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Publication numberUS2529060 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 7, 1950
Filing dateNov 7, 1949
Priority dateNov 7, 1949
Publication numberUS 2529060 A, US 2529060A, US-A-2529060, US2529060 A, US2529060A
InventorsBertram L Trillich
Original AssigneeMunising Paper Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Self-sealing wrapping material
US 2529060 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 7, 1950 B. TRILLlcH sELF-sEALING WRAPPING MATERIAL 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Nov. 7, 1949 Nov. 7, 1950 B. L. TRM LlcH SELF-SEALING WRAPPING MATERIAL 2 sheets-sheet 2 I Filed NOV. 7, 1949 co//fs/vf conf/Mg Patented Nov. 7, 1950 asista SELF-SEALING WRAPPING MATERIAL BertramrL. Trillich, Winnetka, Ill., assigner to The Munising Paper Company, Chicago,"lll., a

corporation of Ohio Application November 7, 1949, Serial No. 125,973

9 Claims.

This invention relates to a wrapping material especially adapted for wrapping small articles and more particularly to a quick-sealing, moisture-proof,A wrapping paper for wrapping a comestible to maintain its moisture content. In its preferred aspects, the invention relates to a quick-sealing, mosture-vapor-proof wrapping paper.

This application is a continuation-impart of my copending application, Serial No. 659,278, led April 3, 1946, now abandoned.

The `wrapping material of the present invention consists of a paper-thin flexible carrier sheet, preferably of paper, having a iiexible coating of a moisture-proof material, preferably a moisturevapor-proof material, on one side thereof and on the other side a flexible coating or film of a self-adhering material which is'substantially dry to the touch and substantially non-tacky but which is cohesive even under light pressure, and yet which is for' all practical purposes non-adhesive to any surface such as paper, Cellophane, wood, glass, metal, paint, rubber, etc., devoid of said material. The self-adhering materials which may be used in accordance with the present invention are known materials and are usually termed cohesive, substantially non-adhesive materials. For convenience, these materials will be similarly referred to herein. Any such self-adhering materials may be used in accordance with the present invention.

The combination of a flexible water-proof coating on one side of a exible carrier sheet and of a cohesive, substantially non-adhesive coating or film on the other provides a wrapping material for foodstuffs having desired moisture-proof or moisture-vapor-proof properties and a versatilityl and ease of use not heretofore present in any of the prior art wrapping materials, insofar as Iam aware. The wrapping material of the present invention 'may be manipulated readily in sealing relationship about foodstuffs or dishes or other articles containing the same without the aid of heat or other extraneous expedients which entail skill and are inconvenient for the user.

In its preferred aspects the wrapping material of the present invention consists of ayflexible, calendered paper sheet, one surface of which is coated with a flexible nlm or coating of a wax and the other with a iilm or coating of a cohesive, substantially non-adhesive rubber such as the film or coating of coalesced rubber particles deposited from a dried coating of unvulcanized natural rubber latex. hesive,substantially .non-adhesive materials may 2 be used as the self-adherent coating for'the wrapping paper of the present invention, such as unvulcanized Buna S latex, the latics'of other unvulcanized synthetic rubbers, and theplasticized polyvinyl acetate compositions disclosed in Patent No. 2,371,001, granted March 6, '1945, or y any mixture of such materials including 'natural rubber, the coating of unvulcanized natural rub'- ber deposited from a latex of the same' is preferred because Ysuch a coating cooperates "uniformly effectively with the wax lm'in imparting the property' of moisture-'proofness or moisturevapor-proofness to th'e paper sheet.

Any paper-thin, flexible' carrier' sheet which lends itself for use in wrapping small articles may be used iny accordance with my invention, although paper is preferred as' noted above. With such sheets, the rubber (natural arid/or synthetic) or other cohesive, substantiallygnon-adhesive material cooperates with the'waxto seal any' imperfections in the sheet and/or'toimpart the desired moisture-proof ormoisture-vaporproof 'properties to the sheet. When 'paper'is used as the carrier sheet it is preferred `that it be'a lightly `sized paper which permits some surface penetration of latex (natural or synthetic rubber) .n Othei` papers such as hard sized' papers may, of course, be used. With such hardsized papers it may be necessary to overcome the eifect of this sizing by the .addition to the latex ofya surface active agent to reducethe surface tensinV of the latex and to increase the wetting and penetrating power thereof.' Any suitable surface ac'- tive agent may be used for this purpose'. EX'- amples of suitable surface active' 'agents `are I sodium lauryl sulphate, sodium cetylsulphata'the sodium salt of the dioctyl ester of sulfo'succinic herently has` the desired cohesive, substantially non-adhesive properties.

