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Publication numberUS2545444 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 20, 1951
Filing dateOct 28, 1947
Priority dateOct 28, 1947
Publication numberUS 2545444 A, US 2545444A, US-A-2545444, US2545444 A, US2545444A
InventorsBraselton Chester H
Original AssigneeBraselton Chester H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lipstick
US 2545444 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 20, 1951 c. H. BRASELTON 2,545,444

LIPSTICK Filed 001;. 28, 1947 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII I 'UEEDI][1UUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUJUUDUUDU I Patented Mar. 20, 1951 UNITED STATES" PATENT OFFICE Llrs'rrck Chester H. Braselton, New York, N. Y. Application October 28, 1947, Serial No. 782,536

Claims.

This invention relates to lipsticks and lipstick 7 sticks generally embodies a two-element casing in the form of a cap and cup; having lipstick matter slidingly situated in a carrier housed in the cup elementof the casing. In the above mentioned patent applications I have made point of many of the defects existing in the construction of the lipsticks now in common use. The disclosures in the aforementioned applications have offered improvements and corrections of the faults noted therein; however, it still remains desirable in many types of lipsticks to afford some simple, economical, reliable and convenient means for detachably fastening various shades of lipstick matter in the casing elements. This convenience does not appear to be feasible in cases where the lipstick matter has no supporting sheath which protects the users fingers from soil when using or handling the lipstick.

In my co-pending applications, above cited, I have, however, described a method of surroundingand supporting the lipstick matter by a cylindrical cartridge having an improved type of applicator surface at one end of the cartridge. Provision is also made in this lipstick cartridge for causing the lipstick matter to be issued fromthe applicator end of the lipstick cartridge through a feeding mechanism which is contained within the lipstick cartridge and activated by means of a detachable linkage located at the other end of the lipstick cartridge which is used also to fasten the same to a casing element. Since the lipstick matter is entirely used and is available only at the applicator cartridge end, the feasibility of separate lipstick refills for lipsticks, in general, is greatly enhanced. As has been pointed out, the closure end of the lipstick cartridge revealed in my above applications has an element of linkage located thereon which is further arranged to provide rotative drive to the rouge feeding mechanism contained within the lipstick cartridge. Thus as the linkage on the closure end-of the cartridge is rotated with respect to the cartridge wall it causes the lipstick rouge matter within the cartridge to be issued from the applicator working end of the (cartridge. It is therefore seen that the element of linkage common to the applicator cartridge and the lipstick case has to provide a dual function, one of detachably fixing the applicator cartridge to the lipstick case, and also of activating the feeding mechanism within the applicator cartridge as a consequence of relative rotation between the applicator cartridge and the lipstick case. The design and construction of such a linkage means acceptable for commercial usage presents many requirements in connection with economy, strength, durability and dependability which must be met.

It is therefore a purpose of this invention to describe means for detachably fixing a lipstick applicator cartridge to a lipstick casing, said means permitting rotative drive between the lipstick casing and elements of feeding mechanism housed within the lipstick cartridge.

It is a further purpose of this invention to disclose a form of detachable linkage between the rouge applicator element and, rouge applicator supporting element of a lipstick which affords snap-action engagement of the two elements and is further disposed to provide the rotative drive between sections of the two lipstick elements without placing working stress upon snapacting elements on the linkage.

It is further an object of this invention to disclose means which not only accomplishes the aims of the previous objects, but lends itself to embodiment in both retractable and non-retractable types of lipsticks of any suitable design.

It is lastly an object of this invention to describe means for detachably linking two mechanical elements together in such a Way to afford rotational drive between the elements, but providing snap-acting restraint to the disassociation of the two elements, the above means being so disposed to divorce mechanical stress from those elements embodied in the means which provide snap-acting restraint to the disassociation of the two mechanical elements when rotational drive between the two elements through the linkage means is being realized.

In the disclosure of the aforementioned means I I refer to the following drawings, in which:

Fig. l is an illustration of a retractable type lipstick having a casing comprising two separate elements, namely a cap and cup shown with the lipstick cartridge in retracted position and the protective cap in place.

Fig. 2 shows the lower element of the lipstick illustrated in Fig. 1, now, however, having the protective cap removed and the lipstick applicator cartridge in its extended position, as in application of lipstick matter.

Figs. 3, 4, 5 and 6 show elevational views of elements of a lipstick casing which may be assembled to form a complete lipstick as illustrated in Fig. 2.

Fig. 7 is anzenlarged longitudinal sectional view of Fig.3, showing details oi the applicator cartridge when afiixed to the carrier cup.

Fig. 8 is a longitudinal sectional view of one end of the applicator carrier combination shown in Fig. 7, taken on the line A A, looking in the direction of the arrows thereon.

Fig. 9 is an enlarged longitudinal sectional view of one end of the lipstick applicator assembly, showing means for fixing it to the car-ri'er'oup as shown in Fig. '7.

'FigQ 10 is a longitudinal sectional view-of the applicator- :and: fastening? means showniin Fig: 9, taken on the lineA-A, and looking in the direction of the arrows.

