|Publication number||US2524620 A|
|Publication date||Oct 3, 1950|
|Filing date||Nov 5, 1948|
|Priority date||Nov 5, 1948|
|Publication number||US 2524620 A, US 2524620A, US-A-2524620, US2524620 A, US2524620A|
|Original Assignee||Esther Cadous|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (33), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
5 CADOU E.
3, 1950 Oct.
SSIEERE BRA 6 She She d Nov.
s as 3 I R Q w 0 00 N 000 00 WMMMMMO oo oou 1.. 00 0000 00 000 R 000 000 5 0 0000 00 000 H 000 000 7 0 0000 OOO OV J y OOOO UG CL B M H 9/0 v: o
E. cADous BRAssIERE Oct. 3, 1950 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Nov. 5. 194a Patented Oct. 3, 1950 UNITED STATES RATENT OFFICE BRAssIERE Esther Cadous, New York, N. Y.
Application November 5, 1948, Serial No. 58,517
This invention relates to brassieres and has for an object to provide a novel and improved garment of the above type which does not reing and supporting the breasts and the breast pockets are attached to back panels of impermeable, stretchable, sheet material such as natural or artificial rubber which are provided with fastening means, such as hooks and eyes, for joining the same at the back under tension. The back panels are provided with depressions in their inner surfaces which act similarly to suction cups when the panels are firmly secured around the body and grip the skin to prevent slippage of the garment. The rubber back panels are covered with a suitable fabric covering which may be loose or may comprise a stretchable material, such as a knitted fabric, which is firmly secured thereto and prevents the rubber from coming in contact with the skin. The fabric, however, is sufficiently thin and permeable to prevent any interference with the action of the suction cups.
In one embodiment, a stiff cushioning material,
such as sponge rubber, extends across the front of the garment between the two back panels and inside of the lower ends of the stays to form a gripping portion for the front portion of the garment and also to cushion the lower ends of the stays and prevent the same from causing discomfort to the wearer.
In another embodiment this front strip may comprise sheet rubber material similar to that from which the back panels are formed and may also be provided with suction cups if desired.
For purposes of ventilation, a space is provided between the lower edge of the breast pockets and the front strip and the back panels may also be perforated for the same purpose.
The invention will be better understood by referring to the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which certain specific embodiments are set forth for purposes of illustration.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a brassiere embodying the present invention showing the same in position on a wearer;
Fig. 2 is a frontelevation of a portion of the brassiere on a larger scale;
Fig. 3 is a horizontal section taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a detail view of the rubber back panel and the frontstrip as seen from the inside;
Fig. 5 is a vertical section taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is a vertical section taken on the line 6-6 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is a vertical section through the line l--'! of Fig. 2 indicating the position of the back panel on the wearer;
Fig. 8 is a detail view of a modified form of back panel and front strip as seen from the inside;
Fig. 9 is a vertical section taken on the line 9 9 of Fig. 8;
Fig. 10 is a partial detail view of a back panel showing a further embodiment of the invention; and
Fig. 11 is a" vertical section taken on the line li-ll of Fig. 10.
Referring to the drawings more in detail, the brassiere is shown as comprising a pair of breast pockets m which are formed of any suitable lightweight fabric and are provided with vertical stays II which extend from the upper point l2 of the breast pockets in the form of an inverted V and terminate in a front strip I3 which, as indicated. in Fig. 5 may comprise a heavy cushioning material, such as sponge rubber. The stays I l are suitably shaped to form the breast pockets. A center vertical stay I5 is disposed between the breast pockets and side vertical stays it are disposed at the sides of the breast pockets.
In the form shown, the fabric of the breast pockets terminates at a lower curved line H, which is spaced from the front strip I3, to provide an opening I8 therebetween and the stays H and I5 traverse this space and terminate at their lower ends on the strip I3. The stays are of course provided with a suitable fabric covering indicated at 20 which may be secured by rows of stitches Zl in the usual manner. The pockets It may be formed as half pockets to cover and support only the lower part of the breast if desired.
Back panels 25 are attached to the breast pockets it] at side stays l6 and are provided with vertical stays 26 at their free ends and with intermediate vertical stays 21 for holding the panels flat against the skin of the wearer. Fastening means, indicated as eyes 2 8 and hooks not shown, may be secured to the free ends of the back panels 25 for securing them at the center of the back in the usual manner.
Each back panel 25, as indicated in Fig. 4, com prises a sheet of impervious, stretchable, sheet material, such as rubber, either natural or synthetic, which is provided along its bottom edge with a row of circular depressions 3i] and along its top edge with another row of circular depressions 3| which are shown as smaller in area than the depressions 30, although they may vary in size as desired. The depressions 30 and 3|, as shown in Fig. '7, are formed as closed cups which, when the garment is in place, provide suction and friction for gripping the skin and securing the garment in place against slippage.
