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Publication numberUS2544055 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 6, 1951
Filing dateDec 11, 1946
Priority dateDec 11, 1946
Publication numberUS 2544055 A, US 2544055A, US-A-2544055, US2544055 A, US2544055A
InventorsStaats Franklin E
Original AssigneeStaats Franklin E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Variable throw crankshaft piston type radial pump
US 2544055 A
Images(6)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 6, 1951 F. E. sTAATs 2,544,055

VARIABLE THROW CRANKSHAFT PISTON TYPE RADIAL PUMP Filed Dec. 11, 1946 v 6 Sheets-Sheet 1 March 6, 1951 F. E. STAATS' ,544,05

VARIABLE THROW CRANKSHAFT PISTON TYPE RADIAL PUMP Fi1ed Dec. 11, 1946 I 6 Sheets-Sheet 2 March 6, 1951 F. E. STAATS 4,

VARIABLE THROW CRANKSHAF'T PISTON TYPE RADIAL PUMP Filed Dec. 11, 1946 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 Z6 EESZaaZs March 6, 1951 F. E. STAATS 2,544,055

- VARIABLE THROW CRANKSHAFT PISTON TYPE RADIAL PUMP Filed Dec; 11, 1946 e Sheets-Sheet 4 Fit 51232035 March 6, 1951 F. E. STAATS 2,544,055

VARIABLE THROW CRANKSHAFT PISTON TYPE RADIAL PUMP Filed Dec. 11, 1946 I 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 gwva/wm March 6, 1951 F. E. STAATS 2,544,055

VARIABLE THROW CRANKSHAFT PISTQN TYPE RADIAL PUMP Filed Dec. 11, 1946 6 Sheets-Sheet 6 I /Z/ 2v IIIZZ" 95 95- gnaw Mm FES'ZaaZa Patented Mar. 6, 1951 VARIABLE THROW CRANKSHAFT PISTON TYPE RADIAL PUMP Franklin E. Staats, Keithsburg, Ill. Application December 11, 1946, Serial No. 715,415

2 Claims. (01. '74-600) This invention relates to crankshafts with variable strokes more particularly in radial type pumps having reciprocating pistons, being a means for varying the length of the stroke of the pistons during the operation of the pump.

Heretofore pumps of this general type have been produced having means for varying the throw of the pistons by movement of the crank pin relative to the crankshaft, wherein the means for varying the position of the crank pin have been fixed relative to the pump housing, or wherein the position of the crank pin could be changed only by stopping the pump while the change was being accomplished.

It is an object of this invention to provide an improved pump of the kind to be more particularly described hereinafter, wherein the crank pin may be changed in its position relative to the crankshaft at any time during the operation of the pump to provide a minimum stroke of zero displacement, to a maximum stroke to be determined by the particular construction and size of the respective parts of the pump.

Another object of this invention is to provide an improved pump of this kind having a driving shaft and a driven shaft, the driven shaft being rotatably mounted eccentrically in the driving shaft, rotatable with the driving shaft, and further rotatable by a sliding element about thedriving shaft connected in spiral grooves in the driven shaft, the driven shaft having a crank pin eccentrically mounted on one end for reciprocating pistons connected thereto, the position of the crank pin being controlled by the position of the sliding element relative tothe driven shaft.

Still another object of this invention is to provide an improved pump of this kind having a driving crankshaft and a driven crankshaft, the driven shaft being rotatable with the driving shaft for rotating an eccentric crank pin on the an improved pump of this kind having a crank' pin, the position of which may bevaried at the will of an operator during the operation of the pump, for varying the output of the pump, the

control means for the crank pin being fixed relative to the pump housing and having an indicator dial for indicating the output of the pump, the dial reading in fluid pressure units or fluid volume units as desired, the movement of the indicator being correlated with the move ment of the crank pin.

With the above and other objects in view, my invention consists in the arrangement, combination and details of construction disclosed in the drawings and specification, and then more particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

In the drawings,

Figure 1 is a rear end elevation of a pump constructed according to an embodiment of this invention,

Figure 2 is a side elevation,

Figure 3 is a vertical section, partly broken away, taken on the line 33 of Figure 1,

Figure 4 is a transverse section taken on the line 44 of Figure 3,

Figure 5 is a transverse section taken on the line 55 of Figure 3,

Figure 6 is a transverse section, partly broken away, taken on the line 6-6 of Figure 3,

Figure 7 is a transverse section, partly broken away, taken on the line 11 of Figure 3,

Figure 8 is a transverse section taken through the cylinder body of the pump,

Figure 9 is a diagrammatic view showing the relative positions of the crank pin relative to the crankhaft,

Figure 10 is a transverse section taken on the line Ill-l0 of Figure 2.