Fig. ll' illustrates the: spring clip .used in this --embodiment of :my invention.

Fig.- 12 shows anzelevational view of thecombination closure and :driving elementusedin the embodiment ofmy invention.

"Fig. 13 is an' el'evational view of the combina- 1 tion spring clip-shownin 'Fig. l1, and the driving element shown in Fig.112.

-Fig. 14 is -anelevationalview of another embodiment of my invention .in' the form of-a nonretractable type of lipstick having .a' casing comprising two main e1ernents,-namelyia protective cap andcup, shown with' the iprotectiv'eacap in place.

Fig. 15- shows the lower mainelement of the lipstick casing illustrated ini Fig. l4, Jnow,: how ever, having the protective cap. removed as=in the application of lipstick matter.

Fig' 16 is a longitudinalsectionalivietwofEFig. 14,: showing details "of the: applicator cartridge and the embodimentaof. the detachable linkage which fastens it to. the: remainder oft the lipstick casing, and

Fig. llis'alongitudinal' sectional view. of the lipstick as shoWn'in-Fig. 16; taken on-the line.

AA looking in'the directionvof the .:arrows thereon.

The lipstick showninFigs; LandZyFig. 1? showing the lipstick with itsrprotective capiin place, i and Fig.2 with the-cap off and the lipstick applicator cartridge 2 extended, is commonly known 1 as a spiral type retractable lipstick. iThis spiral type retractable lipstick usually comprises a housing element 1, applicatorcartridge 2,and.an-exztension control 3. as shown in Fig.2. lhe applicator cartridge .2 is mechanically-linked tothe housing I and extension control 3 so that'relative rotation of the extensioncontrol with 're- :spect to the housing i-causes longitudinal axial :movement of the applicator cartridge-'2 within the housing element l. The mechanical linkage between the applicator'cartridge Z-and the housingzelement I and the arrangement between these and the extension control-3, may best be -de- .-=scribed bye-breaking the'lipstick intoeitsicomponents; as shown in Figs..3,-:4,- :5;and figand then sassembling-it. Toassemble the lipstick, the: lipstick applicator Cartridge? 2, which is contained in a carriercup..-4,.-hav-ing a guidingpro'jection 5, is placed within a the rotational irestrai-ning sheath 6, having rigidly fastenedto:=sa-me the'extension control knob 3, so that the extension 5 slidingly cooperates with the slot 1 in the sheath 6 so as to prevent relative rotation between the carrier cup 4 and the sheath 6, but allow axial movement of the ,cup 4 and its lipstick applicator cartridge 2 longitudinally within the sheath 6. The driving sheath 8 of Fig. 5, of larger diameter than the restraining sheath 5, of Fig. l, is then rotatingly slid over the restraining sheath 6 in combinationi'w-i-th the carrier oup lwithin the slotted sheath 6, in such'a' way that'the helical slot 9 of the restraining sheath 8 engages the guiding pin 5 of the carrier cup 6. It is then seen 1 that rotation of the driving sheath 8, with respect to the restraining sheath 6, will cause the carrier cup d; having its guiding projection 5 cooperating with theslot l ofthe restraining sheath 6, and

also with helical slot 9 of the driving sheath 8,

-to meve axially within the restraining sheath 6.

For ornamental purposes the housing sheath I,

control 3 z with. respect to the housing 1 sheath l i -and thus cause longitudinal-axialmotionuof the 1 lipstick cartridge 2' within the assembled lower element of lipstick Ca'Si-ngf'aS' shown in-vFig: 2.

As shownein: FigsL-Bithrough 6, thesassembly indicated results in: a lipstick thatsrequires clockwise rctation of extension dementia-Fig. 2,-with the lipstick applicator. cartridge a 2; whereas couning" elem'enta I.

rAspreviouslyindicated, it is desirable to provide ameans for detachably fastening the lipstick ,applicator. cartridge 'ZatOithecarrier cup 4, so thataaftera the. lipstick. matter: has l-beenconsumed in theaapplicator, cartridge-i2, theoldapplicatorcartridge may'beremoved and replaced :by an applicator cartridge having a" fresh supply of. lipstick-material. -Reference to-Fig 7-. permits a better conception of 'the requirements of such ra detachable linkage between the cartridge 2 and lipstick applicator 'zcart'ridge 2, having my imthe carrier cup' 4. lit' is seenwinrFig. 7; that the proved applicatorc'ontourt I 6, {is disposedto havling. the lip'stick; matter: I l :wi thin-said cartridge fedaxiallyswithin the cartridge toward theworking end i 'l ii-sofi the: cartridge, 'by-"meansx of; piston i 2 threadedly :"engaged on: driving rod? l3, -.with- -iin the-applicator cartridge. =-is fixedly-attached to the rotable' closurezld of :The; rdriv-ingrrod I3 the lipstick. cartridge:2,rrby. piening; soldering or cementing. common: points of contact so that :any

- rotation of the rotableiclosure I I4 with ."respect tothe cartridge? will cause rotationof' the drivingrrod 13, withirespectato' the cartridge.

