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Publication numberUS2528009 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 31, 1950
Filing dateSep 7, 1946
Priority dateSep 25, 1945
Publication numberUS 2528009 A, US 2528009A, US-A-2528009, US2528009 A, US2528009A
InventorsLorch Hermann Richard, Hancock Douglas Charles, Richards Arthur Bruc Gillespie
Original AssigneeBritish Insulated Callenders
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for the coating of wire
US 2528009 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Gm. 311,, EQSQ H. R. LORCH ETAL 2,5

APPARATUS FOR THE COATING 0F WIRE Attorney @da H H. R. LOCH ETAL.

APPARATUS FOR THE COATING WIRE Film! Sept, 7, 1946 I 3 Sheef-Sheet 2 Attorney Oct. 31, 1950 H. R. LORCH EIAL 2,552,099

APPARATUS FOR THE comma 01 WIRE Filed Sept. 7, 1946 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 G 6I// I7 Inventor fi i B A. An bmow M+W :lllornuy Patented Oct. 31, 1950 2,528,009 APPARATUS FOR THE COATING F WIRE Hermann Richard Lorch, Barnehurst, Kent,

Douglas Charles Hancock, North Wembley, and Arthur Bruce Fraser Gillespie Richardson, London, England, assignors to British Insulated Callenders Cables Limited, London, England,

a British company Application September 7, 1946, Serial No. 695,506 In Great Britain September 25, 1945 9 Claims.

This invention relates to apparatus for coating wire by applying a thin layer of liquid (or semi-liquid) material to the wire and thensubjecting it to heat to dry or set it, the coating and drying taking place as the wire is continuously moved forward through the apparatus. The invention relates particularly to the device for applying the liquid to thewire. It may be used for coating liquids of several kinds, for instance of the kind used to provide the so-called enamelled wire, or it may be used for applying a latex or an aqueous dispersion of a coating material, for instance an aqueous dispersion of polyvinyl chloride or of a material of which polyvinyl chloride is the principal and characteristic ingredient. The improved apparatus is particularly adapted to the application of latex and aqueous dispersions in that it secures the minimum exposure of the surface of the coating liquid to the atmosphere before the application of the liquid to the wire and thereby avoids the drying and skin producing effect of such exposure and avoids or minimises the subjection of the coating liquid to coagulating influences before it reaches the wire.

The improved apparatus is of the kind in which the wire is coated by passing it upwards through a pool of the coating liquid having a free upper surface. In accordance with the invention the pool is contained in a tiny cup formed of two parts which are separable in a vertical plane and normally urged together by resilient means. In the wall of the cup is a lateral passage for the inflow of coating liquid. For the entry of the wire there is in the bottom wall of the cup a relatively long passage, that is to say, long compared with its bore, formed partly in the face of one part of the cup and partly in the face of the other part and extending upwards into about the centre of the bottom of the cup. This passage is only slightly larger than the greatest size of the wire which has to pass through it and is of such a length that, without the aid of a sealing washer or gland, coating liquid, when under atmospheric pressure, is prevented from escaping by it through the annular space between the wire and the wall of the passage, the dimensions of the passage being so chosen that in the continuous upward movement of the wire, the viscous drag on the wire is sumcient to prevent leakage through the passage. The liquid penetrates downward only to a small proportion of the length of the passage through the upper end. Means are provided for controlling the rate of flow of liquid through the lateral passage into the cup, so that liquid is supplied to the cup at the rate at which it is drawn from the upper free surface of the pool therein by the wire whichpasses out of the cup through an opening too large for its wall to have any wiping action on the coated wire. By the term tiny cup we mean a cup having an internal radius of the order of one tenth of one inch. With such a cup the pool through which the wire is passed is little more than a single drop of liquid.

