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Publication numberUS2541369 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 13, 1951
Filing dateNov 12, 1947
Priority dateNov 12, 1947
Publication numberUS 2541369 A, US 2541369A, US-A-2541369, US2541369 A, US2541369A
InventorsKofford Reed S
Original AssigneeKofford Reed S
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Water dispenser for poultry
US 2541369 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 13, 1951 s, KOFFORD 2,541,369

WATER DISPENSER FOR POULTRY Filed Nov. 12, 1947 INVENTOE:

, v I I flTTOR/VEY.

Patented Feb. 13, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICES v 2,541,369 WATER DISPENSER FOR POULTRY Reed S. Koflord, Van Nuys, Calif.

Application November 12, 1947, Serial No. 785,321

The present invention relates to a water dispenser for poultry and drip cup therefor.

More specifically the invention pertains to a water dispensing valve automatically operable by the beak of a fowl when pressed against the valves plunger, the body portion of the valve being constructed in a peculiar manner so as to suspendingly support a drip cup therefrom.

One of the principal objects of the invention is to provide a self-cleaning water dispensing valve wherein the valve plungers seat is located intermediate the ends of the valve.

Another object of the invention is to provide for the removal of the valves plunger without removing the body portion from its screwed-in or attached position. The advantage therein gained is that the threads of the water conduit into which the body portion of the valve is screwed do not become ruptured and cause subsequent leaks as would be the case where the valve body had to be removed from time to time for cleaning purposes and inspection.

Another object of the invention is to provide an improved combination of gravity operable, self-closing drinking jet and detachable drip cup wherein the drip from the jet is caught in the cup and subsequently consumed by the fowl without wastage and at the same time enhancing the sanitary conditions in poultry houses and yards.

Still another object of the invention is to provide in a device of the above character, means whereby when the valve plunger is retracted to the limit of its travel water will not be impeded from its natural course of flow.

A still further object is to carry forward the aims and objects set forth in my co-pending application filed June 30, 1947, Ser. No. 758,139, which has matured into Patent Number 2,457,159.

Other objects, advantages and features of invention will hereinafter appear.

Referring to the accompanying drawing, wherein is shown a preferred embodiment of the invention,

Fig. 1 is a vertical midsection of the improvement, the complete unit being attached to an overhead supply pipe, only a fragment of which is shown. A portion of the elements in the combination are fragmentarily shown in side elevation. The flow controlling plunger is shown open in full lines and closed in dotted lines.

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the valve plunger per se on a larger scale than that shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary cross section on zig-zag line 3-3 of Fig. 1 on a still further increased scale.

4 Claims. (Cl. 119-725) Referring in detail to the drawing therein is shown a fragment of a horizontal overhead supply pipe 4 having tapped through its lower side a circular screwthreaded aperture 5 into which is screwed an elongated valve casing formed in part by a screwthreaded valve body 6 having a polygonally shaped head 1. Adjacent said head is molded or cut into the valve body a circumferential groove 8 in which is seated the looped part of the hairpin supporting portion 9 of the cup-suspending rod Ill.

The valve body 6 has through it an axial passage consisting of two bores H and I2 of unequal diameters. The bore I l is of lesser diameter than the bore [2 and hence where the two bores meet there is formed an annular shoulder [3.

The bore [2 is partially threaded at [4 and between this partially threaded portion and said shoulder I 3 the bore I2 is plain like the bore H.

Into said threaded portion I4 of the valve body is screwed the threaded part of an externally screw-threaded bushing l6 provided with an axial bore l1 and having formed in the end thereof opposite its polygonal head an inwardly tapering valve seat l8. Said head of said bushing underlies and abuts against the head 1 in the fully screwed-in position of the bushing.

Within the valve body 6 and bushing 16 is adjustably mounted a valve plunger l9, said plunger being provided with a circular stem portion 20 which fits loosely in the bore II, a circular body portion 2| of greater diameter than said stem which fits loosely in the bore [1, and a circular head 22 of greater diameter than said body portion. Said head 22 fits loosely within the plain bored chamber C which lies between said seat [8 and said shoulder l3. Said head where itis joined onto said body portion 2| is tapered so as to form a valve portion 23 corresponding to the taper of the valve seat l8 and normallyjrests thereon except when the lower end of the body portion 2| is contacted by the beak of a fowl to raise it from dotted position to full line position as shown in Fig. 1 or to some other position wherein the head occupies a position intermediate the seat l8 and shoulder [3.