1 tot the insidetwall Lofi the. cartridgeiz, which" 00- operatesvwith i the J slot I 6 in the i periphery of the piston l2wsoas to -permit axialv movement of the piston 12 within the cartridge 2; but. prevent rotationthereof within the carridge when the l3-is rotated with'respect to the shown in Fig. 12.

be recalled that the carrier cup 4, which supports the lipstick applicator cartridge 2, is so disposed within the restraining sheath 6, Fig. 4, to prevent rotation of the carrier cup 4 with respect to the sheath 6 and hence the extension control 3 fixedly attached to the same. It -therefore be- 13, is, of course, optional; however, the methods comes only necessary to provide a detachable constructed so as to have a carrier cup within them of a type similar to that shown in Fig. 3,

the diameter and depth of which cup may vary with diiferences in design of the case, it is important that the means used to detachably fix the lipstick applicator cartridge to the carrier cup be flexible.

It is desired in the showing of this embodiment, to indicate how my invention may be applied to most any size of lipstick casing employing the equivalent of a carrier cup in its operation, and accordingly means will be shown to adapt a cup for proper cooperation with my detachable linkage. Closer reference to Figs. '7 to 10 will reveal an adapting ring I'I, disposed to slidingly fit within the carrier cup 4, and to be soldered or otherwise permanently fastened therein, the adaptingring being necessary only in providing hole supports for the driving pin I8. With particular reference to Figs. 9 and 10 it will be seen that the rotable closure I4 for the applicator cartridge 2 is a type of flanged cylinder, having been bored as shown at IS- This counterbored end is slotted across its diameter, as shown at 20, the slot being of such width to slidingly accommodate the diameter of the driving pin I8. Further details of this slot arrangement may be seen in Fig. 13. This construction makes the end of the rotatable closure, indicated at 29, 'a type of driven element which will hereinafter be referred to as the driven element, this loosely fitting the driving pin I8.

It has been described that it is desirable to have this driven element engage the driving pin It so as to restrain axial movement of the rotatable closure I I, of which the driven element is a part, and consequently cartridge 2, but provide rotational restraint of the cartridge closure is when the driven element thereof is engaged with the pin I8. A more detailed view of the closure I4 and its associated slot 2E3 is shown in Fig. 13.

The actual restraint of the rotatable closure Id, when the driven element is engaged on the driving pin I8, is effected by a spring clip 2!, de-

tails of the clip formation being shown in Fig. 11. This spring clip 2I having mounting extensions 22 and 23, is of such width 24, Fig. 11, as to snugly fit into the width 25 of the slot 26, The length of the spring clip 2! with the mounting extensions 22 and 23, is

.made the same as the smaller diameter of the closure I 4. Therefore the spring clip may be rigidly fixed to the closure It and in the slot ZII, by peening together, or soldering, common points of contact between the spring clip 2!, mounting extension 23, and the side of the slot 20, at the points indicated by '26 and 21 in Fig.

suggested offer satisfactory strength and rigidity consistent with economy. This spring clip 2| is formed, as shown in Fig. 11, to have a restricted opening formed by two axial V-shaped inward projections 28 and 23 in the spring walls 30 and 3| respectively. As more clearly shown in Fig. 13, the actual separation of the walls 3!] and 3| may be of a distance greater than the width of the slot 20 so that the driving pin I8 does not drive from the walls 30 and 3! of the spring clip 2| when engaged, but imparts its driving torque to the closure I4 by direct contact on the walls of the slot 28. This latter action is of extreme importance in preserving the tension of the spring clip 2! by merit of not presenting a metal fatiguing, twisting action on the spring walls when the driving rod I8 is acting upon the slot 26 in the closure Hi. In Figxl3 it will be apparent that the restriction created by the two V-shaped formations 28 and 29 being separated by a distance considerably smaller than the diameter of the driving rod I8, will afford a degree of restraint between the closure I4 and the driving pin I 8 when subjected to axial motions in a direction tending to separate the closure 54 from the pin I 8. This restriction between the V-shaped formations 28 and 29 of the spring clip also allows a snap-acting engagement of the rod I 8 with the closure I4, when the cartridge 2 is properly positioned so that the slot Zii is aligned with the' driving rod I8. Remembering, now, that this adapting ring I? is placed within the carrier cup 4, as in Fig. '7, and fixedly fastened to the same by solder or other means, it is seen that this snap-action engagement between the cartridge elosure I4 and the rod I8 afiords a convenient method of detachably fixing the lipstick cartridge 2 to the assembled lower element of lipstick casing I, as shown in Fig. 2.

