Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2532254 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 28, 1950
Filing dateNov 24, 1945
Priority dateJul 4, 1942
Publication numberUS 2532254 A, US 2532254A, US-A-2532254, US2532254 A, US2532254A
InventorsRobert Bouchard Gaston
Original AssigneeRobert Bouchard Gaston
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Device for converting motion
US 2532254 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

mm 1 m 6 2 RU e 0 H g R BOUCHARD I DEVICE FOR CONVERTING MOTION Nov. 28, 1950 Filed Nov. 24, 1945 Nov. 28, 1950 Filed Nov. 24, 1945 G. R- BOUCHARD DEVICE FOR CONVERTING MOTION 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTUR GASTON ROBERT BOUCHARD ATTORNEYS MN; a

Nov. 28, 1950 a, R. BOQCHARD DEVICE FOR CONVERTING mono:

3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Nov. 24, 1945 D R A H .6 MW TB? vmmk WW 0 N 0 TV: m G

ATTORNEYS Patented Nov. 28, 1950 DEVICE FOR CONVERTING MOTION Gaston Robert Bouchard, Saint Germain en Laye, France Application November 24, 1945, Serial No. 630,624 In France July 4, 1942 Section 1, Public Law 690, August 8, 1946 Patent expires July 4, 1962 9 Claims. 1

The invention relates to piston machines, that is to say machines including several parallel cylinder-piston groups distributed about the main shaft and connected therewith through a wabbler assembly or the like and suitable link means, with a view to transforming the longitudinal efforts of the pistons into a torque applied to said shaft (case of a motor) or vice versa (case of a pump, compressor, etc.), this invention being more especially, but not exclusively, concerned with explosion engines for automobile vehicles.

The chief object of my invention is to provide a machine of this type which is adapted to comply, better than those of the same type made up to the present time, with the various requirements of practice, and, more particularly, which permits of obtaining a variation of the stroke of the pistons while maintaining a predetermined value of the ratio of compressionv Embodiments of my invention will be herein after described, with reference to the appended drawings, given merely by way of example, and in which:

Figs. 1 and 2 are diagrammatical views showing respectively in longitudinal section and in transverse section on the line IIII of Fig. l, a four cylinder engine made according to the invention.

Fig. 3 is a side view (with portions in section) of certain elements of the machine shown by Figs. 1 and 2, but in a different characteristic relative position.

Figs. 4 and 5 are views, similar to Fig. 3, showing the same elements made according to two different modifications.

Figs. 6 and 7 show, respectively in vertical section on the line VIVI of Fig. '7 and in vertical section on the line VIIVII of Fig. 6, another embodiment of the oscillating plate included in machines of the kind in question.

Frame l, of hollow cylindrical shape, carries at one end thereof a plurality of hollow parts, parallel or substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of said frame and adapted to form cylinders 2 distributed about said axis.

Each of these cylinders contains a piston 3 connected, through an ordinary connecting rod 4, with a wabbler assembly which will be more explicitly described hereinaftenthis device being housed in a space 5 provided in frame I and in which said plate can oscillate, about a theoretical axis 5 (Fig. 1) parallel to the axes of the crank pins 4 of the connecting rods 4 when pistons 3 work in cylinders 2.

Said wabbler assembly is constituted by two annular pieces or rings 1 and 8 connected together by pivots E2, the outer ring 1 carrying the crank pins 4 of connecting rods 4. The cylinder-piston units occupy positions such with respect to oscillation axis 6 that, in the case of a four cylinder engine, two of these units form a group, either with a common crank pin 4 or not, located on one side of this axis e and the two other units form a second group, either with a common crank pin 5 or not, symmetrically located on the other side of said axis 5.

The outer ring I is mounted, through the intermediate of two pivots 9 perpendicular to pivots i2 and materializing theoretical axis 6, on a forkshaped piece It) housed in a central recess H of frame 5 provided between cylinders 2. Piece it can slide axially in recess H while being prevented from rotating about its longitudinal axis through any known conventional means (not shown) such as grooves, reaction arms, twin mounting, and so on. Therefore there is a Cardan connection between the crank pins 4 of connecting rods 4 and inner ring 8, on the one hand, and between said inner ring 8 and piece iii, on the other hand, which ensures freedom of movement of this ring 3 in all directions.

