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Publication numberUS2540690 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 6, 1951
Filing dateJul 13, 1945
Priority dateJul 13, 1945
Publication numberUS 2540690 A, US 2540690A, US-A-2540690, US2540690 A, US2540690A
InventorsPritchard Howard A
Original AssigneeHarris Seybold Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rotary offset sheet perfecting press
US 2540690 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

EMS

\\\\\\m\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\A\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ M 8 2 Sheets-Sheet l IN V EN TOR. 0 44/20 4. pe/rcl-mea ATTORNEYS H A PRITCHARD ROTARY OFFSET SHEET PERFECTING PRESS S Feb. 6, 1951.

Filed July 13, 1945 Patented Feb. 6, 1951 ROTARY OFFSET SHEET PERFECTING PRESS.

Howard A. Pritchard, Hiram, Ohio, asslgnor to Harris-Seybold Company, a corporation of Delaware Application July 13, 1945, Serial No. 604,957

9 Claims. (Cl. 101-142) This invention relates to improvements in per fecting offset presses.

One of the objects of the invention is the provision of a perfecting press wherein the arrangement of cylinders is such as to facilitate work upon the press.

Another object is the provision of means for feeding the sheets downwardly into the space between units, thereby bringing the cylinders of the two units to relatively low levels convenient for the press operator or operators.

Another object is the arrangement of cylinders and their driving connections in a manner such that the plate and blanket cylinders of the two units are inrunning relative to working spaces on the remote sides of the units.

A further object is the provision of a press of the character stated in which the inking mechanisms may extend upwardly from the plate cyl inders, which is the most advantageous position for inkers.

Other objects and features of novelty will appear as I proceed with the description of those embodiments of the invention which, for the purposes of the present application, I have illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic side elevational'view of a press embodying the invention, and

Fig. 2 is a similar view of a modified form. 7

Referring to Fig. 1, It represents the floor of a press room. A pile of sheets is indicated at H supported upon an elevator l2 which is adapted to be raised by conventional mechanism as the sheets are fed off the pile. i3 is a feed board down which the sheets are moved by endless tapes It or the like, this board being hinged at It in order that it'may be swung up out of the way to the position indicated by the broken lines It, thereby giving access to inking, dampening and other mechanism located beneath it.

As each sheet reaches the forward end of the feed board it is registered in the usual manner. as by front stops 9 and side registering devices 2, and is then taken by sheet grippers It on a, transfer cylinder H. .A second transfer cylinder l8 below cylinder l1 carries grippers I9 which take the sheet from grippers l8 and carry it around for transfer to grippers 20 on the impression cylinder 2| of a printing unit A, which is the left hand unit as viewed in the drawing. Cylinder 2| turns in the counterclockwise direction, as indicated by the arrow on the drawing.

Unit A comprises a blanket cylinder 22 and a plate cylinder 23, the three cylinders 2|, 22 and 21 being geared together, so that cylinder 22 turns in the clockwise direction and cylinder 23 in the counterclockwise direction. Cylinders 22 and 23 are therefore inrunning, that is away from the working space C to the left of the unit, which is an advantageous arrangement in that it facilia working space D to the right of the unit.

asmuch as the bases 24 and 28 of the two tri- I angles are disposed uppermost, the triangles will 2 tates the mounting and dismounting of the plate and blanket.

The axes of the three cylinders 2|, 22 and 23 cut the points of an imaginary triangle, shown in the drawing, the base 2| of which is longer than the other sides and joins the plate and impression cylinders ofthe unit.