It should be noted, in reference to Figs. '7 and 9, that the supporting holes 32 and 33 in the adapting ring I? which support the driving pin It, are of considerably larger diameter than the rod diameter I8. This is important in reducing the dimensional tolerances to which the closure It and the adapting ring I! must be made. In positioning detachable cartridge 2 for engagement with driving rod I8, it is seen that should there be any discrepancy in the alignment of the rod I8 with the slot 26 cut in the lower portion of the closure I4, this looseness of driving rod in its support will allow a much freer action between the two elements. In this particular embodiment the inner walls of the carrier cup 3 provide means for restraining the driving rod I3 from longitudinal movement in the supporting holes 32 and 33, when the adapting ring I! is in its fixed operating position with the carrier cup I.

The means disclosed afford the desirablecharacteristics of detachable linkage between the applicator cartridge 2 and the carrier cup 4 of the lower element of lipstick casing I, in Fig. 2, as it is the purpose of this invention to achieve. Removal of the lipstick applicator cartridge 2 from the lower element of lipstick casing I in accordance with the foregoing, may be accomplished by gently pulling the lipstick cartridge 2 upwardly and axially with respect to the house ,37 ing clement: I in EigwQ. :This action is a-ccommarried by: the audible: snap afiordedby the acwti'on ofs'pring 2 Lonthedr-ivingro-d-l 3. Reversedyr shti'uldpit 'beadesired to replace the cartridge z in thehousing it ds only necessary to gently lowerithe cartridge 2 :in-to the housing I, and 1 rotate withihcvuzidue downward pressures-until the "slot F29ralig-ns iwith the driving rod 18; at which-time the caTtridgd 2 is more 'firmlypushed intothehousing element I until the audible snap.

is heard,-:denoting the engagement of the: spring 2 l' with :the drivi-ngrod lfl. Any ieedingof the r--elipstick 'matter 5 i Fig. 7,-toward the working end l of the lipstick cartridgezz may"therrhe effected 'by merely rotating the cartridge 2- with -respect to the element I of the lipstickcasing or the extension I control -.knob 3, :as shown in -FfigZeZ.

A noteworthy featureoi the protection that-the vclrivinggslot 2D 'aff0rds the spring--2l-'is in con- 2 nection w-ith-the frailty that the spring -2 I of -necessity; mustha-ve in order to reduce the'd'ownawardmressure necessary on the carrier cup '4,

.3, when snapping'ly engagingcartridge =Too 'much downwa-rd pressure on the carrier cup -4i-n order to achieve this 'snap acting engagement 'may-resultin: shearing ordisengagement of guid- -ing-projection5by orfrom the helical slot 9 of the driving sheatlrfi. Thus itis necessary; as ---my-i-above invention provides, to employ arspring ofrrelativelylightmaterial which will reduce the necessary I downward pressure in fastening the --cartridge 2'tothe-carrier-flyat the same-time t-providing-secondary means offered by the slot 25] -forpositivelydrivingthe=-feeding mechanism in the cartridge relative to the. carrier caseyan'd in -so doi-ng znot impart any rotational mechanical strain to the spring: 2 I

Thelipstick shown in Fig. 14 is the non-retractabletypeand-comprises two main elements of thelipstick casingtheprotective cap-34 and the-supporting-element 35. 'Fig.=-l5--shows this --non-retractable form of lipstick with the-pro- --tective caps34 removed and exposing-the lipstick applicator'cartridge 36,- which is detachably held -in thesupporting element 35. --In -contrast to' the retractable typeof 'lipstick shown in the previeus @embodiment; the supporting element 350i the lip- -stick casing shown inl5, does-not incorpo- --rate= meansfor-extendingor retractingthe lip- -stick cartridge 36 :from *within 'the receiver L whousing: 31 of --the supporting element 35.

As better seen r in the --l0ngi-tudinalcross-sectional :views :inrFigs. l6 and:1'7,-the lipstickapplicator cartridge- 36, with means it-activated by the rotatable closure 39 for-extruding lipstick matter M -toward the working end' H of the lipstick cartridge-135, isidentical in operationalprinciple tothe lipstick cartridge 2, Fig. '7, employed in the -retractable type of lipstick housing. Instead, however, of --thelipstick cartridge 36 beingdetachably fixed to a carrier cup, such ast in Fig. 7, which carrien cup moves longitudinally withinthe supporting element I, as shown in Fig.2, now the lipstick cartridge 36 slidingly androtatingly :fitsr directly into the receiver housing 31, .which is rigidly fastened tothe supporting: element- 35. Vfhereasbeforeit was-necessary to .providedetachable-linkage between the lipstick applicator cartridge Zandthe-carrier 4, Fig.7, it isz-now. necessaryinthisflnon-retractable type .-of lipstick to. provide my detachable linkage between the lipstick cartridge-35 and the receiver --housing 31,- said linkage'being located at the supported end of the receiver housing 31. -This A tridgeflfi, withits rotatable closure139 in theiorm of a flange type ofycylinder; having =been:.:bored es-shown at 425-and slotted across its diameter, as shown at 43, the slot =again being go f v such -Width-to.=-slidingly accommodate the diameter. of

