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Publication numberUS2543104 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 27, 1951
Filing dateNov 3, 1947
Priority dateNov 3, 1947
Publication numberUS 2543104 A, US 2543104A, US-A-2543104, US2543104 A, US2543104A
InventorsSuzanne Golding
Original AssigneeSuzanne Golding
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Eye mask
US 2543104 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

S. GOLDING Feb. 27, 1951 EYE MASK Filed Nov. 3, 1947 INVENTOR.

SUZANNE GOLDING ATTOR NEY Patented Feb. 27, i951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE EYE MASK Suzanne Golding, New York, N. Y.

Application November 3, 1947', Serial No. 783,645 Claims. ((11. 129-163) The invention relates to an eye mask or medicine or lotion applicator, for use either medicinally or cosmetically.

It is known at present to treat persons eyes over night either simply by keeping them closed by bandages and otherwise and by applying certain medicaments and cosmetics there for different purposes. Numerous ways have beensusbgestedto maintain medicine, lotions, salves and the like, hereinafter generically called lotions, used in such situations in position over the closed eyeballs, and in such way as to avoid leakage therefrom and at the same time to maintain the medicaments, selves and the like in position in or On the mask in position to be applied to the face surface under treatment, and also to permit the masks and applicators to be worn with comfort to the user as she sleeps, V I

The invention also is intended for use as blinders without medication by those persons who are particularly sensitive tothe effects of early morning light, Numerous forms of such blinders and the like have been suggested for use in pr venting the infiltration of light to the eyes, but they all have certain inherent objections, particularly in that they do not always provide for a perfect light obstructing shield permitting lightto filter into the covered areas and in other cases are cumbersome, and thus not comfortable to the user. y

In certain presc 'lbed treatments for the eye it has been found that it is deisrable to bridge across the eyeballs with an opaque shield disposed so as to avoid actually touching the eyes, but to provide a more or less rigid but'cushioned contact with the eyeball and with'the tissues cutlining the eyeball, and under other treatments gentle and cushioned pressure uniformally over the entire eyeball with or without any lotions is prescribed for the treatment of the eyes during sleeping hours.

The primary object of the invention is to provide a simple form of eye mask capable of assisting in practicing the peculiarities of the different treatments above suggested; to provide a combined eye mask and medicament applicator which will be comfortable to the user and which will be capable of being laundered without deleterious results; which can function efliciently as a light screen or blinders and which can be used repeatedly over and over again without neces sity of refitting after having been fitted.

Broadly I attain these objectives by providing a mask of over-sized goggle-like form in which the portion designed to over-lap both eyes is formed of a soft cushioning material backed in the part which is intended to over-lap the eyes,

as well as the part which is intended to bridge the nose therebetween by a thin, relatively small sized and easily distortable sheet metal form of reinforcement which will tend to give rigidity to the .portion so reinforced, and which at the skin of the face about the eyes without stretching the skin. It is also an objective of the invention to provide an eye mask which can when once accurately adjusted into position on the face of any particular user will thereafter act as a light shield to prevent the infiltration of light to the eyes for which it was so adjusted.

Various other objects and advantages of the invention will be in part obvious from an inspection of the accompanying drawings and in part will be more fully set forth in the following particular description of one form of device embodying the invention, and the invention also consists in certain new and novel features of construction and combination of parts hereinafter set forth and claimed.

In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is a view of a pair of goggles constituting a preferred embodiment of the invention shown in operative position custom adjusted to fit on a persons face;

Fig. 2 is a plan view of the goggles shown in Fig. 1 with parts broken away in succession to show the different layers which make up the internal construction of the eye mask;

Fig. 3 is an enlarged view in transverse section taken On the line 33 of Fig. 2 and showing the device in its flat, unmanipulated form as initially manufactured and prior to being pretreated and packed for sale; and

Fig. 4 is a View similar to Fig. 3 showing the mask and particularly its metallic core structure bent out of its normal position shown in Fig. 1 to custom lit the same against an eye of the user.

In the drawings there is shown an eye It in the form of an over-sized pair of goggles and including a pair of large eye covering ends I! and 12 each of somewhat circular form connected by a relatively narrow nose bridging sec tion I3.

