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Publication numberUS2532972 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 5, 1950
Filing dateApr 18, 1947
Priority dateApr 18, 1947
Publication numberUS 2532972 A, US 2532972A, US-A-2532972, US2532972 A, US2532972A
InventorsVertin Donald D
Original AssigneeVertin Donald D
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Screw holder and starter
US 2532972 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 5, 1950 D. D. VERTIN SCREW HOLDER AND STARTER Filed April 18, 1947 Inventor Donald D. Verfin Patented Dec. 5, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT D FF ICE 2 Claims. (Cl. 14550) The present invention relates to hand open .ated and readily manipul-atable tools and implements used as holders and starters for screws and equivalent fasteners.

As the preceding and opening statement of the invention implies, it is well settled that the art to which the invention relates is already reasonably well developed and therefore, appreciably active. In fact, many and varied attempts have been made to satisfactorily meet the demands of the trade and prospective users in this field of endeavor; some acceptably resultful, others not. Keeping in mind the known state of development of the prior art under advisement, and resorting to such knowledge as a steering guide, and mindful of recognized efforts of my predecessors, I have produced a carefully thought out structural adaptation which is destined, it is submitted, to achieve desired commercial and other ends in that it is characterized by requisite features of structural and functional simplicity, economy and eifioiency.

Briefly, the preferred embodiment of the invention is characterized by a pair of resilient limbs terminating in screw head grabbing and retainingv jaws, said jaws being normally separated to permit same to embrace the screw-head, and being thereafter forced together, this by end thrust action of a coa'cting longitudinally shiftable tube or sheath.

Novelty is thought to reside in the special jaw formations, the sheath construction, spring and knob arrangements and other coacting details. The fact that the art is recognizably Well developed makes it evident that the nature of the contribution herein offered is primarily structural and functional in character.

Other objects and advantages will become more readily apparent from the following description and the accompanying illustrative drawings.

In the drawings, wherein like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the views:

Figure 1 is an elevational view of a so-called screw holder and starter constructed in accordance with the invention showing the jaws spread apart in both full and dotted line illustrations;

Figure 2 is a central view on an enlarged scale and primarily in elevation and showing the manner in which the sheath is slid to bind the gripping jaws against the screw br other article to be held;

Figure 3 is a fragmentary detail section of an jaws.

2 end portion of one of the jaw-equipped limbs or members;

Figure 4 is an enlarged horizontal section on the line 44 of Figure 1, looking in the direction of the arrows; and

Figure 5- is a fragmentary detail view showing the functioning of the spur-like jaw tips.

Referring now to the drawings by distinguish ing reference characters, the numeral i designates a longitudinally elongated part which may be conveniently referred to as a sectional shank. More specifically, the sections are in the form of jaw equipped spring metal limbs 8 and 9, these being substantially semi-circular in cross sectional form. The flat faces are disposed in abutting relation and the upper end of the shank, that is in relation to Figure 2, is fitted into a socket in the central underside of a suitably knurled finger-grip or knob It] and the parts are held assembled by an appropriate set-screw H extending into the socket. The outer end portions of the limbs are flexed and possessed of inherent resiliency, as indicated at l2, to form expansible and contractible portions for the The jaws are more in the nature of relatively small screw-head grabbing claws and to such extent they are of curvate form, looking at same from sides thereof as shown for example in Figures l, 2 and 5. The terminals or tips l4 are pointed and inturned to facilitate usage. In some instances the points thus formed tend to dig into the part to be held. See for example Figure 5 where the points are diametrically engaged with the knurled head of a small headed screw 15 of the type shown. The jawsare also substantially V-shaped or wedge-form in cross section in order that same may be forced and frictionally jammed into a screw driver slot or kerf in the screw-head (not shown). Then too, the jaws have shouldered portions at the inner ends, as indicated at 16, to rest upon the head of a headed fastener of the type indicated at ii in Figure 2. The inherent resiliency of the bowed or sprung portions I2 is such as to normally and naturally spread same apart. The inner surfaces of the sprung portions are serrated and the serrations 18 form teeth which may be used as additional grips for objects and articles to be placed and held between the thus formed jaw-equipped portions.

A tubular jaw contracting sheath is denoted at l9 andthis is slidably mounted on the limbs and is forced against the sprung portions l2 for purposes of binding and pressing same together, in an obvious manner. The sheath has an enlarged handle or socket-forming portion 20 which is integral with part l9 and which spacedly surrounds the shank l and is provided with a knurled fingergrip or knob 2|. This portion 20 also serves to accommodate a normally expanded coiled spring 22 whose tendency is to exert tension against the sheath and to force same downwardly or outwardly in the direction of the jaws. The spring 22 bears against the inner end portion of a hollow tubular shank 23 as brought out to advantage in Figure 2, said shank being anchored in the knob [0. Thus, the knob It] carries a short sleeve and the shank is attached to the knob and projects well beyond the sleeve, the sheath l9 being slidably mounted on the shank between the sleeve, and carrying a spring and knob arrangement and the outer end of the sheath I9 serving to engage and press the sprung portions I2 of the shank together.

As before indicated, these types of screw holders and starters are generally well known and also the mode of operation is equally well known. Consequently, a more elaborate description is believed to be unnecessary.

A careful consideration of the foregoing description in conjunction with the invention as illustrated in the drawings will enable the reader to obtain a clear understanding and impression of the alleged features of merit and novelty sufficient to clarify the construction of the invention as hereinafter claimed.

Minor changes in shape, size, materials and rearrangement of parts may be resorted to in actual practice so long as no departure is made from the invention as claimed.

