|Publication number||US2539244 A|
|Publication date||Jan 23, 1951|
|Filing date||Aug 11, 1948|
|Priority date||Aug 11, 1948|
|Publication number||US 2539244 A, US 2539244A, US-A-2539244, US2539244 A, US2539244A|
|Original Assignee||Ida Halden|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (13), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1951 l. HALDEN 2,539,244
BASTING THREAD Filed Aug. 11, 1948 HVVENTUR.
Patented Jan. 23, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE BASTING THREAD Ida Halden, Rochester, ,N.. 1...
Application, August 11, 1948, Serial No. 43,713
5..Claims. (Cl. 112-262)..
This" invention. relates. to basting and; more: particularly to basting thread,..v a process. for; its. preparation; and basted fabric. whereinthe bastthread... After the permanent stitches have beenv applied, thenit is necessary to removethe basting.
stitches by hand. For mass, production. opera.- tions in the garment manufacturing. industry thisremoval of the basting stitchesis a tedious and time-consumin operation. is. one object of this invention to provide a chemically treated basting thread which may be caused todisintegrate'a suitable time after use whereby it, may readily be removed from the fabric stitched thereby.
A further. object of this. invention is the provision of a spool of a readily disintegratable.
A still further object of th s invention is the provision of a process for the treatment of basting thread in such aanann'er that the thread may be.readily employed in a basting operation but which has the property of disintegrating at a time after its function in the basted fabric is no longer required:
A still further object of this invention is the provision of a basting process by which two layers of fabric may be sewed together or basted and whereby th basting thread may be eventually decomposed in situ after the application ofpermanent stitching, thereby rendering it unnecessary to remove the basting thread by the usual methods.
Further and additional objects will appear from the following description, the accompanying drawing and the appended claims.
In accordance with this invention, a basting thread prior to use as such is treated with a dilute solution of sulfuric acid and then dried, preferably in a current of air, at room temperature (i. e. 70 to 100 F.) or below. It has been found that the resulting thread maintains its tensile strength for a substantial period of time in order to permit it to be used in the usual basting operation. After two or mere layers Of fabric have been basted by the chemically treated basting thread of this invention, then these layers Accordingly it.
may. be'permanently sewed or otherwisesecured together by means of ordinary thread, yarnor' other securing means. Thereafter the sewed fabric is permitted to stand for a sufficient length of time untilthe basting thread disintegrates: by
- virtue" of its prior treatment with sulfuric acid.
Preferably disintegrationof the basting thread is: accelerated by heating the fabric in a warm oven or by 'ironing it with a hot iron. After the disintegration is substantially complete, then the basting thread may be removed by rubbing the.
surface of the. fabric and it will completely disappear. leaves no trace and does not stain the fabric.
For a more complete understanding of this invention, reference will now be made to theaccompanying drawing, in which Fig. l is a perspective View of a spool of'thread: which has been treated in accordance with one' embodiment ofjthisinvention; and
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of one corner of av piece of folded fabric basted with the thread:
usual type basting'thread i2 is provided. The: spool of thread is completely immersed in a cold dilute solution of'sulfuric acid until such time as substantially all of the thread wound on the spool has. become completely saturated with the solution. This will ordinarilyrequire not. more Thereafter the spool is re-.=- moved from the solution and set aside to dry at" than a few minutes.
room temperature or' below in a current of cool air. a'weakeningof the treated thread so that it may not have sufficient strength to be used in a' basting step. Ordinarily the drying will be complete in a period of four to five hours. The thus treated thread is suitable for basting operations. In accordance with one embodiment of this invention (see Fig. 2), it may be used to baste a piece of fabric material l4 having a folded edge l6 as is customary in the sewin art. After the basting is complete permanent stitching (not shown) is applied to the fabric l4 and the fold l 6. Thereafter the fabric may be placed in a warm oven or room maintained at a temperature above about F. or preferably above about F. until such time as the basting thread l2 becomes disintegrated to such an extent that it may readily be removed from the fabric by rubbing. Under certain conditions it may be preferred to accelerate this disintegration by the application Upon disintegration the. basting thread Drying at: elevated temperatures resultsiin' 3 of a hot iron to the basted fabric. When this is done the basting thread l2 will disintegrate or decompose very rapidly. In any case, it may readily be removed from the fabric by rubbing without leaving a stain or other trace.