While it is of course not intended that the eye masks be sold in form contoured and ready for use, it is suggested that as marketed they be preformed at least in a general way so as to minimize the necessary contouring in situ to fit the particular user. For this purpose the bridging section is preformed by being bent into a U for fitting over the nose leaving the ends I l and I2 more or less fiat until custom shaped. This preformingis of advantage in that it tends to prevent the wrong side of the mask being applied to the face of the user. In order to preserve this preformed design until the mask reaches the ultimate user it is suggested that the masks be separately packed and sold in containers designed to maintain the factory set preform. The mask is formed mainly of two layers of material, a large relatively thick soft cushioning layer fashioned to fit against the eyes and adjacent portions of the face, and a smaller relatively thin layer of relatively rigid but flexible metal functioning as a reinforcement to the cushioning layer. Describing the illustrated form of the invention more fully there is disclosed a layer of opaque, thick soft, flexible material M in the illustrated case shown to be highly porous sponge rubber, about {e of an inch thick. The soft material if, is backed on its outer side by a preformed stiffening sheet l formed primarily of sheet metal, designed to reinforce and give at least some slight degree of rigidity to the central portion of the layer of soft material M. The sheet i5 is secured to the sponge rubber layer H; by some suitable form of adhesive. In the form of the invention illustrated the reinforcing sheet i5 is a preformed extremely thin unit comprising three layers of material, an inner-most thin, paper-like sheet if: of sheet aluminum, backed on its inner and outer sides respectively by a thin coating ll and it of rubberized water-proof material. This multi-sheet material with the aluminum sandwiched between its protective coatings can be formed initially as a large sheet and then cut to the desired shape and size as needed.

It is herein suggested that the outer face of the mask be neatly finished. For this purpose a facing covering 69 of some pleasing material, such as a rubberized silk is glued to the marginal portion of the sponge-rubber sheet l4 and sometimes glued to the sheet E5. The eye mask when contoured to fit the face of its users and when otherwise completed is secured in place preferably by means of fastening tapes 21! secured to the outer edges and the mask which may be passed about the head of the user as suggested in Fig. l and tied in place.

As the reinforcing sheet l5 with its stiffening insert of sheet aluminum terminates in spaced relation to the perimeter of the sponge rubber sheet Hi there is provided a soft, highly flexible and non-reinforced marginal portion 2| which will bear gently on the skin of the user in the portion of the face about the eyes without any noticeable feeling after a few minutes of use that the mask is in position. In this way the flexible margin of sponge rubber can be caused to engage the surface of the face with light pressure while the more rigid portions covering the eye-balls may be caused to press on the eye-balls with a greater degree of pressure, or not at all. As the mask considered as a whole can conform itself readily to facial surface contours which it is fashioned to fit, there is formed between the outlining marginal portion of the mask and the portion of the face engaging thereby a light tight closed joint which tends to defeat leakage of the medicine or cosmetics from the space covered by the mask and also acts as a screen or blinders to prevent the infiltration of light into the space.

In operation it will be understood, of course, that each person under treatment, as well as the character of the treatment prescribed, will present a different problem as to how the standard size device herein illustrated may be adapted to the patients features. The desired contour given the relatively rigid metallic sheet l5 and thus to the mask considered as a whole, will also be controlled by the degree of gentle pressure, if any, which is to be exerted on the closed eyes of the user. The metallic stiffening part is sufficiently pliable so that it may be easily manipulated by finger molding of the operator until the desired shape is attained and when so shaped the mask as a whole has sufficient rigidity to maintain the configuration until manually changed back to the original flat form shown in Fig. 3, or otherwise.

The eye mask is formed of water-proof materials; can be easily laundered and thus can be kept sanitary and can be used repeatedly, over and over again, and even if distorted accidentally in the laundering process can be readily and quickly restored to that position which the user has found to be the most comfortable.

I claim:

1. An eye mask in the form of an over-sized pair of goggles for use in applying gentle pressure to the areas forming the closed eyes of the user in treating said areas medicinally or cosmetically, said eye mask including a thin, paperlike sheet of ductile metal, initially substantially fiat and sufiiciently thin so as to be capable of being easily deformed by manual manipulation, said sheet tending to give the mask a slight de gree of rigidity in the portion so reinforced by the metal sheet, said mask in the area containing the metal sheet adapted to be bent by strong digital force to provide a custom fit over the bridge of the nose and fitted snugly against the closed eyes of the user, and a layer of flexible, rubber-like plastic material to which the sheet is secured and tending to take the contour imposed thereon by the manually fitted metallic sheet, and said layer of plastic material extending beyond the perimeter of the metallic sheet to provide a soft flexible non-reinforced marginal pori infiltration of light to each of the eyes of the user and means for securing the eye-mask in place.

2. An eye mask for use in treating the eyes of the user including a layer of opaque soft, flexible material in the form of an over-sized pair of goggles fashioned at each eye with an outwardly facing annular channel and within the channel with a semi-spherical dome contoured to engage and thus to cover the eye-balls of the user and to extend in all directions beyond the eyeballs, and a sheet of metal of similar goggle-like form secured to the layer of flexible material to reinforce the same and located in spaced relation to the outlining edge of the flexible material to provide a limited degree of stiffness to the mask adjacent its central portion engaging the eyeballs while leaving the marginal edges with the softness characterizing said layer of flexible material, said metal sheet being sufiiciently thin to be bent if necessary by manual manipulation to provide a custom fit over the bridge of the nose and contoured to fit snugly over, and if desired,

to cause the concaved side of the semi-spherical dome to bear gently against the closed eyes of the user and means for securing the mask in place when so custom fitted.

