are exposed and the eye ends [6 of the pins are staggered relative to each other.
Figure 2 illustrates one method of securing the pins l4 together. In this figure, aflexible element or wire length 2!] is trained through the eye end It of all of the pins and extends under the pointed ends is of the pins, and its endsare twisted or tied together at 22 to prevent sliding movement of the pins and to force the edges of the wound or cut l2 together.
Figure 3 illustrates another method for joining the pins I l. As shown in this figure, a flexible element or wire length 24 is trained first through the eye portion 16 adjacent one side of th'ewound. The ends of the wire length 24 are then extended through the eye portions l6 adjacent the other side of the wound.
One end of the wire length 24 is wrapped around the shank of a selected pin, as at 26, and the ends of the wire length 24 are twisted or tied together, as at 28, to prevent sliding movement of the pins and to draw and'hold the edges of the cut or wound together.
Obviously, otheroptional lacing methods for securing the pins together could be employed although those illustrated are known to function in the desired manner and can be quickly and readily applied by one hand of a casualty.
In order to prevent the pointed ends of the pins from engaging upon clothing or other such articles, an adhesive strip may be applied to the skin and will function as a means for shielding or guarding the wound against contact and will also restrict the entrance of dirt or other such foreign matter into the wound.
packaged form, consisting of a plurality of the pins l4 and suitable lengths of wire. In such a form, the same will be carried as a first aid kit with the pins arranged on the anchoring strip or cloth so that the user can observe the correct method or manner for applying the pins to the wound. Instructions will also be applied to the packet in order that the user may ascertain the spacing of the pins as well as the means for lacing the pins together.
In view of the foregoing description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings it is believed that a clear understanding of the construction, operation and advantages of the device will be quite apparent to those skilled in this art. A more detailed description is accordingly deemed unnecessary.
It is to be understood, however, that even though there is herein shown and described a preferred embodiment of the invention the same is susceptible to certain changes fully comprehended by the spirit of the invention as herein described and the scope of the appended claim.
Having described the invention, what is claimed as new is:
A surgical aid comprising a strip, a plurality of spaced parallel pins carried by said strip, each of said pins having an eye end and a pointed end, the eye ends of adjacent pins being staggered with respect to each other, and a wire trained through the eye ends of all of said pins and embracing a selected one of the pins to indicate the correct method for drawing and holding wounds.
JOSEPH T. CARR.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
Minor and Operative Surgery Including Bandaging- Wharton, 1905, page 227. (Copy in Division 55.)
Oeuvres Completes dAmbroise Par ed. of Malgaigne, Paris, 1840, page 85. (Copy in Division 55.)