|Publication number||US2539279 A|
|Publication date||Jan 23, 1951|
|Filing date||Jun 22, 1946|
|Priority date||Jun 22, 1946|
|Publication number||US 2539279 A, US 2539279A, US-A-2539279, US2539279 A, US2539279A|
|Inventors||Shannon Harold S|
|Original Assignee||Nat Steel Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (4), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jam 23, 1951 H. s. SHANNON BUILDING WALL FRAMING Filed June 22, 1946 s. SHANNON. BY 1 TTORNE).
Patented Jan. 23, 1951 BUILDING WALL FRAMING Harold S. Shannon, Detroit, Mich., assignor to National Steel Corporation, a corporation of Delaware Application June 2 2, 1946, Serial No. 678,635
arrangement of the component parts thereof to.
Another object of the invention is to provide new and improved wall framing, including supplemental column members connecting grade beams of the framing to the columns.
A further object of the invention is to provide a new and improved column having girder seats and panel seats provided by supplemental column members.
Other objects of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:
Figure 1 is a fragmentary, isometric view of a building wall framing embodying features of the present invention;
Figure 2 isan isometric, fragmentary view of the framing at one of the intermediate columns, as seen from the interior of the building; and
Figure 3 is an isometric, fragmentary view of a corner of the framing, as seen from the interior of the building.
In the drawings which illustrate a preferred embodiment of the invention, the building shown includes a foundation IQ for supporting the wall framing, the foundation l preferably being of the poured concrete slab or continuous footing type. The wall framing comprises, in general, corner columns H, intermediate columns l2, grade beams l3 and girders M. In addition, the wall framing includes a pair of supplemental column members l5 for each corner column II and for each intermediate column l2. Each of the columns II and I2 is preferably provided with a base plate I! and I 8 respectively. Each of the base plates is secured to the foundation by an anchor bolt and nut 20,
The columns I I and I2 are widely spaced apart and extending upwardly from the foundation [0 are connected together by the grade beams i3 and by the girders l4. As shown, the grade beams l3 are located inwardly of the columns I l and I2. The supplemental column members [5 are interposed between the grade beams l3 and the columns, connecting the grade beams to the columns.
These pairs of supplemental column members l5 extend upwardly from the column base plates, terminating at the lower edges of the girders [4. Exterior panels 2| cooperate with the framing to form the walls of the building. Preferably, each of these panels 2| is of a size to extend between adjacent or opposite supplemental column members [5 of adjacent columns and to extend from the foundation [6 up to the girders it. As shown, the panels 2! are located outwardly of the grade beams 13 and of the supplemental column members 15. The panels 2i Test against the supplemental column members l5 and the outer surfaces of the panels are preferably coplanar or flush with the outer surfaces of the girders I l.
The corner column H comprises preferably a steel structural member having two adjacent, exterior sides 22 and two inwardly directed sides 23. The exterior column sides 22 are preferably at right angles to each other, as seen in plan, and the column sides 23 are preferably at right angles respectively to the sides 22. Each of the column sides 23 is preferably formed with an inturned longitudinal flange 24 at its inner edge. These flanges 24 reinforce the column sides 23 and also present seating and attachment surfaces for the supplemental column members !5. Reinforcing members 28 for the columns may extend therein between and be welded to opposite sides of the columns.
The pair of supplemental column members l5 of each column are associated with and secured one to each of the column sides 23. The supplemental column members iii are preferably of general channel shape in cross-sect on, each having a web 25, an inner side or leg 26, and an outer side or leg 21. These supplemental column members l5 are arranged with respect to the column I I so that the supplemental column member legs 26, 27 extend substantially normal res ectively to the column sides 23 with the webs 25 spaced therefrom outwardly of the column. As shown in Figure 3, the inner legs 25 of the supplemental cr-lumn members l5 respectively seat flat against the outer surfaces of the flanges 2t of the column sides 23. The supplemental column member legs 26 are secured rigidly to the column fl nges 24, preferably by welding. The outer legs 21 of the supplemental column members l5 each have outturned flanges 2!! sea ting respect vely against the column sides 23. These outturned flanges 29 preferably extend coextensive of the supplemental column members l5 and are secured preferably by welding to the column adjacent the exterior sides 22 thereof. The Width of the channel-like supple- Referring now to Figure 2 which shows the.