The feed of liquid tothe cup may be controlled by a valve which can be accurately adjusted and limits the size of an aperture through which the liquid coming from a reservoir under a substantially constant head flows on its way to the cup. Alternatively, the cup is fed from a constant level reservoir, the level of the liquid in which approximates to the required level of the liquid in the cup, the level in the reservoir being accurately so adjusted that the liquid only just fills the passage of fine bore which in this case will in general incline upwards from a point well below the surface of the liquid in the reservoir to the point where it enters the cup which latter point is preferably as near as practicable to the bottom. In neither case is there any wiping of the wire above the pool and there is substantially no run back of the liquid taken up by the wire. The conditions are set or adjusted by the control means, for instance, the valve or the means for adjusting the level of the reservoir, so that the liquid is supplied to the pool at the rate at which liquid is removed from the pool by the wire travelling through it. Thus the whole of the exposed upper surface of the pool moves inwardly and converges on to the wire without restraint and at a rate depending upon the nature of the liquid and the speed of travel of the wire. With some materials it is advantageous to provide a cover more or less enclosing the space above the pool as a further precaution against evaporation and contact with the atmosphere. In this case the opening through which the wire leaves the cup will be smaller than in the case of an open cup but it will still be too large for its wall to have any wiping efiect on the coated wire.

The accompanying drawings show by way of example two alternative forms of apparatus for coating wire by our improved method. In these drawings Figure 1 is a diagrammatic side view of a machine for applying a single coating of polyvinyl thereon,

Figure 2 h a section through the coating device of the machine shown in Figure 1,

Figure 3 is an isometric view on an enlarged scale of the two halves of the cup of the device shown in Figure 2, V

Figure 4 is a side view of an alternative form of coating device,

Figure 5 is in part an end view of one half of the cup of the device shown in Figure 4 and in part a sectional elevation of the reservoir from which it is supplied,

Figure 6 is a fragmental section, taken on the line VI--VI of Figure 5 and drawn to a larger scale than Figure 5, showing the cross sectional shape of the two halves of the cup.

Referring first to Figure l of the drawings it will be seen that the device for coating 9. wire I is mounted on a frame 2 and in alignment with a vertical tubular oven 3 mounted in front of the frame. This oven comprises a jacketed tube through the jacket of which hot vapour is passed, entering by way of the feed header 4 and leaving by way of an outlet header 5. Wire drawn off from a supply bobbin 6 passes round the pulley I and up through the coating device 8. Immediately on leaving the device 8 it enters the oven 2. From the top end of the oven the coated wire passes over a driven pulley 9 on to a driven take-up reel l0. Coating liquid II is fed from a reservoir l2 through a flexible tube 13 to the coating device 8.

The construction of the form of coating device iltted to the apparatus shown in Figure 1 is shown in Figures 2 and 3 of the drawings and will be described in detail. The cup H for the pool l5 of coating liquid is formed of two parts I8 and I! which are separable in a vertical diametrical plane and normally pressed together in register, and the vertical passage 18 for the entry of the wire I into the centre of the bottom of the cup is formed partly in the face of one of the two parts l6 and I1 and partly in the face of the other. This facilitates the threading up of the device and permits, by the temporary separation of the parts, the passage of a knot Joining two lengths of wire, of a kink or-some other local thickening and avoids breaking the wire. The part I5 is a block of rigid material,

for instance ebonite, carried on a support l9 attached to the frame 2; the part H a smaller block of rigid material carried on an inclined arm 20 hinged at its lower end to the support I! and pressed down by a spring 21 so that the block I! -is normally held in register with the block I 6.