3. An eye mask contoured to cover both eyes of the user and the nose portion of the face between the eyes, said mask including a layer of soft flexible rubber-like plastic material for covering the eye-balls and the adjacent portion of the face surrounding the eye-balls, and a thin sheet of ductile metal secured to one side of the plastic material in inwardly spaced relation to its outlining edge to provide a pair of relatively rigid areas contoured for engaging the eyes of the user and to form a soft marginal non-rigid pliable portion projecting beyond the portion to which the metal sheet is secured and means for securing the eye mask in place.

4. An eye mask in the form of an oversized pair of goggles and comprisinga thin sheet of sponge rubber continuous from edge to edge, a sheet of aluminum also continuous from edge to edge secured to one side of the sponge rubber to provide a reinforcement to the eye mask, the edge of said aluminum sheet being spaced from the edge of the sponge rubber sheet to provide a soft cushioning marginal edge to the mask, said mask being initially fiat and rigid in the central area thereof containing the sheet of aluminum and said central area being sufliciently pliable to respond to manual manipulation to deform it from its initial flat form to at least an approach to a custom-fit across and about the eyes of the user and means passing about the head of the user for holding the mask in place with the eye-covering portions exerting pressure on the eyes.

5. An eye mask'for use in treating the eyes and the portion of the face immediately surrounding the eyes of the user, comprising a layer of soft,

opaque cushioning material in the form of an oversized pair of goggles dimensioned to overlap each of the eyes of the user and to overlap the portions of the face immediately surrounding each of the eyes and said mask also including a portion for bridging across the nose of the user, with one side forming an inner side fashioned to conform substantially to the contour of the eyes and to the portions of the face surrounding the eyes, and a thin layer of relatively stiff reinforcing material adhering to the outer side of the first-named layer to give the mask rigidity in the portion which overlaps the eyes and the nose of the user, said reinforcing layer being also in the form of a pair of goggles located within the outlines of the layer of cushioning material and spaced from its edges to form a highly flexible, unreinforced cushioning margin to the firstnamed layer, said margin operative when the device is in use on the face for defeating the infiltration of light to the part of the face overlapped by the reinforcing layer, and means for holding the reinforced portion of the eye mask in pressing engagement with the eyes.

SUZANNE GOLDING.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,553,010 Terry Sept. 8, 1925 2,191,080 Lewis Feb. 20, 1940 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 313,359 Great Britain June 13, 1929 479,735 Great Britain Feb. 10, 1938

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1553010 *Sep 1, 1923Sep 8, 1925Marvin WisemanEyeshield
US2191080 *Apr 29, 1937Feb 20, 1940Lewis Florence NElectrode applicator for use in short wave radio therapy
GB313359A * Title not available
GB479735A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3016545 *Mar 6, 1958Jan 16, 1962Donahue Vincent JCaps
US3804083 *Jan 23, 1973Apr 16, 1974Tup SaFacial wear
US3908645 *May 28, 1974Sep 30, 1975Minnesota Mining & MfgOphthalmic pressure bandage
US4635625 *Oct 15, 1984Jan 13, 1987Edward TeepleSurgical eye mask
US4677974 *Sep 30, 1985Jul 7, 1987David LeonardiMethod and apparatus for immobilizing an eyelid
US4790031 *Sep 29, 1986Dec 13, 1988Duerer Stormy WEye shield
US4898162 *Sep 22, 1988Feb 6, 1990Surgin Surgical Instrumentation, Inc.Convertible eyeshield
US4908878 *Jan 31, 1989Mar 20, 1990Morris TarraganoDisposable, one-piece light shield
US5389066 *Oct 23, 1992Feb 14, 1995Rhame, Jr.; Robert W.Atraumatic eye patch
US5700238 *Jul 25, 1996Dec 23, 1997Hyson; Morton IsaacDevice and method for treatment of headache
US5782672 *Feb 24, 1997Jul 21, 1998Woodley; Vickie G.Nipple pad
US6313370Apr 27, 2000Nov 6, 2001Morton HysonMedicated wrap
US7603723 *May 12, 2006Oct 20, 2009Alpha Carolyn UlmTherapeutic eye mask
WO1986002262A1 *Oct 15, 1985Apr 24, 1986Edward TeepleSurgical eye mask
WO1986003963A1 *Jan 9, 1986Jul 17, 1986Jacques SurbeckProduct for protection against electromagnetic, thermo and/or luminous radiations and article incorporating said product for the protection of the eyes against sun rays
WO1998004222A1 *Jul 23, 1997Feb 5, 1998Morton I HysonDevice and method for treatment of headaches
WO2011162807A1 *Jun 22, 2011Dec 29, 2011Jean-Paul CiardulloSleep disorder relief device and method
Classifications
U.S. Classification602/74, 604/294, 2/15
International ClassificationA61F9/04
Cooperative ClassificationA61F9/04
European ClassificationA61F9/04