. k the driving-pin 44. -Except for -the mounting-of the drivingpin;- therotatable closure 39,-w-ith its slotteddriven-element B -and springclip 45 is of the same =form asethatshown-inFig. l3. Inthis case -the--driving= rod 44,- whichimparts-driving torque to t-he clesure Swby-actiona of the slotted i walls or driven element 43 issupported-by holes 6 6 and- 4 I ,=-which--are.- placed- :at thebottom.- end of the receiver housing 31. :For: reasons described heretofore" the supporting 4 holes 46- and-- 41: for

, the- -driving;-'pin fi l; are-necessarily of-largerg-diameter than: the driving pin- 44 -to provide-ade- I sirable-increasetndimensionaltolerances-in the fabrication of the lipstick. It is also noted: that the =dr-iving-pi-n- 4t is of a lengthless than the over-all outside diameter of the receiver-housing =31, so that-the driving; rod' lmdoes not. protrude outside of the holes 46 and- 41 when in :place, as show-n in- Fig-t6. Ehispermits the" supporting element cup-like structure =35 to bel-"S1id*( n= the supported: end of -the receiver housing 31 and cover holes At- --and 111 from view,-v at -the--same time -1oosely- -securing the drivingepin Mi -within supporting holes Est-and 4-1. It-is very desirable that-the driving-pin M always be'of alength less 35 than the outside diameter efthe receiver-housing sothat freedom of-motion-ofi the 'drivingpin 4d --isassured Within the supporting holes '46 and fillat all times. -A-fter' the supporting element 35 has been placed on the lower-endof the re- 40 ceiver housing 33, as shown in Fig-16, it is rigidly secured to the-outside wall of thereceiver housing 3'! by use u of solder; cement; or-= other-=-adhesive materials, carebeing: exercisednot' toaallow any of the adhesive mater-ia1-to-enterthe-supporting holeswand 41 for the-driving pin 44'. As best shown in l Fig. 17, the---;action- 'of -the spring ell-p45 of-the driving pin fl-is-exactly the same as that 'described -with referenee-to-the drivingpin [8 --of --the"spring clip 2 I in Fig. 10. K -This.perrn=its the applicator-cartridge36 to -be detachablyfixed-to' the: supporting or zlower element of the lipstick casing,- cem-p-r-ised of thesupporting element--35 and-the receiver housing 31, by merely-lowering the lipstick cartridge lum receiver housing-31 androtating very-slightly,

"' =with-little-downward-pressure,-- until the slot 49, in Figsl5, aligns-with thewdriving pin 44, "'at'which time an additional downward pressure will allow spring clipJE- toengage'with: the driving-pin 44 within the lower element-: oflipstick: casing. "To extract the --cartridge-=36 from-the lipstick easing, as in replacing -an-exhausted cartridge, liin'gitudinal pulling of -t-he lipstick cartridge 36"so as to he; separate" it" from-the rest of the lipstick casing willcause the'clip fi todi'sengage the "driving-"rod :44, .andthe' lipstick cartridge may" then: be'removed from :the casing. While I; the "lipstick cartridge is place,-of course, asi inthe previous 7 "embodiment; rotation-oi the lipstick cartridge '3 6,

'9 out that due to the action of the slotted walls 43 upon the driving rod 44, no mechanical stress is placed upon the spring clip 45, thus preserving the spring formation and tension.

It will be noted in the non-retractable type of lipstick shown in Figs. 14 through 17 that the lipstick applicator cartridge 36 has a working end which is of slightly different contour from that shown in connection with the applicator cartridge 2 in Fig. 2, which was usedin a retractable type lipstick. This difference in contour maintains the advantageous characteristics of the ridge maintaining working end, shown in my above-mentioned applications, but furthermore permits the end 36a of the right hand wall of applicator cartridge 36 to extend considerably farther away from the extent of the receiver housing 31 in a longitudinal direction than end 36b of the left hand wall of the applicator cartridge, as seen in Fig. 16. This permits the placing of the protecting cap 34, shown in Fig. 14, on the lipstick in a manner such that the longer right hand wall 36a of the lipstick cartridge enters the protective cap 34 before the protective cap is lowered far enough to encounter the top end of the left hand wall 36b. This action affords increased protection to the working surface of the lipstick material defined by the working end 4| when the protective cap is placed on the lipstick as described.

I have shown in Figs. 15 and 16 the extreme length of the right hand wall, shown as 36a, as being about the same distance fromthe other end of the cartridge as is the junction of the planes which define the working end of the cartridge. In this form of the invention, while it is not completely necessary, I prefer that the right hand side wall be substantially as far from the other end of the cartridge as the edge formed by the intersecting planes defining the working end of the cartridge in order that the working ridge does not project farther at the working end of the cartridge than does the longer end Wall. In fact some advantages are gained by having the right hand wall higher than the ridge juncture between the two end planes of the cartridge. Thus, by having one of the end planes defining the working end of the cartridge almost at right angles to the axis of the cartridge, I am able to maintain a ridge forming end for the working end of the cartridge and still have one of the side walls of the cartridge substantially higher than its opposite, and almost, or as highas, the ridge, and in some cases, preferably higher. This allows me to maintain the ridge forming constructions mentioned in my co-pending applications, and still provide a construction permitting application of the cap over the cartridge when applied to the case with very material reduction of accidental damaging of the shape of the free lipstick at or adjacent to the ridge when applied.

