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Publication numberUS2532443 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 5, 1950
Filing dateFeb 19, 1947
Priority dateFeb 19, 1947
Publication numberUS 2532443 A, US 2532443A, US-A-2532443, US2532443 A, US2532443A
InventorsFreundlich Albert
Original AssigneeNu Plast Binding Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bookbinding machine
US 2532443 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

4 Sheets-Sheet 1 A. FREUNDLlCH BOOK BINDING MACHINE Dec. 5, 1950 Filed Feb. 19, 1947 Dec. 5, 1950 A. FREUNDLlcH BooK BINDING MACHINE 4 sheets-sheet 2 Filed Feb. 19, 1947 /NVE/VTOR By* ALBERI FRIUNDLICH ATTORNEY 4 Sheets-Sheet 'o' A. FREUNDLICH BOOK BINDING MACHINE Dec. 5, 1950 Filed Feb. 19, 1947 A T TORNEV m M mm WM MF Wm E B W .L A

Dec'. 5, 1950 A. FREUNDLICH BooK BINDING MACHINE Filed Feb. 19, 1947 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 H M W. MN TU NIM MF WT m B L A. K e

v ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 5, 195'() ,naar

BooKsINnING MAcHINs Albert Freundlich, Bronx, N. Y., assigner to N11-Plast Binding Co. Inc., Flushing, N. Y.

Application February 19, 1947Serial No. 729,633

(Cl. 11--l') L7 Claims.

This invention relates to amachine and method for making book construction, particularly oi the type in which a plurality of sheets are loosely bound together by means of a helicalor spirally shaped binder which passes through a rowV of registering openings forming a row of passages through a margin ofthe superposedsheets.

YIn previous devices used for binding books of the character described, Athe perforated sheets are in a horizontal position at the time the helical binder is to be introduced into the perforations. It is necessary to shift the sheets so that the rows of perforations in theY sheets willdeiine arcuate passagervays for the bindenand further, to secure the sheets in this position. This has involved the use of guides, clamps and Various movable means which are automatically operated. Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide a device for binding a plurality of marginally perforated sheets with a helical binder wherein the sheets are positioned vertical ly in a manner to properly arrangev the. sheets for the introduction of thevhelical binder intoY the perforations of the sheets without the usev of movable guides, clamps and the like.

Another object of this invention is to provide in a device i the character described, rneans for supporting a plurality of marginally perforated sheets wherein the supporting means is Xed and is further designed to so position the sheets that the perforations in the sheets will denne an arcuate passageway for the reception of a binder fed towards the supported sheets.

Still another object of this invention is to provide in a device oi the character described, means for frictionally feeding or threading a spiral binder into engaging relationship with a plurality of marginally perforated sheets positioned to receive said binder, wherein the feeding operation may become ineffective in the event that the binder jams or an obstruction in the perforations in the sheets, is encountered.

Yet another object of this invention is to pro! vide in a device of the characterdescribed, means for suspending and positioning a plurality or marginally perforated sheets in a vertical position, the said positioning means having curved hooklike portions which permit the perforations in the sheets to denne an arcuate passageway,

the positioning means further functioning as a bination cfa fixed guide means for an advancing sprial binder and means adjacent said guide for effecting the advance of said spiral binder longitudinally of said guide.

Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious, and in part hereinafter pointedv out.

The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements, andarrangement of parts which will be exempliiied inV the constructionv hereinafter escrihed, and' of which the scope of application will he indicated in the following claims.