From the lower end of an inclined valve chamber 21 in the interior of the block IS, a passage 22, conveniently a horizontal passage, leads into one side of the cup. In the valve chamber is a screw threaded needle valve spindle 24 with an external hand wheel 25 for convenient adjustment of the setting of the valve. From the upper end of the valve chamber a vent 26 is provided so as to avoid any air lock. The valve screws down towards or on to a seating 21 in the lower end of the chamber 22. Into an inclined passage 28 beyond the valve enters a vertical passage 29 whose lower end is of increased diameter and screw threaded to receive the stem 30 of a filter device 3|. This stem is a sliding fit in a hole in the support l9 and a helical spring 32 serves to hold the block l6 down on the support l8 under normal working conditions, a dowel pin' a serving to prevent the block and its stem from turning about the axis of th stem. The filter 4 device comprises a hollow cylindrical body 34 open at its lower end and a hollow plug 35 which screws into the body 34 to form a chamber 36 divided into upper and lower parts by a filter disc 31 clamped between the end wall of the plug and a seating in the body 34. Between the upper part of the plug and the cylindrical wall of the body is a clearance 38. Liquid is fed into this clearance by a feed pipe 39 and passes into the lower part of the chamber 36 through holes 40 in the plug wall. The upper part of the chamber is in communication with the vertical passage 29 in the block l6 through a passage 4| in the stem 30. Leakage between the body and the plug is prevented by packing held compressed by the ring 42. V

The operation of the coating device will be apparent. It will merely be pointed out that the method of mounting the two blocks [6 and H greatly facilitates cleaning. By raising the block l6 against the downward thrust of the spring 32 sufliciently to withdraw the dowel, the block can be rotated to bring its face into an accessible position and to leave the face of the block ll clear. I

In order to avoid or minimise penetration of the liquid between the faces of the two parts in which the cup and passage are formed and its resultant coagulation therein, it has been found necessary to restrict the area of contact of the fitting faces of the two parts so that these faces are narrow strips or lands, one on each side of the cup and the passage. These may take the form shown in Figure 3 or knife edges may be provided on the face of one block as in the alternative form of coating device now to be described with the aid of Figures 4, 5 and 6 of the drawings.

The modified form of coating device shown in Figures 4, 5 and 6 differs from that just described, principally in the method of mounting the movable block l1 and in that the needle valve and filter device are dispensed with and the cup fed by means of a constant level feed device 45. Referring to Figure 4, it is explained that the block I! is pivotally secured near its centre to a pair of links 45, one on each side of the block, by pivot pins 41. The lower ends of these links are pivotally secured to the support l9 by the pivot pins 48 which each carry a second and shorter link 49. The free ends of these links 49 are coupled by a rod 50 passing beneath the support 19. Each pivot pin 41 is coupled to the rod 50 by a tensioned coil spring 5!. The springs 5| normally maintain th two blocks l6 and H in contact and in register. By swinging the links 49 down and away from the block through an angle of nearly the springs are first extended and then, as the dead centre position is passed, contract and in so doing swing block I! away from and clear of block I6 which in this case is positively secured to the support IS.

The constant level feed device comprises a vessel {i2 and a feed inlet 53 and an overflow pipe 54 vertically adjustable to control the level of liquid 55 in the vessel which is preferably covered by a loosely fitting lid. Below the level of the liquid is an outlet pipe 56 which enters the block it and delivers liquid into a chamber 51 therein. From the chamber 51 an inclined passage 58 leads up to the cup M which it enters by an opening approximately on the same level as the surface of the liquid in the vessel 52. It has been found that a satisfactory inflow into the 'cup'is obtained when the surface of liquid in the vessel is adjusted to be level with the centre line of the opening 59 into the cup. It is possible in practice to make the passage 58 so small in diameter and so to restrict theamount of liquid in the cup or well that when the two halves of the cup are momentarily forced apart by a lump or join in the wire, the loss of liquid does not exceed one or two drops.

In some cases it is advantageous to reduce evaporation from the surface of the liquid in the cup. This is effected in the arrangement shown in Figures 4 and 5-by increasing the depth of the cup until it assumes the form of a well and closing the top of this well, except for a small aperture 60 for the wire, by inwardly extending projections SI at the top of the semi-cylindrical grooves in the blocks, by which the well is formed. The aperture 60 is as small as convenient without risk of its wall touching the coated wire as it is drawn from the well.

As will be seen from Figures 5 and 6, on the face of the fixed member it are provided knife edges 62 along the edges of the recesses forming one half of the cup or well and of the passage it for the entry of the wire. Thes make substantially line contact with the opposite portions of the face of the moving member H, which portions are fiat.

