US 2537621 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
I. BUSOM MANIKIN BASE STAND Jan. 9, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 22, 1946 INVENTOR. Ismoma Buson Jan. 9, 1951 l. BUSOM 2,537,621
MANIKIN BASE STAND Filed June 22, 1946 2 Sheets- Sheet 2 IN VEN TOR.
Ism ORE, E1130 :1
Patented Jan. 9, 1951 UNITED sTATEs PATENT OFFICE MANIKIN BASE STAND Isidore Busom, Port Washington, N. Y.
Application June 22, 1946, Serial No. 678,615
Claims. (01. 223-120) This invention relates to manikin or display forms for show windows and more particularly to the means for supporting the manikin in a standing or upright position.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a manikin which will appear more lifelike in a show window in that all of the outer plates or props will have been eliminated and the manikin will appear to be standing without any apparent support.
It is another object of the invention to provide a simple and quickly detachable supporting means for display manikins.
It is still another object of the invention to provide a supporting means for manikins which can be easily installed Within the floor from which the manikin is to be displayed and taking the form of a receptacle which can be closed.
' Its top face will lie flush with the floor surface so as not to provide a stumbling block to a passerby over the floor whenthe manikin is detached therefrom.
According to the invention, a hole is provided in the floor and a receptacle is located therein adapted to receive a projection extending downwardly from the toe of the foot of the manikin. This projection is carried by one end of a strong internal underfoot weight bearing bracket through which the forces due to the weight of the manikin have been laterally transmitted from points higher on the bracket and from the waist of the manikin by transmittal to the upper end of the bracket by a pipe extending down through the leg portions of the manikin.
The projection on the toe is fashioned to be received within a key hole slot extending flush with the floor surface. Once the projection has been slid downwardly into key hole slot and laterally so that its flange head engages the un der side faces of the narrowed portions of the slot, the manikin will be rigidly retained against lateral displacement and in an upright manner.
To remove the manikin, it need only be slid laterally and raised out of the key slot plate.
For further comprehension of the invention, and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the following description and accompanying drawings, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.
In the accompanying drawings forming a material part of this disclosure:
Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of a manikin embodying the features of the present invention and retained in an upright position upon a floor.
.Fig. 2 is a fragmentary vertical cross sectional view taken through the foot of the manikin showing the cooperating parts and the attachment of the toe projection within the floor.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged cross sectional viewshowing the connection of the vertically extending supporting pipe within the leg portions of the manikin with the waist portion thereof.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged plan view looking upon the top of the receptacle and its plu containing the key hole slot, illustrating the position of the projection when the same has been slid down into and laterally of the slot.
Fig. 5 is a cross sectional view taken through a portion of the manikin toe and the floor receptacle and plug as viewed along line 5-5 of Fig. 4 and looking in the direction of rows thereof.
Fig. 6 is a detail side elevational view showing the construction of the toe projection separate from the toe, with its head adjusted below the bearing washer.
Fig. 7 is a cross sectional view of one form of floor receptacle where the attaching screws the arenter an external flange.
Fig. 8 is a cross sectional view of a modified form of floor receptacle where the attaching screws are concealed within the bottom of the receptacle.
Figs. 9 and 10 are respectively top and bottom perspective views of the key slot plug adapted to be screw threaded into the receptacle.
Referring now particularly to Figs. 1-5, l5 represents a manikin having a Waist portion l5 and leg portions ll on the bottom ends of which is a foot l8 having a downwardly extending toe projection 19 adapted to lit a key slot plug 2! secured in a floor receptacle 22 located in a floor surface 23.
Within the foot I8 is a strong and sturdy weight bearing bracket 25 arched to conform to the contour of the bottom of the foot and reinforced as indicated at 26 along its intermediate portion. At the toe end of the bracket 25 the bracket material is flattened as indicated at 2? so as to have a bottom face 28 parallel with the floor surface 23. Within this flattened area there is ahole 29 through which there is extended a sleeve 3! having a flange portion 32 adapted to lie flush against the bottom face 28 of the toe. This sleeve 3i is welded as indicated at 3.3 to the flattened portion 21 of the bracket 25. A bolt 34 is extended through the sleeve portion which may be internally threaded to receive the bolt and permit its adjustment to'position its.
head 35 relative to a hexagonal shaped plate 36' Whose bottom surface supports the weight of the manikin upon the plug 2! within the receptacle. This plate 36 is drawn toward the flange 32 of the sleeve 3| and is preferably made secure upon the bolt 34 to prevent its downward displacement relative to the flange 32 so as not to interfere with the insertion of the head 35 of the bolt through the key hole slot 31 of the plug 2!.
