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Publication numberUS2545758 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 20, 1951
Filing dateNov 9, 1945
Priority dateNov 9, 1945
Publication numberUS 2545758 A, US 2545758A, US-A-2545758, US2545758 A, US2545758A
InventorsBest Wilson F
Original AssigneeBest Wilson F
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Stacking receptacle
US 2545758 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 2o, 1951 w. F. BEST 2,545,758

STACKING RECEPTACLE Filed NOV. 9, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet l 1N VEN TOR.

March 20, 1951 W, F, BEST 2,545,758

STACKING RECEPTACLE Filed NOV. 9, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Mar. 20, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE n 2,545,758 STACKING RECEPTACLE Wilson F. Best, Grand Rapids, Mich. Application November 9, 1945, Serial No. 627,669

17 claims. 1

This invention relates to improvements in stacking receptacles.

The main objects of this invention are:

First, to provide a receptacle of the stacking box type which is relatively light in weight and at the same time capable of withstanding severe usage and is very durable.

Second, to provide a receptacle of this type which is adapted to sustain heavy loadsvwhen a series of loaded receptacles are stacked one upon another and one which may be dragged on a floor or platform without injury thereto.

Third, to provide a receptacle of this type which has a wide variety of uses such as in the handling of various materials in stores and factories and one in which the portions most exposed to wear are reinforced and protected whereby wear is minimized.

Objects relating t details and economies of the Vinvention will appear from the description to follow. The invention is defined and pointed out in the claims.

Preferred embodiments of the invention are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a receptacle of the stacking box type embodying my invention.

Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary view in transverse section on a line corresponding to line 2-2 of Figs. 1 and 3.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary invertedH view with the stacking iron or bail in position.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary view in section on a line corresponding to line 4-4 of Fig. 3 of a pair of the receptacles in stacked relation.

Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary view partially in longitudinal section on a line corresponding to line 5-5 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 6 is a perspective view of one of the outer or side bottom bar socket members.

Fig. 7 is a perspective view of one of the intermediate bottom bar socket members.

Fig. 8 is an end perspective view of a modified form or embodiment of my invention in which the bottom, side and end walls are removably associated with the elements constituting the frame parts.

Fig. 9 is an enlarged fragmentary view in section on line 9-9 of Fig. 8.

In the embodiment of my invention shown in Figs. 1 to 7 inclusive, the walls are permanently secured to associated parts. In the embodiment of my invention shown in Figs. 8 and 9 the walls erected are removably associated with the parts constituting the frame to permit removal or replacement thereof. In the preferred embodiment the walls are formed of berboard while in the modified form or embodiment they may be made of less durable stock, one of the objects being to permit removal thereof in the event of the walls becoming soiled.

In the embodiment of my invention illustrated in Figs. 1 to 6 inclusive, the bottom I, side walls 2, and end walls 3 are formed of berboard or hard ber stock, the bottom and side walls being preferably formed integrally. The uprights 4 are of angled section disposed with the angles facing inwardly, the ends of 'the bottom and side walls being disposed Vwithin the uprights and secured thereto as by the rivets 5.

The bottom end cross pieces 6 are of angle section and disposed facing inwardly, being iixedly secured to the corner uprights as by welding indicated at I, see Fig. 8;

The lower ends of the end walls are disposed with these bottom cross pieces and fixedly secured thereto as by the rivets 8. The top, side and end pieces or rails 9 and I U are disposed on the outer sides of the side and end walls and secured thereto as by rivets II.

Angled corner irons I2 are secured to the side and end rim members as indicated at I3 and are provided with pintle receiving sockets I4 for the pintles I5 for the stacking bails or irons I6.

The side `rim members I0 are provided with downwardly facing reinforcing irons I 1I of U- section embracing intermediate portions of the side rim pieces and the upper edges of the side walls and iixedly secured as by means of the rivets I'I. These reinforcing irons -prevent out-v ward springing of the sides of the box and constitute wear irons, being positioned to support the stacking bails when in erected position, see Fig. fi, and protecting the edges when objects are slid across the top of the walls. The ends of the receptacleare provided with similar reinforcing `irons I8.

Outer and intermediate bottom bars I9 and 20 Aare provided, these bars supporting and protecting the bottom and also serving as skid bars. The bars are secured to the bottom intermediate their ends as by the rivets 2 I. The ends of the bars are flanges Vhaving tongues 26 which are disposed 3 above the bottom end cross pieces. The ends of the bottom bars are disposed between the sockets and the end cross pieces, as shown in Fig. 5.