wall framing at one of the intermediate columns [2, this column is a channel-like structural 1116111? ber preferably made of steel having an exterior side 30 and inwardly directed'spaced sides 3|.- At their inner edges, the column sides 3| have inturned flanges 32 extending coextensive therewith which flanges reinforce thesides 3i and present attachment flanges respectively'for .the.
supplemental column members i5. Each intermediate column H! is providedwith a pair of these supplemental column members l5, respectively secured preferably by welding to the column sides 3!. The supplemental column members are the same as the previously described supplemental column members ifiof the corner columns and. therefore like parts of these members are designated by like numerals. As shown, the supplemental column members it of the intermediate columns extend horizontally in opposite directions respectivelyfrom the column sides 3! and..from each other, the outer legs 22" of the supplemental column members presenting outwardly facing. seats for side edge portions of adjacentpairs of the panels 21. These legs .01 seats 21, likethose of the corner structure, are preferablyinwardly offset from the column.e:-:terior. sides 30a distance such ,thatthe outer. surfaces.
of the-panels 2! will beflush or coplanarwith the.
outer surface of .the column 12.
The grade beam sections ISHare preferablyof channel-form, each having .a deepweb Se a lower. seating flangetfiandi an upper supporting flange 37.: Thesechannel grade beam sections. ishare arranged so that .the flanges 36, Si thereofyare. directed inwardlyofthe building, end portions of. the lower flanges :36 seating on the. column. base plates :ll, it; The opposed cnds of adjacent channel grade zbeamsections are in spaced.-
relation to each other at the intermediate posts.
with the-webs 35 thereof overlapping lower portionsof the inner-legs 2% of the supplemental. coiumnmembers l5. Preferably, thegrade'beam. webs -35 are secured 'by self-threading' screws to. the-inner legsfifa of the supplemental column. members 15.. 33,the legs 26 of the supplemental column memhers is are provided with bcssesdg extending.- toward and engaged by the grade beam webs 35 to provide clearance-for the screws 38. The gradebeam sections [3 are secured adjacenttheir ope positeends to the column base'plates il', Iii-by;
nuts and studs 4Q;- 'Ihe'studsv are carried" by:-
the base platesll', i8 and maybe welded theretd.
At the locations of these screws an upturned reinforcing flange portion 41.
jacent columns i2 and between columns l2 and II. These girders l4 comprise a deep web 42, an upper supporting flange 43 and a lower flange 44. As shown, the upper flange 43 preferably has a downturned, reinforcing flange portion 45 along the inner edge thereof. The lower flange M of the girder is stepped or offset upwardly, as at 48, along: the entire length of theigirder, the inner edge of the offset portion "56 preferably having At opposite ends of the girders, end portions of the offset flangesportion 46 seat on the upper terminal ends or seats. 280f the complementary column members-[fifthslower upturned portion of the girders, as at 49,- fitting in the ofiset of the complementary column members against the seats 2? thereof'x Secured to the opposite end of each girder I4 =.there is an upright angle member having one leg 50 secured to the inner side of the girder web, as by welding. The other angle leg, as at 5 I, is directed inwardlyor in the same direction as the:upper."and lower flanges of the girder providingend flangeson th'e girders. At the corner'columns .Ii these girder end flanges 5! .position. flat against the inner. column sides 23 and the foundation extending upwardly therefrom, a.
pair of grade beams supported on the foundation inwardly of the column, supplemental column members adjoining. saidcolumn and having offset portions'directed away from the latter to form a seat for receiving an exterior panel, said supplemental. column members also having a leg portion joined to each of said offset portions and.
being interposedbetween and connecting. the grade beams and column together, and exterior panels connected together 'by the supplemental column members and the column.