In the accompanying drawing, in which is shown various possible illustrative embodiments of this invention,

Fig. 1 is a iront elevational view of the binding machine embodying the invention;

Fig. 2 is a top plan View of the noch binder construction resulting from the operation ofthe machine shown in Fig. l

Fig. 3 is a cross sectional rievv takenY on, the line 3-3of Fig. 1;

Fig.V 4 is across sectional view taken on the line Lf-410i Fig. 1;

Fig. is a top. planview or the machine shown in Fig. 1

Fig. 6 is a detailed plan view ci the binder feeding means, guide and sheet supporting means ofthe machine shown in Fig. 1

Fig. 7 is a front eievational View ci the detaiis shown in Fig. 6;

Fig. 8 is a cross sectional view taken on the line 8 3 of Fig. 6;

Fig. Sis a cross sectional view of the details of the spiral binder guide and the binder feeding means in feeding contact with the guide;

Fig. l0 is a cross sectional View taken on the linelfl ii at Fig.' l;

Fig. 11 is a crosssectional View taken on the line ll-l l ofFig. 1; and

Fig. l2 is a iront elevational View, broken awat7 in part,` of the spiral binder. support shown in Fig. 11;

Referring now in detail to the drawing, it designates the device embodying the invention. The same` kcomprises a table il which includes a top member l2 of rectangular shape comprising an'upper surface I3, a lower surface ifi, and a front edge it. A centrally located portion of the edge I5 is formed'with a longitudinally eX- tending notch l B which includes a rearwardly inclined back wall il', for the purpose hereinafter described. The top member l2 is supported at a proper height by legs it, which are interconnected at their lowerk portions by side braces i9. The mid portions of the braces i9 are interconnected by an elongated member 2U which extends parallel to the top member I2.

Secured to the lower surface I4 of the top member I2 at the right hand end thereof, looking at Fig. l, is a downwardly extending bracket 2 I. Secured to the bracket 2I and extending outwardly thereof is a right angle motor mounting bracket 22 on which is mounted a motor 23 with its armature shaft 24 extending parallel to the length of the top member l2, and having secured thereto a pulley 25. A pair of spaced, similar, aligned bearing brackets 25, 2l are also secured to the lower surface I of the top member adjacent the front edge I5. J ournaled in the bearing brackets 26, 2l is a rotatable shaft 28, the right hand end of which extends beyond bracket 2l and has secured thereto a pulley 29. The pulley 29 is in alignment with the pulley 25 and is interconnected thereto by means of a belt 3i).

Secured to the elongated member is a bracket 3i to which is hingedly or pivotally secured a treadle member 32. Extending upwardly from the treadle member 32 is a link 33 which is connected to the rear end of a forwardly extending arm 35, the other end of which extends upwardly and outwardly to a bracket 35 which is journaled for pivotal movement on shaft 28. A spring 35 has one end thereof secured to the undersurface I i of the top member I2 and the other end is secured to -a rear portion of arm 34. The bearing bracket 35 further comprises a forwardly and upwardly extending arm 3'! to which is secured a bearing bracket 38. The bearlng bracket 58 lies adjacent the front edge I5 of the top member I2, and is further provided with a stop screw 38a which extends through the arm 3l and bears against the inclined wall I1, for the purpose hereinafter described. A rotatable shaft 39 is journaled in the bearing bracket 38 and has secured to a portion projecting on one side thereof a roller member 45. The roller member 40 comprises a core 4I and an outer` surface 42 of rubber or the like. The portion of shaft 39 projecting on the other side of the bracket 38 has secured thereto a pulley 43. A pulley 44 is secured to shaft 28 in alignment with pulley 43 and is interconnected thereto by a belt 45. It will be apparent from a consideration of Figs. 1 and 5, that the motor 23 imparts rotary movement to shaft 28 by means of pulleys 25, 28, which in turn imparts rotation to roller member 40 by means of pulleys 43, 44. The roller member 4D may also bemoved to and from a position adjacent the front edge l5 of the top member I2, by the use of the treadle member 32.

lOn the front edge l5 of the top member I2 there is secured an elongated trough shaped member 45. The member 45 comprises an upwardly extending wall 4l which contacts the front edge I5 of the top member and is secured thereto by means of screws 48 or the like. Extending upwardly and outwardly of the wall 47 are `a pair of similar walls 45, 55, symmetrically arranged with respect to the wall 4l, with wall 49 overlying an edge portion of upper1 surface E3 of top member l2. The member i6 extends from a point adjacent pulley 43 along edge I5 of top member I2, beyond the end of the top member I2.

