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Publication numberUS2541892 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 13, 1951
Filing dateFeb 7, 1948
Priority dateFeb 7, 1948
Publication numberUS 2541892 A, US 2541892A, US-A-2541892, US2541892 A, US2541892A
InventorsHerman W Schulze
Original AssigneeHotpoint Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric switch position indicator
US 2541892 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 13, 1951 H. w. SCHULZE ELECTRIC swncu POSITION INDICATOR Filed Feb. 7. 1948 FIG. 2

Inventor:

H is Atborneys.

Patented Feb. 13, 1951 ELECTRIC SWITCH POSITION INDICATOR Herman W. Schulze, Elmwood Park, Ill., assignor to Hotpoint Inc., a corporation of New York Application February 7, 1948, Serial No. 6,937

8 Claims.

The present invention relates to electric switches of the multi-position type that are especially suitable for use in electric ranges and other appiiances, and more particularly to such switches incorporating arrangements for selectively indicating the different control positions thereof.

It is a general object of the present invention to provide an electric switch of the character noted that incorporates an improved indicating arrangement. of the illuminated type, wherein light of different colors is produced in accordance with the different control positions thereof.

Another object of the invention is to provide an electric switch of the character noted, that is of extremely simple construction and arrangement.

Further features of the invention pertain to the particular arrangement of the elements of the electric switch, whereby the above-outlined and additional operating features thereof are v attained.

The invention, both as to its organization and method of operation, together with further chjects and advantages thereof, will best be under-' stood by reference to the following specification taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which Figure 1 is a front view of an electric range provided with a control panel carrying a plurality of electric switches embodying the present invention; Fig. 2.15 an enlargedfragmentary front view of the control panel shown in Fig. 1, illustrating the details of one of the electric switches carried thereby; Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view of the electric switch, taken in the direction of the arrows along the line 3-3 in Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional view of the electric switch, taken in the direction of the arrows along the line 4-4 in Fig. 3, showing the rear surface of the control dial incorporated therein; and Fig. 5 is a greatly enlarged fragmentary sectional view of the control dial, taken in the direction of the arrows along the line 5-5 in Fig. 4.

Referring now to the drawing, the electric range In there illustrated comprises an upstanding frame or body I I provided with a substantially horizontally disposed cooking top l2 carrying adjacent to the rear thereof upwardly extending back-splash structure I 3 supporting on the righthand side thereof a control panel l4 carrying a plurality of electric switches l5 embodying the features of the present invention. The body It comprises an oven disposed in the right-hand portion thereof below the cooking top l2 and having an open front closed by a suitable door It, the

door I6 being hinged adjacent to the lower edge thereof in a manner not shown and provided with an operating handle ll positioned adjacent to the upper edge thereof. Also the body H comprises a. storage space disposed in the left-hand portion thereof below the cooking top l2 and having an open front closed by a suitable door Hi, the door l8 being hinged adjacent to the lefthand edge thereof in a manner not shown and provided with an operating handle is positioned adjacent to the upper edge thereof.

Also the cooking top l2 has a plurality of openings formed in the left-hand surface thereof in which corresponding surface heating units are removably secured in place. Specificallv the lefthand surface of the cooking top i2 has four openings formed therein arranged both front and rear and le t and right and removably carrying corresponding surface heating units. For convenience, the four surface heating units will be referred to hereinafter as the left front, the right front, the left rear and the right rear surface heating units. The left front and the right front surface heating units are respectively indicated at 20 and 2|, while the left rear and the right rear surface heating units are concealed by other structure. Also the oven comprises the usual heating elements, not shown.

Specifically, the control panel It carries five of the electric switches IS, the first four of the electric switches l5 being employed for the purpose of controlling the circuits of the respective four surface heating units, and the fifth electric switch l5 being employed for the purpose of controlling the circuit of the oven heating elements. The first four electric switches I 5 employed for controlling the circuits of the respective four surface heating elements are identical, each being of the multi-position type provided with six individual control positions; while the fifth electric switch l5 employed for controlling the circuit of the oven heating elements is substantially identical to the first four mentioned, it also being of the multi-position type and provided with only four control positions.

