US 2535116 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 26, 1950 H. IR. BEEBE 2,535,116
DOLL JOINT Filed March 19, 1947 30 /WTO/Q/vfyf Patented Dec. 26, 1950 DGLL JOINT Herbert R. Beebe, Brooklyn, N. Y., assigner to American Character Doll Company, New York,
N, a firm Application March 19, 1947, Serial No. 735,578
(Cl. Lid-173) 2 Claims. l
This invention relates to a joint construction for articulated limbs for toy figures such as dolls and the like.
The invention has for an object the provision of a joint construction for swvelly connecting together the limbs and body of toy gures of hollow formation having an outer compressible or deformable casing which may be filled if desired with a stuffing material.
The invention has in view an improved joint constructi@I1 for swivelly connecting the limb members with the body of a toy figure by engagement of inturned ends of the limbs between annular nestable elements swivelly mounted on studs having their inner ends extending into and secured within the body of the doll.
More particularly the invention has for an object the provision of a joint construction including an annular element which is normally dished inwardly and formed with circumferentially spaced flanged rim portions and which is adapted to be disposed in outwardly dished for mation so as to force the anged rim portions inwardly for clamping an inturned end of the casing between the flanged rim portions and an annular member nested within the flanged rim portions.
With the foregoing and other obiects in view reference is now made to the following specification and accompanying drawings in which the preferred embodiments of the invention are illustrated.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary view of an arm andy body of a doll and including a ioint construction embodying the invention with parts thereof shown in section and in separated juxtaposition.
Fig, 2 is a fragmentary sectional view showing the limb and body of the doll in connected relation.
Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional View taken approximately on line 3-3 of the arm in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is Aa fragmentary view taken approximately on line 4-z-4 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view of the limb and body of a doll illustrating a modification of the joint construction with the parts .shown in connected relation.
Referring to the drawings by characters of ref- ,erence and more particularly to the form of the invention illustrated in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive thereof, the invention is shown in its application vto a joint construction for swivelly securing an arm I0 to the body II of a doll. As illustrated, the arm I0 and body Il are of hollow formation and are fashioned of any 'desired material such as rubber composition, fabric and the like.
In order to connect the arm Ill to the body II for pivotal swinging movement an annular member I2 is provided which is normally of inwardly dished formation having its opposite faces I3 and I4 of concave-convex configuration in cross-section. The said annular member is formed with a peripheral flange or rim I5 normally projecting outwardly therefrom to provide a structure of frusto-conical formation with the flange or rim being provided on its inner periphery with an annular lip or bead IS. The flange or riml I5 and the annular lip or bead I6 are radially split at circumfcrentially spaced points as at Il to divide the same into circumferentially spaced segments I8.
In assembling the parts of the joint construction the annular member I2 is arranged in in.- wardly dished formation within the arm I0 adja-v cent the open end thereof as illustrated in Fig. 1 of the drawings with the flange or rim I5 engaging between the wall or casing I5 of the arm and an inturned end 20 thereof extending inwardly in annular engagement against the inner peripheral edge of the bead I6. An annular member 2| piv- -otally mounted on a stud 22 is inserted in nested 'relation within the rim l5 of the annular mem-v ber I2. Pressure is then applied against the annular member 2l so as to force the member I2 into outwardly dished formation or with the op! posite faces l 3 and I4 thereof of conveXo-concave formation in cross-section which forces the rim segments I8 inwardly into overlying relation with the annular member 2| and with the extremity of the inturned end 2! of the casing extending into the annular recess formed by the bead I6, which is tightly clamped therein between the flange or rim I5 and the peripheral edge of the annular member 2l as illustrated in Fig. 2 of the drawings.
Constructed in this manner the annular mem.- bers I2 and 2i are firmly secured within the arm I8 with the annular member 2i nested within the flange I5 and extending under the bead I6 of the annular member I2 to thereby securely fasten the inturned end 2B of the casing iii between the said annular members. The annular member 2l is formed with a central aperture 23 through which protrudes the stud 22 which extends into the doll body II through an aperture 243 in the side wall thereof and through an apertured disk 25 disposed against the inner face of the doll body. The protruding inner end of the stud 22 is engaged by a fastening element 25 for connecting the parts together with the stud 22 providing a pivotal connection about which the arm i is adapted to rotate.
