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Publication numberUS2534009 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 12, 1950
Filing dateNov 15, 1946
Priority dateNov 15, 1946
Publication numberUS 2534009 A, US 2534009A, US-A-2534009, US2534009 A, US2534009A
InventorsFreasier Stella R, Gressinger Alfred W
Original AssigneeFreasier Stella R, Gressinger Alfred W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adjustable back rest
US 2534009 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 12, 1950 S. R. FREASIER ETAL ADJUSTABLE BACK REST Filed NOV. 15, 1946 6 S M a m o o w o m N o o m 8 ON a m m w, 2 M, r b 9 H? 5 wR 9 7 mm W /Q o /7 2 u Y l B AS ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 12, 1950 UN! E D" S TAT f ADJUSTABLE BACK REST Stella R. Freasier, Phoenix, and Alfred W.

Gressinger, Florence, Aria Application November 15, 1946, Serial No. 709,996

2 Claims. 1-

This invention is a back rest or pad to be mounted upon the upright chair back and-to function as a cushion support for the back of the occupant in a manner to afford comfort to the occupant and to hold the back and spine in a proper restful position.

In accordance with our invention, b the use of a back rest contemplated thereby, chairs and seats, including typists chairs, may be readily converted into posture chairs for all practical purposes, the use of our back rest as an auxiliary back for the chair preventing slumping and causing a-person to assume an erect position with consequent material decrease in fatigue.

It is therefore a primary object of the present invention to provide a back rest which will supple-ment the supportin action of the backs of chairs, automobile seats, and-the like and will follow closely the principles of posture seating A further object of the present invention is to.

provide a back rest which, while simple in construction and easily applied to practically any type of chair or seat, is, at the same time, capable of maximum adjustment and as conditions of use may suggest or require,

The invention together with its objects and ad vantages will be best understood by reading the following detailed description with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Figure-1 is a front elevational view of a back rest embodying the features of our invention;

Figure 2 is a side elevational view thereof; and

Figure 3' is a rear elevational view of, theback rest.

Referring more in detail to the drawings, it will be seen that in accordance with our invention, there is provided a pair of straps 5-5 that have their upper portions bent to form hooks 8 for engagement over the back of a chair or seat. To prevent marring or scratching or otherwise injuring the article of furniture to which the back rest is applied, straps 5 have the hook equipped sides thereof provided with facings l of felt or other suitable material. The hook-equipped straps 5 serve as an attaching means for a resilient, dimensionally adjustable back rest indicated generally b the reference numeral 8.

In the illustrated embodiment of the invention, the back rest 8 comprises a pair of straps 99 which have their lower ends reversely bent as at Ill to provide extensions H for direct attachment to the aforementioned straps 5 in a manner hereinafter more specifically set forth.

The straps 9-9 of the back rest are connected together through the medium of a plurality of longitudinally extensible resilient strips 52. These strips :2 provide a comfortable support for, the shoulders andupper portionof the body of the chair occupant and are arranged in vertically spaced relationship asshown, and may be longitudinally curved if desired.

Each resilient strip [2,, comprises asection l3 that, atone end is secured b bolt and. nut means orother fastening element Mto one of the straps .9 and a complemental section l5 that is similarly secured as at- Hz to the other strap 9.

For, securing the sections l3 and 15 of a strip 12 at, the desired position 1 of longitudinal adjustment, strip section I3 is provided with-aplural-ity of apertures I? and strip section l5-is provided with a longitudinal slot l8 to accommodate a bolt and nut assembly l9.-

For attachin 'the back rest to the straps 5 and forsecuring the back rest {hat the desired position of vertical adjustment with respect to the straps 5.,- the attaching extensions, it are provided with a plurality; of apertures for registry with longitudinal slots 2,! provided in. the lower portions of the straps 5;toaccommodate bolt-,and wing nut assemblies 22.-

The back rest 8; will have a, tendency to flex forwardly with respect to the attaching straps 5, and if desired, the forward position of; the backrest 8 with respect to the straps 5-, may, be, adjusted through-the medium of bolt and jam nut assemblies 2%, thebolts oiwvhichassemblies pass through-the slots 2,! of strapsfiandopenings provided-therefor in the lower portions ofthe straps 9. Straps S and the attaching portions of stops 24 are complementarily provided with longitudinal rows of apertures to accommodate the assemblies 25. Manifestly, the stops 24 will engage the upper portions of the straps 5 for limiting the movement of the back rest 8 rearwardly. In this connection, it will be noted that with stops 24 in contact with straps 5, the bolt and nut assemblies 28 may be adjusted for securing the back rest 8 against flexin toward or away from the straps 5 when it is desired to eliminate all or any part of the spring action of the back rest.

Also, if any additional spring tension is desired, resort may be had to spring straps 26. These straps 26 have arcuate portions that rest on the free arms of stops 24 and straight, apertured attaching portions through the medium of which and the aforementioned bolt and nut assemblies 25, the auxiliary springs 26 may be secured at the desired position of adjustment on the straps 9. Manifestly, as the back rest 8 flexes rearwardly or in the direction of the straps 5,

springs 26 will engage the straps 5 and exert a force on the back rest 8 tending to urge the latter forwardly in opposition to the weight of the back of the occupant of the chair.