The plug 2H as viewed. in Figs" 9B and con-- tains the key hole slot 3*? which has a large opening section 38 adapted to receive the head of the bolt 35 and a narrow section 39 adapted to" receive only the shank of the bolt immediately above the bolt head. Along the under edges of the narrow portion 39 of the slot 31- is an engaging face ll against which the head. will 8112* gage to take up any tilting strains effected by the manikin.
The plug 2! is externally threaded and is adapted to be screwed down into: and; adjusted within the; plug; receptacle: 22' which internally threadeditov receive the threads of. the plug. This plug receptacle may take'the form shown in Eig. Z having. an. external: flange 42? through which screws 43 pass: for connecting the receptacle to. the floor surface 23. In theforrn shown in-Eig; 8 the receptacle22 has: no flange and the: screws 4? are concealed: and passed. through a. bottom wall. 44 of. the receptacle for connecting the receptacle to the floor-23.
Oh] they upper end of: the. bracket 25 there isa flat top surface 45 engaged by a flange 4'6? formed on the bottom end of. a pipe Ma. The pipe H5 is secured inposition by a fastening screw #8 ex.-- tending through the bracket 25: and into: thev internally threaded bottom endof the. pipe 41.. This pipe 41 is accordingly made rigid: with the bracket 25;
The pipe e1 extendsupwardly through; the leg'portion ll: of the manikin and connects: with; a transverse plate 49 within thewaist. l6; of. the manikin (Figs; 1 and 3-); The upper endof. the pipe il is externally threaded as indicated at 5|; and threadingly connectswith: an; internally threaded receptacle 52; secured: to the plate 4-9" by screws 53. By means of. this connection. the manikin is supported? and its weight is; received: at this point and transmitted downwardly through: the pipe 41 to the projection 1.3;. It will thus be apparent that: the entire supporting structure for the ma-niki-n is concealed. within the contour of the same: outof the'vision: or the observer.
While I have illustrated and described. the preferred embodiments of. my invention. is to be understood that I do: not limit myself to the precise constructions herein disclosed. and; the right is reserved to all changes and modifications coming within the scope of the invention as defined' in the appended claims Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new; and desireto secure by '(Jhited States Letters Patent is:
1, In combination, a manikin having a hollowvertically disposed leg terminating in a foot pro-- vided with a sleeve having an outwardlydirected; bottom flange portion having a flat bottom sur face, a screw shaft coupled" to said sleeve; the lower end: of said screwshaft having a head, aplate. on said screw shaft spaced vertically fr'cm said head and. disposed in pressure engagement with said flange portion, and: a receptacle hav ing a top plate formed witha keyhole slot the larger part of! which' is adapted toreceive the head of the screw shaft and the smaller part of which is adapted to slidably receive the shank of the screw shaft.