Secured to a forward edge portion of the upper surface I3 and projecting beyond the front edge i5 is an elongated guide plate 5i The plate 5i is formed on its forward edge with regularly spaced rectangular shaped grooves 52 alternating with rectangular shaped ribs 53 which extend in an inclined direction of predetermined angularity between the upper and lower surfaces of the plate as shown in Fig. 7. The ribs `53 adjacent the roller 40 have lower portions 54 cut away to accommodate the adjacent circumferential portion of the rolle;` 4G. Mounted on plate 5I is a rectangular shaped plate 55. The forward edge of the plate 55 is formed with grooves and ribs similar to those found on plate 5I and are in overlying registry therewith. The plate 55 is secured to plate 5I by means of screws 55. Clamped between the elongated plate 5I and the overlying plate 55 are a pair of spaced, similar pins 55a which project beyond the edges of plates 5I, 55. Fixedly secured on the projecting portions of pins 55a is a cylindrical member 5l', the axis of which is parallel to the forward edge of plates 5I, 55 and circumferential portions of which Contact the ribs 53. From a consideration of Fig. 6, it will be noted that each of the pins 56 is clamped between plates 5I, 55 in alignment with a rib 53, for the purpose hereinafter described.

On the plate 5I there is mounted a pair of similar, spaced hook like members 58. Each hooklike member 58 comprises a flat shank portion 55 which is secured to the plate 5I by means of screws 55 or the like. Extending from the shank 59 is an arcuate portion 6I of a predetermined radius. The arcuate portion ISI has a substantially circular cross section and is formed with a groove 52 on the inner, uppermost portion thereof. As shown in Fig. 10, the groove 62 is coextensive with the extent of the arcuate portion of the member. The hooklike members 58 extend from the plate 5I at a predetermined angle to the edge thereof and are mounted so that the members are aligned with a groove 52 on the plate 5I. The arcuate portion 6I of members 58 has the same inclination from the vertical as the grooves 52.

The device described is adapted to form a bound book of the type shown in Fig. 2, which comprises a multiplicity of superposed sheets 'Iii (the topmost or cover sheet being shown in Fig. 2) which are formed with a row of registering perforations ll along a margin thereof which in turn receive the spiral or helical binder l2.

In using the device embodying the invention, the operator suspends a multiplicity of sheets '15a together with the cover sheets l5 having the usual marginal perforation on the hooklike members 58. From a consideration of Fig. l0 is will be noted that the sheets l5, ma hang freely in a vertical position on the arcuate portions 5I of the hooklike members 58 and further that rows of perforations ll in the sheets define arcuate passage- Ways corresponding to the arcuate form of the suspending element.

The spiral binder l2 in continuous lengths is placed in the troughlike supporting member 46 and the leading end of the binder is moved towards the xed cylindrical guide member 5l. As shown in Fig. 9 the diameter of member 51 is slightly less than the diameter of the helical binder I2 which passes over it upon continued movement of the binder l2 with respect to the member 5l, the leading end of the binder is threaded into the first groove 52 in plates 5I, 55. At this time, the operator steps on the treadle 32 which brings the rubber covered roller 45 into contact with the helical portion of the binder supported by the member 5l and positioned in the groove 52. The rotary motion of roller 45 will impart helical movement to the helical binder by reason of the frictional contact of the rubber cover 42 of the roller with respect to the supported portions of the binder. It is to be noted that the dimensions of the grooves 52 are such that the wire or" the bin-der will lie within the grooves yet move easily with respect to the walls of the grooves. The width of the ribs 53 corresponds to the normal spacing between the successive rows of perforations in the marginal portions of the book to be bound. The convolutions of the binder 'iii will pass on -either side oi the pins 56 which position the member 5l, inasmuch as pins 55 overly a rib 5s in plates 5l, 55 and therefore do not interfere with the movement of the binder. As the rotation of roller t continues to produce helical movement in the binder, the convolutions of the binder will be received in the grooves 52 of plates 5|, 53 and longitudinally guided thereby. When the leading end of the binder wire reaches the first hook like member 58, the wire will be received in the groove 52 in the arcuate portion Sl of the hooklike member and will pass through the passageway deiined by the row of perioraticns in the sheets suspended on the member 58, as shown in Fig. 10. It will be noted that the curvature of the arcuate portion El of the member 58 corresponds to the curvature of the wire in the helical binder l2. In the same manner, the inclination of the grooves 52 and the hooklike member 5B corresponds to the inclination of the convolutions of the helical binder. In this manner the introduction of the binder into passageways deined by the perforations in the sheets is made possible by the use of xed guide means for the helical binder and iixed guide means which properly position the perforated sheets.