' In this form of construction, shown in Figs. '14 to 1'7, it will appear that when the cap 34 is in place on support 35, the same being supported entirely by support 35 and housing 31, and being free to turn with respect to the cartridge 36, that since this is true I have provided so that the lipthe cap is- Although the description' and application of my invention has been associated with two particular forms of lipsticks, a spiral type retractable lipstick and a non-retractable lipstick respectively, and specific point has been made of the adaptability of my invention to other typesa-of spiral lipstick by the novel use of the adapting ring hereinbefore described, it is to be recognized that the above means is just as applicable and useful in other types of retractable and nonretractable lipsticks in which detachability of the rouge applicator from the lipstick casing is desired. Push-up or other typesof retractable. or non-retractable casings for lipsticks or' other cosmetic materials, illustrations of which are. shown in my co-pending applications above mentioned, or are otherwise known in the art, are just as amenable to the application of myinvention herein disclosed.

Other advantageous applications of my invention described herein will suggest themselves to those skilled in the art, to which this invention relates, without, however, departing from the spirit and scope of the following claims. What I claim is: 1. In a lipstick, a detachable cartridge having a working end and adapted to contain lipstick m'a-' terial therein, a screw within the cartridge supported and held by a closure at the other end of the cartridge which holds the screw against longitudinal movement with respect to the'c'artridge, but permits rotation thereof, an annular liange on the lower projecting end of the closure having a diametrically disposed driving slot therestick material in the cartridge cannot be accicaused by relative rotation between the cartridge a gripping spring mounted in the bottom of the closure in alignment with the driving slot, a casing adapted to receive the closed end'of the cartridge, and a driving rod across the hollow of one end of the casingadapted to engage the gripping spring on the closure and drivingly engage the driving slot in the annular projection on the closure, whereby the cartridge may be detachably held in operating relationship with the casing and the latter serving as a driving means for the'feecling mechanism when rotated with respect to the cartridge.

- 2. In a lipstick, a tubular cartridge adapted to contain lipstick material having a working or applying end for the lipstick material, a closure for the other end of thefcartridge, feeding mechanism in the cartridge supported by the closure against longitudinal movement, butadapted for rotation with "respe'ctto the cartridge, "a hollow case adapted to receive the closure end of the cartridge and having provision for receiving a cap for closingjsaid casing with its cartridge when assembled, a driving rod carried internallya'cross one end of the casing, means on the closure of the cartridge wherebythe driving rod, may serve to rotate the closure with respect to the cartridge.

when in place, means whereby the closure and driving rod 'are detachably held in operating and driving relationship whereby relative rotation between the cartridge and casing in one direction tends to feed lipstick material't'oward the working end of the cartridge, thev closure for the lip.-

a aiaamstieklcasingxbeing:adapteditorattachztoithe casing;

and be-icanrie'd hysameiindependent ;or=:.the :can:

tridge 'sonthat irelativesrotatiom oiithe wartridge withirespeetz to-th'e :casingzcannot be caused: whenth'ercapiis in placeion: the casing.

33 Inalipstick;contain'ema cup zomcarrier "for holdihgethe lipstick}: an:;annular ling-having di:-'

ametrical i holes, therein; and;- aa dniving: rodmounted across the ring in the holes and adapted to/fit zinethe ;cup or carrieriwith the rodin. place, whereby :the ;walliof thecarrier whena'the ring is in -iplacerservesitoi.retainothe driving rod; in the holes in the ring, axlipstichicontaining= cartridge adapted-tomotat-ivelyfit in the cup-ior-carrier, and

feedingr-means in: the cartridge 7 adaptedto. de-

tachably zand 'drivingly engage the rod,: whereby om-support {and :sumound.:the rciosed ten-d; ,ofthe cartridge;: and: having diametricallyopposed:

holes, a deivingrrod looselyamountedin the holes in one end of the tubing, a closure-ion thesadjaoent izendf ofz 'the qcasing having an upwardly projectingcflange--adapted to cover the end 1' of theacasingriand :the ends ofthe rod; and fixedly mounted, on-athe easing, and driving meansfixed'. withhrespectsxtor-the:feeding mechanism adapted,

toadrivingly engage therod, whereby rotation of the ylower-iend of: :the casing VTithI'IBSP6Ct to the cartridge :.-wonld IT cause the :lipstick material 5130 feedstowardthe-other end.

