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Publication numberUS2537822 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 9, 1951
Filing dateDec 24, 1945
Priority dateDec 24, 1945
Publication numberUS 2537822 A, US 2537822A, US-A-2537822, US2537822 A, US2537822A
InventorsMorris Fritts
Original AssigneeBell Telephone Labor Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Spiral scanning mechanism
US 2537822 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 9, 1951 M. FRITTS 2,537,822

SPIRAL SCANNING MECHANISM Filed Dec. 24, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 3 .j If .i'. 2

29 I p 28 I l5 1 22 5 27 BI 82 as I 25 4 as BVJ ZMES MM ATTORNEY Jan. 9, 1951 M. FRlTTS 2,537,822

SPIRAL SCANNING MECHANISM Filed Dec. 24, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 //v l E/VTOR M. FR/ 7' TS Q? 7% xm A T TOANE Y Patented Jan. 9 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Telephone Laboratories,

Incorporated, New

York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application December 24, 1945, Serial N 0. 637,125

1 Claim.

This invention relates to radio signaling apparatus and more specifically to a scanning mechanism for use in such apparatus.

The object of this invention is the provision of a scanning mechanism of the type above referred to whichwill be simple and in which a directive element is operated in a manner to generate a scanning field determined by the operation of two shafts relative to each other.

In the drawing:

Fig. 1 is an elevational view shown with a number of operating parts in vertical section;

Fig. 2 is a front elevational view;

Fig. 3 is a top view;

Fig. 4 is a partial top view shown with the directive element or reflector in an operated position;

Fig. 5 is a detail view looking in the direction indicated by the arrows on line 5-5 of Fig. 1; and

Fig. 6 is a diagrammatic view of the scanning field obtained by the movement of the reflector.

As shown in the drawing, the scanning mechanism of this invention consists of a base ll! formed with two upright Supports I l and I2, upright support ll having an inverted U-shaped portion I3 at its free end serving in cooperation with upright support I2 for rotatably mounting as on ball bearings BI and B2, a hollow shaft l4 best seen in Figs. 1 and 3.

On one end of hollow shaft I4 is keyed a gear l5 meshing with a pinion I6 keyed on the armature shaft of a motor I! secured to the base [0 as by a number of bolts l8, while on the opposite end of hollow shaft 14 is keyed a forkshaped member 19, the shaft I4 and member 19 being rotated through the operation of motor l'l, pinion l6 and gear l5 keyed as above mentioned on hollow shaft l4.

The fork-shaped member I9 is formed with a pair of arms 20 and 2| extending laterally therefrom and havingbearing portions in which is journaled a shaft 22. On one end of shaft 22 is keyed a worm gear 23 best seen in Fig. 2, meshing with a worm 24 carried or formed at one end of a hollow shaft 25 mounted in position concentric to hollow shaft l4 and supported at one end by support ll, shaft 25 being-held from rotation by a plate 26 secured to upright supports II, as by a number of screws 21, best seen in Figs. 1, 3 and 5, and having a fork-shaped portion fitted over two opposite sides of a square-shaped portion formed at the end of shaft 25 for preventing its rotation as would be imparted by friction between this shaft and the shaft l4 and the friction between the worm 24 and the worm gear 23 while in operation.

To the end of shaft 22, opposite the worm gear 23, there is securely mounted a disc member 28 provided with a crank pin 29 serving for pivotally mounting a bell crank 30, the opposite end of which is pivoted to an arm 3|, best seen in Figs. 2, 3 and 4, formed with a head-piece H in turn pivoted on a spindle 32 secured to the prong P of the fork-shaped member l9. Head-piece H in cooperation with a head-piece HI, pivoted on a spindle 34, secured to the other prong of forkshaped member l9, serves for mounting a parabolic reflector 35 having a rim portion 36 clamped between similarly shaped projections S and SI formed with the head-pieces H and HI while the reflector 35 is formed with an oblong-shaped opening 31 through which projects the so-called emitter or antenna 38 connecting with a coaxial line (not shown) in the hollow shaft 25.