The continued helical movement of the helical binder will bring the leading' end of the binder to the second hook-like member 58, after having passed through the intermediate rows of perforations in the suspended sheets. At the second -hooklike member 5d, the leading end of the binder is again guided by the groove 62 in the arcuate portion 6l of the member, in the manner previously described.

When the helical movement of the binder has extended to the point where the binder has engaged all the rows of perforations in the book, the operator releases the treadle 32 which moves upwardly by the action of spring 35, which in turn has the effect of pivoting the arm 37 thereby Inovi ing the roller @il out of Contact with the helical binder. This stops the helical movement of the binder and the operator then proceeds to out the binder at a rear portion adjacent the left hand edgeof the book. The projecting ends of the f binder are bent adjacent the edge of the book soy that the binder is retained in its position.

The movement of the roller llt towards the fixed member 5l may be limited by means of the stop screws da'which extends through the arm 3? of the bracket supporting the roller and bears against the inclined wail il. By suitably adjusting the screw 33a, the 'maximum pressure of the roller di? with respect to the wire coils of the helical binder may be determined. This feature also ermits adjustments in the feeding pressure in order to avoid jamming of the moving coil. It is to be noted that since the feed used is of the frictionaltype rather than by positive movement, the feed becomes ineiective in the event that the wire becomes jammed for any reason or if an obstruction in the perforations of the book is encountered.

It will thus be seen that there is provided a device in which the several objects of this invention are achieved, and which is well adapted to meet the conditions of practical use. The binder may be'cut and its ends bent by suitable means.

As various possible embodiments might be made of the above invention, and as various changes might be made in the embodiments above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter herein set forth or shown in the accompanying drawing is to be interpreted as illustrative and not Iin a limiting sense.

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

l. In combination, means for suspending a book of superposed sheets having rows of registering openings forming a row of passages through the book, including means passing through a plurality of said passages, and means for threading a helical binder through said row of passages.

2. In combination, means for suspending a book of superposed sheets having rows of registering openings forming a ,row of passages through the book, said means comprising a pair of fingers passing through a pair of said passages, and means for threading a helical binder through said row of passages, said threading means comprising means to rotate said binder, and guide means to cause said binder to move longitudinally as it rotates and is threaded through said passages, said guide means having spaced inclined grooves through which convolutions of said binding pass.

3. In combination, means for suspending a book or superposed sheets having rows of registering openings forming a row of passages through the book, and means for threading a helical binder thro-ugh said row of passages, said threading means comprising means to rotate said binder, and guide means to cause said binder to move longitudinally as'it rotates, said suspending means including a pair of curved ngers passing through a pair of said passages.

4. In combination, means for suspending a book of superposed sheets having rows of registering openings forming a row of passages through the book, and means for threading a helical binder through said row of passages, said threading means comprising means to rotate said binder, and guide means to cause said binder to move longitudinally as it rotates, said suspending means including a pair of curved fingers passing through a pair of said passages, said fingers havh ing grooves to guide the binder through said pair of passages.

5. In combination, means for suspending a book of superposed sheets having rows of registering openings forming a row oi passages through the book, and means for threading a helical binder through said row of passages, said suspending means including a pair of curved n gers passing through a pair of said passages.

6. In combination, means for suspending a book of superposed sheets having rows of registering openings forming a row of passages through the book, and means for threading helical binder through said row of passages, said suspending means including a pair of curved fingers passing through a pair of said passages, said fingers having grooves to guide the binder through said pair of passages.

