US 253972 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
'. (No Model.)
2 Sheets-Sheet 'I. R. D. BURR.
Patented Feb. 21,188.2.
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'2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
A GLOVE. Y
' Patented Feb; 21,188.2..
UNITED A vSTATES PATENT OFFICE.
.REMUS 'D. BURR, OF KINGSBOROUGH, NEW YORK.
SPECIFICATION formingv part of Letters Patent No. 253,972, dated February 21, 1882..
Application filed December 19, 1881. (No model.)
To all whom it may concer-n: l
Be it known that I, REMUs D. BURR, of Kingsborough, in the county of Fulton and State of N ew York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Gloves; and I do hereby declare that the following specification, taken in connection with the drawings furnished and forming a part of the saine, is a clear, true, and complete description of the several features of my invention.
`Although I' have illustrated and hereinafter describe my said improvements as embodied in a glove, certain portions thereof are obviously applicable to gauntlets and mittens.
The objects of my improvements, briefly stated, are to render the union of the thumbsection to the palm-section more easily and cheaply accomplished than heretofore, and to secure a neat, easy, and close t adjacent to the base ofthe thumb; also, tlocate the side seam of the thumb wholly outside of the surfaces exposed to grasping action and, still further, to provide for a snug fit at the wrist, accompanied by a desirable capacity to be readily put on and removed, and a full protection against the weather adjacent to the pulse of the wearer; and these several objects are attained by me in substantially the same manner, whether in gloves or mittens. I still fur-I ther seek, in connection with gloves and gauntlets, to provide, first, for an iinseamed palmsection, save at its point of union with the thumb; secondly, to effect a substantial saving in expensive palm-stock, without any practical disadvantage in the glove produced, and inconnection therewith to providefor the alternation of twoinside finger-pieces integral with the palm with two separately-inserted inside finger-pieces, thus causing the integral fingerpieces to materially relieve from strain the seams at the bases of the inserted pieces, and producing a glove in'whicli the longitudinal nger-seams are located at the rear of the ngers, as heretofore provided for by a different style of cut illustrated in my Letters Patent November 16, 1880, No. 234,528.
After a full description of a glove einbodying my improvements, the several features of myinveution will'be specified in detail in the claims hereunto annexed.; Referring to the drawings, Figures 1 and 2 respectively illustrate inside and back views of my improved glove. Figs. 3 to 6, inclusive, respectivelyillustrate the palm-section, thumbsection, inside sections for second fingeiyand the inside sections for the little nger. Figs. 7 to 9, inclusive, respectivelyillustrate the back sections of the second, third, and little fingers. Figs. 10 and 11 respectively illustrate the back and the front wrist-pieces. Fig. 12 is a back view of the wrist with the back wrist-piece turned upward'. Figs. 3 to 11, inclusive, are facsiiniles of patterns suitable for producing a No.6 boys glove, and the same enlarged in the usual proportions Will be suitable for producing gloves in regular scale.
Referring to Figs. l, 2, and 3, it will be seen that the palm-section A extends integrally to form the back and inside portions of the iirst finger, a, and the inside portion of the third finger, c, and also that these integral finger portions are so cut that they extend wholly around the linger, as in the first, and partially around the third n ger and on both sides thereof, the longitudinal seams in all the fingers being located at the back of the glove, as in my prior patent. rIhe inside portions, b and d, of the second and little linger are inserted, and have seams at'their bases or points of union with the palm-section. This alternating of the inserted with the integral portions of the inner sides of the fingers serves to prevent said baseseams from undue tearing strains in the Working use of the glove, because said seams are materially supported by the strong integral inner sides of the first and third fingers.
In my prior patent, hereinbefore referred to, I show an inside third-linger section stitched at its base to the palm-section, and theptwo stitched edges thereof are straight, so that longitudinal strains on the finger were unduly borne at the weak places of the seam at or near the base on each side. I have now bya novel cut adjacent to the bases of my separate inside finger-sections strengthened said seam by causing the center thereof to mainly bear the longitudinal strains on the finger, and thus to relieve the weaker portions of theseain at each side of the base. This novel cut is shown at b2 on the inside finger-section, b, andv at b3 on the palm-section A, the edges to be stitched being reversely concaved, as shown, and these, when IOO put together face to face for stitching, are therefore correspondingly concaved, producing a downwardly-curved seam,thecentral or strongest portion of which must first give way before the weaker portions at each side of the base can be exposed to injury.
It will be seen that the seam e at the junction ot' the palm-section with the inner lower side of the thumb-section B is located closely adjacent to the base of the thumb, instead of being located, as heretofore, nearer the center of the palm, thus causing said seam to be more snugly and neatly disposed with relation to the inner side of the thumb-jointof the wearer, and relieving said seam from much of the wear incident to its location more nearly to the center of the palm.
As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the longitudinal seam of the thumb at c is located at the outer side thereof, thus rendering it practically free from exposure to wear in ordinary usage, instead of being located on the inner side of the thumb, as heretofore.