5.: lnrzanlipstick, ,a; cartridge adapted to con;- tain; lipstick'=.material and having a working: end for-applying :the same; feeding mechan-ismein sidertheqcartridge; a ;-closure for-the other end of gfthe-:;cartridge-v adapt-edito support the feeding mechanism: whereby rotation of; the feeding mechanism:with-respect to :the cartridge would tendptoeforce' lipstick material toWa-rd;the -applyin ienda fthe same,- a tubular casingadapted-r tozisupportandrsurround the closed end of the cartridge,. and? having diametrically opposed.

holes, a driving rod loosely mounted in therholes nr-onezend of ,thfi tubing; a,'0l0Sur-e1 for;-the adjaoentzendr of the casing having an: upwardly preieeting ,fiangeaadaptedto coverthe end of the casing; ande the ends.. ofa: the." rod: and: fixedly mounted; on theecasing; means .acarried. bythe cartridge-z, fora-detachably holding; the ecartridge.

arid iits sassembly eon-nthe-rod; and :means .arigid withathe feeding.:mechanism. whereby the-latter may ybeidri'ven: .bya-the rod when in: engagement therewith and the Acasing: rotated: with respect tortheicantridgeu 65 lm avlipstiok a=-Zcartridgeadapted touicontaimlipsticki-material. :andehaving a working end fonapplyingethe same; feeding mechanism with? im :the icartridge, as closure 5 at t the other 'endrof. thee cattridgez having an: annularfiange; (ii 2r metrically opposedwslotsain thezannular flange p edfitoiengage;arod, a tubular zcasing. adapt-J editorsupportnands'sunround. theuclosedend ,ofithe rtridges and; having diametrically; ODDQSfidi holes, a:-.drivingiroddoosely'amountedrinrthewholes; in: none :endi :Of: T121116 tubing; a: closure for." the 1 ad.2- ja'centiend ofitheicasingiiavingan upwardlyproe jecting ;flangek adapted'itoacoven.-the; end ofuthez casing; and: ther ends; of the: rod; and fixedly mounted: 1 on the -:;casing,; means .-;carried; byi the. cartridge ifor detachably; holding; the, cartridge; and its-.assembly--on.-1the rod; ands means zrigids withnthe ifeeding mechanism whereby :the latter may: be driverrby therrod zwhenzzinyiengagement therewith; and thegcasingurotated with respect, tether-cartridges Tami-a, lipstick: .aacartrideeeadaptedrto.gconitam lipstick materiaL-and -havingiasworkingaendi for: apply nes heasames means; within; the; can: i tridge 2. for feedinei: lipstick-z material to: said; working end; a; rotatable sclosuregfoj ithevother end. of? the a cartrid e,:;.sp1:in grippin means carri d y hetclosureefo hesotherndroiathel cantrideesa: tuhtilaltzcasin daptedr-to support and: surround=;.theeclqsedii nd ofxthemartridge' andrlrarin diametrically i pposed holes, aedrive ingcred; loosely amounted i nii fi 71101685 in; one-end: Ofifth'ee'tlzlbltn sb fiid sprina-e'erippine ameans in nerfQITmQd'ILtOfEIIQagQ QOYEl'fISfiidf -rod innorder ;to;de= tachablyvholdcthe cartridgeiin driving relatione to. ;said':rod: a-;clos ure {for theadjac ent endmmne; casing}: havin am. upwardly proieQti-ngz; flange; dapte :0Qlfi 1: -the;nd act: the acaeing.aand ,the,r ends of the rod, and means rigid With theafefedeinemeohanismrwhereby the-'latterrmayzbe-sdriven y thBiE-IQd when inreneaeementeherewi h as. the a in rot drvvith:resi ir t.1 :01,the-:cartnidse- 8: n arlipstick; a cantridgeeadap dgte.conrrain lipsticki material;- andrhavina avworlsinerend forapplyingithesame; aclosure-at the otheriend ofrithe cartridefi; feeding-mechanism-in--theicar+ trid ewsupport dfi yy hez closure against lanai;- tudinal movement but adapted for rotation-With; respect-ate ;the i cartridge; saidi closure carrying driving; means-for the: feeding? meohanism, ex: ternal-to the cartridgescasa; said .-driving.;means. comprising an: 1annu1ar,;-flange--,slotted,,diametri: callvso-asto-permit enga ement-ion the slot witha. driving, IOd'fllfl UfiShfiQfidx gripping :spring; having: axial mounting extensions whichrare-receiyed Joy thee-slot ,in zthesannular. flange, andemeans-for rigidly; fastening the-- gripping spring by its, mounting gextensionsz-w-ithin, the a slotted wallof theflange 9.=-A cosmetic applicator-1comprising aninner cartridges. including a, paste.-.. sleeve; having,- a workin end, asbody of cosmetic materialcarriedin said sleeve --and= having asworking,:surfacer at thesworlring end;thereof, anqouter casing memebee,-resilient snaprfasteninggmeansrotatablysecuringfiaid :cantridgeiin said ;-outer casingemem;

be t: andrhfilding it -.,against1 longitudinalv moverelatiaeithereto, meansrzfon advancing said cosmetic material in said cartridge-;;on:,relati-verotatiomof :said' cartrid e l ereaansiz. saidzz ter. casing member, said snap-fastening means conh prisingi elements: carriedgbyv said ou er: casin member andgby saidv cartridge-w whichr interena gage as a i aforesaid; on,- longitudinal :pushing, to: etherisaid isleeveeandi a ing ;member ,--andasaid advancingmeansiand outen-casing member-hom prisingsinterengaging:;driving, means other than said .said snap'eiasteningemeans for; drivinglygassociatingutheesameiz.