I claim:

1. A screw holder and started of the class described comprising a knob provided in one face with a centered socket, a relatively short tubular shank fixed at one end to said knob and in alignment with said socket, a solid shank having one end fitting removably into said socket, a set screw carried by said knob and securing said one end of said solid shank in said socket, the opposite end portion of said solid shank extending well beyond the corresponding end of said tubular shank and terminating in screw gripping and turning jaws, said jaws being movable toward and from each other but normally spring biased apart, a sheath slidable on the intermediate portion of said solid shank and serving to urge said jaws toward each other, said sheath having an end portion snugly surrounding the portion of said solid shank adjacent said jaws and an enlarged handle portion to form an internal shoulder at the juncture of said portions,

4 a knob fixed to and flush with the end of said handle portion which is closest to said first named knob, the adjacent end portion of said tubular shank telescoping into said handle portion, and a coiled spring in said handle portion surrounding the solid shank and bearing at one end against the tubular shank and at its opposite end against said shoulder.

2. A screw holder and starter of the class described comprising a sectional shank embodying Lil duplicate limbs, said limbs being substantially semi-circular in cross section and having their flat sides opposed and fitting together, a knob having a socket, corresponding ends of said limbs fitting in and being secured in said socket, opposite end portions of said limbs being resilient and spring biased apart, the free terminal portions having jaws, said jaws including hooked claw portions V-shaped in cross section and said claw portions having shoulder portions constructed to rest against a headed fastener or to fit into the kerf portion of a headed fastener, an elongated sheath slidable on the intermediate portion of said shank, the intermediate portion of said sheath having a shoulder, a finger-knob fixed flush with one end of said sheath and parallel and in close proximity to said first named knob, a relatively short tubular shank fixed at one end to said first knob, surrounding said solid shank and having one end telescoping into the adjacent end of said sheath, and a coiled spring situated in said sheath, surrounding the coacting portion of the solid shank, bearing at one end against said shoulder and bearing at its opposite end against the adjacent end of said tubular shank. DONALD D. VERTIN.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date Great Britain Aug. 24, 1893 Great Britain June20, 1904 Germany Nov. 19, 1904 France May 29, 1911 Number Number

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2753746 *Feb 19, 1954Jul 10, 1956Cummings Ralph JFastener-holding socket wrench
US3008228 *May 12, 1958Nov 14, 1961Crotty John VPositioning tools
US3056318 *Jan 27, 1961Oct 2, 1962Anderson Arthur LReaching and gripping tool
US3210836 *May 21, 1963Oct 12, 1965United Carr IncElectrical component remover and/or inserter
US3481641 *Jun 23, 1967Dec 2, 1969Universal Technical Products IGrasping implement
US3575449 *May 5, 1969Apr 20, 1971Browning Charles WKnot-tying device and method
US3604487 *Mar 10, 1969Sep 14, 1971Richard S GilbertOrthopedic screw driving means
US3929364 *Sep 9, 1974Dec 30, 1975NasaClock setter
US4653309 *Jan 7, 1986Mar 31, 1987The Boeing CompanyHand tool for installing plastic fasteners
US4781084 *Aug 25, 1987Nov 1, 1988Steen Carson DAdjustable socket-type wrench
US4877020 *May 24, 1988Oct 31, 1989Vich Jose M OApparatus for bone graft
US5480056 *Sep 15, 1993Jan 2, 1996Russell-Stanley CorporationPlunger for drum liner removal
US5697232 *Oct 3, 1994Dec 16, 1997Angstrom Stroem; StenDevice for preventing unauthorized use of an engine
US5814046 *Nov 12, 1993Sep 29, 1998Sofamor S.N.C.Pedicular screw and posterior spinal instrumentation
US6550177 *Dec 18, 2001Apr 22, 2003John A. Epple, Jr.Hackle grabber
US6626347 *Feb 11, 2002Sep 30, 2003Kim Kwee NgFastener retaining device for fastener driver
US7246540 *Dec 30, 2004Jul 24, 2007Rillera Robert PNut and bolt holder and starter
US7621918 *Nov 23, 2004Nov 24, 2009Jackson Roger PSpinal fixation tool set and method
US8066739Dec 6, 2007Nov 29, 2011Jackson Roger PTool system for dynamic spinal implants
US8100915Sep 4, 2009Jan 24, 2012Jackson Roger POrthopedic implant rod reduction tool set and method
US8109935 *May 15, 2009Feb 7, 2012Musculoskeletal Transplant FoundationImplant inserter device
US8152810Nov 23, 2004Apr 10, 2012Jackson Roger PSpinal fixation tool set and method
US8162948Jul 22, 2008Apr 24, 2012Jackson Roger POrthopedic implant rod reduction tool set and method
US8273089Sep 29, 2006Sep 25, 2012Jackson Roger PSpinal fixation tool set and method
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US8377067Jan 24, 2012Feb 19, 2013Roger P. JacksonOrthopedic implant rod reduction tool set and method
US8394133Jul 23, 2010Mar 12, 2013Roger P. JacksonDynamic fixation assemblies with inner core and outer coil-like member
US8556938Oct 5, 2010Oct 15, 2013Roger P. JacksonPolyaxial bone anchor with non-pivotable retainer and pop-on shank, some with friction fit
US8591515Aug 26, 2009Nov 26, 2013Roger P. JacksonSpinal fixation tool set and method
US8845649May 13, 2009Sep 30, 2014Roger P. JacksonSpinal fixation tool set and method for rod reduction and fastener insertion
US8894657Nov 28, 2011Nov 25, 2014Roger P. JacksonTool system for dynamic spinal implants
US20100292704 *May 15, 2009Nov 18, 2010Stoffel Florence HImplant inserter device
Classifications
U.S. Classification81/443, 81/13, 294/99.2, 294/100, 81/345, 81/112
International ClassificationB25B23/10, B25B23/02
Cooperative ClassificationB25B23/105
European ClassificationB25B23/10D