In the embodiment shown by Figs. 1 to 3, I provide, in the end of frame I opposed to that in which are fitted cylinders 2, a central housing 53, with a thrust bearing 5 for the main shaft M of the engine, this shaft being longitudinally fixed with respect to said frame and carrying among other things, a fly-wheel I5 In the end of shaft 14 which projects into recess 5, I provide a cylindrical axial housing for an intermediate shaft i8, which is axially movable with respect to main shaft M but angularly connected therewith on the one hand through a transverse pin I 1 slidable in a slot is of intermediate shaft 18 (or any other equivalent means, such as grooves) and/or, on the other hand, through a link system to be hereinafter described.

On intermediate shaft l8, and at the place where is located wabbler assembly 1-8 I mount a sleeve-shaped support 28, the inner ring 8 of said wabbler assembly bearing on said support 223 through the intermediate of needle or roller bearings 2! or antifriction bearings.

Support 29 is connected, on the one hand, with intermediate shaft it through pivots 20 (Figs. 2 and 3), whereby this support 28 shares in the rotation movement of intermediate shaft l8, and, on the other hand, through arm 21, pin 22, and links 23, with the transverse pin l? which connectstogether shafts l8 and I4. This connection 20 2fl2i--22-23l1 constitutes the link system above referred to.

When piece H3 is caused to slide in one direction or the other with respect to frame I, it produces a translatory displacement of the whole of wabbler assembly L-Gin the same direction since ring I is connected to piece It through pivots 9. Such a displacement simultaneously produces a modification of the inclination of support 2 3 and wabbler assembly l-8, since said support 29 is connected through links 23 with the longitudinally fixed pin ll. As wabbler assembly -8 is connected with pistons 3 through connecting rods 4, said pistons follow the displacements of the wabbler assembly and I thus obtain an engine in which the strokes of the pistons are simultaneously variable accordin to an equal degree for all the pistons and the positions of the pistons called upper dead points follow a law determined as a function of the stroke, which permits of obtaining a ratio of compression of well defined value.

On Figs. 1 and 3, support 2i) has been shown in two different characteristic positions for which its inclinations, with respect to the main shaft, respectively have minimum and maximum values, corresponding to the minimum and maximum strokes of the pistons. In order to permit angular displacement of support 29 with respect to intermediate shaft i8 while maintaining a radial dimension of the whole as small as possible, I provide in said shaft notches 2A in which certain portions of said support 2i] can engage when the latter is very much inclined (Fig. 3).

Fig. 4 shows a modification of the arrangement above described, according to which main shaft [4 is housed in the central cavity H of the frame between the motor cylinders. In this case, the rotational connection between main shaft i i and intermediate shaft !8 is also obtained through a link system constituted by a pin [1 carried by arm 26 rigid with shaft 54, and connecting rods 23 pivoted, through pins 2-2, to arms 27 carried by the variable inclination support 20.

I may also, as shown by Fig. 5, adopt an arrangement analogous to that of Fig. 3 but in which links 23 and pin ll are replaced by two arms 2?? rigid with support 2t, and the free ends of which are pivotally connected, at 29', to a sleeve 3d slidable along a guide 3i, suitably inclinecl and mounted on shaft it so as to turn together therewith and with intermediate shaft Any other means for ensuring in response to an axial displacement of fork-shaped piece it, both a longitudinal displacement of intermedi ate shaft [8 and support 23 and an inclination of said support, and consequently of wabbler assembly l-t', with an amplitude in direct relation to that of the axial displacement of said piece iii, could be utilized instead of the arrangements above indicated by way of example.

In order to obtain the axial displacement of fork shaped piece it, I may have recourse to various mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electromechanic or other means generally called servo-control means, and an example of which is shown by Fig. 1.

Piece IQ is rigid with a tubular piece 38, freely engaged in the central cavity H of the frame. In the cavity 33 of this piece, I fit a joint 35 carried by another tubular piece 35 rigid with frame I and, the diameter of which is substantially smaller than that of the first whereby I form, between pieces ('35 and 36, an annular interval 3d closed at one end by joint 35 and at he other one by a joint 37 carried by tubular piece 38.

