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Publication numberUS2535932 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 26, 1950
Filing dateFeb 10, 1945
Priority dateFeb 10, 1945
Publication numberUS 2535932 A, US 2535932A, US-A-2535932, US2535932 A, US2535932A
InventorsKemock Steve W
Original AssigneeKemock Steve W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tapping hole reamer
US 2535932 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 26, 1950 s. w. KEMOCK TAPPING HOLE REAMER 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Feb. 10, 1945 K e W 4 MM w W b 7 sw mm mm mN y mm 9% 1.51 .w. .7/%/////// $v NN WWWW QW .QN %M. mm mm N Patented Dec. 26, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT O F F ICE.

' TAPRIN G ,HOLE LEE-AMER Steve WJKemOck Chicago, Ill.

-AppIicationSFcbruary 10, 19215, ISerialNo. 571. 295

1 Claim.

"This invention relates to apparatus for ream- ;iing the tapping hole or other similar opening in the wall ofafurnace.

The inventionghas among its objects the provi- ;sion of a reamer adapted to be mountedlon and :operated by apparatus conventionally used in the fnperationofsfurnaces.

.A further object of the invention :is the provision of a reamer operable from the inside of the furnace, thereby reaming the tap holelor similar durnace opening without injury to the furnace lining.

" z'I'hese'and further objects of th invention will be-made apparent 1 in the following description.

(Metallurgical furnaces, such as :electric f ur- :naces, open "hearth furnaces and the like are prowided with tap holes or similar openin s which are in contact either continuously or intermit tently with the 'mo'lten'bath of the metal melted in the furnace. Such holes, which extend through the jfirebrick -or other refractory lining :of the furnace and out through the "metal shell thereof, thus tend to become oonstrictedor closed after :a period of use by an accumulation of metal and Lslagin the hole. When the hole has been :sub-

stantially constricted, :it must be enlarged to its original size to permit the-pouring ofmetalfrom the furnace. It has been the practice heretofore "to :ream the tap -hole-by using long fbars inserted in the opening from the pouring s de of the furnace to .pry loose or otherwise remove the deposited metal and slag from theihole. Since the :force exerted by such bars is in aniinward direc- #tion, \ittends to break or dislodge the refractory :bricksof theofurnace lining in the vicinity of the of thehole in the furnace lining tends to thrust the lining against the supporting shell of the furnace.

panying drawings, in which: n v v {f gure 1 isla cross-sectionj through a furnace showinga side elevationofthewreaming apparatus gnounted on a furnace charging machine;

My improved reaming apparatus will be more fully understood by reference to the accom- Figure 2 is "an enlarged "view in side elevation of the reamer and the charging machine ram, with parts in section;

Figure Bisan end elevation of the reamer showing the means by which it is connected to the supporting and operating mechanism; and

Figure 4 is a cross section of the cutting head of the reamer taken along the line IV-IV :in Figure2.

The reaming apparatus of th present invention ishas above stated, capable of use'with vari-- ous types of furnaces having openings therein which must periodically 1082016911811 and restored to their original size. Among furnaces of this type are electric yfurnaces, both arc and induction, and open hearth furnaces. For'purposes-of illustrating the invention, the reaming apparatus is shown connection with an n electric arc furnace. In Figure such furnace, there designated i2, is shown somewhat schematically in cross section and without the electrodes, which project through the roof thereof. The furnace .:shown is of the tilting type, having ca health 4 for containing the bath .of molten metal and a tappingohole 6 located somewhat above the :slag line of the furnace when the furnace is in horizontal operatinggposition. The hole 6 is normally closed during the melting and refining operation by means of a refractory brick or with a loose refractory material which :can be poked out 'iby use of arodfrom the outside of the furnace beforepouring. Whenthefurnace charge'is ready to be poured, the furnace is tilted to lower the tapping hole, whereupon molten metal flows through the hole into pouring spout 8 tromwhich witpassesto a ladle (not shown) The furnace is initially charged through a door 10 which is located in the wall of "the furnace diagonally opposite the tapping hole. The fur lnace 2 is shown in Figure 1 as having had the tapping hole thereof reamed by my improved reamer after the metal has been poured from the hearth thereof and the furnace tilted sufficiently to bring the axis of the tappinghole at least sub stantially into line with the shank M of "the reamer designated generally by the reference character [2, .held in operative position :by the supporting operating means subsequently to be described. Reamer I2 is provided with tapered l the reamer is thrust through the charging door and .into the tapping hole from the inside :of the furnace. On rotation, it cuts away the deposited metal and slag from the tapping hole and restores it to its original size.