Referring to the drawings, the numeral 20 designates generally the housing of a radial type pump which is provided with a crankshaft to be driven at a constant speed, and so constructed and arranged that the stroke of the pistons may be varied during the rotation of the crankshaft, for varying the output of the pump selectively, by an operator at any time.

The housing 20 encloses therein radially arranged cylinders 2l, having pistons 22 slidable therein, and houses the intake and exhaust valves and the intake and exhaust passages for the fluid of the pump. The intake passage 24 and the exhaust passage 25 are annular within the housing 20, for communicating with each of the cylinders 2|. The intake passage 24 is communicated with the cylinder 2]. through the passage 25, having an intake valve 26 therein. The intake valve 26 is spring-pressed closed and in this instance is adapted to be opened by a cam driven by or fixed on the crankshaft to be described hereinafter.

The exhaust or outlet valve 21 is spring-pressed closed between the cylinder 2| and the passage 28 which communicates the cylinder with the exhaust or outlet passage 25. The outlet valve 21 is of the check valve type so that it will be open as the piston 22 moves upwardly in the cylinder 2|, for forcing the fluid from the cylinders of the pump.

As the pump is formed with a plurality of radially disposed pistons 22, a main bearing 29 is provided to which the pistons 22 may be attached by articulated connecting rods 36, one piston as 2211, being connected to the bearing 29 by a main rod 3| fixed relative to the bearing 29. The bearing 29 is provided with a central opening or bearing 32 in which a crank pin is adapted to be engaged for oscillating the hearing 29, causing successive reciprocation of the pistons 22.

The bearing 29 is iournaled on the crank pin by an anti-friction bearing 33. The anti-friction bearing 33 may be of the ball bearing or roller bearing type. For oscillating the main bearing 29 and actuating the pump, I have provided a crankshaft 48 having a crank pin 4| on one end .hereof, engageable in the bearing 33 of the main bearing 29.

There are many types of pumps in which the crankshaft is driven at a constant speed with the result that the output of fluid from the pump is constant at all times. Many efforts have been made to provide means for varying the output of a pump having a constant speed crankshaft.

It is most desirable to effect this result without restricting the flow of the output of the pump which builds up a resultant pressure rearwardly of the restriction. To accomplish this result then, it is found necessary to vary the position of the crank pin radially relative to the axis of the crankshaft. This I have accomplished by forming the crankshaft in several parts, certain parts being eccentric to others and having the crank pin eccentric on the eccentric parts so that the crank pin in certain positions of the eccentric part of the crankshaft will be in axial alignment with the axis of the crankshaft.

For varying this crank pin 4| relative to the crankshaft 40, there is provided a housing 42 formed on the rear end of the housing 20, for enclosing the crankshaft 49, and the means for varying the position of the pin 4|. The crankshaft 46 is formed with a driving shaft 44 and a driven shaft 45. The driving shaft 44 is formed with a'drive shaft 46 having a hollow front end or coupling member 41 fixed on the front end thereof for connecting the driven shaft 45 to the drive shaft 44.

An annular flange as 48 is fixed to or formed on the front end of the rear or drive shaft 46 and the annular hollow coupling member 41 is secured to the flange 48 by bolts 49 or other suitable fastening devices.

The crankshaft 49 is iournaled in the housing 29 by anti-friction bearings 56 and 5| and journaled in the housing 42 at the rear end thereof by anti-friction bearings 52. The drive shaft 46 and crankshaft 40 are located concentric to the housings 26 and 42. The driven shaft 45 is mounted in the coupling member 41 and to the front end of the drive shaft 46 eccentric thereto. The driven shaft 45 is supported in the driving shaft 44 by thrust bearing 54 between the rear end of the driven shaft 45 and the front end of the driving shaft 46, and by a thrust bearing 55 between the coupling member 41 and the driven shaft 45. The forward end of the driven shaft 45 is supported in a bushing or bearing 56 fixed in the front end of the coupling member 41 or drive shaft 44, eccentric to the axis of the drive shaft 44, and driving shaft 46.