If desired, the straps 55 may be secured at the desired position of lateral adjustment with respect to one another through the medium of a stretch bar 21. This bar 21, for illustrative purposes, is shown as consisting of a pair of complemental sections 28, 29. Section 28 is bolted or otherwise secured to one of the straps 5 and section 29 is similarly secured at the desired position of adjustment lengthwise of the other strap 5. Section 28 has its free end provided with a series of openings and section 29 is provided with a slot co-acting with the openings for accommodating a nut and bolt assembly 30 through the medium of which the sections 28, 29 are secured at the desired position of adjustment and consequently straps 55 are secured at the desired position of lateral adjustment with respect to one another.

The bar 21 will also be desirable when the back rest is used in connection with typists chairs which generally embody but a single bar for the back rest proper of such chair, and on other forms of chairs which generally have but a single vertical bar as a part of the back rest thereof.

When the back rest is used in conjunction with ladder back chairs and chair of similar construction, a cross bar 3| may be employed. This bar 3| is similar to the bar 2'! except that the free ends of the sections of bar 3| are provided with a series of openings 32 for selective registry with the slots 2| in the straps 5 to accommodate bolt and win nut assemblies 33, and in such a manner that the free terminals of the bar 3| may project laterally beyond the straps 5 so as to engage the side uprights of a chair back and thus cooperate with the hooks 6 in supporting the straps 5 in proper position on the back of such type of chair.

It will also be apparent that if desired, a slipover cover (not shown) may be used in conjunction with the back rest, the back rest being of such a construction as to readily permit of such a cover being placed thereover and over the back of the chair with which the back rest is being used.

As should be apparent from the foregoing, when in use the back rest will closely follow the principles of posture seating and function to convert the chair in conjunction with which it is used into a posture chair for all practical purposes.

Also the back rest of this invention, a is believed to be manifest, provides a ventilated space between the back of the user and the back of the chair against which the user would normally rest, all to the greater comfort and efiiciency of the occupant of the chair.

It will be also understood that the several components of the back rest may be constructed from spring steel, plain band or fiat iron of the size /8" x 1" or any other resilient material as will provide the desired sprin tension between the back rest proper and the hook assembly for supporting the back rest proper in position on the back of the chair or seat in conjunction with which the posture back rest is to be used.

Although we have herein shown a preferred form of the invention, we are nevertheless aware that various changes may be made therein within the scope of the claims hereto appended.

What we claim is:

1. An adjustable back rest comprising a pair of straps having their upper portions bent to form hooks to engage over the back of a chair or seat, a second pair of straps having their lower portions reversely bent and adapted to be secured to the first mentioned straps, and a plurality of resilient strips supported by the second pair of straps providing a cushioned support for the back of the chair occupant.

2. A back rest comprising straps having their upper portions formed to provide hooks to engage over the back of a chair or seat, at least one longitudinally adjustable cross bar connecting said straps together in laterally adjusted position with respect to each other, and an adjustable back rest proper resiliently secured to the straps.

STELLA R. FREASIER.

ALFRED W. GRESSINGER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,039,053 Harper Sept. 17, 1912 1,215,467 Bearfield Feb. 13, 1917 1,429,390 William Sept. 19, 1922 1,530,954 Panagopulos Mar. 24, 1925 2,060,298 Galley Nov. 10, 1936

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1039053 *Mar 17, 1908Sep 17, 1912Nan G HarperCurtain-stretcher.
US1215467 *Dec 7, 1914Feb 13, 1917James W ElikerAuxiliary back-rest for chairs.
US1429390 *Nov 6, 1919Sep 19, 1922Williams Frank CCombined seat and bed
US1530954 *Jul 7, 1924Mar 24, 1925Speros PanagopulosFolding chair
US2060298 *Oct 17, 1934Nov 10, 1936Gailey Florence LAdjustable seat back cushion
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4085946 *Jan 27, 1977Apr 25, 1978Krupp Leon BWheel chair converter
US4112957 *Dec 8, 1976Sep 12, 1978Biven Earl USun-shield for backpackers
US4865380 *Dec 21, 1987Sep 12, 1989Heitzman Powell Linda SUniversal portable seat cushion w/retractable sunshade device for seated-person
US5547259 *May 9, 1994Aug 20, 1996Mitchell Corporation Of Owosso, Inc.Modular automotive seat frame
US5671976 *Feb 26, 1996Sep 30, 1997Mitchell Corporation Of Owosso, Inc.Modular automotive seat frame
US5944385 *Nov 8, 1997Aug 31, 1999Teksource, LcAdjustable wheelchair back seat back angle adjustment mechanism and related devices
US5954402 *Apr 28, 1997Sep 21, 1999Crown Therapeutics, Inc.Size-adjustable load supporting device for wheelchairs
US5984418 *Oct 26, 1998Nov 16, 1999Crown Therapeutics, Inc.Adjustable seat for wheelchairs
US7931336Aug 30, 2010Apr 26, 2011Cushion Seats, Inc.Stadium seat
EP2564825A1Aug 29, 2011Mar 6, 2013Invacare International SÓrlBackrest for wheelchair
Classifications
U.S. Classification297/230.14, 297/452.4, 297/398
International ClassificationA47C7/40, A47C7/42
Cooperative ClassificationA47C7/425
European ClassificationA47C7/42B