US 2533290 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
em 12, 150 SHAW I 2,533,290
CANDLE Filed Oct. 26, 1948 FIG. I
INVENTOR HUBERT A. SHAW Patented Dec. 12, 1950 UITD STATES rarer mes CANDLE Hubert A. Shaw, Hyannis, Mass. Application October 26, 1948, Serial No. 56.623
1 4 Claims.
This invention relates to improvements in candles of relatively large diameter. Such candles by reason of their bulk contain a large amount of wax and can therefore burn for long periods, even when made with a plurality of wicks as is done in some cases. In addition to their ornamental uses, some candles may have odor-producing ingredients added to the wax, such, for example, as a perfume, a deodorant, an antiseptic or an insect repellent.
When candles of large diameter are burned for considerable periods, a pool of melted wax is formed which may gradually attain considerable size. To prevent such pools of melted wax from escaping and thus greatly shortening the life of the candle, cand es of large diameter have been made with a surface layer of wax having a higher melting point t an t at of the inner wax which forms the bulk of the candle.
According to the pres nt invention, instead of the casing of hi her melting-point wax, a casing of bright metal foil is prov ded. Such foil can be readily sha ed into the form of a dish or cup. and the candle can be formed bv pouring melted wax into the casing, using the latter as a mold; or a previously r olded candle can be inserted in the casing. The bright metal foil not only revents t e esca e of melted wax when the cand e is burning, but also helos to retain in the pool radiant heat from the flame, owing to its bright, reflective surface. Furthermore, by making an outwardly turned lie or rim on the casing, a h ghly ornamental halo effect is obtained by refle tion of li ht from the flame.
S itable casings can be made from discs of metal foil bv ben ing u the mar inal portion to the de ired. an le. This necessitates gat erin the bent-u ortion by crimp ng the mar inal portion of the blank in the process of bend ng it up. The crimping may be in the form of flutes or pleats which are preferably so made as to produce an ornamental effect so as to add to the ap earance of the finished candle.
For a more complete understanding of the invention. reference mav be had to the following descr ption thereof, and to the drawing, of which- Figure 1 is a pers ective view of a receptacle for a candle embodying the invention;
Figure 2 is a fragmentary, sectional view of the same;
Figure 3 is a fragmentary, sectional view of a complete candle embodying the invention;
Figure 4 is a fragmentary, side elevation of a modified form of receptacle;
Figure 5 is a fragmentary, side elevation of another modified form of receptacle; and
Figure 6 is a section similar to Figure 3 bu showing a modification.
The candle embodying the invention may comprise a oody of wax ll] fitted within a recptacle l2 and provided with one or more suitable wicks M. The receptacle I2 is of bright metal foil and is preferably made by shaping a circular blank of such metal into a form such as is illustrated in Figure 1. When the marginal portion of such a blank is bent up to form the side walls [6 and an outwardly curled rim or lip N3 of the receptacle, this portion must necessarily be gathered in some manner as the outer circumference of the margin decreases as it is bent upward and inward. As indicated inFigure 1, the gathering may result in the formation of a series of flutes or crimes 2!! which extend upward from the bottom of the wall and which become increasingly pronounced in depth as they extend toward the u per edge. The e flutes or crlmps provide a considerable degree of mechanical stifiness to the wal s of the rece tacle, making poss ble the use of relatively thin foil. Part way u the side al each flute is preferably shaped into a plurality of smaller flutes 22, these small flutes being carried over the outwardly curled lip ill to the extreme edge thereof. This results in a rim or lin it, all of which is evenly wrinkled or fluted. When one or more flames are burning from t e wicks in the candle, these rounded flutes or wrinkles reflect the light and produce an attractive halo effect.
The candle can be made by pouring melted wax into a rece tacle, such as is illustrated in Figure 1, and allowing the wax to solidify. While the wax is st ll in liquid form, a suitable number of wicks Ml may be inserted. For convenience, each such wick may be previously attached at its lower end to a small metal anchor 24 to support it in an upright position prior to the solidification of the wax.
As an alternative method of assembling the wicks with the main body of the wax, each wick !4 may be previously incorporated into a small cylinder 25 of wax having a higher melting point than that of the main body of wax I 0. When the main body of wax begins to solidify, the small wax cylinders 26 can be thrust in at the desired points.
Figures 4 and 5 show alternative methods of gathering the material in the side walls of the receptacle during the bending-up process. Figure 4 shows simple pleats 30 which are continuous and 3 of increasing width from the bottom of the side wall to the upper edge thereof. The upper margin is outwardly curled to form a rounded lip 32, as shown. Figure 5 shows box pleats 34, the upper margin being outwardly bent down to form a rim 36, as shown.
If preferred, the body ll] of wax can be previously molded to a shape adapted to fit into the receptacle and the molded body of the wax can be placed! in such receptacle. To make the wax body stick in the container, the bottom surface can be momentarily heated to form a liquid film thereon just before it is inserted in the receptacle; or a coating of binding material may be applied to the interior of the receptacle.
Any desired wax or wax mixture-can be used", having any desired color or added: ingredient such as a perfume, a deodorant or an insect repellent.
It is evident that various other modifications and changes can: bemade in: the: embodiment of the invention herein shownanddescribedwithout? departing from thescope: thereof asdefined in the following claims.
l. A'candle comprising a; casing'of bright metal foil witlr bent-up sides and an out-turned lip, abody" of: wax. substantially filling. said casing, and a; wick embedded in said wax.
2*..cand1e comprising a dish-shaped easing of brightmetal' foikhaving: crimpedside wal s and: a crimped outt'urned lip, abody at wax su sta-ntially'filling said casing; and a: wici': embedded in said wax.
3. A candle comprising a dish-shaped casing of metal foil having a bent-up side wall with a series of upright flutes extending up from the bottom thereof and a larger number of smaller flutes in the upper portion thereof, said casing having an outturned fluted rim, a body of wax fitted in said casing, and a wick embedded in said wax.
4. A candle comprising a casing of metal foil, a body of wax fitted in said casing and a wick embedded in said body of wax; the wax immediately surrounding said wick having a higher melting-point than the bulk of the wax in said body.
HUBERT A. SHAW.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 15,321 Sanders Sept. 30,1856 1.0325157 Luellen July 16, 1912 1,188g443 Gutman June 2-7; 19-16 2,304,278 Poster Dec..8,.1942 2,310,019 Hamblet Feb. 2, 1943 2,323,804 Driscoll 2 July 6,. 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date- 3,434 Great Britain of 1884