When a pressure (or a depression) is caused to act in annular interval 3d,, limited by joints 4 35 and 31, through the intermediate of a liquid or gaseous fluid admitted through externally controlled valve means, I obtain the desired axial displacement of joint 31, acting as a hydraulic or pneumatic piston, together with sleeve 33 and piece it this pressure (or depression) being counter-balanced by the reaction exerted by pistons 3 and, if need be, by the intervention of one or several antagonistic springs, or by means of a double action arrangement bringing into play, for instance, a third joint (not shown) which would then be established at the place designated by 33. A bearing 3% is interposed between the sleeve 38 that is to be axially displaced and intermediate shaft E8, in order to hold this shaft in proper axial position.

I might also obtain the desired axial displacements of fork-shaped piece Ill and, consequently, of theoretical axis 6, by providing this fork-shaped piece with screw-thread, or rack, means cooperating with screw threads or a toothed wheel, the control of which, either from a distancec or not, would be easily accessible and operable even during operation of the en- A rod 32, rigid with shaft I8, is utilized for controlling the means for distributing fluid to the cylinders 22 of the engine, this distribution being for instance effected through any suitable means, for instance ordinary valves, rotary valves, perforated barrels, etc., not shown by the drawings because their disclosure is not necessary for a good understanding of the object of the invention. However, it should be noted that it is possible, owing to the possible translation of intermediate shaft iii, to obtain a variation of the angular relative position (with respect to intermediate shaft 18 acting as crankshaft) of the cam or cams utilized for distribution control. It is also possible to vary the working outline of these cams due to the translatory movement thereof when intermediate shaft is is displaced in one direction or the other.

On Figs. 6 and 7, I have shown, by way of example, the arrangement of an oscillating or wabbler assembly, analogous to that of Figs. 1 to 3, in the case of an engine including not. four cylinders but eight cylinders distributed by pairs in a symmetrical manner with respect to the motor shaft or to the crankshaft.

In this case the support 20 of the plate also carries, through the intermediate of roller bearings 2! or the like, an inner ring 8 pivotally carried, through horizontal pivots 12 by the vertical sides of a rectangular frame 1 similar to the annular piece 1 of Figs. 1 and 2, these sides also carrying the crank pins 4 of the connecting rods 4 of the upper and lower pairs of cylinders. This inner ring 8 is also pivotally connected, through vertical pivots I2 with the horizontal sides of a second rectangular frame 1 which also carries the crank pin 4 of the connecting rods of the twopairs of lateral cylinders.

The horizontal sides of frame, 1 are mounted, through pivots 5 on a sleeve I0 similar to the fork-shaped piece it] of Figs. 1 and 2 and the vertical sides of frame I are pivotally connected, through, pivots 9 to the same sleeve I9 I thus obtain the desired interrelation of the two link, systems above described through. which the efforts of the pistons of the eight cylinders are transmitted to the support 28 of the oscillating plate. In order to avoid, interference between frames 1 and 7- in, the course of their relative movements, it is; necessary to give them a suiteasily accessible and operable even during the operation of the engine.

In the case of the oscillation of plate l-3 about a movable axis 6, the cylinders must be distributed in ,diametrally opposed or symmetrically mounted pairs with respect to this axis.

Finally, it should be noted that the invention is applicable with the same effects or advantages to steam engines or receiving machines, such as pumps, compressors, pump and motor units forming hydraulic transmissions, etc.

In all cases, the piston stroke adjustment control may be manual, automatic, or semi-automatic, and this control may be analogous to those already proposed for the regulation, either automatic or not, of the gear-boxes of engines or of some machine-tools.

The piston machine according to my invention permits of varying, at will and in a simple manner, the stroke of the pistons while obtaining for the ratio of compression a value which is substantially constant or determined according to a suitably established law which permits, among other things, of obtaining a linear velocity of the pistons-and, consequently, a powerwhich is substantially constant within certain limits of speed of revolution, thus ensuring a high torque at low speeds under good conditions of efficiency. With the construction according to my invention I therefore obtain, by means of the machine itself and through variation of stroke of its pistons, the same effect as with a variable speed transmission which is generally considered as forming a necessary adjunction to an explosion engine. More particularly in the case of the application of the invention to compressors, I obtain the advantage that it is possible to adjust the displacement of the piston or pistons as a function of the output that is required, thus avoiding the working on no load which results from the hit or miss adjustment. 7

Of course, the invention applies to the case in which, the relative movement between the main shaft and the support of wabbler assembly being maintained, the main shaft and the pieces that are carried by it form a fixed or non-rotary system while the frame and the cylinders with all the parts associated therewith are given a movement of rotation about said fixed system.