The reamer shank has lifting eyes I8 for the reception of a sling to facilitate suspension by a crane, and is provided at the rear end thereof with a head 20 adapted to be detachably mounted on the forward end of a supporting and operating means, such as the ram 22 of a furnace charging machine. The construction of the reamer is more fully shown in Figures 2, 3 and 4. As shown in Figures 2 and 4, the cutting head of the reamer is in this instance provided with four substantially radially extending cutting blades 24 tapered at the forward ends thereof to permit their ready entry into the tapping hole and to allow th gradual enlargement of the hole as the reamer travels therethrough. The cutting head is made of a hard, heat-resisting alloy so that it may operate at elevated temperatures, since the tapping hole is reamed while the furnace is hot.

Blades 24, in the modification illustrated, have somewhat rounded side faces 25, the bases of which are thicker than the outer edges thereof, and fiatouter edges 2?. Corners 26, formed by the intersections between the sides and the outer edges of the blades, are made sufficiently sharp to insure the efficient cutting away of the deposits from the sides of the tapping hole. Sufficient space is provided between adjacent blades to accommodate the dislodged deposits without jamming the tool. The rounded symmetrical side faces 25 of the blades have been found to be effective in preventing any tendency of such material to become attached to the cutting head regardless of the direction in which the reamer is rotated. v

The head 29 at the rear end of the shank of the reamer is shown in Figures 2 and 3. It consists essentially of a transverse plate 32 welded or otherwise attached to the rear end of shank M and suitably braced therefrom by radial webs 351.

'A yoke 34 has a flange 36 welded to plate 32. This provides a socket open at one side for accommodating a flange so on the charging machine ram 22. The flange 4!! of the ram 22 is received in the space between the plate 32 and yoke 34, as shown, the relationship of the parts being such that shoulder 44 on the charging machine ram 22 fits snugly against the outer surface of the yoke 34. The reamer is locked in place on the end of the ram by means of the blind hole 46 in plate 32, into which the end of locking rod 48, axially slidablein ram 22, may be advanced.

In Figure 1 the reamer is shown supported and operated by a furnace charging machine. Operation of the reamer by such device offers the greatest advantages, since furnaces of the types indicated are conventionally provided with such machine. It is to be understood, however, that other supporting and operating apparatus for the reamer may be employed, provided such device supports the reamer rigidly and accurately, has means for advancing it into and through the tapping hole from the inside of the furnace, and provides means for rotating the reamer during such advance. The overall length of the reamer is preferably somewhat greater than one-half the width of the furnace.

The charging machine shown in Figure 1 consists of a large bas frame or bridge at mounted on wheels 52 for travel on rails 54 in front of the furnace and extending transversely of the line from the tapping hole centrally through the door In. Bridge may be traversed on tracks 54 by means of an electric motor or motors, not shown, which receive power from rails 69 through collector shoes located on the upright structure 58 at the rear end of th bridge. Located on bridge transverse to its direction of movement are rails 64 upon which a frame or trolley travels by means of wheels 65, an electric motor, not shown, driving such wheels through gearing indicated generally at 51. Thetrolley is .provided at the front end thereof with a downwardly extending fork 68 to which is pivoted a cylindrical sleeve Ill, whereby the sleeve may be rotated about the pivot in limited amounts, to carry the forward end of the sleeve above and below the horizontal.

Attached to the rear end of the sleeve 10 is a casing 12, the rear end of which is provided with a clevis to which link M is attached, the upper end of said link being connected to the crank pin of crank it which may be rotated at slow speed by a motor, not shown, whereby the forward end of the sleeve it! may be either elevated or depressed. Carried upon casing 772 is a ram twist motor 18, which is connected to a shaft Within the sleeve ill by means of gearing indicated generally at 82, whereby the shaft 80 may be rotated intermittently or continuously, as desired, in either direction. Ram 22 is removably attached to the forward end of shaft 80, at the forward terminus of sleeve ill, by means of the coupling means shown generally at 83. Linkage 84 attached to the rear end of casing 12 provides for the reciprocation of locking rod 48, whereby the reamer connecting means may be locked to or unlocked from the forward end of th ram 22. Power is supplied 'to the various motors on trolley 62, and the control circuits for such motors are completed, by means of rails 86 supported on the bridge by means of vertical supports 88, and collector shoes on the trolley in contact'with the rails.

