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Publication numberUS254265 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 28, 1882
Filing dateDec 17, 1881
Publication numberUS 254265 A, US 254265A, US-A-254265, US254265 A, US254265A
InventorsEdwin J. Bone
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Elastic water-bed
US 254265 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)

Blobm.

ELASTIG WATER BED.

Patented Feb. 28.1882.

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N. PETERS. Phowmmcgmpher. Wasningmn, 0.0.

UNITED STATES PATENT OEEICE.

EDWIN J. BONE, OF SOUTH BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.

ELASTIC WATER-BED.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 254,265, dated February 28, 1882l Application filed December 17, 1881.

I'o all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, EDWIN JAMES BONE, a subject of Great Britain, residing at South Boston, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Elastic Water-Bed, of which the following is a specification. Y

My invention relates to the manufacture of elastic water-beds for the use of invalids, which l are constructed of rubber cloth or other thin elastic material.

The elastic water-bed is made in the shape of an ordinary mattress, and requires to be filled with water cr with water and air combined, and when so filled it aEords a perfectly level and elastic surface, which is maintained by the support of the water; and the object of my invention is to producea perfectly softand elastic bed for invalids, dispensing with all springs and mattresses, and as the body lying on the bed is virtually lying upon the water it neutralizes the pressure upon any particular part, and thus offers the most favorable conditions for the repose and comfort of the patient, preventing the evil effects of long confinement to bed, in the form of bedsores, 8vo., and owing to its susceptibility to pressure it affords great assistance to the patient in changing his position in bed. It also affords a ready and direct means of changing the temperature whenever the patients condition requires it.

The accompanying drawings show the construction of the bed.

Figure 1 is an exterior' perspective view of the elastic water-bed when filled with water. A is the inlet with flexible tube and funnel attachment, through which the water or air is supplied, and it is Aclosed by means of a metal screwcap. B is the outlet, to which is attached any required length of tube to carry off the Water when emptying the bed or changingthe temperature. The outlet is also closed with a metal screw-cap. In the internalarran gement of the cells I propose to make use of both of the methods described in Figs. 2 and 3.

Fig.2 shows the internal construction of the bed, which consists of cells or divisions of thin rubber cloth, which run transversely and are attached to the upper and under parts of the bed, as shown in Fig. 4,-and extend to within a short space of the outer edges, which are left (No model.)

o pen for the free passage of the water on either s1 e.

Fig. 3 shows another arrangement of the cells or divisions, which also run transversely, but are attached on alternate sides of the bed, the opposite end being cut olf a short distance from the side of the bed. Bythis arrangement a more perfect circulation of water is obtained, which is of great utility ,when change of temperature is required.

Fig. 4 is a side section, showing the cells when filled. They are attached to the top and bottom of the bed, as shown, and when the bed is empty the divisions fold over, allowing the top to collapse for folding the bed up.

The elastic water-bedis madeof thin rubber, rubber cloth, or other elastic water-proof material, and the cells or divisions are made of the same material. l The bed is made in the shape and proportions of ordinary beds or mattresses, and the seams or edges are rmly. cemented, woven, or otherwise securely joined.

The bed, when required for use, must be placed on an ordinary bedstead with a smooth, firm bottom,and when filled with water at any requisite temperature, or nearly fllled with water and then sufficiently inflated with air, and covered with a sheet or thin blanket,itis ready for itsoccupant, requiring no springs or other mattress, but forming in itself a perfectly soft, agreeable, and elastic bed, free from all feeling of hardness or lumps,and giving such uniform support to every part of the body,without any undue pressure, that even the most emaciated person cap lie upon it for extended periods without contracting bed-sores, &c.; and it also gives the most perfect support for patients suffering from fracturedlimbs, &c.,doing away with the jarring incidental to the ordinary bed and springs.

The cells or divisions running transversely afford a fulcrum to assist the patient in Inoving in bed, and they assist to keep the bed in shape when filled, and also prevent any perceptible displacement of water by the movements of the patient, and this is still further prevented by forcing in a small quantity of air with the bellows after the bed is nearly filled with water.

The temperature of the bed can be readily changed at any time, without disturbing the palOO visions. which are inflated by filling the beds, 85e., with Water orwith water and air combined,

as described in the specication and shown on 15 the drawings.

2. An improved and direct means of circulating Water through the beds and rapidly changing the temperature, as set forth iu specication.

EDWIN JAMES BONE.

Wvitnesses:

GEO. A. PRATT, ROBERT PROVAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2566533 *Jul 5, 1947Sep 4, 1951Noel J PouxMethod of making hot and cold packs
US2589577 *Jun 18, 1949Mar 18, 1952Pioneer Valley Plastics CompanIce pack formed of vinyl plastic sheeting
US3022781 *Jun 11, 1959Feb 27, 1962Andrassy StellaHeater
US3145686 *Mar 29, 1963Aug 25, 1964John B BlytheBoat bumper and container
US3446203 *Feb 6, 1967May 27, 1969Koch & Sons Inc HPneumatic stimulator cushion
US3757362 *Aug 30, 1971Sep 11, 1973C BowlinLiquid-cooled underlying support for the human body
US4017921 *Jan 30, 1975Apr 19, 1977Hernandez Carmen TCooling blanket
US4230756 *Jan 8, 1979Oct 28, 1980Nordish Fjerfabrik AktieselskabThermoplastic seam layers
US4318251 *Feb 22, 1980Mar 9, 1982Winkler Marshall NInflatable and automatically deployable heat blanket
US4328599 *Jun 27, 1979May 11, 1982Mollura Carlos AFirmness regulated waterbed mattress
US4679264 *Apr 1, 1986Jul 14, 1987Mollura Carlos AAirbed mattress including a regulated, controllable air reservoir therefor
US4770408 *Aug 11, 1986Sep 13, 1988The Frenry Company, Inc.Inflatable toy having flat center section flanked by bulbous sections
US4821354 *Mar 21, 1988Apr 18, 1989Little Donald EPortable cooling pool, beach or car seat mat
US4887614 *Apr 18, 1989Dec 19, 1989Kureha Kagaku Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaMedical electrode device
DE2714901A1 *Apr 2, 1977Oct 12, 1978Hoechst AgWaermeaustauscherelement
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationA47C27/085