2. In combination, a hollow receptacle having an internal screw thread and means for securing the same to a base, a member adjustably threaded in said hollow receptacle and provided with a key hole opening large at one end and small at th other end, a manikin having a hollow' foot provided with a reinforcement constructed" with a lower part and an upper part, a bolt coupled to the lower part of the reinforcement and provided with vertically spaced membars: to engage the opposite sides of said member, the lower one of said members being insertablein the larger end of the opening and the other of saidv members being larger than both ends of said opening, a tubular vertical support having a lower end engaged with the upper part of said reinforcement, ascrew extending through said reinforcement into said tubular support; to clamp said reinforcement to said support, a plate having; a; seat in said; manikinabove; saidleg, and a screw threaded connection between the: upper end: of said: tubular support andsaid plat e;. whereby the weight ofsaid manikin will be: carried by said support and said; reinforcement, and, said manikin= may bemanually detached; from the receptacle;v
3. In combination with a manikinhaving a leg portion; continuing at. its lower end into-a toe port/10th,; means releasably connecting the toe portion of the manikin; to the-floor surface-beneath the: manikin tesupport the manikin in an upright position, comprising a hollow receptacle positioned in the floor surface beneath the toe portion and! having an open top, aplug closingthe open topof the receptacle and formed with a key-hole opening having a. large end and a narrow end, a sleeve mounted? through the top portion. and having; a bottom flange portion, a bolt depending from said sleeve and having; adiaineter slightly less than the width of the narrow.- end-10f said key-hole opening, and: an enlarged headformed' on the-lower endofsaid bolt. and having: a; diameter slightly lessthan; the width: of thelarge end of saidv key-hole opening; whereby said enlarged head may be passedthrough. the; large end of said key-hole opening after the manikin may be moved laterally; of, said.- receptacle moving.- said bolt into: the narrow.- end. ofi said; key-hole opening, a plate threaded onsaid bolt and engaging. thebottom face of said flange, said bolt having a threaded connection with said plate and saidsleeve to be rotated relative thereto to space said: enlarged head? from the bottom face of said plate a dis? tanceequa-l' to the thickness: of said. plug so. that the: materialofi said; pl'ug;orr opposite sides. of. the narrow end of: said: key-hole opening will be clamped between the adjacent faces of said enelarged: head. and said plate when, said. bolt. is: in. the narrow end of said; key-hole opening.
In combination with a manikini having a leg. portion continuing: at itslower end into a toe portiom means releasably connecting the toe portion: or the manikin: to the floor surface beheath: the mam-kinto: support the maniliin-inan upright position, comprising a hollow receptacle positioned in: the floor surface beneath thetoe portion and having an open top, a plug closing the open top of the receptacle and formed witha key-hole opening having a large end and a narrow end; a sleeve mounted through the top portion and having a bottom flange portion, a:
bolt depending from said sleeve and having a diameter slightly less than the width of the narrow end of said key-hole opening, and an enlarged head formed on the lower end of said bolt and having a diameter slightly less than the width of the large end of said key-hole opening, whereby said enlarged head may be passed through the large end of said key-hole opening after which the manikin may be moved laterally of said receptacle moving said bolt into the narrow end of said key-hole opening, a plate threaded on said bolt andengaging the bottom face of said flange, said bolt having a threaded connection with said plate and said sleeve to be rotated relative thereto to space said enlarged head from the bottom face of said plate a distance equal to the thickness of said plug so that the material of said plug on opposite sides of the narrow end of said key-hole opening will be clamped between the adjacent faces of said enlarged head and said plate when said bolt is in the narrow end of said key-hole opening, an outwardly extending flange formed on said receptacle and set into said floor surface and formed with spaced holes, and screws passing through said holes and threadedly engaging the floor beniath said flange securing said receptacle in position.
5. In combination with a manikin having a leg portion continuing at its lower end into a toe portion, means releasably connecting the toe portion of the manikin to the floor surface beneath the manikin to support the manikin in an upright position, comprising a hollow receptacle positioned in the floor surface beneath the toe portion and having an open top, a plug closing the open top of the receptacle and formed with a key-hole opening having a large end and a narrow end, a sleeve mounted through the top portion and having a bottom flange portion, a bolt depending from said sleeve and having a diameter slightly less than the width of the narrow end of said key-hole opening, and an enlarged head formed on the lower end of said bolt and having a diameter slightly less than the width of the large end of said key-hole opening, whereby said enlarged head may be passed through the large end of said key-hole opening after which the manikin may be moved lateraly of said receptacle moving said bolt into the narrow end of said keyhole opening, a plate threaded on said bolt and engaging the bottom face of said flange, said bolt having a threaded connection with said plate and said sleeve to be rotated relative thereto to space said enlarged head from the bottom face of said plate a distance equal to the thickness of said plug so that the material of said plug on opposite sides of the narrow end of said key-hole opening will be clamped between the adjacent faces of said enlarged head and said plate when said bolt is in the narrow end of said key-hole opening, said receptacle having a bottom wall formed with spaced holes, and screws passing through said holes and into the floor beneath said bottom wall securing said receptacle in position.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 967,131 Kasrolowicz 1 Aug. 9, 1910 1,284,436 Palmenberg Nov. 12, 1918 1,318,759 Hotchkin Oct. 14, 1919 1,771,845 Germeiner July 29; 1930 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 167,354 Great Britain Aug. 11, 1921