.Desired cohesive, substantially non-adhesive properties of a iilmv deposited VfromY a latex'of unpaste or a water-soluble casein paste, and about 2% tol5% by volume of glycerine.

As pointed out above, any cohesive, substantially non-adhesive material may be used in accordance with the present invention. Thus, such materials may be made or compounded in accordance with known procedures from aqueous dispersions or latices of diolen polymers other than natural rubber, such as gutta percha, balata, polyisoprenes and the like;` or from synthetic` rubbers s uch as butadiene polymers, for example, buna rubber, butylene polymers such Yas polyisobutylene (Vistanex) and butadiene copolymers lsuch as the co-polymers of butadiene and styrene (Buna VS, Hycar OS,V etc.) and butadiene and acrylonitrile (Buna N, iHycar OR, Thiokol RD, etc); Buna S and Buna N cold rubbers which are'obtained by copolymerization at temperatures below normal room temperatures and preferably at temperatures of about 41 F. and below; chloroprenes such as chloro- A typical Cil prene alone or co-polymerized with acrylonitrile,

etc. (Neoprene) (zo-polymers of oleiins and diolens such as isobutylene and butadiene or isoprene (Sutyl rubber); organic polysuld'es such as ethylene polysulde formed by reacting ethylene dichloride and sodium tetrasulde (Thiokol A); the reaction product of ,dichloroethyl ether and sodiumV tetrasulde (Thiokol Bor Perduren G) and rubbers derived from unsaturated long-chain acids from soybean and other oils polymerized and then esteried with a glycol such as ethylene glycol (Norepol, Agripol).

Other synthetic rubber latices may be used to make the cohesive, substantially non-adhesive materials used in accordance with my invention and these may be any latex selected from the class prepared by the polymerization in aqueous emulsion of a butadiene-1.3 hydrocarbon such as butadiene-1,3, isoprene. 2,3-dimethvl butadiene- 1.3, piperylene or the like either alone or in admixture with each other and/or in admixture withlesser or equal amounts of one or more monoethylenic compounds copolymerizabletherewith in aqueous emulsion such as acrvlonitrile. methacrylonitrile. alpha-chloro acrylonitrile and similar acrylic nitriles; styrene. vinyl naphthalene, p-cbloro-styrene and similar aryl olefine and substituted aryl olens: methyl acrylate, methyl methacrylate. acrvlamide and similar esters and amides of acrylic acids; methyl isopropenyl ketone, vinylidene chloride, isobutylene, rnethylvinyl ether, and other compounds containing a single ethylenic double bond, C=C which are copolymerizable with butadiene-1,3 hydrocarbons in aqueous emulsion. compounds which may be termed butalastics as defined in the book Butalastic Polymers, a'Treatise on Synthetic Rubbers by Marchionna may be used.

The cohesive, substantially non-adhesive materials may be formed from synthetic resins other than those described in the abovev noted Patent In fact, any of the No. 2,371,001. Thus they may be formed from co-polymers of polyvinyl acetate and polyvinyl chloride, polyvinyl acrylate, polyvinyl methacrylate, polyvinyl ethacrylate and like acrylates having from 1 to 5 carbon atoms in the alkyl group, polyvinyl ethers, polyvinyl ketones such as methyl vinyl ketone, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl acetals such as form-al, butyral, etc., and the like.

As is manifest from the foregoing, any rubber, synthetic rubber and synthetic resin, or any mixture thereof, may be used in forming the cohesive, substantially non-adhesive materials used inaccordance with the present invention. In general the rubbers and resins are used in aqueous dispersion (latex) form. The amount of c0- hesivejmaterial applied to the carrier sheet may be varied widelyQsay from about 0.2 lb. to 2 lbs. (solids) per 144 sq. yds. of carrier sheet.

The following are examples of cohesive, substantially non-adhesive materials including such latice-s. l

Parts by weight 1. Natural rubber latex 100.0

Dibetanaphthyl p-phenylene diamine (antioxidant) 1.0 2. Butadiene-styrene copolymer 100.