The crank pin 4| is fixed on the front end of the driven shaft 45 and extends forwardly from the coupling member 41 or driving shaft 44, eccentric to the axis of the driven shaft 45. The driven shaft 45 is therefore, rotatable both with the driving shaft 46 and relative to the driving shaft, in such a manner that the crank pin 4| may be disposed in axial alignment with the entire crankshaft 46 in a rotated position of the driven shaft 45, and at other times will be eccentric to the axis of the crankshaft 46.

In the eccentric position of the crank pin 4|, oscillation of the main bearing 29 is effected upon rotation of the crankshaft 46 and when the rank pin 4| is in axial alignment with the crankshaft 4i] and driving shaft 46, no oscillating motion of the main bearing 29 or reciprocating motion of the pistons 22 will be effected.

The output of the pump is, therefore, relative to the radial position of the crank pin 4| relative to the axis of the crankshaft 4D and drive shaft 46.

For rotating the driven shaft 45 relative to the driving shaft 46, the driven shaft 45 is formed with a spiral groove 51 about the outer edge thereof. The groove 5? need only make half a a revolution along the length of the shaft 45 for effecting a complete cycle of adjustment of the crank pin 4| from the maximum to the minimum output of the pump.

A sliding nut member 58 which is formed of an annular body having forwardly extending arms 59 and 66 thereon is disposed about the driving shaft 46 and journaled thereon by a bushing 6|. The forward end of the arms 59 and 69 extend through slots or openings 62 in the flange 48 and are formed at their extreme forward end with lugs 64 and 65 which engage in the helical groove 51 on the driven shaft 45. The nut member 58 is concentric to the drive shaft 46 and. due to the fact that the driven shaft 45 is eccentric to the drive shaft 46, one lug as 65 will be longer than the other lug 64 for engagement in the groove 51.

As the arms 59 of the nut 58 engage the side edges of the slots 62, the nut 58 is slidable along the length of the driving shaft 46 while being rotated by and with the shaft 46. Keyways as 66 may be provided on the inside of the coupling member 41 in which the arms 59 and 60 may slidably engage to provide a greater bearing surface for rotation of the nut member 58 with the driving shaft 46. In this manner the driven shaft 45 is coupled to the driving shaft 46 for rotation with the driving shaft and upon sliding movement of the nut 58, shaft 45 is rotated relative to the shaft 46.

For sliding the nut 58 on the drive shaft 46, longitudinally spaced apart flanges 61 and 68 are fixed to or formed on the nut 58 annularly thereof. An annular sliding member 69 is provided in the housing 42 about the nut 58 and is formed with an inwardly extending flange 19 engageable between the flanges 61 and 68 of the nut 58 for sliding the nut 58 upon sliding movement of the member 69 in the housing 42. The flanges 61 and 68 are separated from the flange 16 by thrust bearings 1| and i2 and the flange 19 is positioned about the driving shaft 46 by anti-friction bearing 14. The sliding member 69 is fixed in the housing 42 against rotation, but is permitted to slide to eifectslidingof the .nut 58 while it is being rotated with the shaft 45.

'Ihe sliding member 69 is held against rotation bya key 15 which-engages in a keyway 7 6 in the sliding member 69, the key being fixed the housing by bolts or other suitable fastening :devices. The outer surface of the sliding member 6 9 is formed wi-thaspir-al groove or thread 11 and a gear 1"3, having a thread "-19 on the inner pcriphery thereof, engages the thread Ti formovingor sliding the member $9 in the housing 42. The gear '18 is rotatable in the housing -42, being disposed concentric to the housing 42 and to the driving shaft 46 and held against movement 1ongitud-ial'ly by thrust bearings 8|].

Eor rotating thegear 13, a screw 8| tangential- .ly engages the teeth 82 about the outer periphery of the gear 18. The screw B9 is rotatable in the housing 42 and is formed with a shank 84 which extends outwardly of the housing 42, having a knurled knob or handle 85 thereon for rotation by an operator.

A small gear as 86 is fixed on the shank 84 of the screw 8| within the housing 42, near one side thereof, and engages a larger gear 81 rotatably fixed in the housing 42. An indicating arm as 88 is fixed on the shaft of the large gear 8! for registering on a dial 89 the relative position of the crank pin 4|, as the position of the crank pin 4| is effected directly by rotation of the screw 8|. The dial 89 may be calibrated in gallons per minute or any other suitable unit which indicates volume relative to time.