The stud 22 is formed with a series of longitudinally spaced undercut portions providing peripheral shoulders 2'! behind which are adapted to engage oppositely projecting spring tongues 2S of the fastening element 26 for locking the inner end of the stud 22 in protruding relation in the doll body so as to prevent accidental or unintentional release thereof. The spring tongues 28 are formed from the body of the fastening element 26 by longitudinally slitting the same in transversely spaced relation as at 29 and by a transversely extending slit forming the opposite inner ends 39 of the spring tongues.
In the form of the invention illustrated in Fig. of the drawings an arm 33 is swivelly connected to the body 34 of a doll by a joint construction consisting of nestable annular members 35 and '36, the annular member 35 having a peripheral flange or rim 31 between which and the inner edge portion of the annular member 88 the inturned end 38 of the wall of the arm 33 is engaged. The annular members 35 and 35:? are centrally apertured and engaging therethrough is a stud 39 similar to the stud 22 in the previous form 0f the invention which is provided with a fastening element 4E] compressed against the annular member 36 for securely fastening the extremity of the inturned end 38 between the said annular members. The stud 39 similarly provides a pivotal connection about which the arm 33 is adapted to be rotated and the same extends through aligned openings fll and 132 in the side wall of the doll body 35 and in a disk A3 with the inner end thereof engaged by a fastening element it vsimilar to the fastening element 26 in the previous form of the invention for connecting the parts together.
What is claimed is:
1. In a .ioint construction of the indicated character, a body for a toy figure, a limb member therefor having a peripheral wall inturned at its inner end, a connecting member having a dishshaped wall and a plane rim extending peripherally about said wall and connected therewith -in sharp angular relation, said peripheral rim be- -ing split at circumferentially spaced locations to provide segmental rim sections, a flat apertured Ymember located in said connecting member withfin the peripheral rim thereof, said connecting member being located within the limb member with the inturned end thereof extending over said segmental sections of said peripheral rim and between the same and the peripheral edge oi said at apertured member, and said connecting member being arranged when in unconnected relation with the dish-shaped wall disposed in inwardly dished relation and the peripheral rim in outwardly flared condition and being adapted to be arranged with said dish-shaped wall disposed in outwardly dished formation to thereby effect inward movement of the segmental rim sections to secure the inturned end of the limb member between said segmental sections and the peripheral edge of said iiat apertured member, an apertured backing member located within said body in engagement with the inner face thereof with the opening therein disposed in alignment with the opening in said flat apertured member, a stud extending through said aligned openings pivotally connecting the limb member to said body and provided with a series of longitudinally spaced undercut portions forming peripheral shoulders, and a locking member having spring tongues adapted to engage behind any one of said shoulders for securing the parts together.
2. In a joint construction of the indicated character, a body for a toy figure, a limb member therefor having a peripheral wall inturned at its inner end, a connecting member having a dishshaped wall and a rim formed with an inwardly directed lip extending peripherally about said wall and connected therewith in sharp angular relation, said peripheral rim and inwardly directed lip being split at circumferentially spaced locations to provide segmental sections, a iiat apertured member located in said connecting member within the peripheral rim thereof, said connecting member being 1located within the limb member with the inturned end thereof extending over said segmental sections of said peripheral rim and between the inwardly directed lip and the peripheral edge of said iiat apertured member, and said connecting member beingr arranged when in unconnected relation with the dishshaped wall disposed in inwardly dished relation and the peripheral rim in outwardly flared condition and being adapted to be arranged with said dish-shaped wall disposed in outwardly dished formation to thereby eiect inward movement of the segmental sections to secure the inturned end of the limb member between said segmental sections and the peripheral edge of said fiat apertured member, an apertured backing member located within said body in engagement with the inner face thereof with the opening therein disposed in alignment with the opening in said ilat apertured member, a stud extending through said aligned openings pivotally connecting the limb member to said body and provided with a series of longitudinally spaced undercut portions forming peripheral shoulders, and a locking member having spring tongues adapted to engage behind any one of said shoulders for securing the parts together.
HERBERT R. BEEBE.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,131,544 Parr Mar. 9, 1915 1,155,890 Claus Oct. 5, 1915 2,316,732 Weinstein Apr. 13, 1943 2,359,425 Katz Oct. 3, 1944 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 398,914. Germany Feb. 19, 1925