In order not to cut off the flow of water from the pipe4 to the fowl whose beak elevates the plunger, in the event the plunger is lifted to its extremevertical position wherein the upper face of the head abuts the shoulder 13, I knurl or otherwise mill the peripheral portion of the face of the head as indicated at 24 in Fig. 2' so as to provide V-shaped drainage depressions extending in the same direction as the axis of the bottom of the pipe and hence otherwise might "mi ht be dir cted downwardl int a sewer and I wasted an o improve up n he t ry ondit on poul houses a dy r in as dr pp n water i permitted t fe l upon th g d, there is secured to the rod In a drip cup or receptacle 26 wherein any unused water may collect and be 'jsubsequen ly onsume by h f w si w d in'Fia- 3 i wil be s n th l ped por ion 9 has aninner 2! and a u e run "28, the latter run having an outcurved portion o nab ing t e sprin -on l op to conform in a i'hetter g p g manner to the c r u ar out o the val e body aroun wh ch i s sprun {Th low r end r on o the r U1 is s w w h fl ted run 29 erm n ng a dow wa y directed ,end portion '30. Said portion 3!! is seu d t the ente f he cir ular cup 26 n any u table mann r as .ior e ample b pass it through an. ape tu ed indenta ion 3i and filling .th bo t m ec ss. created by said indenta on with so der or a spot weld 32- I c a m;

l. A valve screwable upstandingly into an .overhead supply means and operable by the beak .ofafowl pressed against a vertically movable plunger contained in the valve to .by-pass water through the valve, to the fowl for drinking purposes and automatically closable by gravity when .the pressure of the fowls beak is removed; said valve comprising valve body having an axial pas a e therethrough including .two bores of .dif-

nierent diameters, the bore of lesser diameter be ing located superjacent. the bore of greater diam- ,eter and where said bores meet, there being a shoulder formed which lies intermediate the ends .of said valve body, a plunger mounted in said axia passa e of said valve body, sa d p u er in insertable into. a d iemovaibleirom the v lv bod item i low r open side, said plun e h v ne a s em. vertica ly slidab e said lesser into said screwbe, contacted by the beak of the fowl, the screwthreaded end of said bushing being provided with a taper to form a valve seat and a corresponding 4 there being a chamber space between said seat and said shoulder in which said head is vertically adjustable, there being clearance space around said plunger so that, when the same is elevated by a fowls beak to unseat said head from said valve seat, water flows past said plunger into the mouth of the fowl for consumption, said head contacting said shoulder to limit the plungers upward travel, and the portion of said head which contacts said shoulder having formed therein and therearound a plurality of circumferentially spaced V-shaped drainage depressions to convey the liquid passing around said plunger stem into the chamber surrounding said head,

said depressions extending in the same direction as the axis of said plunger.

2. A poultry drinking valve screwable upstandingly into an overhead water supply means, said valve comprising valve body having an axial passage therethrough including two bores of different diameters, the bore of lesser diameter being located superjacent the bore of greater diameter, where said bores meet there being formed a shoulder which lies intermediate the ends of said valve body, a plunger mounted in said axial passage of said valve body, said plunger being insertable into and removable from the valve body from its lower side, said plunger having a stem vertically slidable in said lesser diameter bore, a body portion vertically slidable in said greater diameter bore, and a head intermediate the stem of the plunger and its said body portion, the upper side of said head contacting said shoulder at the upper limit of the plungers travel, said upper side of said head having drainage depressions formed therein whereby when said head. has been elevated to the position aforesaid to bypass water past said plunger into a fowls beak being applied to the lower end of said plunger, the mouth end portion of said bore of greater diameter being screwthreaded, a screwthreaded tubular bushing threaded into said screwthreaded bore with the body portion of the plunger occupying the tubular portion of the bushing and with the end portion thereof normally projecting slightly through such tubular portion to be contacted by the beak of a fowl, the screwthreaded end of said bushing being provided with a taper to form a valve seat and a corresponding taper carried by the lower side of said valve head to cooperate with said seat to close the valve, there being a chamber space between said seat and said shoulder in which said head is vertically adjustable, there being a, clearance space surrounding said plunger so that, when the same is elevated by a fowls beak to unseat said head from said valve seat, water flows past said plunger into the mouth of a, fowl for consumption, said stem being detachable from the valve unit as a whole in the assembled relation of the valve and overhead water supply means by completely unscrewing said bushing.