In the operation of the scanning mechanism of this invention, the operation of motor I! is effective to rotate the hollow shaft I4 and the fork-shaped member l9 carried thereby through the engagement of pinion IS with gear [5 keyed to the hollow shaft [4. The rotation of forkshaped member I9 is effective to rotate the parabolic reflector. 35, while causing the rotation of shaft 22 through the engagement of worm 23 carried by the shaft 22 with the worm 24 carried by the hollow shaft 25, which is held against rotary movement by the forked plate 26. Rotation of shaft 22, and that of the crank formed by disc 28 and the pin 29 which connects with the bell crank 30, is effective to impart reciprocating movements to the head-piece H and thereby to the reflector from the position shown in full line, to the position shown in dotted line in Fig. 4 for each complete turn of the shaft 22 to cause the reflector 35 to generate a scanning field representing a spiral, as shown in Fig. 6, the pitch of which is dependent upon the speed ratio between the worm 24 and worm gear 23 for any given speed at which the parabolic reflector may be rotated.

What is claimed is:

A mechanical driving apparatus comprising a support, a first hollow shaft rotatably supported in said support, a yoke secured to said hollow shaft, a fixed hollow shaft extending from within said first hollow shaft and into the space between the arms of said yoke, a worm gear on said fixed shaft, a counter-shaft rotatably supported in said yoke, a worm wheel secured to said counter-shaft and in mesh with said worm gear, spaced levers pivotally supported on arms of said yoke and cov operating to support a paraboloid movable member having a transverse slot therein, a rigid member extending through said fixed hollow shaft and through said slot, and a crank and lever system forming a mechanical driving connection between said counter-shaft and at least one of said spaced levers.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,083,242 Runge June 8, 1937 2,231,929 Lyman Feb. 18, 1941 2,407,305 Langstroth et al. Sept. 10, 1946 2,410,831 Maybarduk et a1. Nov. 12, 1946

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2083242 *Jan 28, 1935Jun 8, 1937Telefunken GmbhMethod of direction finding
US2231929 *Apr 29, 1937Feb 18, 1941Sperry Gyroscope Co IncTridimensional radio direction indicator
US2407305 *Apr 10, 1942Sep 10, 1946Sperry Gyroscope Co IncScanning device
US2410831 *Apr 10, 1942Nov 12, 1946Sperry Gyroscope Co IncScanning device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2677121 *Oct 19, 1950Apr 27, 1954Pyle National CoCombination warning light and stationary headlight
US2762041 *Sep 9, 1950Sep 4, 1956Motorola IncSignalling equipment
US2811719 *Apr 28, 1953Oct 29, 1957Wallace Henry WDouble-universal nod mechanism
US2916739 *Jul 28, 1955Dec 8, 1959Underwood CorpScanner for antenna system
US2925594 *Mar 18, 1946Feb 16, 1960Garrett George ARadar search scan system
US3166750 *Feb 14, 1961Jan 19, 1965Raytheon CoAntenna intersecting-orthogonal-axes gimbal mount utilizing rotary bearings for two axes and push-pull linkage for third axis
US5422623 *Aug 5, 1993Jun 6, 1995Federal Signal CorporationProgrammable emergency signalling device and system
US6100791 *Oct 6, 1994Aug 8, 2000Federal Signal CorporationProgrammable emergency signalling device and system
US9054409Jul 21, 2011Jun 9, 2015Harris CorporationSystems for positioning reflectors, such as passive reflectors
US9281560Apr 30, 2015Mar 8, 2016Harris CorporationSystems for positioning reflectors, such as passive reflectors
US9368867Oct 7, 2013Jun 14, 2016Harris CorporationNear-linear drive systems for positioning reflectors
DE1010122B *Mar 10, 1955Jun 13, 1957Gen ElectricAnordnung zur mechanischen Schwenkung eines Gliedes zur Erzielung einer geradlinigen oder kreisfoermigen Abtastbewegung
EP2549585A1 *Jul 6, 2012Jan 23, 2013Harris CorporationSystems for positioning reflectors, such as passive reflectors
U.S. Classification343/759, 343/761, 343/765, 74/86, 74/42
International ClassificationH01Q3/00, H01Q3/18
Cooperative ClassificationH01Q3/18
European ClassificationH01Q3/18