Referring now more particularly to Figs. 2 to 5, inclusive, of the drawing, it will be observed that the control panel l4 comprises asubstantially vertically disposed front wall 22 and a substantially horizontally disposed top wall 23. as well as structure 24, directly supporting the eleee tric switch l5. Specifically, the e ectric switch l5 illustrated in the figures noted of the drawing, is of the multi-position type including six individual control positions and is utilized for the Y purpose of controlling general character of that disclosed in U. S. Patent No. 2,203,236, granted June 4, 1940, to Charles P. Randolph. Also the structure 24 carries a socket 21 supporting a small electric lamp 28 arranged behind and directly in line with an opening 29 formed in the front wall 22 just below the top wall 23.

Further the switch comprises a transparent element or dial 30 including a centrally disposed body 3| and a surrounding annular skirt 32. Preferably, the dial 3|! is molded from a clear colorless transparent plastic, such for example, as Lucite, Polystyrene, etc., and has a central opening 48 formed therein that receives the outer end of the control shaft 25. The control shaft 25 is provided with a notch or flattened surface adjacent to the outer end thereof that cooperates with a similar part provided in the opening 48 formed in the body 3| in order that the dial 30 may rotate the control shaft 25. Also the extreme outer end of the notch 3| receives the intermediate portion of a fiat ribbonlike spring 34, the ends of the spring 34 being turned inwardly, as indicated at 35, and arranged in a recess 36 formed in the outer surface of the body 3|, in order detachably to secure the dial 30 on the outer end of the control shaft 25. Also the outer marginal rim of the annular skirt 32 projects radially from the center line of the control shaft 25 beyondthe opening 29 formed in the front wall 22 toward the top wall 23; whereby the annular portion-of the skirt 32 covers the opening 29 formed in the front wall 22.

Also-the switch I 5 comprises a manually rotatable member or knob 31 carried by the dial I 30 and covering the body 3|, as well as the end of the control shaft 25. Preferably, the knob 31 is formed of a suitable die-cast metal and is provided with a bright chromium plated outer coating for the purpose of enhancing the appearance thereof. The knob 31. is of hollow construction and is provided with a cylindrical side wall 38 that may be secured to the dial 30 by two drive screws 39 in the manner indicated. Also the outer cylindrical surface of the knob 31 may 4 face of the body 3| disposed adjacent to the front wall 22 are provided with an opaque coating 40 that may comprise a suitable rather thick layer of aluminum paint; which coating 40 has six substantially equally angularly disposed indicating areas or windows 4| formed therein. The six indicating areas 4| formed in the opaque coating 40 respectively correspond to the six control positions of the switch i5; and specifically, correspond to the respective 01f, High,

Second, Third,- Low and Warm control positions thereof. The indicating areas 4| have be suitably fluted as illustrated at 39 in order electric switch is may be selectively set into any.

one of its six control positions in order to cause the contact controlling mechanism, not shown, correspondingly to govern the electric circuit of the associated surface heating unit.

As best shown in Fig. 5. the interior surface of the annular skirt 32 and the assoc a ed ura plurality of depressions 42 formed in the centralportions thereof and respectively corresponding tothe characters or letters of the respective legends "01f," High, etc.; which depressions 42 are filled with opaque material 43 forming the corresponding letters. Thus as illustrated in Fig. 5, the particular indicating area 4| there shown has depressions 42 formed therein in accordance with the legend High, which depressions 42 are filled with opaque material 43 forming the opaque letters H, I, G, and H. This opaque material 43 forming the letters mentioned may comprise a suitable rather thick layer of aluminum paint.