7. In combination, means for suspending a book of vsuperposed sheets having rows of registering openings forming a row of passages through the book, and means for threading a helical binder through said row of passages, said suspending means including fingers having grooves to engage the binding, said threading means comprising means to rotate said binder, and guide means to cause said binder to move longitudinally as it rotates, said guide means comprising a member having spaced inclined grooves through which the convolutions of the binder pass.

8. In combination, means for suspending a book of superposed sheets having rows of registering openings forming a row of passages through the book, and means for threading a helical binder through said row of passages, said threading means comprising means to rotate said. binder, and guide means to cause said binder to move longitudinally as it rotates, said suspending means including a pair of curved iingers passing through a pair of said passages, said fingers being inclined to the direction of movement of said binder.

9. In a device for binding a book comprising a plurality of superposed sheets having rows of registering perforations along a marginal edge thereof forming a row of passages through said book with a helical binding, fixed fingers passing through selected passages to freely suspend said sheets thereon and including curved portions passing through said selected passages whereby all said passages are curved, means for advancing said helical binder longitudinally of said marginal edge, towards said suspending means, said suspending means having means to guide successive portions of the advancing binder through the arcuate passageways in said book.

l0. In a device for binding a bock comprising a plurality of superposed sheets having rows of registering perforations along a marginal edge thereof forming a row of passages through said book with a helical binding, fixed fingers passing through selected passages to freely suspend said sheets thereon and including curved portions passing through said seiected passages whereby all said passages are curved, means for advancing said helical binder longitudinally of said marginal edge, towards said suspending means, said suspending means having means to guide successive portions of the advancing binder through the arcuate passageways in said book, said advancing means comprising a Xed cylindrical member over which the binder passes, a roller movable into contact with the portion of the binder passing over said cylindrical member.

ll. In a device for binding a book comprising a plurality of superposed sheets having rows of registering perforations along a marginal edge thereof forming a row of passages through said book with a helical binding, fixed iingers passing through selected passages to freely suspend said sheets thereon and including curved portions passing through said selected passages wherebi7 all said passages are curved, means for advancing said helical binder longitudinalls7 of said marginal edge, towards said suspending means, said suspending means having rneans to guide successive portions of the advancing binder through the arcuate passageways in said book, said rotatable cylindrical member comprising a core and a resilient, frictional surface covering thereon.

l2. In a device for binding a book comprising a plurality7 of superposed sheets having rows of registering perforations along a marginal edge thereof forming a row of passages through said book with a helical binding, xed lingers passing through selected passages to freely suspend said sheets thereon and including curved portions passing through said selected passages whereby all said passages are curved, means for advancing said helical binder longitudinally of said marginal edge, towards said suspending means, said suspending means having means to engage and guide successive portions of the advancing binder through the arcuate passageways in said book, said advancing means comprising a fixed cylindrical member over which the binder passes, a roller movable into contact with the portion of the binder passing over said cylindrical member, means for moving said roller into contact with said binder and means for rotating said roller.

13. In a device for binding a book comprising a plurality of superposed sheets having rows of registering perforations along a marginal edge thereof forming a row of passages through said book with a helical binding, iiXed ngers passing through selected passages to freely suspend said sheets thereon and including curved portions passing through said selected passages whereby all said passages are curved, means for advancing said helical binder longitudinally of said marginal edge, towards said suspending means, said suspending means having means to guide successive portions of the advancing binder through the arcuate passageways in said book, said advancing means comprising a xed cylindrical member over which the binder passes, a roller movable into contact with the portion of the binder passing over said cylindrical member, means for mov ing said roller into contact with said binder and means for rotating said roller, and stop means to limit movement of said roller toward said cylindrical member.

lfl. In a device of the character described, a table having an edge portion, a guide member secured to the upper surface of said table and projecting beyond said edge portion, said guide member being formed with successively alternating inclined grooves and ribs, a pair of hooklike supporting members secured to said guide member in spaced, parallel relationship ot each other, said supporting members being adapted to support a plurality of superposed sheets formed with registering marginal perforations whereby a helical binder may be introduced into said perforations.

