US 2542601 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 20, 1951 P. VAN CLEEF 2,542,601
HAIR CURLER Filed May 24, 1946 .1 fczzzz %72 Patented Feb. 20, 1951 UNITED STATES 2542:3301 HAIR;1CURLE R# B nyan leei, Ch cag assieeos b mesne; si nments; t t hnsmM nvi le'. flq moration New Yhrlg N;1Y;', a? eqr ioration hNewify Applination-Mawzlg1946, Seriai Ni 617M936? meme 1; w The present e nrention: relates e nerellx to; hair curlers? More pa ticu arly; he: iny nfiq elatestto thetitypeotham curler nich' =t 1=i1q ed; to; have a.- lock of; h ir; ound: weaken d aroundthe cent al; nertion the o and. it n e bent inwards in side by siderelatiprr-in ordelf to. hold the 'IQGk-iOfjhfiilf against unwinding; while megcurleriis inusez nk hes lsfi sihe drz di e te component parts comprises an elongated body:
1 8 7,; rant c' to m n; Novem -v Z'i 5 v itihas-h re efereb enrz on sed n conn c on. W
a hair curler or the te ement qned t pe be. make; eir ody-f n n erubbe trulycylin r al; fr m. end to end and to havethe core of soft met l of uniform width frorn endto endand of such;
length that its endextremities terminate, (11+v r'eetly;v inwards of the ends .of the body. In prac: tiee it has'been found-that acurler liketh'atof the, aforementioned patent is subjectto. several.
o'bjeetions. Inn-r the first place repeated use of.
the, curler ofteniresul tsrinathe vcorevsl iiftirig length- ;wise wit r t e ody and' n; bmecases. t eextent f e th is tio e-wreie uQh: as ,to. cause, one end of theccoreto, projectlthliou h, the adjacent end of the; body. Should the, core: :'w:orkits: way through one end of 'therbfody the; projectingor exposed end is likely tescr'atchor; otherwise iniure the user of thercurlei' Another? objectionto. a hair curler like that of patent, No;
2,961,817 isrthatjthe lock. of hair thatfis wound? around the central portion of the curler tends in connection with. wearing or use of thecurier j to spread dueito, the: fact that the body i truly" cylindrical fromendto end and hencev the ends' of the: body cannotrestrain spreadingoi -the lock;
andeliminates the; defects of, previously designed? hair curlers of 'thesame'.general-type or charac ter and ischaracterized bythefact that (1') the ends of the-soft metal corev are ShflDQdjQ'fQlfIIifl enlargements which, precliitlfe the core from slid i orv workin its way ro gh-the. b94 31; an (2); the ends of th sponge; rubb r-i od a a d; o. rmbsi che h n' hie'. cur er." is
in 1 use prevent the 1 look. of hair from spreeding, Another. object. or the inventign is to; provide a ur er-"whi h s flrally of new a d 11 proved construc ion, efie ively nd" mbieiitly" hair qur er c, frithe tp om ed ai ed esc w 31,112: inv nthn; pcn iets the..- sev r l' 9v 1? f at es wh here ereatter ti r he We more nartmmarm definedihr q eims I e?" 11L. 9 e clusiq e.e eQf-.v
In the, dra in r. 9 0E319 atnertgof-itnis eciiie thereof but before inward bending of the curler-3 9 11f133 I V fi ure- 1 areersnect y ;sh w n theurler f i ure: 1 a ter. th rendsrtherepfi h een b rat? inwards nte uch sh S l ti nastmholfill; he curle in; mate with tespeet' to: th l c l ere; u
Figure i E a-longitudinal;section .oftlie curler 2A i -eet etinein t it e m h n e o the Q tme a 2 Hedi o; p l u en a e nt tively tothe snongel ruhb'er body; i reA i QI Qi uQinaL e ti n of, hairteufler ernbodyingratsecoird or modified form of the en l ie-hd:
F gur 5- ema e i ra sverse e nt gn; the line 5+5'IoL'EigureA} 1 Th ha ler w hi' s. h wn F ev e hftzal and 3 of' the, drawng, cqnstitutes one form; or" be ment i vent q t is adap a qwninji'gu e.1',,. e;ailo'eli'ofiha 'w anheq. r un eiicent a i r t er her an' "cqmlris i sit compone t o Har e1 vs t fll" 90 3, d lcerelj, Thebiqi i te med Die-9 t"? ad} omn ib ei enna? r i natural mh b r nds nr r pl' m d a oun e q ei Itiisofsuc length thatwhen a; 1eehofhair-is" wou die iw .tt en rel t i th i e ds l e rp'reie ti utwa q s ic n st n JOWQIHKIE h v h ir o perm t th m. he 5 bent. n er z; s shown in'Fi'gure 2; into -a"p os iti on wherein their ar n smeb Sid l ti n n e e mam-' he" lee o f a r a e-inst unwin in h i e ur e sm; e 1 the; users e d; All. n iens tth z 992 31; with h iexeentiqn effth fenqi xtremit e a e" 2r. ete lx" rcula in" #19 5 with winding or wrapping of the lock of hair therearound and serve when the ends of the curler are bent inwards, as shown in Figure 2, to prevent the lock of hair on the central portion'of the body from spreading. The core H is in the form of a length of aluminum wire or other soft, pliable metal and extends longitudinally through the center of the sponge rubber body. The ends of the core H are disposed within the knobs l2 and are bent so as to form loops l3. The latter have a twofold purpose in that they reenforce or strengthen the knobs l2 at the ends of the sponge rubber body In and serve to prevent the core I l as a whole from sliding or working longitudinally through the body in connection with repeated use of the curler. If the knobs l2 are spherical the loops 13 are preferably formed so that they are circular so far as shape or conformation is concerned. If the knobs I2 are ellipsoidal the loops 13 are shaped correspondingly. When the curler is in its straight or unused position the loops l3 lie in the same plane as the central portion of the core. In other words, the loops l3 are disposed in parallel relation with the portion of the core that is intermediate the looped core ends. Because of the fact that the core I l is formed of soft pliable metal the ends of the curler may be readily bent inwards as shown in Figure 2 and when so bent are yieldingly held in place by the end portions of the core.