The other printingunit B comprises impression, blanket and plate cylinders 25, 26 and 21 respectively, this unit being preferably although not necessarily disposed at a somewhat lower level than unit A. The three cylinders are arranged with respect to each other in the same manner as those of unit A except that they are reversed, the impression cylinders of both un ts being closest together, that is facing each other, and the plate cylinders being farthest apart. The cylinders 25, 26 and 21 are also disposed with theiraxes cutting the points of a triangle of substantially the same size and shape as that of unit A, the base 28 of the triangle being longer than the other sides and joining the plate and impression cylinders. Preferably, as shown, the triangles of the two units are arranged in approximate angular symmetry on opposite sides of a vertical plane between them and with their innermost cylinders adjacent each other. Impression cylinder 25 has sheet grippers 29 by mean of which sheets are taken directly from the grippers 20 of impression cylinder 2|. Hence after a sheet is printed on one side between cylinders 22 and 2|, it is immediately reversed and printed on the other side between cylinders 25 and :6. Cylinder 25, being geared to cylinder 2|, turns in the clockwise direction as viewed in the drawing, thereby causing the blanket and plate cyl inders 26 and 2lto be inrunning with respect to be referred to hereinafter as inverted.

In both units the inking mechanisms 30 and II respectivelyare disposed generally above the plate cylinder, which is generally recognized in the art to be the most advantageous arrangement, and because of the disposition of the cylinders indicated by the two triangles previously mentioned there is space between the units for the dampening rolls 32 and 33.

Below the lower impression cylinder 25 there is a transfer cylinder 34 having sheet grippers 35 which are adapted to take each printed sheet from grippers 29 and transfer it to gripper means 36 on a sheet delivery which comprises endless chains indicated in the drawing by the broken lines 31, the chains 31 running for a distance close to the floor It] and then up over a delivery pile 38. An operator's work platform 39 is supported by suitable means above the lower horizontal portions of the chain delivery.

The inking mechanism 30 is fully accessible, as is also the mechanism 3| when the feed board I3 is swung upwardly to the I3 position. The printing cylinders of both units are disposed at a relatively low level and are accessible to an operator standing on the floor or on the low level platform 39.

The form of the invention illustrated in Fig. 2 is similar to that of Fig. 1, and it is accordingly necessary to describe only the points of difference between the construction of this figure and that of Fig. 1. The feed board in this form of the invention comprises two movable sections 40 and 4| mounted to hinge about axes 42 and 43 respectively, so as to assume the broken line positions 40' and 4|. Each section has its own endless tape conveyors 44 and 45. A sheet transfer member 46 having sheet grippers 41 may be so driven as to take a sheet while stationary and then accelerate to the surface speed of a transfer cylinder 48 having sheet grippers 49, cylinder 48 revolving'continuously at constant spe d- Cylinder 48 transfers the sheets to grippers 20 on impression cylinder II of unitA, as in the first described form, but in Fig. 2 "the transfer of sheets from impression cylinder 2| to'impres-i sion cylinder 25 is effected through two intermediate cylinders 50 and having sheet grippers'52 and 53. The sheet delivery is the same as that of Fig. 1 except that the low level horizontal portion of the endless chains 54 is longer ference in height of the platform 39 on the one hand and the floor on the other, while the fact that inking mechanism 3| is lower than inking mechanism it combines with the disposition of the feed board above the inker 3| tomake a compact machine. If desired, the two printing units may be arranged at the same level, suitable provision being made in the construction and location of the feed boards I4, 44 and 45 to this end. In this case the gaps of the plate and blanket cylinders of the two units may be brought into exact timing with each other thereby further facilitating the operations performed on these cylinders. In the arrangement illustrated, the

gaps, although not exactly in time with each other, are suiliciently closely in time to make for t convenient operation.

Having thus described my invention, I claim: 1. In a perfecting offset press, two printing units each having an impression cylinder, an offset cylinder and a plate cylinder, the axes of the cylinders of each unit intersectinglthe points of an inverted triangle the base of which is longer than the sides thereof and joins the impression and plate cylinders, the offset cylinder of each unit being disposed below the base of its triangle and the plate cylinders being the highest cyl inders in their respective units and being disposed at the remote ends of the triangles, inking mechanism disposed above each plate cylinder, sheet conveyor means for feeding sheets downwardly between. said units onto one of said impression cylinders, means for transferring each sheet to the other impression cylinder and delivery means for withdrawing each sheet from the lower side of said last named impression cylinder.