15. In a device of the character described, a table having an edge portion, a guide member secured to the upper surface of said table and projecting beyond said edge portion, said guide member being formed with successively alternating inclined grooves and ribs, a pair of hooklike supporting members secured to said guide member in spaced, parallel relationship to each other, said supporting members being adapted to support a plurality of superposed sheets formed with registering marginal perforations ywhereby a helical binder may be introduced into said perforations, said hooklike members comprising a shank portion, an arcuate portion extending from sai' shank portion, said arcuate portion being formed with a groove on the upper surface thereof.

i6. In a device of the character described, a table having an edge portion, a guide member ecured to the upper surface of said table and projecting beyond said edge portion, said guide member being formed with successively alternating inclined grooves and ribs, a pair of hooklike supporting members secured to said guide meinn ber in spaced, parallel relationship to each other, said supporting members being adapted to support a plurality of superposed sheets formed with registering marginal perforations whereby a helical binder may be introduced into said perforations, said hooklike members comprising a shank portion, an arcuate portion extending from said. shank portion, said arcuate portion being formed with a groove on the upper surface thereof, the arcuate portions of said hooklike members being in registry with grooves in said guide members.

17. In a device of the character described, a table having an edge portion, a guide member secured to the upper surface of said table and projecting beyond said edge portion, said guide member being formed with successively alternating inclined grooves and ribs, a pair of hooklike supporting members secured to said guide member in spaced, parallel relationship to each other, said supporting members being adapted to support a plurality of superposed sheets formed with registering marginal perforations whereby a helical binder may be introduced into said perforations, said hooklike members comprising a shank portion, an arcuate portion extending from said 10 shank portion, said arcuate portion being formed with a groove on the upper surface thereof, the arcuate Iportions of said hooklike members being in registry with grooves in said guide members, said hooklike members being angularly positioned Iwith respect to the edge of said guide member and the arcuate portion of said hooklike member having an inclination equal to that of the grooves in said guide member.

ALBERT FREUNDLICH.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,107,217 Salsman Feb. 1, 1938 2,136,773 Hanna Nov. 15, 1938 2,166,519 Catni July 18, 1939 2,182,844 Grumbacher Dec. 12, 1939

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2107217 *Aug 6, 1936Feb 1, 1938Rockwell Barnes CompanyArt of bookbinding
US2136773 *Mar 4, 1937Nov 15, 1938Parallex CorpBookbinding machine
US2166519 *Jun 6, 1936Jul 18, 1939Spiral BindingSpiral binding machine
US2182844 *Feb 16, 1933Dec 12, 1939Spiral Binding Co IncMachine for making a spirally bound sheaf
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2808079 *Apr 15, 1954Oct 1, 1957Tauber S Bookbindery IncBook binding machine
US2828778 *May 8, 1953Apr 1, 1958Willi BerberichMechanism for binding sheets in pack form
US2828779 *May 8, 1953Apr 1, 1958Willi BerberichMechanism for binding sheet packs
US2961012 *Jul 18, 1955Nov 22, 1960Freundlich Gomez Machinery CorMachine for making helical binders and binding loose leaf books therewith
US2963049 *Sep 25, 1956Dec 6, 1960Hans SickingerSpiral binder applying device
US3045865 *Nov 12, 1958Jul 24, 1962Motor City Spring CompanyHopper and feeder for spiral items
US3486537 *Aug 21, 1967Dec 30, 1969Sickinger Co HansHolding and releasing mechanism for spiral binder applying machines
US4378822 *Jun 23, 1982Apr 5, 1983Morris Brothers (Aldershot) LimitedSpiral binding machine for spirally feeding a spiral binding element
US6056495 *Mar 30, 1998May 2, 2000Doyle; Thomas J.Spiral coil insertion apparatus and method
EP0954448A1 *Oct 6, 1996Nov 10, 1999Unicoil, Inc.Improved spiral binding method and apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification140/92.3, 140/3.00R, 29/DIG.900
International ClassificationB42B5/12
Cooperative ClassificationB42B5/123, Y10S29/09
European ClassificationB42B5/12B