2. In building construction the combination comprising, a'foundation, a column having an outwardlyfacing side and adjacent oppositely disposed sides; the column being supported on and'extending upwardly-from the foundation, a paii of grade beams disposed adjacent to and inwardly of the column, supplemental column members adjoiningsaid column and including offset pcrtions directed away from said oppositely disposed sides rearwardly of the outwardly facing side of the column for providing panel seating memberspeachof said supplemental columns also having a leg portion joined to one of saidoffs'et portions and connecting the grade beams to the column, and'exterior panels seating against. the panel seatingwmembers with their outersurfacesflush with the outwardly facing side: of the'column...
3;'A column forruse in:- building wall construction in: whichthe opposedends of sections of .a lower beamtand of 'anupper girder may be connected to the column comprising, supplementalcolunm' means having legportions presenting surfaces for connectionwith the opposed ends of lowerbeamrsections and also having ofiset portions associated with said legportions, said offset portions presenting seating surfaces for i apair of contiguous panels a-oentralcolumn portion separating; the :--.-seats presenting oppositely facing r shoulderssubstantially normal:- to the 5 seating surfaces, the supplemental column means terminating below the upper end of the central column portion presenting upwardly facing seats for the ends of upper girder sections, the central column portion above the upper end of the supplemental column means presenting oppositely facing surfaces for connection respectively to the ends of upper girder sections.
4. A column for use in building construction comprising, supplemental column means for extending from a lower beam of the building to upper girder sections, an attachment portion for connection with the lower beam when joined to the supplemental column means, the supplemental column means having an offset portion presenting seating surfaces for a pair of contiguous panels, a central column portion separating the seating surfaces presenting oppositely facing shoulders to the opposed edges of the pair of contiguous panels, the supplemental column means terminating below'the upper end of the central column portion presenting a seat for an upper girder section, the central column portion above the seat presenting opposite sides for connection respectively to upper girder sections.
In building construction the combination comprising, a foundation, a column having an outwardly facing side and adjacent oppositely disposed sides, the column being supported on and extending upwardly from the foundation, a pair of grade beams disposed adjacent to and inwardly of the column, a pair of supplemental column members adjoining said column and including offset portions directed away from said oppositely disposed sides rearwardly of the outwardly facing side of the column for providing panel seating members, each of said supplemental columns also having a leg portion joined to one of said offset portions and connecting the grade beams to the column, exterior panels seating against the panel seating members with their outer surfaces flush with the outwardly facing side of the column, and a pair of longitudinally aligned girders above the grade beams connected to opposite sides of the column, the pair of supplemental column members extending upwardly to the pair of girders and the girders each seating on the upper end of an offset portion of the respective supplemental column member.
6. A building column comprising, a channel member including a web portion, oppositely disposed sides each joined along one edge to the web portion, an inturned attachment flange joined to each of said sides along the other edge, outturned attachment flanges respectively joined to said oppositely disposed sides, a side member joined to each of said outturned flanges to provide with the latter an offset portion for seating an exterior panel, and inturned leg member associated, with each of said offset portions and connected to a respective one of said inturned attachment flanges for providing attachment means for connection with a beam joined to the column.
HAROLD S. SHANNON.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 765,930 Mahony -1 July 26, 1904 1,689,642 Rappleyea Oct. 30, 1928 1,857,326 Patterson May 10, 1932 1,871,913 Patterson Aug. 16, 1932 2,280,142 Daniels Apr. 21, 1942
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US765930 *||Dec 29, 1903||Jul 26, 1904||Edwin C Mahony||Portable wall-section for house-building.|
|US1689642 *||Mar 14, 1927||Oct 30, 1928||Sectional built portable house|
|US1857326 *||Oct 18, 1928||May 10, 1932||Patterson Steel Company||Building construction|
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|US2280142 *||Nov 25, 1939||Apr 21, 1942||Daniels Albert J||Glazing construction|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3157251 *||May 2, 1960||Nov 17, 1964||Nat Steel Corp||Building construction|
|US3883120 *||Jun 18, 1973||May 13, 1975||Tippmann Joseph R||Monolithic dasher-board for skating rinks|
|US5140788 *||Aug 16, 1989||Aug 25, 1992||Lynch Gary M||Building constructions|
|US8671636||Jun 11, 2012||Mar 18, 2014||Walter Kim Bruner||Stud frame wall system|
|U.S. Classification||52/293.3, 52/656.1, 52/781|