In a general manner, while I have, in the above description, disclosed what I deem to be practical and efficient embodiments of the present invention, it should be well understood that I do not wish to be limited thereto as there might be changes made in the arrangement, disposition and form of the parts without departing from the principle of the present invention as comprehended within the scope of the accompanying claims.

What I claim is:

1. A machine which comprises, in combination, a shaft, at least two cylinder and piston units parallel to said shaft, two concentric rings pivoted to each other about a common diameter thereof, at least two connecting rods for said pistons respectively, pivoted to the outer ring about axes perpendicular to said diameter, a part longitudinally slidable with respect to said shaft along an axis fixed in position with respect to said cylinder, said part being pivotally connected with said outer ring about an axis perpendicular to said common diameter at the middle point thereof, a shaft element slidably keyed to said shaft and journalled in said part to be axially movable together therewith, a bearing for the inner ring pivotally connected with said shaft element about an axis perpendicular to said shaft and passing through the point of intersection of said shaft axis and said common diameter, means for producing longitudinal displacements of said part with respect to said shaft, and link means between said bearing and said shaft for modifying the inclination of said bearing with respect to the axis of said shaft as a function of the longitudinal position of said part with respect to said shaft.

2. A machine which comprises, in combination, a frame, a shaft journalled in said frame, at least two cylinder and piston units carried by said frame parallel to the axis of said shaft and on either side thereof, two concentric rings pivoted to each other about a common diameter thereof, at least two connecting rods for said pistons respectively, pivoted to the outer ring about axes parallel to a direction perpendicular both to said diameter and to the shaft axis, said frame forming a central longitudinal recess between said piston and cylinder units, at least one part longitudinally slidable in said recess coaxially with respect to said shaft adapted to be prevented from rotating with respect to said frame about the axis of said shaft, the outer ring being pivotally connected with said part about an axis parallel to the above mentioned direction and passing through the point of intersection of said shaft axis and said common diameter, a shaft element slidably keyed on said shaft and axially movable together with said part, a bearing for the inner ring pivoted to said shaft element about an axis perpendicular to the shaft axis and passing through said point of intersection, means for producing longitudinal displacements of said. part with respect to said shaft, and link means between said bearing and said shaft for modifying the in clination of said bearing with respect to the axis of said shaft as a function of the longitudinal position of said part with respect to said shaft.

3. A machine which comprises, in combination, a main shaft, a plurality of cylinder and piston units parallel to said shaft, means, including a wabbler assembly and connecting rods interposed between said pistons and said wabbler assembly, for transforming into one another the reciprocating longitudinal motion of said pistons with respect to their cylinders and the rotary motion of said shaft, a shaft element slidably keyed on said main shaft, a sleeve coaxial with said wabbler assembly mounted to act a a journal for said wabbler assembly, said sleeve being pivoted to said shaft element about an axis perpendicular thereto, means for producing longitudinal dis-- placements of said sleeve with respect to said shaft, an arm rigid with said main shaft extending longitudinally therefrom, an arm extending from said sleeve longitudinally therefrom and a link pivoted at its ends to said arms respectively, about axes at right angles to the axis of said shaft, for modifying the inclination of said sleeve with respect to the axis of said shaft as a func 1. tion. of the longitudinal position of said sleeve with respect to said shaft;

1. A machine which comprises, in combination, a main shaft, a plurality of cylinder and piston units parallel to' said. shaft, means, including a wabbler assembly and connecting rods interposed between said pistons and said wabbler assembly, for transforming into one another the reciproeating longitudinal motion of said pistons with respect to their cylinders and the rotary motion of said shaft, a shaft element slidably keyed on said main shaft, a sleeve coaxial with said wabbler assembly mounted to ast as a journal for said wabbler assembly, said sleeve being pivoted to said shaft element about an axis perpendicular thereto, means for producing longitudinal displacements of said sleeve with respect to said shaft, a guide carried by said main shaft obliquely to the axis thereof, a piece slidable along said guide and an arm' extending longitudinally from said sleeve pivoted to said slidable piece for modifying the inclination of said sleeve with respect to the axis of said shaft as a function of the longitudinal position of said sleeve with respect to said shaft;