1021A: cosmetic applicator comprising car.- tridge including :apaste; .{SIQBVGg having. ;a;i.worke-.: ing end; a body: oi cosmetic{material-married in: said:sleevegandihavin ziworlsinez-suriaceeat the, workingsenddthereofa:.asbaseememheiziadaptedatoi support the cartridge, resilient snap-fastening means rotatably securing said cartridge to said base and holding it against longitudinal. movement relative thereto, means for advancing said cosmetic material in said cartridge on relative rotation of said cartridge sleeve and said base member, said snap-fastening means comprising provisions carried by said base member and by said cartridge which interengage as aforesaid on longitudinal pushing together of said sleeve and base member, and said advancing means and base member comprising interengaging driving means other than said snap-fastening means for drivingly associating the same.

11. A device of the class described comprising a cosmetic cartridge, a casing comprising a cup or carrier for said cartridge, a ring secured within said carrier, said ring having diametrically opposed holes therein, a connecting rod mounted crosswise of the ring in said holes and held against displacement therefrom by the walls of said carrier overlying said holes, and means carried by said cartridge engageable with said rod for connecting said cartridge thereto.

12. A device of the ciass described comprising a cosmetic cartridge, a casing comprising a cup or carrier for said cartridge, a ring secured within said carrier, said ring having diametrically opposed holes therein, a connecting rod of considerably smaller diameter than said holes loosely mounted crosswise of the ring in said holes and held against displacement therefrom by the walls of said carrier overlying said holes, and means carried by said cartridge engageable with said rod for connecting said cartridge thereto.

13. A device of the class described comprising a cosmetic cartridge, a casing comprising a cup or carrier for said cartridge, a ring secured within said carrier, said ring having diametrically opposed holes therein, a connecting rod of considerably smaller diameter than said holes loosely mounted crosswise of the ring in said holes and held against displacement therefrom by the walls of said carrier overlying said holes, and snap fastening means carried by said cartridge engageable with said rod for connecting said cartridge thereto.

14, A device of the class described comprising a cosmetic cartridge, a casing comprising a cup or carrier for said cartridge, a ring secured within said carrier, said ring having diametrically opposed holes therein, a connecting rod mounted crosswise of the ring insaid holes and held against displacement therefrom by the Walls of said carrier overlying said holes, said cartridge having paste feeding means therein and having projecting from its bottom end a rotatable bifurcated driving element for said paste feeding means, said bifurcated driving element formed for straddling engagement with said rod to es-' tablish a driving connection between said carrier and said bifurcated element.

15. In a device of the class described, a cosmetic cartridge comprising a tubular sleeve adapted to contain a body of cosmetic material, said cartridge having a working end and a supporting end and having a rotatable closure at its supporting end and means operable by relative rotation of said closure and sleeve for feeding the contained cosmetic material toward the working end of the cartridge; a casing for supporting said cartridge comprising a cartridge carrier and a driving rod transversely mounted on said carrier; a slotted projecting annular ring carried by said closure for drivingly engaging said rod; and means for yieldingly retaining said slotted ring in engagement with said rod.

CHESTER H. BRASELTON.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,999,263 Thesmar 1 Apr. 30, 1935 2,088,899 Chevreau Aug. 3, 1937 2,337,682 Reickenbach Dec. 28, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 9,484 Great Britain 1898 667,224 France June 10, 1929 744,917 France Jan. 31, 1933

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1999263 *Dec 9, 1933Apr 30, 1935Frederic ThesmarLip stick and cosmetic container
US2088899 *Nov 14, 1935Aug 3, 1937Grenoville SaCase for lip rouge
US2337682 *Aug 14, 1941Dec 28, 1943Chase Brass & Copper CoLipstick holder
FR667224A * Title not available
FR744917A * Title not available
GB189809434A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2704598 *Jul 21, 1950Mar 22, 1955Gen Tire & Rubber CoCosmetic stick holder
US3129709 *Mar 29, 1961Apr 21, 1964Rountree Joseph DTraining device
US4552161 *Sep 16, 1983Nov 12, 1985American Cyanamid CompanyStick antiperspirant package and process
US4622985 *Mar 14, 1984Nov 18, 1986A. W. Faber-Castell Gmbh & Co.Applicator tip and cosmetic applicator provided therewith
US5538022 *Apr 13, 1995Jul 23, 1996Estee Lauder CompaniesSingle-use tester for cosmetic products
US5549404 *Nov 23, 1994Aug 27, 1996Kotobuki & Co., Ltd.Stick-shaped material drive container and supply cassette
US5799667 *Sep 12, 1997Sep 1, 1998The Plastek GroupSampler applicator
Classifications
U.S. Classification401/78, 132/320, D28/88, 401/86
International ClassificationA45D40/04, A45D40/02
Cooperative ClassificationA45D40/04
European ClassificationA45D40/04