Further the six indicating areas 4| are respectively provided with a translucent coating 44 covering the opaque letters 43, which translucent coatings 44 may comprise a suitable rather thin layer of aluminum pait. Finally, the six indicating areas 4| are respectively provided with different colored translucent coatings 45, covering the translucent coatings 44, which translucent coatings '45 may comprise suitable rather thin layers of colored paints. Specifically, the six different colored translucent coatings are matched with respect to the legends High, etc, and consequently with respect to the corresponding control positions of the switch I5. Preferably the colors are matched as indicated below. A red translucent coating backs the legend High; a yellow translucent coating backs the legend Second; a purple translucent coating backs the legend Third; a green translucent coating backs the legend Low; a blue translucent coating backs the legend Warm; and a silver translucent coating backs the legend Off. In fact if desired, the coating backing the legend Off may be opaque instead of translucent merely by utilizing a relatively thick layer of aluminum paint as the outer coating.

With particular reference to Fig. 5, it will be understood the opaque coating 40 does not permit the passage of light therethrough; whereby the indicating area 4| formed in the coating 40 is sharply defined. However, light may pass through the red translucent coating 45 and the silver translucent coating 44 and thence through the transparent skirt 32 of the dial 30. Finally, light cannot pass through the opaque letters 43; whereby the legend "High is sharply defined. Accordingly, it will be understood that when the knob 31 of the switch I5 is rotated to move the contact controlling mechanism, not shown, into its corresponding high control position, the corresponding indicating area 4| formed in the coating 40 carried by the skirt 32 of the dial 30 i is rotated into alignment with respect to the opening 29 formed in the front wall 22. Hence light from the electric lamp 28 proceeding through the opening 29 formed in the front wall 22 and impinges upon the adjacent surface of the indicating area 4| bearing the legend High. Accordingly, the legend "High is sharply outlined by the flood of surrounding red light, thereby indicating the control position of the switch I5. The high position of the switch I5 is not only indicated by the flood of red light, but also by the sharply defined legend High. Further it is noted that when the switch I5 is operated from its oiI control position to any of its other five control positions, a circuit, not shown, is completed for illuminating the electric light 28; whereby the electric light 28 is illuminated when the'switch I5 occupies any of its control positions with the exception of its off control position.

In view of the foregoing it willbe understood that when the switch I5 occupies its second, etc., control positions, the electric lamp 28 is illuminated, the corresponding yellow, etc., flood of light proceeds through the aligned indicating area 4| formed in the coating 40 carried by the skirt 32 of the dial 30 and the corresponding legend Second, etc., is framed in the flood of colored light.

Moreover, when the switch I 5 is operated to its off control position any external light proceeding from the front through the annular skirt 32 of the dial 30 will be reflected equally well by the opaque silver coating 40 and the translucent silver coatings 45; whereby the colored coatings 44 are not visible from the front of the dial 3|]. Thus when the switch I5 occupies its oiP control position, the front of the dial 30 presents a substantially uniform silver appearance.

In view of the foregoing it is apparent thatthere has been provided an electric switch of the multi-position type incorporating an improved illuminated arrangement for indicating the control position thereof.

While there has been described what is at present considered to be the preferred embodiment of the invention, it will be understood that various modifications may be made therein, and it is intended to cover in the appended claims all such modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. An electric switch of the multi-position type comprising a manually movable member for selectively setting the different control positions thereof, an indicating element formed of transparent material and secured to said member, an illumination source positioned adjacent to said element, an opaque coating carried on the surface of said element disposed adjacent to said illumination source, said opaque coating having a plurality of spaced-apart indicating areas formed therein and respectively corresponding to the different control positions of said switch, and a plurality of different colored translucent coatings respectively carried by said indicating areas, said indicating areas being selectively moved immediately adiacent to said illumination source as said member is moved selectively to set the different control positions of said switch.

