|Publication number||US2526751 A|
|Publication date||Oct 24, 1950|
|Filing date||May 27, 1949|
|Priority date||May 27, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2526751 A, US 2526751A, US-A-2526751, US2526751 A, US2526751A|
|Original Assignee||Ingersoll Rand Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (10), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 24, 1950 HQRNSCHUQH 2526,75]
MOUNTING DEVICE FOR PUMP IMPELLERS Filed May 27, 1949 ,& gv
NNNNNN OR Patented Oct. 24, 1 950 MOUNTING DEVICE FOR PUM'P IMPELLERS Hanns Hornschuch, Easton, Pa., assignor to Ingersoll-Rand Company, New York, N. .Y., a corporation of New Jersey Application May 27, 1949, Serial No. 95,647
My invention relates to pumps, and more particularly to means for mounting a pump impeller on a rotary shaft.
One object of my invention is to limit the endwise movement of an impeller on a shaft.
Another object of my invention is to facilitate the removal of the impeller from the shaft.
Other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out hereinafter.
In the drawings accompanying this specification: I
Figure l is a longitudinal view, partly broken away, of a preferred form of my invention,
Figure 2 is a sectional view taken on the line 2- 2 in Figure l, and
Figure 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3-3 in Figure 1.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, 20 designates the rotary shaft of a multi-stage centrifugal pump having alternately enlarged and reduced portions 2|-22, respectively. For the sake of simplicity, only two of the pumps impellers 23-24 are shown. The principle of my invention can be applied to a greater number of impellers, but two are sufficient to adequately describe it.
The hubs 2525 of the impellers 23-44 are bored out to fit over and are of greater length than the enlarged portions 2| of the shaft so that when the impellers are in their proper positions on the enlarged portions of the shaft the ends of the impeller hubs extend beyond both ends of the enlarged portions and overhang the reduced portions 22 thereby forming annular grooves 21 around the reduced portions of the shaft.
Encircling each reduced portion 22 of the shaft are a pair of sleeve segments 28. The sleeve segments are of slightly less length than the reduced portions of the shaft and are approximately semi-circular. In the preferred form of my invention shown in the drawings, the ends of the sleeve segments are reduced in diameter to form extensions 29 on the sleeves. The peripheral surfaces 30 of the extensions form seating surfaces for the sleeves and the shoulders, formed by the extensions 29 and the main portions 28 of the sleeves, form abutting surfaces 3|. In order to obtain good flow characteristics for the eye of the impeller the outer surfaces of the middle sections 32 of the sleeve segments are shaped so as to approximately conform with the curvature of the adjacent portions 33 of the walls of the fluid channels.
The sleeve segments are so shaped that their chord lengths are greater than the diameter of the impeller bore and the thickness of the extensions 29 is less than the width of the grooves formed by the overhanging portions of th impeller hubs and the reduced portions of the rotary shaft. Because of this construction, the sleeve members are tensed when their extensions 29 are inserted in the annular grooves and this tension keeps them in firm frictional contact with the impeller hub.
In order to provide means for holding the ends of the last pair of sleeve segments to be placed on the shaft the remaining enlarged portion 20 is provided with an annular member 34 having one end 35 overhanging the adjacent reduced portion 22 of the shaft and encircling the ends of the sleeve segments therein. The annular member is removably fastened to the enlarged portion 2| by means of set screws 36 and when in place holds the ends of the associated pair of sleeve segments on the shaft.
In the operation of my invention an impeller placed on the shaft and when it is in proper position it forms an annular groove with the reduced portion of the shaft as previously described. A pair of sleeve segments are then placed around the reduced portion of the shaft. The extensions on the sleeve segments extend, at one end, into the annular groove around the reduced portion of the shaft and, at their other end, abut the next enlarged portion of the shaft. Th impeller is then moved forward so that it abuts the abutting surface 3| on the end of the sleeve which extends into the annular groove. Endwise movement of the impeller toward the suction end of the pump, in the arrangement shown, is thereby limited. Another impeller is next placed on the shaft and when in position its hub extends over and encircles the extensions of the sleeve segments abutting the enlarged portion 2| of the shaft and confines the sleeve segments on the shaft. In a like manner, remaining impellers and sleeve segments are placed on the shaft. The last pair of sleeve segments to be placed in position are confined at their outer ends by the annular member 34 instead of by another impeller.
When removing the impellers the annular member 3 3 is removed first. This frees the associated ends of the adjacent pair of sleeve segments. By prying the ends of the segments away from the shaft the segments are then re moved. With the sleeve segments removed, the impeller adjacent thereto may be dismounted from the shaft. The removal of this impeller frees the adjacent ends of the next set of sleeve segments which are taken off the shaft in the same manner as th first set thus allowing the next impeller to be removed. This process continues until all of the impellers have been dismounted from the shaft.
In practice, my invention has been found to possess desirable features. By using sleeve segments and by placing the segments under tension the removal of the impellers of any pump equipped face of the bore, an abutment on the shaft for the other ends of the segments, and means on the abutment to overlie the peripheral surfaces of said other ends of the segments.
3. In a mounting for pump impellers, a rotary shaft, an impeller on the shaft and having a bore, a pair of sleeve segments on the shaft extending at one end into the bore and having chords greater than the diameter of the bore to cause the tensing of the segments for maintaining them in firm frictional engagement with the surface of the bore, an abutment integral with the shaft, and an-annular member on the abutmentoverlying the peripheral surfaces of said other ends of thesegments.
4. In a mounting for pump impellers, a rotary shaft having abutments thereon, a plurality of impellers on the shaft each having a bore, and sleeve segments interposed between adjacent abutments and extending at their ends into the bores of the adjacent impellers and having chords a pair of sleeve segments on the shaft extending chords greater than the diameter of the bore to cause the tensing of the segments for maintaining them in firm frictional engagement with the surgreater than the diameters of the bores in the impellers so as to place them under tension when inserted into the bores of the impellers.
5. In a mounting for pump impellers, a rotary shaft, an abutment on the shaft, an impeller on the shaft and having a bore to cooperate with the peripheral surface of the shaft to define an annular recess about the shaft, and a pair of sleeve segments abutting the abutment and extending at their ends into the annular recess, said segments having a thickness less than the width of said recess and a chord length greater than the diameter of the bore of the impeller.
No references cited.
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|U.S. Classification||403/204, 403/351|
|International Classification||F04D29/20, F04D29/18|