2. In a perfecting offset press, two printing units each having an impression cylinder, an oifi set cylinder and a plate cylinder, the axes of the cylinders of each unit intersecting the points of an inverted triangle the base of which is longer than the sides thereof and jo'ins'the impression and plate cylinders, the offset cylinder of each unit being disposed below the base of its triangle and the plate cylinders beingthe highest cylinders in their respective units and being disposed at the remote ends of the triangles, inking mechanism disposed above each plate cylinder, the impression cylinders of the two unitsbeing disposed for direct sheet'transfer from one to the other, sheet conveyor means for feeding sheets downwardlybetween said units onto one of said impression cylinders, and delivery means for withdrawing each sheetfrom thelower side of the other impression cylinder.

3. In a perfecting offset press, two printing units eachhaving an impression cylinder, an off set cylinder and a plate cylinder, the axes of the cylinders of each unit intersecting the points of an inverted triangle the base of which is longer said feed board for feeding sheets, downwardly between said units onto one of said impression cylinders, means for transferring each sheet to the other of said impression cylinders, and

delivery means for withdrawing each sheet from I said last named impression cylinder when its front edgeis at a low point on the cylinder and moving it at a low level beneath the'other inking M mechanism on the way to a delivery pile.

4. Ina perfecting offset press, two printing units each having an impression cylinder, an offset cylinder and a plate cylinder, the cylinders of each' unit being intergeared, the axes of the cylinders of each unit intersecting the points of an inverted triangle, the base of which is longer than thesides thereof and joins the im- "pression and plate cylinders, the offset cylinder of each unit being disposed below the-base of its triangle and on the side thereof remote from each plate cylinder, means for feeding sheets over one of Said inking mechanisms and downwardly between said units ontoone of said impression cylinders, means for transferring each sheet to the. other impression cylinder, and delivery means for withdrawing each sheet from said last named impression cylinder when its front edge is at a low point on the cylinder, the impression cylinder of the left hand unit being I driven counter-clockwise and the impression cylinder of the right hand unit being driven clockwise whereby the plate and blanket cylinders units each having an impression cylinder, an

offset cylinder and a plate cylinden, the axes of the cylinders of each unit intersecting the points of an inverted triangle, the base of which is longer than the sides thereof and joins the impression and plate cylinders, the offset cylinder of each unit being disposed below the base *of its triangle and on the side thereof remote from the other unit and the plate cylinders being the highest cylinders in their respective units and being disposed at the remote ends of the triangles, inking mechanism extending upwardly from each plate cylinder, the impression cylinders of the two units rotating in opposite directions, one of said units being disposed at a somewhat higher level than the other, means for feeding sheets over the lower one of said inking mechanisms and downwardly between the units onto the higher one of said impression cylinders, means for transferring sheets from the higher to the lower impression cylinder, and delivery means for withdrawing sheets from the lower side of the lower impression cylinder and transporting them beneath the higher unit.

8. In a perfecting offset press, two printing units each havingan impression cylinder, an offset cylinder and a plate cylinder, the axes of the cylinders of each unit intersecting the points of an inverted triangle, the base of which is longer than the sides thereof and Joins the impression and plate cylinders, the offset cylinder of each unit being disposed below the base of its triangle and on the side thereof remote from the other unit and the plate cylinders being the highest cylinders in their respective units and being disposed at the remote ends of the triangles, inking mechanism extending upwardly from each plate cylinder, the impression cylinders of the two units rotating in opposite directions, one of said units being disposed at a somewhat higher level than the other, means for feeding sheets over the lower one of said inking mechanisms and downwardly between the units onto the higher one of said impression cylinders, means for transferring sheets from the higher to the lowerimpression cylinder, and delivery means for withdrawing sheets from the lower side of the lower impression cylinder and transporting them beneath the higher unit, the driving means'for the cylinders of the two units being arranged in each case to cause the plate and blanket cylinders to be inrunning with respect to working spaces on the remote sides of the units.