2. An electric switch of the multi-position type comprising a manually movable member for selectively setting the different control positions thereof, an indicating element formed of transparent material and secured to said member, an illumination source positioned adiacent to said clement, an opaque coating carried on the surface of said element disposed adiacent 'to said illumination source, said opaque coating having a plurality of spaced-apart indicating areas formed therein and respectively corresponding to the different control positions of said switch, a

plurality of different opaque characters respectively carried by said indicating areas and respectively identifying the different control positions of said switch, and a plurality of different colored translucent coatings respectively carried by said indicating areas and respectively surrounding said opaque characters carried thereby, said indicating areas being selectively moved adjacent to said illumination source assaid member is moved selectively to set the different control positions of said switch.

3. An electric switch of the multi-position type comprising a manually movable member for selectively setting the difierent control positions thereof, an indicating element formed of transparentmaterial and secured to said member, an illumination source positioned adjacent to said element, an opaque coating carried on the surface of said element disposed adjacent to said illumination source, said opaque coating having a plurality of spaced-apart indicating areas formed therein and respectively corresponding to the different control positions of said switch, a plurality of background colored translucent coatings respectively carried by said indicating areas, and a plurality of different colored translucent coatings respectively carried by said background colored translucent coatings, said indicating areas being selectively moved adjacent to said illumination source as said member is moved se-' lectivelv to set the different control positions of said switch.

4. An electric switch of the multl-position type comprising a manually rotatable knob for selectively setting the different control posit ons thereof, an indicating dial formed of transparent material and secured to said knob, an illumination source positioned adiacent to said di l, an o aque coat ng carried on the surface of sa d dial di posed adjacent to said illumination source, said opaoue coating having a plurality of angularly spaced-apart indicating areas formed therein and respect vely corresponding to the different control pos tions of sa d switch, and a luralitv of different colored translucent coatin s respectively carried by said indicating areas, said indicating areas being sel ctively moved immediately adiacent to said illumination source as said knob is rotated selectively to set the. different control positions of said switch.

5. An electric switch of the multi-po ition type comprising a rotatable control shaft for s lectively setting the d fferent control positions thereof, a dial carried by said shaft and provided with an annular skirt formed of trans arent material. an illuminat on source osit oned adiacent to said skirt. an opaque coating carr ed on the surface of said skirt di posed adjacent to said illumination source. said ona ue coating h vin a plurality of an ularlv spaced-apart indicating areas formed there n and respectively corresponding to the different control positions of said switch, and a plurality of different colored translucent coatings respectively carried by said indicating areas, said ind cating areas being selectively moved immediately adjacent to said illumiposition tvpe carried by said support and provided with a rotatable control shaft for selectively setting the different control positions thereof, one end of said shaft projecting through one of said openings and carrying a dial disposed adjacent to said support, said dial being provided with an annular skirt formed of transparent material and covering one face of said other opening, a source of illumination carried by said support and positioned adjacent to the other face of said other opening, an opaque coating carried on the surface of said skirt disposed adjacent to said support, said opaque coating having a plurality of angularly spaced-apart indicating areas formed therein and respectively corresponding to the different control positions of said switch. and a plurality of diilerent colored translucent coatings respectively carried by said indicating areas, said indicating areas being selectively moved in substantial registry with said other opening as said dial is rotated selectively to set the different control positions of said switch.

'7. An electric switch of the multi-position type comprisin a manually movable member for selectively setting the different control positions thereof, an indicating element formed of transparent material and secured to said member, an illumination source positioned adjacent to said element, an opaque mirror-like coating carried on the surface of said element disposed adjacent to said illumination source, said opaque mirrorlike coating having a plurality of spaced-apart indicating areas formed therein and respectively corresponding to the different control positions of said switch, said indicating areas being selectively moved immediately adjacent to said illumination source as said member is moved selectively to set the different control positions of said switch, a plurality of different colored translucent coatings respectively carried by said indicating areas, and a plurality of translucent mirror-like coatings respectively carried by said colored translucent coatings, light proceeding from said illumination source passing through the translucent mirror-like coating and the colored translucent coating carried by the immediately adjacent one of said indicating areas and external light proceeding through said element being reflected by said opaque mirror-like coating and by said translucent mirror-like coatings carried by the remainder of said indicating areas.