My glove has, as shown, an opening at each side of the wrist, and they are covered by the opposite ends of the back wrist-piece, C, overlapping the ends of the front wrist-piece, D, thus affording a neat, snu g fit at the wrist, protecting the pulse of the wearer, and enabling the glove to be readily put on and off. Buttons or other suitable fastenings may be employed for securing the overlappingback wristpiece to the front, and, as in my prior Letters Patent, November 16, 1880, No. 234,528, one side opening may be employed without departing from certain portions of my present invention; but a glove having two side openings is preferable, and said two side openings and an overlapping wrist-piece constitute one portion ot" my present invention. The upper portion of the back wrist-piece, C, is extended upward upon the back, so as to materially shorten the finger-backs b and c', thus economizing in their material and affording a neat finish to the back of the glove.
The palm-section A being integral with the back of the first and third fingers, a and c, enables me to save in the length of palmstock required for the glove to the extent of the excess in length of the middle or longest finger as compared with those on either side thereof. This dilference ranges from three to five eighths of an inch, frequently resulting in the aggregate to the saving of a full palmsection in one skin. .The palm-stock required for the inside portions of fingers b and d, being in short pieces, is readily obtainable from parts of the skin remaining after yielding to its fullest capacity the larger palm and thumb sections. The palm-section A has a thumb-opening, g, of novel outline, in that it has at its upper end a curved slot, gf, and an adjacent angular inward projection, g2, and also in that its inside line, g, is but slightly curved from the top to the bottom of the opening. The curved slot g enables the thumb-section to be united to the palm by practically straight sewing, the seam being commenced at the point of the angular projection g2, thence continued around the curved slot, down around the opening to the point of beginning, and thence directly onward up the thumb-sea-m to its termination at the top of the thumb, thus obviating the necessity of hand-work, as is usuallyrequisite, and also the necessity for slow and careful stitching by machines as sometimes employed. Thumbs and palms may be thus united at a cost ot' from ten to twenty per cent. less than is the case with any other form of thumb-opening known to me, especially when considered with reference to welted seams, as usually employed. The inward angular projection, g?, when the thumb-section is in position, is extended backward toward the adjacent edge of the glove, so as to admit of a straight longitudinal thumb-seam, e', from near the bottom of the thumb-opening at its outer side tothe top of the thumb, and thereby enabling said seam to be located at the outer edge of the thumb, away from wearing contact, instead of being near the ball thereof, as heretofore.
The advantages accruing from this portion of my invention are available, whether embodied in gloves gauntlets, or mittens. The slightly-curved side g3 of the thumb-opening co-operating with the recessed curve g4 of the thumb-section, enables the thumb-seam at its base and along the palm side thereof to be located closely adjacent to the corresponding portion of the-hand of the wearer, thus assuring a snug, smooth t at that point, not attainable if said portion of said seam be located farther toward the center of the palm. The angular. projection g5 of the thumb-section cooperates with the angular projection g2 of the thumb-openin g in enabling the location of the longitudinal thumb-seam c whollyat the outer side of the thumb.
Although' the back a ot' the lirst finger, as shown, is integral with the palm-section, it may be separated therefrom without affecting any portion of my invention, in which case the edge seam can either be merged with the thumb-seam or extended to the wrist. at the one side of the lowerportion of said seam.
The backs b and c' of the fingers are substantially as shown in my prior Letters Patent, No. 234,528, November 16, 1880. The back d of the little linger is shown as a separate piece. The lower portions of these backs constitute the back of the glove. The lower end of the back-piece d is cut away, as shown, to afford a large wrist-opening, `and the corresponding portion of the palm-section, which is extended to the back of the glove, is also similarly cut away for the same purpose.
Having thus described my invention, l claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patentl. In a glove or gauntlet, the combination of a palm-section having the inner portion of the first and third fingers integral therewith, and the separate inside portions ofthe second IOO IOS
5 portions of the first and third fingers integral therewith, and the separate inside and side portions ofthe second and little iin gers seamed at their bases to the palm-section, substantially as described.
1o v 3. In a glove, gauntlet, or mitten, the com bination of a palm-section having a thumbopening provided with a curved open slot at its upper end, and also with an inward angu lar projection adjacent to said slot, with a 15 thumb-section provided with an angular pro vjection and a concaved edge, substantially as p described.
4. In a glove or gauntlet having inside nger and side sections seamed to the pa-lm-section at their bases, the reversely curved or concaved coincident edges b2, substantially as described, whereby when said edges are stitched together the seam is relieved from strain at the ends or corners thereof, as set forth.
5. A glove or mitten having two side openings at the wrist7 and a back wrist-piece overlapping said openings and secured by suitable fastenings to a front wrist-picce, substantially as described.
REMUS D. BURR.
-Witnessesz C. J. MILLS, F. S. SEXTON.