A charging machine of the type above described is well adapted for operation of the reamer and obvious advantages result from utilizing such existing equipment and an operator skilled in its'control for supporting the reamer, for presenting it to the tapping hole, and for operating upon the same.

The reamer of the present invention may be utilized in the reaming of 'a furnace tapping hole in the following manner:

After the furnace melt has been poured, th furnace, if it is of the tilting electric arc type, may be tilted if necessary to bring the tapping hole into proper alignment. The reamer i2, disconnected from the charging machine, is then positioned by means of an overhead crane or other auxiliary lifting means or by means of the end of ram 22 engaging asling between eyes 18, so that the forward end extends partially into the furnace through door H] and the rear connecting end is supported on a stool or blocking in front of the furnace at the properheight. Before the start of the reaming operation the cars on rails 56 for carrying chargingboxes are moved out of a position in front of the furnace door. The charging machine is then operated to bring it into alignment with the furnace door, and to advance the ram toward the furnace sufficiently to allow connection to be'made between the forward end of the ram and the reamer connecting means 29. After the reamer has been attached and secured in place by the locking rod, the operator then advances trolley of the charging machine to thrust the forward end of the cutting head l6 into the inner end of the tapping hole.

ably quite slowly, at least at first. The turning of the reamer may be effected in either direction since the cutting blades thereof are symmetrical. In some instances, it may be preferred to give the reamer a rocking motion, that is, to rotat it a few revolutions in one direction and then to reverse its direction of rotation. Usually, however, it is sufiicient to allow the reamer to rotate slowly in one direction while slowly racking the trolley forward, so as to thrust it gradually deeper into the tapping hole and thus finally to cause the cutting head to travel through the tapping hole and to clear it throughout its length.

Use of my improved reamer has resulted in a marked increase in the total life of the furnace lining, and a reduction in the number of repairs which must be made thereto, particularly in the vicinity of the tapping hole, during its life. The reamer is simple and rugged, and when used in conjunction with existing apparatus, such as the charging machine, it requires only a small amount of time to ream the tapping hole to restore it to its original size.

Having thus fully described the invention and its manner of operation, I desire to claim as new the following.

I claim:

Apparatus for reaming the tap hole of a melting furnace having a refractory lining, a char,,- ing door in the front wall and a tap hole in the rear Wall, said apparatus comprising a charging machine outside of the front of th melting furnace and having a ram, means for advancing and Qfretracting the ram through the furnace charging door and means for rotating the ram, and a tap hole reamer having means at one end for detaohably securing the same to the ram of the charging machine to be advanced and retracted through the furnace charging door and rotated by th ram and having a cutting head at the other end, the tap hole reamer being of such length that, on advancing the ram through the furnace door with the reamer attached thereto, the cutting head of the reamer is fed through the tap hole from the interior of the furnace outwardly and rotated for reaming deposited metal and slag from the tap hole without injuring the furnace refractory lining.

STEVE W. KEMOCK.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 62,003 Case Feb. 12, 1867 915,522 Willett Mar. 16, 1909 949,637 Stormer Feb. 15, 1910 1,135,489 Baggaley Apr. 13, 1915 1,161,122 Froussard Nov. 23, 1915 1,276,251 Mullen Aug, 20, 1918 1,276,252 Mullen Aug. 20, 1918 1,373,581 Wurst Apr. 5, 1921 1,828,762 Brosius Oct. 27, 1931 2,203,747 Sandstone June 11, 1940 2,271,396 Jones et a1 Jan. 27, 1942

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3484088 *Jan 10, 1967Dec 16, 1969Impianti Spa Soc ItMulti-converters pneumatic steelmaking plant
US4037828 *Jul 1, 1976Jul 26, 1977Nippon Carbide Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaAutomatic tapping machine
US5542650 *Feb 10, 1995Aug 6, 1996Anthony-Ross CompanyApparatus for automatically cleaning smelt spouts of a chemical recovery furnace
US6221313 *Nov 15, 1999Apr 24, 2001North American Refractories Co.Taphole knockout device
US7735435May 24, 2006Jun 15, 2010Diamond Power International, Inc.Apparatus for cleaning a smelt spout of a combustion device
WO2001036691A2 *Nov 3, 2000May 25, 2001North American RefractoriesTaphole knockout device
Classifications
U.S. Classification266/271
International ClassificationF27D3/15, F27D3/00
Cooperative ClassificationF27D3/1527
European ClassificationF27D3/15A2