VSodium silicate 0.5 Antioxidant as in Example 1 1.0 Ester gum 1.0 3. Butadiene-acrylonitrile 100.0 Soldium silicate 0.5 Antioxidant as in Example 1 1.0 Ester gum 1.0 4. Polyvinyl acrylate latex 100.00

Antioxidant as in Example 1 1.0 5. Chloroprene 100.0 Sodium cetyl sulphate 0.5 Antioxidant as in Example 1 1.0 Zinc oxide 5.0 Ester gum 1.0

Any suitable wax or wax-like material such as paraffin wax, beeswax, montan wax, carnauba wax, synthetic waxes such asrtheV high melting point synthetic wax sold by Glyco Products Co., Inc., under the trade-mark Acrawax C, and the like may be used :as the moisture-proof coating for Vthe wrapping material of the: present invention. This coating may be applied to the carrier sheet in any desirable manner, in aqueous emulsion form from solvent solution, or from molten bath, for example, as is lwell understood. Other suitable moisture-proof materials such as the known lplastic compositions of wax and Vrubber Amay also be used, as may valso the relatively high melting point microcrystalline waxes.

When such waxes are combined with the cohesive, sub'- stantially non-adhesive materials on opposite sides of a paper carrier sheet, the carrier'sheet is rendered moisture-vaporproof- As is known,

vsuch waxes consistA of amorphous, substantially saturated compounds that have been formed from high boiling point, non-saturated petroleum derivatives by way. of polymerization and possibly by condensation (which products in the raw state 'areV known commercially as petrolatum) and, more speciiically, those higher melting point substances separated therefrom and sold as petroleum wax. Thesemicrocrystalline waxes Vmay be used alone or they may be ad- Y.

mixed with a material such'as 4coumarone resin, phenol-formaldehyde resin, cop-al gum andthe like, which will form a colloidal suspension or gel with the microcrys'talline wax, to increase scribed inthe Dreymann PatentfNo. 2,031,036.

The presentinvention Will-be fully understood from the foregoing and from lthe `following dethereof taken along the line 2-'-2 of'rFig; -l;

Fig. 3 illustrates'the use of the coated paper of Fig. 1 for wrapping a sandWich,-the 4latterbeing shown as resting 'on'the cohesive'surfaceoi the paper;

Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the Wrapped sandwich taken substantially along fthe `line ll-fl of Fig. 3;

,Fig 5 Yis a similar crossesectional view taken:-

substantially along the line 5-5-0f" Fig. 4;

Fig. 6 illustrates the use' ofthe paper oi-'Fig 1 for wrappingfoodstufls which are con-tained in an articlesuch as a dish;

Fig. 7 depicts thepaclrage yformed Vby wrap` ping the paper about vthe 'foodstuffs4 in the dish in accordance withfthe present-invention; and *Figs S and 9 illustrate Inodiedembodiments oifthel coated sheets of the present invention.

In the drawings the'numeral "ldesignates a--fleXible paper'sheet;V preferably a lightly sized paper sheet which permits of somesurface penetration of a latex, the numeral il designates a Wax or other Water-prootormoisturewaporproof coating, andthe numeral'IZ designates'the cohesive, `substantially l nonadhesive coating, preferably of- -natural'rubber latex and preferably app-lied uniformly and lightlyv'over the surface of the paper. vAs pointed out above, the-preierred cohesive, substantially nonad-hesive coating is formedby dryin/g an unvulcanized natural latex upon the surface of a'sheet of paper.'v The solids content of -this or any other latex 'which may be used iii-accordance with the presenti-m vvention maybe/varied widely, as desired, from about 10% to about 50% to 60%. "For most purposes about a' 35 solids content latex. is suitable.

In the use of 'this coated paperuto wrap comestiblesI-for example, a'sandwich, tthe sandwich, indicated by the numeral l5, is--placedupon the cohesive coating fof Athe-paper `sheet vadj acent one end and within the boundaries thereof; as illustratedin'Fig; 3. Thefother end-of the coated sheet is then'olded over'the sandwich so-that marginal portions oi theY cohesive coating ofthe folded sheet are iny opposed relationship. v A light pressure is' then applied-tothe opposedsurfaces of the cohesive coating by running'the' i^ingers lightly aroundithemarginal portions of the lfolded paper, thereby completely sealing the sandwich within a ymoisture--prooipaclragaillustrated inFigs. l and 5.

In the use oi thepaper of the present-invention to wrap foodstuff contained within a' dish or other article, the article containing-the 1ioodstuif, indicated by' the numeral il, is placed upon the cohesive coating of thepaper, as shown in f Fig. 6, and the free ends of the* paper are pulled up around the foodstuffand bunched'together with the cohesive coating surfaces in opposing relationship, therebyenclosing theffoodstu in a water-proofl package whichmay bep-laced in a refrigerator untilready for use.