8. An electric switch of the multi-position type comprising a rotatable control shaft for selectively, setting the different control positions thereof, a. dial carried by said shaft and provided with an annular skirt formed of transparent material an illumination source positioned adjacent to said skirt, an opaque mirror-like coating carried on the surface of said skirt disposed adjacent to said illumination source, said opaque mirrorlike coating having a plurality of annular spacedapart indicating areas formed therein and re- I spectively corresponding to the difierent control positions of said switch, said indicating areas being selectively moved immediately adjacent to said illumination source as said dial is rotated selectively to set the different control, positions of said switch, a plurality of diiIerent colored translucent coatings respectively carried by said indicating areas, and a plurality of translucent mirror-like coatings respectively carried by said colored translucent coatings, light proceeding from said illumination source pas ing throu h the translucent mirror-like coating and the colored translucent coating carr ed by the immediately adiacent one of said indicating areas and external light proceeding through said skirt being reflected by said opaque mirror-like coating and by said translucent mirror-like coatings carried by the remainder of sa d in icat n areas. HERMAN W. SCHULZE.

REFERENCES crrEn The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,797,772 Hickman Mar. 24, 1931 1,898,642 Ogle Feb. 21, 1933 1,931,012 ,Sampson et al Oct. 17, 1933 2,043,054 Marty et a1 June 2, 1936 2,129,474 Money Sept. 6, 1938 2,158,925 Braswell May 16, 1939 2,269,503 Zimmerman Jan. 13, 1942 2,341,924 Kruck Feb. 15, 1944 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 457,062 Great Britain Nov. 20, 1936

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2607316 *Jul 1, 1949Aug 19, 1952Tappan Stove CoIndicator for cooking ranges
US2607870 *Dec 11, 1950Aug 19, 1952Tappan Stove CoIndicating and control mechanism for electric heating units
US2607873 *Feb 27, 1950Aug 19, 1952Tappan Stove CoIndicator for electric cooking ranges
US2612133 *Apr 25, 1950Sep 30, 1952Avco Mfg CorpRange cluster switch
US2613630 *Jan 22, 1947Oct 14, 1952Gen ElectricControl device
US2693165 *May 3, 1952Nov 2, 1954Westinghouse Electric CorpVisual indicating device
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DE2740826A1 *Sep 10, 1977Mar 22, 1979Odenwalder KunststoffwerkeControl knob for rotation of shaft supported in chassis - has screen cover in form of integral plastics piece with bracket locked in chassis
DE3246985A1 *Dec 18, 1982Jun 20, 1984Rockwell Golde GmbhHandbetaetigungselement fuer stellantriebe an kraftfahrzeugen
DE19606115A1 *Feb 20, 1996Aug 22, 1996Miele & CieControl shutter for combined electric and microwave oven
DE102008006014A1 *Jan 25, 2008Jul 30, 2009GM Global Technology Operations, Inc., DetroitOperating device for power train in motor vehicle, has housing wall comprising window section that penetrates wall with which symbol for covering is brought in course of rotating movement of displaying disk
EP0276463A2 *Dec 21, 1987Aug 3, 1988Electrolux-Juno Küchentechnik GmbHControl device for switches and control devices for a domestic apparatus
WO2015010980A1 *Jul 16, 2014Jan 29, 2015BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbHA home appliance having a container with adjustable humidity
Classifications
U.S. Classification116/310, 200/317, 16/DIG.300, 403/192
International ClassificationG05G1/10, H01H9/16, H01H19/02
Cooperative ClassificationY10S16/30, H01H19/025, G05G1/105, H01H9/16
European ClassificationH01H9/16, G05G1/10B, H01H19/02B