3. In a drinking device for fowls, an elongated valve casing having through it a longitudinal passage with diametrical enlargement between its ends, a valve plunger slidably mounted within said passage, end portions of said plunger occupying the portions of said passage at each side ofsaid enlargement thereof, said valve casing being vertically mounted with a downwardly facing annular shoulder at the upper end of said enlargement and an annular upwardly facing valve seat at the lower end of said enlargement, said plunger having between its end portions a diametrical enlargement forming a head, the lower side of said head having a downwardly facing annular valve seating surface seatable upon said annular upwardly facing valve seat when said valve plunger is in its normal position, to obstruct flow of liquid around said plunger through said valve casing, the upper side of said head being abuttable against said downwardly facing annular valve seat to limit the upward travel of said plunger when the latter is elevated by a fowls bill, said head being provided in its top surface with a plurality of liquid flow passages to by-pass water past said head when the latter is elevated as aforesaid, said plunger being vertically movable and having a lower end portion that normally projects slightly below said valve casing to enable a fowl by upward pressure of its bill thereagainst to open the valve against the opposition of gravity.

4. An elongated valve body screwed upstandingly into an overhead supply means, said valve body having an axial liquid outlet passage extending therethrough which consists of two axially alined bores of diiTerent diameters, the bore of lesser diameter being located superjacent the bore of greater diameter, where said bores meet there being shoulder formed, a plunger mounted in said axial passage of said valve body, said plunger being insertable into and removable from said valve body from its open lower side and having an axial stem slidable in said bore of lesser diameter and a body portion slidable in said bore of greater diameter, and a head carried by said plunger intermediate its said stem and body portion, an annular valve seat within said valve body in a surrounding relation to said plunger, said plunger normally gravitating to a position wherein its said head engages said valve seat and obstructs downward flow of the liquid therepast, said plunger being constructed and arranged to afford, when in its most elevated position, outflowmeans between it and said valve body, said outlet means conducting liquid from said supply means to the exterior surface of the lower extremity of said plunger.

REED S. KOFFORD.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,640,649 Dickow Aug. 30, 1927 1,916,513 Jones July 4, 1933 1,918,566 Sadleir July 18, 1933 2,457,159 Kofford Dec. 28, 1948 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 105,382 Sweden Sept. 1, 1942

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1640649 *May 4, 1925Aug 30, 1927Karl DickowWatering apparatus for cattle
US1916513 *Jul 30, 1931Jul 4, 1933Jones Tilman MDispensing device
US1918566 *Mar 21, 1932Jul 18, 1933Robert Sadleir JamesPoultry waterer
US2457159 *Jun 30, 1947Dec 28, 1948Kofford Reed SWater dispenser for poultry
SE105382A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2710594 *Feb 24, 1953Jun 14, 1955Thompson Earl CPoultry drinking valve
US3262424 *Oct 21, 1965Jul 26, 1966Hjalmarsson Jarl RAutomatic drinking water supply for domestic animals
US3385267 *Nov 25, 1966May 28, 1968Fieldstone CorpAnimal drinking valve
US3418977 *Jun 30, 1966Dec 31, 1968Fox Prod CoPoultry watering devices
US3483847 *Apr 23, 1968Dec 16, 1969Kneubuehl Herman JPoultry water cup and valve
US3590781 *Apr 18, 1969Jul 6, 1971Spencer Thomas H NNipple valves
US3602197 *Mar 26, 1969Aug 31, 1971Fioretto MirellaDrink distribution system for poultry
US3716030 *Apr 27, 1971Feb 13, 1973Fox Prod CoAnimal operated watering device
US3804068 *Feb 29, 1972Apr 16, 1974Vallorbs Jewel CoWater fountain
US4924812 *Feb 1, 1989May 15, 1990Bernays Jr Robert LWater bowl fountain
US5154138 *Aug 5, 1991Oct 13, 1992Ctb, Inc.For watering animals
US5193485 *Sep 10, 1990Mar 16, 1993Ziggity Systems, Inc.With a nipple drinker for poultry
US5660139 *Feb 14, 1994Aug 26, 1997Ziggity Systems, Inc.Water retaining trigger pin
US6748899Jan 30, 2003Jun 15, 2004Ctb Ip, Inc.Spring stem
US6860230May 10, 2004Mar 1, 2005Ctb Ip, Inc.Spring stem
Classifications
U.S. Classification119/72.5, 251/338, 137/312, 126/380.1, 119/75
International ClassificationA01K39/00, A01K39/022
Cooperative ClassificationA01K39/022
European ClassificationA01K39/022