|Publication number||US2524143 A|
|Publication date||Oct 3, 1950|
|Filing date||Jan 8, 1948|
|Priority date||Jan 8, 1948|
|Publication number||US 2524143 A, US 2524143A, US-A-2524143, US2524143 A, US2524143A|
|Inventors||Smith Willard D|
|Original Assignee||Smith Willard D|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (29), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 3, 1950 W, D, SMITH 2,524,143
EDUCATIONAL ART AND APPARATUS Filed Jan. 8, 1948 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIGA.
I And dosn Knwwhere find r m W. D. SMITH EDUCATIONAL ART AND APPARATUS Oct. 3, 1950 4 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 8, 1948 Patented Oct. 3, 1950 UNITED STATES iwATENT OFFICE 13 Claims.
This invention relates to educational -art and apparatus, and with regard to certain more specie features, to the art and apparatus foredueating children to read.
f `Among the'severalobjects of the inventionmay be noted the provision of a method and apparatus for expediting the education of children Yin the recognition of the meanings of words, punctuation, and the reading and understanding of sentences involving them the provision of an art and apparatus of the class described which will take advantage of a childs natural sense ofrhythm for expediting the learning process; the provision of an art and apparatus of 'this class which takes advantage of several `coordinated sense perceptions so as to minimize chances of forgetting; and the provision of an art and apparatus of this class which, independently of extended personal guidance, will entertainingly sustain interest long enough to obtain the desired results. Other objects will be in part apparent and in part pointed out hereinafter.
The invention accordingly lcomprises the elements and combinations of elementssteps and sequence of steps, features of construction vand manipulation, and arrangements of parts which will be exemplied in the structures and methods hereinafter described, and the scope 'of the application of which will be indicated inthe following claims.
In the accompanying drawingsin which several of various possible embodiments' of the invention are illustrated,
Fig. 1 is a perspective View of a book embodying the invention;
Fig. 2 is a plan view of a single book page illustrating alternative vaspects of the invention wherein two-dimensional illustrations are employed; and,
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of another alternative form of the invention'employing 'tridimensional illustrations.
Similar reference characters 'indicate corre-v sponding parts throughoutY the 'several `views of the drawings.
By modern teaching `methods, children 'are taught to read in terms of Vcomplete'word recognition, that is, by synthesis rather than analytically in terms of the letters of which the words are composed. The present invention takes adf vantage of this method and extends it by extending the synthesis to whole sentences and groups of sentences. It is known 'that childrenrespond with interest to rhythmical phenomena, both visual and oral, this'responsefbeingiquitenatural and tending to lower tension, reduce inhibitions and the like. By means of the present invention, visual and oral rhythms are coordinatedso as automatically to bring about the learning process with a minimum of supervision.
Referring now more particularly to the drawings, numeral l indicates a childs entertainment album or book in which are pockets 3 for records 5. Bound in with the pockets are pages 1.. On the pages 'l and pockets 3 are printed or written the words of preferably (though not necessarily) familiar stories which may be in prose or rhyme. Cut into the respective records are sound tracks corresponding to the visual Vinaterial. The written materialis grouped according to the grouping of sound forms on the records. For example, several pages may carrythe story of The Three Little Pigs. This corresponds to this same story cut in the sound track on' one orboth sides of a record. The recordsmay be of any acceptable type, but preferably the nonbreakable, plastic, wafer type is used.
Care is taken that the grammar, syntax, syllabication, intonation, enunciation and thellike used in preparing the 'records are proper. A sing-song presentation is-avoided but` the sound track Vof words is produced with a-coordinated rhyth-mical background sound, preferably (though not necessarily) of the percussion or beat type. Thesounding of the beat is produced rhythmically in Vcoordination with the words when they-are short enough, and with the syllabicationof the words if they yare long. Preferably a beat. is musically intoned, but the words are not sung musically. For example, a'bell maybe intoned as abackground soundias each word or syllable is uttered. The bell pitch may-be constant orit may alternate between Vlower and higher values on successive soundings Aof the bell to 'indicate down and up beats, or it may vary according to any other rhythmic harmony pattern. Two-four time, such as' used in music, is a satisfactory rhythm. although others'may be employed ifdesired.