In using the curler of Figures 1 to 3, inclusive, in connection with curling of a lock of hair the outer end of the lock is first wrapped tightly around the central portion of the body 10. Thereafter the curler is rolled so as to cause the lock to be completely oriully wrapped around the body as shown in Figure l. Afterwrapping of thelock of hair around the central portion bf the body I the ends of the curler are bent inwards into the position shown in Figure 2. When the curler is in use with the ends thereof in side by side relation the knobs l2 at the ends of the body are in straddled relation with the side portions of the lock of hair and hence prevent the look from spreading. When it is desired to remove the curler from the lock of hair the inwardly bent ends are spread apart into their normal position and the lock of hair is unwound from the central portion of the body.
.The curler which is shown in Figures 1 to 3.
inclusive, is essentially simple in design and may be produced at a comparatively low cost. It has comparatively long life and this is due to the fact that the loops l3 constituting the enlargements at the ends of the soft metal core ll prevent the core from sliding longitudinally out of place relatively to the sponge rubber body Ill. Byreason of the fact that the body ID has the knobs l2 at its ends it may be readily gripped or-handled in connection with wrapping of a lock of hair therearound.
.The hair curler which is shown in Figures 4 and 5 of the drawing constitutes a second form or embodiment of the invention. It functions in the same manner as the hair curler of Figures 1" to 3, inclusive, and comprises an elongated ,num wire or other soft pliable metal.
tends centrally through the body 14 and has its body l4 and a core I5. The body I4 is formed or soft readily compressible sponge rubber and is uniformly cylindrical throughout except for its ends. The ends of the body are enlarged to form circular or disc-like knobs IS. The latter function in the same manner and serve the same purpose as the knobs l2 at the ends of the body Ii] 01' the curler of Figures-1 to 3, inclusive. The core l5, like the core ll, is formed or alumi- It exends disposed within the knobs Hi. The ends of the core I5 are bent to form circular loops ll and these extend at right angles to the intermediate portion of the core and are located centrally and concentrically within the disc-like knobs 16. The loops 11 function in the same manner as the loops l3 in that they serve to reeniorce or strengthen the knobs Iii and prevent the core l5 from sliding or shifting longitudinally with respect to the sponge rubber body Hi.
The invention is not to be understood as restricted to the details set forth since these may be modified within the scope of the appended claims without departing irom the spirit and scope ofthe invention.
having thus described the invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. ns a new article of manufacture, a hair curler comprising an elongated body formed of molded flexible rubbery material, adapted to have a lock or hair wound around its central pored yleldingly to retain the ends of the body in their bent position, and having its ends terminating within the knobs and shaped to form enlargements that are embedded wholly within said knobs and serve to prevent the core from sliding longitudinally with respect to the body to such extent that it protrudes therethrough.
2. As a new article of manufacture, a hair curler comprising an elongated body formed of molded flexible rubbery material, adapted to have a lock of hair wound around its central portion and its ends bent. inwards into lapped relation with the lock of hair so as to hold the latter in place on the curler, and embodying enlarged knobs at its 1 end extremities, and a pliable core extending longitudinally through the body, adapted yieldingly to retain the ends of the body in their I bent position, and having its ends terminating within the knobs and bent to form loops that are embedded wholly within said knobs and serve to prevent the core from sliding longitudinally with respect to the body to such extent that it protrudes therethrough.
3. As a new article of manufacture, a hair curler comprising an elongated body formed substantially spherical knobs at the end extremities, and a pliable core extending longitudinally through the body, adapted yieldingly to retain the ends of the body in their bent position, and having its ends terminating within the knobs and bent to form loops that are embedded wholly within said knobs and serve to- 5 prevent the core from sliding longitudinally with respect to the body to such extent that it protrudes therethrough.
4. As a new article of manufacture, a hair curler comprising an elongated body formed of molded flexible rubbery material, adapted to have a lock of hair wound around its central portion and its ends bent inwards into lapped relation with the lock of hair so as to hold the latter in place on the curler, and embodying at its end extremities enlarged disc-like knobs, and a pliable core extending longitudinally through the body, adapted yieldingly to retain the ends of the body in their bent position, and having its ends terminating within the knobs and bent to form substantially circular right angle loops PAUL VAN CLEEF.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the 10 file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,301,667 Eidt April 2 2, 1919 15 1,453,971 Calkins May 1, 1923 2,061,817 Van Cleef Nov. 24, 1936