* Due to `the vlmoisture-proof or moisture-vapor-Y z :proofcharacteristics of lthe :Wrapping sheetgof .therpresent invention-,afoodstuis Wrappedwithin this sheet-may be .keptwithin a `refrigerator for substantial periods .of-time, without, desiccation f or decay..and.without.acquiring the-'i'lavors of otherv foodstuffs. The contents ofgthe package maybe readily removedueitherrby ycutting the wrapper or by. pulling it apartyatthe joining surfaces. In the. latter case, if care is exercisedin pulling the 'surfaces apart, the` sheetV maybe re-used.

lThe coated paper sheet referred to above has the-cohesive; -substantially non-adhesive coating all over one-surface thereof and the wax over the other-surface and these'sheets may be stacked one upon the other without adherence, by placing the cohesive coating of one sheet in contact with Vthe Wax coating ofY another.

The versatilityfof the coated sheet to ywrap various articles may ybe increased by applying additional zonesof Vthe cohesive, substantially non-adhesive coating on the side of the sheet containinglthe wax or other Water-proof coating, l asillustrated in Figs. 8 and 9. In making these sheets the paper or other carrier sheet is coated on one side throughout the area thereof with a cohesive, substantially non-adhesive coating as before anda similar coatingfis' applied to the side. Thewax is then .appliedtothe-carrier-sheet between the areas delineated bythe zones of cohesive, substantially non-adhesive coating.

"InFig 9,'the cohesive, substantiallyfnon-adhesive coating l 8 is .applied all over the surface of one side of vthe, carrier sheet and, additionally, f alongthe longitudinal margins I9 lon the opposite sides. The wax coating, 25 is a'ppliedfto the carrier sheet overthe area betweenthe zones of cohesive, substantially non-adhesive coating. In the embodimentl of the invention illustrated in Fig. 8, vthere are additional .zones 1 of cohesive, Vsubstantially non-adhesivecoating Zlwhich eX- tend between thel marginal zones i9 of cohesive, substantiallyV nonadhesive coating,A at.- intervals throughout the-length of the sheet.

For convenience of the. user any of'thecoated sheets described above'mayrbewvcnded in the form of a roll',.illustratedin Fig. 8, and transverse perforations of score lines, illustrated by the score lines '22, may :be provided to enable the user to tear a piece ofthis Wrapping sheet from the roll. Wherethe fwrappingsheet of the present invention is provided with .cohesivesubstantially non-adhesive `coatings on both'sides, as in Figs. 8

polymers of butadienewith styrene and acrylonitrils; etc., as pointed out above.

f I- claim:

1, As a. new article of manufacture, a" sheet of self-sealing n wrapping' paper comprising a flexible paperzfbase having a1;cohesive, substantially dry,` non-.adhesive andnon-tacky wax-,tree

' coating consisting essentially,ofigunvulcanized natural rubber on the entire area of one side thereof and marginal Zones of a similar coating on its other side, said other side of the paper base having an exposed comparatively thin flexible lm of wax over the area between said zones, said coatings being exposed and adapted, when portions thereof are brought into engagement with one another by slight pressure during a Wrapping operation, to have such portions adhere to one another by cohesion, and serving to assist the Wax film in rendering the sheet moisture-proof.

2. As a new article of manufacture, a sheet of self-sealing wrapping paper comprising a thin exible calendered paper base having a cohesive,

substantially dry, non-adhesive and non-tacky,

wax-free coating consisting essentially of unvulcanized natural rubber on the entire area of one side thereof and Zones of a similar coating on its other side, said other side of the paper base having an exposed iiexible film of wax over the area between said zones, said coatings being exposed and adapted, when portions thereof are brought into engagement with one another by slight pressure during a wrapping operation, to have such portions adhere to one another by cohesion,and serving to assist the wax film in rendering the sheet moisture-proof.

3. As a new article of manufacture, a sheet of self-sealing wrapping material comprising a thin brous lrn base having on the entire area of one side thereof only an exposed comparatively thin flexible wax coating for purposes of moistureproofing the sheet and on the entire area of its other side an exposed wax-free coating consisting essentially of unvulcanized natural rubber deposited from an aqueous latex dispersion containing a small amount of material selected from the group consisting of starches and caseins, said last mentioned coating being cohesive, substantially dry, non-adhesive and non-tacky and adapted, when portions thereof are brought into engagement with one another by slight pressure during a wrapping operation to have such portions adhere to each other by cohesion, and serving to assist the wax coating in rendering the sheet moisture-proof.