For purposes of ventilation and lightness a plurality of holes 32 may be formed in the panels 25, although these perforations may be omitted if ventilation is not required, or the panels may be made of pervious material to which the impervious suction cups individually or in strips are secured.
Each panel 25 is providedwith an inner covering 35 and with an outer covering 36 of suitable fabric and the stays 26 and 2'! may be provided with a covering 31 secured by rows of stitches 33, as indicated in Fig. 3. The coverings 35 and 36 may be of any suitable stretchable pervious material, such. as knitted material, and may be secured only at their edges to lie loosely over the back panels 25, or they may be firmly secured to the panels, as by suitable adhesive. The inner covering 35 prevents the rubber from contacting the skin, but is sufficiently porous and flexible to prevent interference with the action of the suction cups 3 and 3|. The sponge rubher from strip 13 is preferably secured at its ends to the inner ends of the back panels 25 and is also covered by suitable fabric material.
In the embodiment shown in Figs. 8 and 9, the back panels 60 and front strip 4| are made of the same material and are provided with depressions 42 forming suction cups which are variously disposed. over the surface of the back panels t9 and along the front strip 4|. It is to be understood that the panels .40 and strip 4| are incorporated in a garment in the same manner as the panels 25 and strip 13 above described and that the front strip 4| serves to protect the body from the lower ends of the stays in a manner similar to the sponge rubber described above.
Figs. 10 and 11 show a, further embodiment of the invention in which back panels 45 are provided with a plurality of elongated vertical rectangular depressions l5 and With similar horizontal rectangular depressions 47. These depressions likewise form suction cups similar to the round depressions shown .in Figs. 1 to 9. A front strip 48 is also shown as provided with rectangular depressions 45 for the same purpose and ventilating openings 55 are disposed around the edges of the various suction areas. It is .to be understood of course that the back panels 45 may be composed entirely of vertically extending areas it, or entirely of horizontal areas 41, or they may be variously disposed as desired; also that the suction areas may be of any desired shape certain specific forms being shown for purposes of illustration only.
The stays may be formed of any suitable material, such as rubber, plastic or steel, and are of a type suited to be shaped by bending and to retheir shape.
i'he garment is made of a size such that the back panels are stretched somewhat when applied to the wearer. This stretching of the back panels causes the suction cups to be drawn against the skin of the wearer and, when the tension is released somewhat, after the back panels have been It has been found that such garments remain in place even after the wearer has gone through the body movements incident to strenuous exercise. It is evident therefore that the brassire may be made as a separate unit, or may be made as a part of a garment, such as bathing suit, slip, sports dress, evening dress, or other strapless garments.
What is claimed is:
1. A br-assire comprising breast pockets and back panels secured thereto, said back panels comprising impervious stretchable sheet material and each having a plurality of depressions formed in its inner surface providing suction cups for securing the same in place on the body of the wearer, and a covering of pervious stretchable fabric disposed over the inner surface of said back panels to prevent the same from contacting with the skin of the wearer.
2. A brassiere, as set forth in claim 1, in which said fabric layer is adhesively secured to said back panels.
3. A strapless garment comprising breast pockets of thin fabric and back panels secured thereto, said back panels comprising fiat rubber-like material and each having a plurality of depressions formed in its inner surface for securing the same in place on the body of the wearer, and a narrow front strip extending beneath the breast pockets and joined at its ends to said back panels to absorb the pull thereof.
4!. A strapless garment comprising breast pockets of thin fabric and back panels secured thereto, said back panels comprising fiat rubber-like material and each having a plurality of depressions formed in its inner surface for securing the same in place on the body of the wearer and a narrow front strip of soft cushioning material extending beneath the breast pockets and joined at its ends to said back panels to absorb the pull thereof.
5. A strapless garment comprising breast pockets of thin fabric and back panels secured there to, said back panels comprising flat rubber-like material and each having a plurality of depressions formed in its inner surface for securing the same in place on the body of the wearer, and a narrow front strip of sponge rubber extending beneath the breast pockets and joined at its ends to said back panels to absorb the pull thereof.