The coupling member 4'! is formed within the housing 29 with a cam 95 thereabout for raising the inlet valves 25 to provide for the direct operation of these valves rather than to permit the fluid to enter the pump through a check valve. The valve stem 9| of the inlet valves 26 engages the cam 99, being urged against the cam by spring 92 above the valve in the housing 29. The springs for the valves '26 and 21 are located above the valves in the housing 213 and in order that the valves 26 and 21 may be inserted into the housing 29, the housing is formed with openings 93 and 94' opening radially therefrom, and nuts 95 and 9S engage in the openings 93 and 94 respectively for securing the valves therein.

In the use and operation of this pump, the driving shaft 46 is adapted to be driven at a constant speed by any suitable power. As the drive shaft 45 is rotated, the driven shaft 45 is also rotated, being fixed in the coupling member 4! for rotation with the drive shaft 46. When the crank pin 4| is in axial alignment or concentric with the drive shaft 46, as shown in Figure 3 of the drawings, the crankshaft 40 will rotate at a constant speed and no movement of the pistons 22 will be effected. This then is the minimum output of the pump. For raising the output of the pump to any suitable quantity within the limits of the size of the pump, the crankshaft 4| may be displaced radially relative to the crankshaft it and to the axis of the drive shaft 46 by an operator by rotation of the screw 8| by means of the knurled knob or handle 85. Rotation of the screw 8| will effect the rotation of the gear 18 at right angles to the rotation of the screw 8|.

The gear 18, threadably engaging the sliding member 69, will upon rotation cause the sliding member 69 to move forwardly in the housing 42. The sliding member 69, being in engagement with the nut 58, will slide the nut 58 forwardly on the driving shaft 46 and the sliding of the nut 58 6 will cause rotation of the driven shaft 45 relative to the crankshaft'4ii and driving shaft 46. As the crank pin '41 is eccentric to the axis of the driven shaft 45, the crank pin 4| upon rotation "of the driven shaft 45 will be displaced radially relative to the crankshaft '49. While this crankshaftand the means for varying the position of the crank pin "4| relative to the axis thereof is shown here as applied on a pump, it is understood that this type of crankshaft and the means for varying the crank pin may be applied to other devices which are actuated by oscillating members or reciprocating devices actuated by a crankshaft.

I do not mean to confine myself to the exact details of construction herein'disclosed, butclaim all variations falling within the purview of the appended claims.

WhatI-claim is:

l. A variable throw crankshaft construction comprising a housing, a driving shaft rotatably mounted in said housing, a radially extending flange formed on one end of :said driving shaft, a hollow tubular coupling member carried by said flange, a driven shaft rotatably mounted in said coupling member and eccentric relative to the axis of rotation of said driving shaft, a crank pin fixed on said driven shaft eccentric to the axis of rotation of the latter, a pair of longitudinally extending helical grooves formed in said driven shaft, a tubular sliding member slidably mounted in said housing, means on said housing engaging said sliding member for preventing rotation thereof, a sleeve about said driving shaft and longitudinally slidable relative thereto, antifriction bearing means interposed between said sliding member and said sleeve, cooperating means on said sleeve and said sliding member adapted to effect sliding of said sleeve upon sliding of said sliding member, a pair of diametrically opposed parallel arms extending from one end of said sleeve through said flange, inwardly directed end portions on said arms engaging in said grooves, an external thread formed on said sliding member, an annular worm wheel rotatable in said housing and disposed about said sliding member, internal threads formed on said Worm wheel meshing with said first mentioned thread, and a worm gear extending transversely of said housing and meshing with said worm wheel whereby rotation of said worm gear will effect displacement of said crank pin relative to the axis of rotation of said driving shaft.