Careistaken inthecase of-the printed words of spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc. The words 'printed on the pages are provided with indicia of fbells, as vindicated in Fig. l, according to syllables and punctuation. These indicate the bells in successively alternate positions in association with the printed words. Thus, in the case of the Words shown in Fig. 1, the indicia 9 alternate with the indicia H, the former showing a bell sloping in ons direction with the clapper striking it one way to indicate a down beat, and the' latter showing the same bell sloping in another direction with the clapper striking it in the alternate way to indicate an up beat. Thus the indicia constitute an alternating visual sequence of bell positions corresponding to the repeating intonations of the bell on the record. .At all punctuation points requiring pauses, such as periods, semicolcns, etc., the indicia are distinc tively duplicated to accord with duplication of the sound signals at these points. In Fig. l, two bells are shown over the period. This corresponds to two bell beats on the record. The two bells are marked it).
In View of the above, it will be clear that in certain broad aspects the invention comprises the art of word and sentence instruction by providing a lzl correspondence between coordinated sound and sight rhythms coordinated respectively with a sound track and visible sentence structures. The nature of the sound rhythm and of the corresponding serially presented indicia is such that they preferably represent the same thing, in the present example a bell. It is to be understood, however, that the rhythmic sound and indicia may represent something else, such as for example a drum beat, cymbal, or the action of a baton or the like. Also, the printed indicia may be distinguished from one another by color as well as position, or by color only. It is to be noted that the oral words from the record and the printed words associated with the rhythmic sounds and indicia are themselves the same, being merely presented through different senses, namely, the ear and the eye.
In Fig. 2 is shown an alternative embodiment.
This is a single page from a book which it is to be understood otherwise includes pockets for appropriate records, as already made clear. In this case an illustration of the story being taught is also included. This is shownv at numeral i3. By this means the generalized meaning of the story is presented. In the form shown in Fig. 2, the indicia are shown at I5 and il and consist simply of bars illustrating a baton in alternate positions. These are also alternately colored red and blue, as indicated by the vertical and horizontal crosshatching, respectively. The corresponding background percussions on the record used for this story are simple percussion beats, such as might be obtained by tapping a baton on a hard surface. Two batons (on the page) and two beats (on the record) correspond to a period or other punctuation, (see numeral it at the end of the sentence). A variation is to indicate drum sticks with drum beats as background sound on the record. This is appropriate for a marching theme or the like. It is to be understood that color alone might be used for making alternate symbols above the printing without indication of the alternate positions. For example, alternately colored circles could be used in the appropriate positions.
Fig. 2 illustrates another point in connection with the words little and doesnt.y In these and similar cases, alternate beats are used to indicate syllabication within a word.
In Fig. 3 ris shown how the coordinated illustrations may be carried out in three-dimensional form. In this case the book as a whole is shown at 2| and consists in a pocket section 23 for records such a indicated at 25. In this case the story is printed, as shown at 2l, on what may the point that the printed beat symbols may be incorporated with the words or word syllables by variable coloring of these per se. For example, the hatching on the letters of Fig. 3 indicates this. In the sentence, They were waiting for him., the Word They is red; the word were is blue; the word syllable wait is red; the syllable ing is blue; the word for is red; and the word him is blue. The iinal period is red. The corresponding beat in the record may be any appropriate background sound, such as a tap.
Use of the invention is as follows: A child receiving the book, which includes the records in its pockets, is preliminarily instructed to place the record on a suitable sound reproducer. The child is then instructed to the effect that the background rhythmic sounds correspond to the variable indicia, either as to position or color or both. Quickly the child associates the rhythmic sounds and rythmically presented indicia and thereby associates the corresponding spoken and written words and syllables. Thus it visually learns the words which it audibly bears. It also quickly learns proper punctuation from the double or multiple beats. Meanings of any words of which it has not theretofore been cognizant are suggested by the illustrations; or, if such are not used, it can be assumed that the meanings have been supplied therebefore by the parent, teacher or the like. In such event, the device serves to provide repetitive drill which quickly implants the word in the memory both as to proper pronunciation and visual presentation. The repetition is not tiresome because it is sel imposed by the child in repeating the fun of playing the record and reading the text and illustrations.
In view of the above, it will be seen that the several objects of the invention are achieved and acoustically sounded words and beats, the typographical indicia and acoustically sounded beats being adapted to identify a common percussion instrument.