What we claim as our invention is:

1. Apparatus for applying a coating of liquid material to a wire, comprising a cup for containing a pool of liquid from a reservoir, said cup having in a wall thereof a passage of fine bore for feeding liquid into the cup below the working level of the pool and having in its bottom wall a central vertical hole of relatively small diameter as compared with that of the cup, for the upward passage of the wire, the bore of the hole and the length thereof being such that during upward movement of the wire through the hole, the surfaces of the wire and of the hole cooperate to prevent escape of liquid through the space between the wire and the wall of the hole, in combination with an accurately adjustable valve for cont-rolling the inflow of coating liquid through the feed passage of fine bore independently of the height of liquid in the reservoir.

2. A device for applying a coating of liquid material to a vertically travelling wire, comprising a cup for containing a pool of the coating material, a valve chamber, a lateral passage of fine bore placing the interior of said valve chamber in communication with the interior of said cup, a second chamber in communication with said valve chamber through an opening in the lower end of said valve chamber, a seating around the opening in said valve chamber, a needle valve working in said valve chamber and co-operating with said seating to regulate the opening between said valve chamber and the second chamber, a reservoir for coating material higher than said lateral passage and means for conveying coating material from said reservoir to said second chamher.

3. A device for applying a coating of liquid material to a vertically travelling wire, comprising a cup for containing a pool of the coating material, a valve chamber, a lateral passage of fine bore placing the interior of said valve chamber in communication with the interior of said cup, a second chamber in communication with said valve chamber through an opening in the lower end of said valve chamber, a seating around the opening in said valve chamber, a needle valve working in said valve chamber and co-operating with said seating to regulate the opening between said valve chamber and the second chamber, a filter chamber below said second chamber, filtering means in said filter chamber, means comprising an elevated reservoir for coating material, and a conduit for conveying coating material from said reservoir to said filter chamber, for forcing coating material through the filter, and means for conveying filtered coating material from the filter chamber to the second cham= ber.

4. A device for applying a coating of liquid material to a vertically travelling wire, comprising a support, a cup for containing a pool of the coating material and a vertical passage for the wire leading into the bottom of the cup, said cup and the passage being formed in two parts separable in a vertical plane, one of said parts being hinged to said support and the other being rotatable on said support about a vertical axis, a releasable locking device for preventing rotation of the rotatably supported part, resilient means for holding the hinged part of said cup in register with the locked rotatably supported part, and means for feeding coating material to said cup at a controlled rate through a passage in the rotatably supported part of said cup.

5. Apparatus for applying a coating of liquid material to an upwardly travelling wire, comprising a tiny cup formed of two parts separable in a vertical plane and having a lateral passage in the wall of said cup for the inflow of coating liquid to maintain a pool of liquid in the cup and,

for the entry of the wire, a relatively long pas sage of small diameter as compared with that of the cup, formed partly in the face of one part ofthe cup and partly in the face of the other part and extending upwards into about the centre of the bottom of the cup, the bore of the upwardly extending passage and the length thereof being such that, without the aid of a sealing washer or gland, coating liquid when under atmospheric pressure is prevented from escaping through the annular space between the wire and the wall of the passage by the upward movement of the wire, resilient means normally urging said parts together, means for controlling the rate of fiow of liquid through the lateral passage into the cup at the rate at which liquid is drawn from the upper free surface of the pool in the cup by the wire which passes out of the cup through an opening too large for its wall to have any wiping action."

on the coating.

