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Publication numberUS2536271 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 2, 1951
Filing dateOct 18, 1946
Priority dateJul 11, 1945
Publication numberUS 2536271 A, US 2536271A, US-A-2536271, US2536271 A, US2536271A
InventorsJacobus Fransen
Original AssigneeHartford Nat Bank & Trust Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Device for the medical treatment of persons with high-frequency energy and electrodefor such a device
US 2536271 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 2, 1951 J. FRANSEN 2,535,271


signor to Hartford National Bank and Trust Company, Hartford, Conn., as trustee Application October 18, 1946, Serial No. 704,003 In the Netherlands July 11, 1945 Section 1, Public Law 690, August 8, 1946 Patent expires July 11, 1965 2 Claims. 1

This invention relates to a device for the medical treatment of persons with high-frequency energy, in which the electrodes consist of flexible flat conductors covered with insulating material, and to electrodes for such a device.

As has hitherto been usual, two of such electrodes are placed either adjacent or opposite each other on the body of the patient and each of these electrodes is connected through a single core cable to the device supplying the high-frequency energy. This has several drawbacks. In the case of movements of the patient the distance of the two supply cables and of the two electrodes varies steadily, which causes detuning of the circuit of the patient and consequently variations of the energy supplied to the patient. Consequently, much supervision is required. In addition, the cables, which are at a fairly large distance from each other,'constitute a source of radiation due to which considerable quantities of energy are lost and serious disturbances are caused in the neighbourhood.

According to the invention the device for the medical treatment of persons with high-frequency energy comprises a twin-core cable having connected to it two fiat flexible conductors which are embedded in a single plate of insulating material.

This yields the advantage of facilitating the application of the electrodes which now constitute a mechanical assembly, and in addition movements of the patient no longer give trouble by detuning due to movements of the cable and movements of the electrodes with respect to each other. Furthermore, less energy is lost due to radiation and less disturbances are caused in the vicinity. Moreover, much less supervision is necessary.

To reduce radiation losses as much as possible, it yields particular advantages to make use of a transmission line free from radiation.

In order that the invention may be clearly understood and readily carried into effect it will now be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawing, given by way of example, which represents a pair of electrodes according thereto.

In the sole figure the reference numeral I denotes a flexible rubber plate in which two electrodes 2 and 3 of copper gauze are embedded. The electrodes 2 and 3 are connected througlr short connecting wires 4 and 5 to the two conductors 6 and I of a twin-core shielded cable, of which 8 denotes the shielding means. In pracill 2 of the body to be treated, in which case the electrodes 2 and 3 lie adjacent each other. Or, if preferred, the device may be so dimensioned as to enable the encirclement of the body by plate i so that electrodes 2 and 3 are disposed on opposing sides of the body.

What I claim is:

1. Apparatus for the medical treatment of patients with high frequency energy comprising a deformable plate of insulating material, a pair of copper gauze electrodes disposed in spaced relation and embedded within said plate, and a nonradiating transmission line for applying high frequency energy to said two electrodes, said line including a pair of spaced conductors each connected to a respective electrode.

2. Apparatus for the medical treatment of patients with high frequency energy comprising a rubber plate, a pair of copper gauze electrodes disposed in spaced relation and embedded within said plate, and a transmission lin for conducting high frequency energy to said two electrodes, said line including a pair of spaced conductors each connected to a respective electrode, and a tubular shield surrounding said conductors.

tice, the plate I is placed flatly against a portion JACOBUS FRANSEN.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 500,767 Hetherington- Carruthers July 4, 1893 1,794,288 Goebeler Feb. 24, 1931 1,811,357 Karplus June 23, 1931 1,889,271 Zerne Nov. 29, 1932 1,973,387 Neymann et a1. Sept. 11, 1934 2,249,935 Birtcher July 22, 1941 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 8,238 Great Britain Mar. 2, 1895 of 1894 100,071 Australia Jan. 28, 1937 148,021 Austria Dec. 10, 1936 706,582 France June 25, 1931 OTHER REFERENCES Bulletin 265A, General Electric Diathermy Electrodes and Accessories, published in 1934 by the General Electric X-Ray Corp. 01' Chicago, page 16.

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US3720209 *Nov 25, 1970Mar 13, 1973Medical Plastics IncPlate electrode
US4620550 *Apr 15, 1985Nov 4, 1986Schering A.G.Implantable bipolar stimulating electrode
US5324328 *Aug 5, 1992Jun 28, 1994Siemens Pacesetter, Inc.Conductor for a defibrillator patch lead
US5330523 *Aug 5, 1992Jul 19, 1994Siemens Pacesetter, Inc.Implantable defibrillator patch lead
US5356428 *Aug 13, 1992Oct 18, 1994Cardiotronics, Inc.Non-invasive, radiolucent electrode
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US5391200 *Mar 10, 1994Feb 21, 1995Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.Defibrillation patch electrode having conductor-free resilient zone for minimally invasive deployment
US5496363 *Jul 13, 1994Mar 5, 1996Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyElectrode for transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
US6135953 *Jan 25, 1996Oct 24, 20003M Innovative Properties CompanyMulti-functional biomedical electrodes
US6606523 *Dec 17, 1999Aug 12, 2003Transneuronix Inc.Gastric stimulator apparatus and method for installing
US7473145Oct 18, 2007Jan 6, 2009Covidien AgReturn pad cable connector
US7637907Sep 19, 2006Dec 29, 2009Covidien AgSystem and method for return electrode monitoring
US7722412Oct 24, 2007May 25, 2010Covidien AgReturn pad cable connector
US7722603Sep 28, 2006May 25, 2010Covidien AgSmart return electrode pad
US7736359Jan 12, 2006Jun 15, 2010Covidien AgRF return pad current detection system
US7927329Sep 28, 2006Apr 19, 2011Covidien AgTemperature sensing return electrode pad
US7938825Nov 7, 2006May 10, 2011Covidien AgMultiple RF return pad contact detection system
US8021360Apr 3, 2007Sep 20, 2011Tyco Healthcare Group LpSystem and method for providing even heat distribution and cooling return pads
US8062291Mar 31, 2010Nov 22, 2011Covidien AgSmart return electrode pad
US8080007May 7, 2007Dec 20, 2011Tyco Healthcare Group LpCapacitive electrosurgical return pad with contact quality monitoring
US8100898Aug 1, 2007Jan 24, 2012Tyco Healthcare Group LpSystem and method for return electrode monitoring
US8216222Apr 13, 2011Jul 10, 2012Covidien AgTemperature sensing return electrode pad
US8231614May 11, 2007Jul 31, 2012Tyco Healthcare Group LpTemperature monitoring return electrode
US8235980Dec 14, 2011Aug 7, 2012Tyco Healthcare Group LpElectrosurgical system for measuring contact quality of a return pad
US8382749Jul 17, 2012Feb 26, 2013Covidien LpTemperature monitoring return electrode
US8388612May 11, 2007Mar 5, 2013Covidien LpTemperature monitoring return electrode
US8430873Jan 4, 2012Apr 30, 2013Covidien LpSystem and method for return electrode monitoring
US8690867Feb 14, 2013Apr 8, 2014Covidien LpTemperature monitoring return electrode
WO1980001045A1 *Nov 16, 1979May 29, 1980R BentallInductors for high frequency electromagnetic therapy apparatus
U.S. Classification607/152
International ClassificationA61N1/06
Cooperative ClassificationA61N1/06
European ClassificationA61N1/06