6. A strapless garment comprising a pair of breast pockets of thin fabric, a front strip ex tending beneath said breast pockets, vertical stays securedto said fabric to support said pockets and having their lower ends supported by said front strip, soft heavy cushioning material disposed on said front strip over the ends of said stays on the inside of said garment, and back panels of flexible material secured to the ends of said front strip, said cushioning material having depressions on its inner surface forming suction cups for gripping the skin .of the wearer.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,206,402 Howland July 2, 1940 2,239,056 Schiifer Apr. 22, 1941 2,354,916 Hurt Aug. 1, 1944 2,420,575 Treadwell May 13, 1947 2,457,989 Ettelson Jan. 4, 1949
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2206402 *||Jul 30, 1938||Jul 2, 1940||Howland Thomas J||Bathing cap|
|US2239056 *||Mar 4, 1939||Apr 22, 1941||Mary Schiffer||Strapless brassiere|
|US2354916 *||Aug 3, 1940||Aug 1, 1944||Us Rubber Co||Method and apparatus for embossing plastic sheet material|
|US2420575 *||Apr 3, 1945||May 13, 1947||Treadwell Jeannette E||Brassiere|
|US2457989 *||Aug 3, 1946||Jan 4, 1949||Ettleson Ruth||Brassiere|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2628356 *||Mar 5, 1951||Feb 17, 1953||Goldklang Jack J||Brassiere|
|US2632169 *||Nov 29, 1951||Mar 24, 1953||Maiden Form Brassiere Co Inc||Amplifying brassiere|
|US2718009 *||Apr 27, 1953||Sep 20, 1955||Skylon Corp||Brassiere|
|US2845073 *||Apr 17, 1956||Jul 29, 1958||Kisiel Spilke||Non-sagging brassiere|
|US2920627 *||Oct 3, 1957||Jan 12, 1960||Formfit Company||Brassiere|
|US2949115 *||Nov 20, 1956||Aug 16, 1960||Warner Brothers Company||Brassiere or like garment|
|US6332825 *||Aug 26, 2000||Dec 25, 2001||Victoria E. Henricksen||Breast supporting garment utilizing slip resistant materials to control position of garment|
|US6733362 *||Jun 18, 2002||May 11, 2004||Katerina Plew||Brassiere|
|US7214120||Feb 19, 2004||May 8, 2007||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Brassiere having a spacer fabric and a method of making same|
|US7232358 *||Mar 31, 2005||Jun 19, 2007||Shin-Hsien Hung||Structure of a band of a bra|
|US7682219||Nov 24, 2004||Mar 23, 2010||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Undergarments made from multi-layered fabric laminate material|
|US7690965||Jul 1, 2003||Apr 6, 2010||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Methods of making cotton blend glue brassieres|
|US8113908||Jul 20, 2000||Feb 14, 2012||Dba Lux 1 Sarl||Stiffened brassiere|
|US8176572||Mar 17, 2010||May 15, 2012||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Method of forming a laminated fabric panty|
|US8235765||Mar 17, 2010||Aug 7, 2012||Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc||Composite fabric laminate for making an undergarment|
|US8684789 *||Jun 14, 2011||Apr 1, 2014||Olivia D. Gramelspacher||Undergarment|
|US9332792 *||Feb 17, 2005||May 10, 2016||Nike, Inc.||Articles of apparel utilizing targeted venting or heat retention zones that may be defined based on thermal profiles|
|US9402424 *||Aug 13, 2015||Aug 2, 2016||Kellie K Apparel Llc||Brassiere|
|US20040106354 *||Jul 1, 2003||Jun 3, 2004||Sara Lee Corporation||Methods of making cotton blend glue brassieres|
|US20040224603 *||Feb 19, 2004||Nov 11, 2004||Sara Lee Corporation||Brassiere having a spacer fabric and a method of making same|
|US20050266770 *||Mar 30, 2005||Dec 1, 2005||Henricksen Victoria E||Breast supporting garment utilizing slip resistant materials to control position of garment|
|US20060057935 *||Mar 31, 2005||Mar 16, 2006||Shin-Hsien Hung||Structure of a band of a bra|
|US20060179539 *||Feb 17, 2005||Aug 17, 2006||Nike Uk Ltd.||Articles of apparel utilizing targeted venting or heat retention zones that may be defined based on thermal profiles|
|US20100288434 *||Mar 17, 2010||Nov 18, 2010||Gloria Falla||Method of Forming a Laminated Fabric Panty|
|US20100297912 *||Mar 17, 2010||Nov 25, 2010||Gloria Falla||Composite fabric laminate for making an undergarment|
|US20120322344 *||Jun 14, 2011||Dec 20, 2012||Gramelspacher Olivia D||Undergarment|
|US20140154949 *||Jul 18, 2012||Jun 5, 2014||Roberta Pagnon||Bra|
|US20150245670 *||Feb 25, 2015||Sep 3, 2015||Cupid Foundations, Inc.||Garment with back stays for enhanced fit|
|US20150342268 *||Aug 13, 2015||Dec 3, 2015||Kellie K Apparel Llc||Brassiere|
|USD666386 *||May 17, 2011||Sep 4, 2012||Ce Soir Lingerie Co., Inc.||Backless strapless bra with side extensions|
|DE914481C *||Jun 14, 1952||Jul 5, 1954||Carl Doelker K G||Buestenhalter|
|DE1907550A1 *||Feb 14, 1969||Sep 18, 1969||Internat Inc||Geschichtetes Stretch-Material|
|WO2015002589A1 *||Jul 1, 2014||Jan 8, 2015||Cassel Isabelle||Self ventilated brassiere|
|U.S. Classification||450/41, 450/93, 450/81, D02/706|
|International Classification||A41C3/06, A41C3/00|