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Publication numberUS2544197 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 6, 1951
Filing dateFeb 28, 1947
Priority dateFeb 28, 1947
Publication numberUS 2544197 A, US 2544197A, US-A-2544197, US2544197 A, US2544197A
InventorsVosbikian Peter S, Vosbikian Thomas S
Original AssigneeVosbikian Peter S, Vosbikian Thomas S
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Locking mechanism for handles of bladed tools
US 2544197 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 6,' 1951 P. s. VOSBIKIAN ETAL 2,544,197

LOCKING MECHANISM FOR HANDLES OF BLADED TOOLS Filed Feb. 28, 1947 A TTORNEX Patented Mar. 6, 1 951 LOCKING MECHANISM FOR HANDLES OF BLADED TOOLS Peter S. Vosbikian and Thomas S. Vosbikian, Melrose, Pa.

Application February 28, 1947, Serial No. 731,600

1 Claim. 1

The object of this invention is to devise novel means for securing the handles of bladed tools in their closed condition.

A further object of the invention is to devise novel latching mechanism having a latch pivotally mounted within one of the handles and adapted to latch with a pin or rod within one of the handles.

A further object is to mount the latch mechanism in such a manner that it will not interfere with the normal operation of the tool and will be substantially concealed within the handles.

A further object is to tension the latch in a novel manner so that When the handles are pressed towards their closed position, the latch will be automatically released and will swing into its open position.

With the foregoing and other objects in view as will hereinafter clearly appear, our invention comprehends novel latching mechanism for securing the handles of bladed tools in their closed position.

For the purpose of illustrating the invention, we have shown in the accompanying drawings a preferred embodiment of it which we have found in practice to give satisfactory and reliable results. It is, however, to be understood that the various instrumentalities of which the invention consists can be variously arranged and organized and the invention is not limited to the exact arrangement and organization of these instrumentalities as herein set forth.

Figure 1 is a plan view of a pair of shears with handle locking mechanism, embodying our invention.

Figure 2 is a section on line 22 of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary plan View with part of the handle removed to show the latch in its open position.

Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts.

Referring to the drawings:

It is to be understood that it is immaterial whether the blades are adapted for cutting, gripping or holding.

As illustrated for purpose of explanation, the tool has blades l and 2, pivotally connected with handles 3 and 4, the connection providing a compound leverage action if desired. The handles are channel shaped in cross section and within the channel of one handle one end of a latch 5 is pivoted on a pivot pin 6 riveted or otherwise secured to the handle. The free end of the latch forms a hook 1 adapted to engage a pin 8 riveted or otherwise secured within the 2 channel of the other handle. The latch is provided with an offset portion 9 which is pressed by the operator to move the latch into its looking position.

In order to effect the automatic release of the latch a tension device is provided in the form of a' spring in one end of which bears against the latch at H and the other end is fixed at It! to a notch in the handle to which the latch is pivoted. It will thus be clear that the latch except for the offset portion 9 forming a pressure member is within the planes of the handles. The offset portion 9 does not extend outwardly beyond the handles a sufficient distance to form an obstruction to the normal use of the tool,

and therefore does not interfere with such normal use.

The arrangement of the spring is such as to cause the automatic opening of the latch when released from the pin with which the hook of the latch cooperates.

When the latching mechanism is in its locked condition and the handles are pressed together, the latch is released and is moved by the spring into its unlatched position and retained in such position.

To look the handles in their closed position, the handles are pressed together and by means of the pressure member 9 the latch is moved into engagement with its keeper formed by the pin 8.

Our present invention solves the problem of a locking mechanism for bladed tools which is substantially concealed within the handles, which secures the blades and handles in their locked condition, and which will automatically release when the handles are pressed together, and at the same time will not form an obstruction extending beyond the planes of the handles to interfere with the manipulation of the tool in its operation.

Having thus described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

Locking mechanism for the handles of bladed tools, comprising the combination with blades pivoted together and handles having grasping portions channel shaped in cross section, pivoted to the rear ends of the blades and having forward extensions pivoted together at their forward ends, of a latch comprising a flat strip having a hook at one end and having the other end pivoted within the channel of one handle in advance of its grasping portion and having an offset pressure portion midway between its hook and pivot and extending laterally of the median 3 line of the tool when the handles are latched, a spring for the latch and tending to move the latch into concealed position within its channel except for the pressure portion which extends longitudinally of and in close proximity to the inner face of the handle to which it is pivoted, and a keeper in the channel of the other handle in advance of its grasping portion, said pressure portion when the latch is in latched position being disposed between the handles and extending exterior thereof at one side of the tool.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 309,888 Shepard Dec. 30, 1884 670,416 Cronk Mar. 26, 1901 1,104,768 Bernard July 28, 1914' 1,546,317 Rogers July 14, 1925' 1,741,109 I-Ieimerdinger Dec. 24, 1929

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US309888 *Jun 11, 1884Dec 30, 1884The PeckPruning-shears
US670416 *Jan 21, 1898Mar 26, 1901Cronk Hanger CoPruning-shears.
US1104768 *Dec 22, 1911Jul 28, 1914William Schollhorn CoPruning or like implement.
US1546317 *Dec 4, 1923Jul 14, 1925Henry Disston & Sons IncPruning shears
US1741109 *Aug 29, 1927Dec 24, 1929W C Heimerdinger CompanyLatch for pivoted handles
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2690010 *Oct 10, 1952Sep 28, 1954Midwest Tool And Cutlery CompaLatch means for shears and the like
US5320011 *Oct 9, 1992Jun 14, 1994Martin Yale Industries, Inc.Safety device latch for a paper cutter
US6446344 *Jun 1, 2001Sep 10, 2002Olympia Group, Inc.Safety latch for hand tool
US6625888 *Oct 2, 2001Sep 30, 2003Ames True Temper, Inc.Pruning device
US7404822 *Oct 23, 2002Jul 29, 2008Orthotec, LlcSurgical instrument
US8713805Jul 27, 2011May 6, 2014Milwaukee Electric Tool CorporationHand cutting tool
US9254065 *Jun 7, 2011Feb 9, 2016Larry FloydWonder spatula
US20040254604 *Oct 23, 2002Dec 16, 2004Guy ViartSurgical instrument
US20120043774 *Jun 7, 2011Feb 23, 2012Larry FloydWonder Spatula
DE19505080A1 *Feb 15, 1995Aug 22, 1996Guenter NusbaumerPincers esp. for glass smalt severing
DE19505080C2 *Feb 15, 1995Feb 19, 1998Guenter NusbaumerSpaltzange zum Trennen von Glassmalten
U.S. Classification30/262
International ClassificationB26B13/16, B26B13/00
Cooperative ClassificationB26B13/16
European ClassificationB26B13/16