7. In a perfecting oii'set press, two printing units side by side the corresponding cylinders of which are arranged to rotate in opposite directions, each unit having an impression cylinder. an offset cylinder and a plate cylinder, the

impression cylinders of the two units facing each other, .the plate cylinders of both units being disposed at a higher level than the offset cylinders thereof inking mechanism for each unit disposed above its plate cylinder, means for moving sheets to a registration point between the inking mechanisms, means including at least one mnveyor cylinder in advance of the impression cylinders for grasping the front edges of the sheets at said registration point and conveying them partly around one impression cylinder and then partly around ,the other impression cylinder and toward a delivery point, said sheet moving and conveying means. being arranged to carry the sheets over one unit including its plate cylinder and inter. downwardly between the two plate cylinders and under one of the units toward said delivery point.

8. In a perfecting offset press, two printing units side by side the corresponding cylinders of which are arranged to rotate in opposite directions, each unit having an impression cylinder, an offset cylinder and a plate cylinder, the impression cylinders of the two units facing each other, the plate cylinders of both units being disposed at a higher level than the offset cylinders thereof inking mechanism for each unit disposed above its plate cylinder, means for moving sheets to a registration point be-- tween the inking mechanims, means including at least one conveyor cylinder in advance of the impression cylinders for grasping the front edges of the sheets at said registration point and conveying them partly around one impression cylinder, then partly around the other impression cylinder and toward a delivery point, said sheet moving and conveying means being arranged to carry the sheets over one unit including its plate cylinder and inker, downwardly'between the two plate cylinders, and under the other of said units toward said delivery point,

9. In a perfecting offset printing press, two printing units disposed at the same level having an equal number of cylinders, the corresponding cylinders of said units being arranged to rotate in opposite directions, the plate cylinders of said units being disposed further apart and at a higher level than the offset cylinders thereof. the innermost cylinder of one unit being adjacent to the corresponding innermost cylinder of the other unit, inking mechanism for each unit disposed above its plate cylinder, means extending above one of said units for moving sheets to a registration point between said inking mechanisms, means comprising at least one conveyor cylinder for grasping the front edges of the sheets at said registration point and conveying them downwardly between the inking mechanisms and plate cylinders of the respective units and thence between the units including passage between said innermost cylinders to perfect the sheets, and means for taking the printed sheets and conveying them beneath one of said units toward a delivery point.

HOWARD A. PRI'ICHARD.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Re. 8,801 Hoe et al. July 15, 1879 1,031,288 Pearce et'al. July 2, 1912 1,272,128 Scott July 9, 1918 1,282,642 1 Scott Oct. 22, 1918 1,459,312 Pri'tchard June 19, 1923 1,768,312 Fallot June 24, 1930 1,849,219 Belluche Mar. 15, 1932 1,875,869 Hense Sept. 6, 1932 2,245,343 Hunting June 10, 1941 2,360,340 Harris Oct. 17, 1944 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 226,816 Great Britain May 7, 1925 267,809 Great Britain 4--..-- Mar. 24, 1927 321,852 Great Britain Nov. 21, 1929 506.818 Germany Sept. 15. 1930

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2848941 *Jul 22, 1954Aug 26, 1958William Stroh JrTransfer-printing press for printing addresses on envelopes from negative forms on cards
US2865288 *Jul 13, 1954Dec 23, 1958Druchmaschinenwerk Victoria VeRotary perfecting machine for letterpress work
US3147698 *Nov 18, 1960Sep 8, 1964Grace W R & CoCompressible material for use in printing
US4976197 *Apr 4, 1990Dec 11, 1990Ryobi, Ltd.Reverse side printing device employing sheet feed cylinder in sheet-fed printer
US6349641 *Jul 13, 2000Feb 26, 2002Man Roland Druckmaschinen AgFeeder unit for a sheet-processing machine
US6401608 *May 5, 2000Jun 11, 2002Halm Industries, Co., Inc.Printing press with perfecting station
Classifications
U.S. Classification101/142, 101/231
International ClassificationB41F7/00, B41F7/06
Cooperative ClassificationB41F7/06
European ClassificationB41F7/06