The basting thread that is treated in accordance with this invention may be any of the types that are ordinarily employed in basting operations. Generally speaking, however, they are of a type which will slowly disintegrate upon the treatment with dilute sulfuric acid. Such thread is usually cellulosic in character, of which cotton thread is a preferred example. However, other cellulosic threads, such as linen or the synthetic cellulose acetate threads, may be employed under certain conditions. Likewise by increasing the concentration of the sulfuric acid in the treating solution and increasing the temperature to which the basted fabric is treated after the basting operation, other types of threads or yarns, such as those prepared from silk or wool, may be employed.
It has been found that a spool of Oliver No. 60 brand cotton basting thread wound 1200 yards on a spool and manufactured by John C. Meyer Thread of Lowell, Massachusetts, may be satisfactorily treated in accordance with this invention by a cold dilute solution of sulfuric acid comprising 25 parts by volume of water to one part by volume of concentrated sulfuric acid. After sev- I eral minutes immersion in this solution, it is removed and dried for four to five hours in a current of cold air. If used within 48 to '72 hours, it has sufficient strength to be used in a basting operation.
In the case of heavier cotton basting threads, such as Clarks Button and Carpet 0. N. T. extra strong thread on a it) yard spool, it requires a somewhat stronger solution of sulfuric acid to obtain the same results. A spool of thread of this latter type wassatisfactorily treated for a few minutes by means of one part volume of concentrated sulfuric acid to 15 parts by volume of Water.
It will be apparent that the strength of the sulfuric acid solution employed will be dependent upon the size and type of the thread employed, upon the spool winding and to some extent upon the time between the sulfuric acid treatment and the intended use of the thread in a basting operation. Generally speaking, it is preferred that the sulfuric acid treatment be controlled so that the basting thread will have sufficient tensile strength for a period of 48 to 72 hours after being treated in accordance with the process of this invention. Proportions of water to sulfuric acid in the solution in parts by volume are preferably within the range of about to l and about 40 to 1 for most types of spools of thread.
While certain embodiments of this invention are shown above, it will be understood, of course, that the invention is not to be limited thereto, since many modifications may be made, and it is contemplated, therefore, by the appended claims, to cover any such modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of this invention.
1. Basting thread having a strength sufficient for sewing therewith, and containing sufficient sulfuric acid to decompose said thread when the latter is heated to above about F.
2. Basting thread made of cellulosic fibers having a strength sufficient for sewing therewith and containing sufiicient sulfuric acid to decompose said thread when the latter is heated to above about 100 F.
3. A process for uniting a piece of fabric to another which comprises initially joining said pieces by inserting thereinto a plurality of low heat disintegratable basting stitches; thereafter permanently securing said pieces together; disintegrating said stitches at a temperature above about 100 F. whereby the said stitches are removed and said pieces are left permanently united.
4. A process for forming a permanent seam to unite a plurality of layers of fabric which comprises initially joining said layers by inserting thereinto a plurality of dried low heat disintegratable sulfuric acid treated basting thread stitches; thereafter permanently securing said layers together; distintegrating said stitches at a temperature above about 100 F. whereby the said stitches are removed and said pieces are left permanently united.
5. A process for forming a permanent seam to unite a plurality of layers of fabric which comprises initially joining said layers by sewing thereinto a plurality of dried low heat disintegratable sulfuric acid treated cellulosic basting thread stitches; thereafter permanently sewing the said layers together; then disintegrating the said stitches at a temperature above about 100 F. whereby the said stitches are removed and the said layers are left permanently united.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
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|U.S. Classification||112/475.1, 8/116.1|
|International Classification||D02G3/46, D02G3/44|