5. A machine which comprises, in combination, a frame, a shaft journalled in said frame, at least two cylinder and piston units carried by said frame parallel to the axis of said shaft and oneither side thereof, two concentric rings pivoted to each other about a common diameter thereof, at least two connecting rods for saidpiS- tons respectively, pivoted to the outer ring about axes parallel to a direction perpendicular both to said diameter and to the shaft axis, said frame forminga central longitudinal recess between said piston and cylinder units, at least one part longitudinally slidable in said recess coaxially with respect to said shaft adapted to be prevented from rotating with respect. to saidv frame about the axis of said shaft, the outer ring being pivotally connected with said part about an axis parallel to the above mentioned direction and passing through the point of intersection of said shaft axis and said common diameter", a shaft element slidably keyed on said shaft and axially movable together with said part, a bearing for the inner ring pivoted to said shaft element about an axis perpendicular to the shaft axis and passing through said point of intersection, fluid pressure means for producing longitudinal displacements of said part with respect to said shaft, and link means between said bearing and said shaft for modifying the inclination of said bearing with respect to the axis of said shaft as a function of the longitudinal position of said part with respect to said shaft.

6. A machine which comprises, in combination, a shaft, at least two cylinder and piston units parallel to said shaft, two concentric rings pivoted to each other about a common diameter thereof, at least two connecting rods for said pistons respectively, pivoted to the outer ring about axes perpendicular to said diameter, a shaft element slida-bly keyed on said main shaft, a sleeve pivoted to said shaft element about an axis per pendicular thereto mounted to act as a journal for the inner ring, a part longitudinally slidable with respect to said shaft along an axis fixed with respect to said cylinders, said part being pivotally connected with said outer ring about an axis perpendicular to said common diameter of said rings, means for producing longitudinal displacements of said part with respect to said shaft, and link means between said sleeve and said. shaft for to said shaft.

7. A machine which comprises, in combination, a frame, a shaft journalled in said frame, at least two cylinder and piston units carried by said frame, with the axes of said cylinders parallel to the axis of said shaft and on opposite sides thereof respectively, a ring journalled with respect to said shaft about an axis intersecting the shaftaxis obliquely thereto, a second ring pivoted to the first one about a common diameter of said two rings at right angles to said oblique axis and passing through the intersection of said obliqueaxis and said shaft axis, said second ring bein pivotally mounted with respect to said frame about an axis perpendicular to both said shaft axis and said common diameter at their point of intersection, and two connecting rods for said pistons respectively pivoted to said second mentioned ring about axes parallel to the axis about which said ring is pivotally mounted in said frame.

8. A machine which comprises, in combination, a main shaft, a plurality of cylinder and piston units parallel to said shaft, means, including a wabbler assembly and connecting rods interposed between said pistons and said wabbler assembly, for transforming into one another the reciproeating longitudinal motion of said pistons with respect to their cylinders and the rotary m-ction of said shaft, a shaft element slidably keyed on said main shaft, a sleeve coaxial with saidwabbler assembly mounted to act as a journal for said wabbler assembly, said sleeve being pivoted to said shaft element about an axis perpendicular thereto, means for producing longitudinal displacements of said shaft element with respect to said main shaft, and link means between said sleeve and said shaft for modifying the inclination of said sleeve with respect to the axis of said shaft as a function of the longitudinal positionof' said sleeve with respect to said shaft, said link means being located on the same side of said wabbler assembly as said cylinders.

9. A machine which comprises, in combination, a frame, a shaft journalled in said frame, at least two cylinder and piston units carried by said frame, with the axes of said cylinders parallel to the axis of said shaft and on opposite sides thereof respectively; a support operatively connected with said shaft, a ring journalled on said support about an axis intersecting the shaft axis obliquely thereto, a second ring pivoted to the first one about a common diameter of said two rings at right angles to said oblique axis and passing through the intersection of said oblique axis and said shaft axis, said second ring being pivotally mounted with respect to said frame about an axis perpendicular to both said shaft axis and said common diameter at their point of intersection, and two connecting rods for said pistons respectively pivoted to said second mentioned ring about axes parallel to the axis about which said ring ispivotally mounted in said frame.