2. A method of teaching reading comprising simultaneously acoustically sounding nonmusical words and musical beats, and typographically presenting words and adjacent indicia corresponding respectively to the acoustically sounded words and beats, the typographical indicia and the acoustically sounded beats being adapted to identify a common musical percussion instrument.
3. Educational apparatus comprising a combined page book and record album, a page of the book containing a printed story, a record having a sound track recording said story in the same Words as on the page in a 1:1 relation, said record having recorded beats simultaneous with the recorded words, and printed indicia on the page-related to the Words and corresponding to said beats.
4. Educational apparatus comprising a combined paged book and album for records, the pages of the book containing printed stories, the records having sound tracks non-musically recording said stories in the same words as on the pages in a 1:1 relation, and having musical recorded beats simultaneous with the recorded words, and alternately printed indicia on the pages adjacent t the v-.ords and corresponding to said beats.
5. Educational apparatus comprising a combined paged book and record album, the pages of the book containing printed stories consisting of words and punctuation, the records having sound tracks recording said stories in the same Words as on the pages in a 1:1 relation, and having pauses in a 1:1 relation to the punctuation, and having recorded beats simultaneous with the recorded words, indicia adjacent the printed Words corresponding to said beats, and other to said pauses.
6. Educational apparatus comprising a cornbined paged book and record album, the pages of the book containing printed stories consisting of words and punctuation, the records having sound tracks recording said stories in the same words as on the pages in a 1:1 relation, and having recorded beats simultaneous with the recorded words and pauses in a 1:1 relation to the punctuation, indicia adjacent the printed Words corresponding to said beats, other indicia adjacent the punctuation corresponding to said pauses, and illustrations on the pages coordinated with the stories and illustrating them.
.7. Educational apparatus comprising a combined paged book and record album, the pages of the book containing printed stories consisting of Words and punctuation, the records having sound tracks recording said stories in the same words as on the pages in a 1: 1 relation, and having recorded beats simultaneous with the recorded words and pauses in a 1:1 relation to the punctuation, indicia adjacent the printed words corresponding to said beats, other indicia adjacent the punctuation corresponding to said pauses, and illustrations on the pages coordinated with the stories and illustrating them, said illustrations comprising scored and foldable portions between pages adapted to assume threedimensional attitudes upon opening the pages.
8. In the art of teaching reading, the organized provision of a page bearing visual words and visual beat indicia, at least one for each word, visually associated with the respective words, and a sound recording of the words on the page with a background of audible beats simultaneous with the words and corresponding to the beat indicia on the page.
9. In the art of teaching reading, the organized provision of a page bearing visual words and a background of audible beats simultaneous withk the words and corresponding to the beat indicia on the page, the visual beat indicia and the audible beats relating to a common instrumentality.
10. In the art of teaching reading, the organized provision of a page bearing visual words and visual beat indicia, at least one for each word, visually associated with the respective words, and a sound recording of the Words on the page with a background of audible beats simultaneous with the words and corresponding to the beat indicia on the page, the visual beat indicia and the audible beats relating to a common instrumentality, successive visual beat indicia denoting alternate positions of said instrumentality.
1l. In the art of teaching reading, the organized provision of a page bearing worded sentences and visual beat indicia, at least one for each word, adjacent the respective words for visual association therewithjand Ya sound recording of the words on the page with a rythmical background of audible beats simultaneous with the words and corresponding to the beat indicia on the page.
12. In the art of teaching reading, the organized provision of a page bearing worded, punctuated sentences and visual beat indicia visually associated with the syllables of the words and at least some of the punctuation marks, there being tuated sentences and visual beat indicia visually associated with the syllables of the words and at least some of the punctuation marks, there being a beat index for each syllable and at least some of said punctuation marks, and a sound recording of the sentences on the page with a rythmical background of audible beats corresponding to the beat indicia on the page, the recorded beats being simultaneous with the respective recorded syllables and the pauses corresponding to the punctuation marks, the audible beats corresponding to syllables being audiblvdistinct from the audible beats corresponding to punctuation marks.
WILLARD D. SMITH.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS OTHER REFERENCES Ser. No. 418,491, Routin (A. P. C.), published Apr. 2'7, 1943. v
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|U.S. Classification||434/317, 434/178, 446/71, 434/318, D19/59|