6. A device for applying a coating of liquid material to a vertically travelling wire, comprising a pair of blocks of rigid material, a support for said blocks, means for fixing one of said blocks to said support, means for pivotally securing the other block to said support, a'vertical face on said fixed block, a face on said pivotally secured block, resilient means for pressing said face on said pivotally secured block into engagement with said vertical face on said fixed block, said faces having recesses and co-operating to form a cup for containing a pool of the coating material and a vertical passag leading to said cup, a valve chamber in said fixed block, a lateral passage of fine bore in said fixed block extending from the cup to said valve chamber, a second chamber in said fixed block in communication with said valve chamber through an opening in the lower end of said valve chamber, a seating around the opening in said valve chamber, a needle valve working in said valve chamber and co-operating with said seating to regulate the opening between said valve chamber and the second chamber, a reservoir for coating material higher than said lateral passage and means for. conveying coating material fromsaid reservoir to said second chamber.

7. A device for applying a coating of liquid material to a vertically travelling wire, comprising a support, a cup for containing a pool of the coating material, and a vertical passage for the wire leading into the bottom of the cup, said cup and the passage being formed by registering re-, cesses in neighbouring vertical faces of two blocks of rigid material, means for fixing one of said blocks to said support, means for pivotally securing the other of said blocks to said support, and resilient means normally urging said pivotally secured block towards said fixed block to make a joint between said recessed vertical faces, the said vertical faces being in contact with each other adjacent the cup and passage only in areas lying within a pair of narrow strip bordering opposite sides of the cup and passage, thereby limiting the area of fluid penetration between the said faces of fluid from the cup and passage.

8. A device for applying a coating of liquid material to a vertically travelling wire, comprising a support, a cup for containing a pool of the coating material, and a vertical passage for the wire leading into the bottom of the cup, said cup and the passage being formed by registering recesses in neighbouring vertical faces of two blocks of rigid material, means for fixing one of said blocks to said support, means for pivotally securing the other of said blocks to said support, and resilient means normally urging said pivotally secured block towards said fixed block to make joint between said recessed vertical faces, said recessed vertical face of at least one block having lands one on each side of said cup and passage whereby to restrict the area of contact between said two blocks.

9. A device for applying a coating of liquid material to a vertically travelling wire, comprising a support, a cup for containing a pool of the coating material, and a vertical passage for the wire leading into the bottom of the cup, said cup and the passage being formed by registering recesses in neighbouring vertical faces of two blocks of rigid material, means for fixing one of said blocks to said support, means for pivotally securing the other of said blocks to said support, and resilient means normally urging said pivotally secured block towards said fixed block to make joint between said recessed vertical faces, said recessed vertical face of at least one block having knife edges one on each side of said cup and passage whereby to restrict the area of contact between said two blocks.

HERMANN RICHARD LORCH.

DOUGLAS CHARLES HANCOCK.

ARTHUR BRUCE FRASER GIILESPIE RICHARDSON.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Kauth l Feb. 5, 1946

Patent Citations
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US1208664 *Feb 12, 1915Dec 12, 1916Hugo RussakMethod of rendering scratches on cinematograph-films invisible.
US1454224 *Jan 29, 1923May 8, 1923Firm Meirowsky & CoMethod and means for applying a liquid to wires, threads, and the like
US1722379 *Dec 12, 1925Jul 30, 1929Western Electric CoApparatus for coating strand material
US1934796 *May 20, 1930Nov 14, 1933Aceta GmbhApparatus for moistening threads
US1994802 *Jun 3, 1931Mar 19, 1935Arthur H AdamsWire enameling
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US2062124 *Apr 1, 1932Nov 24, 1936Gen ElectricMethod of coating filaments and similar articles
US2154057 *Jul 25, 1938Apr 11, 1939Schenectady Varnish CompanyMethod of coating
US2394066 *Sep 30, 1942Feb 5, 1946Gen Cable CorpApparatus for coating wire
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2856893 *Sep 17, 1956Oct 21, 1958Sperry Rand CorpTinning apparatus
US4497849 *Sep 26, 1983Feb 5, 1985Hughes Howard CProcess for polymer coating electrical conductors
Classifications
U.S. Classification118/405, 118/429, 118/DIG.190
International ClassificationB05C3/15
Cooperative ClassificationY10S118/19, B05C3/15
European ClassificationB05C3/15