GASTON ROBERT BOUCHARD.

REFERENGES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Num er Name Date 1,346,672 Patton July 13, 1920 1,968,470 Szombothy July 31, I934

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1346672 *Apr 18, 1918Jul 13, 1920Charles Hurst LtdInternal-combustion engine
US1968470 *Jan 6, 1931Jul 31, 1934Max SzombathyPower transmission for internal combustion engines
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2812664 *Jan 22, 1953Nov 12, 1957Samuel B EckertWabbler type internal combustion engine
US3121371 *May 18, 1961Feb 18, 1964Graham Engineering Company IncPower translator
US3319874 *Dec 16, 1964May 16, 1967Harvey W WelshVariable displacement-variable clearance device
US3663226 *Apr 22, 1969May 16, 1972Biermann Arnold EVariable piston-stroke mechanisms
US3730059 *Mar 15, 1971May 1, 1973Dunlop Holdings LtdPiston actuated control apparatus for a type building or shaping machine
US4077269 *Feb 26, 1976Mar 7, 1978Lang Research CorporationVariable displacement and/or variable compression ratio piston engine
US4418586 *May 20, 1981Dec 6, 1983General Motors CorporationSwash plate drive mechanism
US4736715 *Sep 25, 1985Apr 12, 1988Medicor Science, N.V.Engine with a six-stroke cycle, variable compression ratio, and constant stroke
US5782219 *Apr 23, 1997Jul 21, 1998Audi AktiengesellschaftReciprocating engine with a wobble plate transmission
US5947002 *Dec 15, 1997Sep 7, 1999Zexel CorporationVariable capacity wobble plate compressor
US6397794Oct 25, 2000Jun 4, 2002R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Piston engine assembly
US6446587Mar 25, 1999Sep 10, 2002R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Piston engine assembly
US6460450Mar 13, 2000Oct 8, 2002R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Piston engine balancing
US6554583 *Jul 18, 2000Apr 29, 2003Hans-Georg G. PresselSwash plate compressor with reciprocal guide assembly
US6829978Aug 15, 2002Dec 14, 2004R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Piston engine balancing
US6854377Nov 2, 2001Feb 15, 2005R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Variable stroke balancing
US6913447Jan 22, 2002Jul 5, 2005R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Metering pump with varying piston cylinders, and with independently adjustable piston strokes
US6915765Oct 25, 2000Jul 12, 2005R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Piston engine assembly
US6925973Feb 11, 2000Aug 9, 2005R. Sanderson Managment, Inc.Piston engine assembly
US7007589Mar 24, 2000Mar 7, 2006R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Piston assembly
US7011469Feb 7, 2001Mar 14, 2006R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Piston joint
US7040263Aug 16, 2004May 9, 2006R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Piston engine assembly
US7140343May 27, 2003Nov 28, 2006R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Overload protection mechanism
US7162948Oct 6, 2004Jan 16, 2007R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Variable stroke assembly balancing
US7185578Aug 6, 2004Mar 6, 2007R. Sanderson ManagementPiston assembly
US7325476May 26, 2005Feb 5, 2008R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Variable stroke and clearance mechanism
US7331271Mar 31, 2003Feb 19, 2008R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Variable stroke/clearance mechanism
US7334548Feb 28, 2006Feb 26, 2008R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Piston joint
US7438029Sep 21, 2004Oct 21, 2008R. Sanderson Management, Inc.Piston waveform shaping
US8511265 *May 30, 2010Aug 20, 2013Steven Don ArnoldVariable stroke and compression ratio engine
US9109446 *Feb 7, 2012Aug 18, 2015Ameriband, LlcContinuously variable displacement engine
US20050207907 *Sep 21, 2004Sep 22, 2005John FoxPiston waveform shaping
US20100093491 *Sep 25, 2007Apr 15, 2010Societe Robert, Jean-ChristianDevice for converting linear motion into a rotational motion in an adjustable way
US20100300410 *May 30, 2010Dec 2, 2010Steven Don ArnoldVariable stroke and compression ratio engine
Classifications
U.S. Classification74/60, 123/56.4, 92/71
International ClassificationF16H23/08, F02B75/00, F16H23/00, F02B75/26
Cooperative ClassificationF16H23/08, F02B75/26
European ClassificationF16H23/08, F02B75/26