4. As a new article of manufacture, a sheet of self-sealing wrapping paper comprising a thin flexible paper base having on the entire area of one side thereof only an exposed comparatively thin flexible wax coating for purposes of moisture-proong the sheet and on the entire area of its other side an exposed wax-free coating consisting essentially of unvulcanized natural rubber deposited from an aqueous latex dispersion containing a small amount of material selected from the group consisting of starches and caseins, and in addition a hydroscopic substance, said last mentioned coating being cohesive, substantially dry, non-adhesive and non-tacky and adapted to stick only to itself and, when portions thereof are brought into engagement with one another by slight pressure during a wrapping operation to have such portions adhere to each other by cohesion, and serving to assist the wax coating in rendering the sheet moisture-proof. y

5. As a new article of manufacture, a moistureproof sheet of self-sealing wrapping material adapted completely to encase an article and thereby seal the same against outside moisture, said article comprising a thin flexible paper sheet normally pervious to moisture, said sheet having on one surface thereof an exposed comparatively thin exible wax lm coating completely covering said surface and thereby Yimparting moistureproof properties thereto and on its other surface an exposed flexible dried wax-free lm consisting essentially of coalesced unvulcanized natural rubber particles, said film covering the complete said other surface of the sheet and being substantially dry and non-tacky and yieldingly self adhering when portions thereof are brought into engagement, but being non-adhesive to such surfaces as wood, glass and metal, the said non-tacky self-adhering nlm cooperating with said wax coating in moisture-proofing said paper sheet.

6. As a new article of manufacture, a moistureproof sheet of self-sealing wrapping material adapted completely to encase an article and thereby seal the same against outside moisture, said article comprising a thin flexible paper sheet normally pervious to moisture, said sheet having on one surface thereof an exposed comparatively thin flexible wax film coating completely covering said surface and thereby imparting moistureproof properties thereto and on its other surface an exposed flexible dried wax-free film consisting essentially of coalesced unvulcanized rubber particles, said last mentioned lm covering the complete said other surface of the sheet and being substantially dry and non-tacky and yieldingly self-adhering when portions thereof are brought into engagement, but being non-adhesive to such surfaces as wood, glass and metal, the said non-tacky self-adhering lm cooperating with said wax coating in moisture-proofing said paper sheet.

'7. As a new article of manufacture, a moistureproof sheet of self-sealing wrapping material adapted completely to encase an article and thereby seal the Same against outside moisture, said article comprising a thin flexible paper sheet normally pervious to moisture, said sheet having on one surface thereof an exposed comparatively thin flexible Wax film coating completely covering said surface and thereby imparting moistureproof properties theretd and on its other surface an exposed exible dried wax-free film consisting essentially of a rubber in an unvulcanized state, said last mentioned film covering the complete said other surface of the sheet and being substantiallyv dry and non-tacky and yieldingly selfadhering when portions thereof are brought into engagement, but being non-adhesive to such surfaces as wood, glass, and metal, the said nontacky self-adhering lm cooperating with said wax coating in moisture-proofing said paper sheet.

8. As a new article of manufacture, a sheet of self-sealing Wrapping paper comprising a flexible paper base having a cohesive, substantially dry, non-adhesive and non-tacky wax-free coating consisting essentially of a rubber in an unvulcanized state on the entire area of one side thereof and marginal zones of a similar coating on its other side, said other side of the paper base having an exposed comparatively thin iiexible film of wax over the area between said zones, said coatings being exposed and adapted, when portions thereof are brought into engagement with one another by slight -pressure during a wrapping operation, to have such portions adhere to one another by cohesion, and serving to assist the wax lm in rendering the sheet moisture-proof.

9. As a new article of manufacture, a sheet of self-sealing wrapping paper comprising a thin flexible calendered paper base having a cohesive, substantially dry, non-adhesive and non-tacky wax-free coating consisting essentially of a rubber in an unvulcanizedstate on the entire area of one side thereof and zones of a similar coating on its other side, said other side of the paper base having an exposed exible lm of Wax over the area between said zones, said coatings being exposed and adapted, when portions thereof are brought into engagement with one another by slight pressure during a wrapping operation, to have such portions adhere to one another by cohesion, and serving to assist the wax film in rendering the sheet moisture-proof.

BERTRAM L. TRILLICH.

REFERENCES CITED The following Yreferences are of record in the le of this patent:

Number Number 10 UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date Ruderman Aug. 6, 1929 Nollan et a1 May 24, 1938 Wilbur Sept. 26, 1939 Leslie Dec. 10, 1940 Rhodes et a1 July 18, 1944 Martin Apr. 13, 1948 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date Great Britain Jan. 21, 1932

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Classifications
U.S. Classification428/211.1, 428/355.0BL, 206/819, 283/74, 428/356, 229/87.1, 428/351, 428/355.0AC, 428/353
International ClassificationB65D65/42, B65D65/40
Cooperative ClassificationY10S206/819, B65D65/42, B65D65/40
European ClassificationB65D65/42, B65D65/40