2. A variable throw crankshaft construction comprising a housing, a drive shaft rotatable in said housing, a radially extending flange formed on one end of said drive shaft, a hollow tubular coupling member secured to said flange, a driven shaft rotatably mounted in said coupling member eccentric to said drive shaft, a crankpin fixed on the outer end of said driven shaft eccentric to the axis of rotation of the latter, a pair of longitudinally extending helical grooves formed in said driven shaft, a tubular sliding member slidably carried by said housing, interengaging means on said housing and said sliding member adapted to prevent rotation of the latter, a sleeve member slidable on said drive shaft, a pair of radially extending longitudinally spaced apart flanges formed on said sleeve member, an inwardly extending flange formed on said sliding memher and adapted to be received between said pair of sleeve member flanges, anti-friction means interposed between said pair of flanges and said inwardly extending flange whereby said sleeve member is slidable with said sliding member and rotatable relative thereto, a pair of diametrically opposed parallel arms extending from one end of said sleeve member and through said drive shaft flange, inwardly directed end portions on said arms engaging in said helical grooves, an external thread formed on said sliding member, an annular member having internal threads engaging said sliding member threads and rotatably mounted in said housing, gear teeth formed on the outer surface of said annular member, a Worm screw rotatable in said housing at right angles to the axis of rotation of said drive shaft and meshing with said gear teeth whereby rotation of said worm screw will effect displacement of said crankpin relative to said drive shaft axis 15 of rotation.

FRANKLIN E. STAATS.

REFERENCES CITED STATES PATENTS Number Number Name Date Ciarlo Aug. 10, 1915 Manly Jan. 16, 1917 Caut May 24, 1927 Glattes Oct. 11, 1927 Svensson Apr. 9, 1935 Staude Jan. 9, 1940 Swenson Sept. 24, 1940 Peterson Oct. 7, 1941 Clark Dec. 16, 1941 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date Great Britain Sept. 8, 1921 Germany Jan. 21, 1924 Great Britain Apr. 29, 1938

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1149728 *Aug 14, 1912Aug 10, 1915Esteban CiarloMechanical movement.
US1212791 *Feb 4, 1911Jan 16, 1917Charles M ManlyVariable-capacity pump.
US1630168 *Mar 31, 1921May 24, 1927Raymond CautPower transmission by hydraulic means
US1645420 *Feb 1, 1926Oct 11, 1927William GlattesVariable-stroke pump
US1996938 *Oct 25, 1933Apr 9, 1935Monad CorpMotion changing device
US2186395 *Nov 2, 1936Jan 9, 1940Staude Edwin GVariable speed gearing
US2215488 *May 28, 1930Sep 24, 1940Svenson Ernest JPlunger pump
US2257854 *Jul 12, 1938Oct 7, 1941Peterson Joseph APressure regulator for fluids
US2266003 *Oct 4, 1940Dec 16, 1941Clark Omar EPump or compressor
DE388833C *Jan 21, 1924Emil MaurerTourenreduktions- und Wendegetriebe
GB168488A * Title not available
GB514249A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2608103 *Jan 28, 1949Aug 26, 1952Times Facsimile CorpWorm gear drive
US3119280 *Mar 3, 1961Jan 28, 1964Chemical Flow Controls IncReciprocating pump
US3270674 *May 31, 1963Sep 6, 1966Georgia Tech Res InstVariable displacement pump
US4055106 *Nov 29, 1974Oct 25, 1977Edward A. ByrneVariable output fluid pump/motor
US4907950 *Aug 29, 1988Mar 13, 1990Pierrat Michel AVariable positive fluid displacement system
US5004404 *Feb 3, 1989Apr 2, 1991Michel PierratVariable positive fluid displacement apparatus with movable chambers
US7959415Jun 8, 2007Jun 14, 2011Larry Alvin SchuetzleRadial type reciprocating compressor and portable tool powering system with cylinder liner, valve and annular manifold arrangement
US7980829 *Jun 8, 2007Jul 19, 2011Larry Alvin SchuetzleRadial type reciprocating compressor and portable tool powering system with flexing connecting rod arrangement
US8721300Jul 9, 2012May 13, 2014Larry Alvin SchuetzleReciprocating compressor or pump and a portable tool powering system including a reciprocating compressor
US20130195700 *Feb 1, 2012Aug 1, 2013Min-Chien TengPressurizing pump structure
DE2346646A1 *Sep 17, 1973Apr 3, 1975Ludwig MokeschAxialkolbenpumpe
Classifications
U.S. Classification74/600, 91/481, 92/12.1
International ClassificationF04B1/053, F04B49/12, F16C3/28, F04B1/00, F16C3/04
Cooperative ClassificationF16C3/28, F04B49/126, F04B1/0531
European ClassificationF04B49/12C2B, F16C3/28, F04B1/053A