The outer socket members 22 have inner flanges 2 which are riveted to the bottom at 28, these flanges having tongues 29 corresponding to the tongues 2S and projecting above the bottom end cross pieces.

The outer anges 3i) of the outer socket members are turned upwardly in lapping relation to the side walls and secured thereto as by the rivets 3l. These flanges have tongues 32 which project within the corner uprghts.

The outer socket members are of subh length that they serve as wear plates. engaging the stacking bails as shown in Fig. fl. The flanges projecting up at the sides of the side walls pr'e` vent wearing or abrading of the side walls and their engagement with the offsets 33 of the stacking bailsfseeFig. .4. l

The embodiment ofmyinvention shown Vin Figs. 8 and 9 vis substantially as describedexcept that the lower ends of theuprights and the end cross members are connected by inwardly facing angled bottom side pieces 34, these being secured to the corner uprights by rivets or spot welding as indicated at 35.` Inthis embodiment, the tongues ofthe ysocket members arespotwelded to the end bottom cross pieces as indicated at 3G. That may desirably be done in the preferred embodiment although very satisfactory results may be had without doing that.

This arrangement of parts results in a receptacle which may be made of relatively light material and at the same time is cap-able of withstanding very severe usage and wear. The bottom 'is effectively supported and protected by the bottom bars which constitute skids or runners when the receptacle is draggedfalonga door or platform or the bed of trucks or the like.

The receptacles are vused in awide variety of relationsas in factories, for the handlingof merchandise in wholesale and3 retail establishments, for deliveries and various other uses. Where it is desired to renew the wall s,.tl 1e y are not attached to the other parts of the 'frame but maybe removed and, replaced, the upperledges'of the side and end walls being engaged under the rein-forcingirons. As a 4removable wall structure, my present invention is in some respects an embodiment andimprovement upon the structure shown in my `Patent 2,297,097, dated September 29, 1942. However, the embodiment shown in Figs. 1 to 7 inclusive in which the walls are -permanently'built into the structure is highly desirable andhas a wide/variety of usesa I have'not attempted to'illustrate or describe other embodiments or adaptations as it -isbelieved that this disclosure will enable those skilled in thel art to embody or adapt my invention as may be desired.

Having thus described my invention, fwhat -1 claim as new and desire to secure by VLetters Patent, is: I

. 1. In a recept'a'clefhaving bottom, -side'and end walls reinforcing and stacking structure comprising, inwardly facing angled corner-uprights, inwardly facing angled bottom 4cross pieces secured to the bottoms of vthe corner uprights, the ends ofthe side and end walls being arranged within the corner uprights, the ends bf lthe bottom and thelower ends Aof Ythe end -walls being disposed within the bottom crsspiecesgside and end rim pieces secured on the v`outer. sides of the side and end walls at the "topthr'of and "in overlapping relation to the corner uprights, angled corner brackets secured to the said side and end rim pieces and constituting reinforcing elements, said corner brackets being provided with pintle openings extending along the end walls and at the top of said brackets, downwardly facing rein forcing irons of U-section embracing intermediate portions of the side and end rim pieces and the upper edges of the side and end walls and fixedly secured thereto, stacking hails provided with inturned pintles engaging the pintle openings of said corner brackets and swingable to erected position with the cross members thereof supported on the side reinforcing irons, longitu dinally vd-i-sp'lscd side and intermediate bottom bars disposed below and secured to the bottom 'and constituting sli'de bars, and outer and intermediate sockets receiving the ends of the bottom bars and having attaching flanges, the attaching franges of the intermediate socket members being secured to the bottom and being provided with tongues disposed within the bottom flanges of the bottom cross pieces, the outer socket members being provided with inner attaching flanges secured to the bottom and having tongues disposed within the bottomflanges of the bottom cross pieces, and angularly disposed outer flanges lapped upon and secured to the side walls and having tongues engaged within the side flanges of the corner upright, the outer socket members being of such length as to constitute stacking bail wearmembers.

2. In a receptacle having bottom, side and end walls, reinforcing and stacking structure comprising inwardly facing angled ycorner uprights, inwardly facing angled bottom cross pieces secured to the bottoms of the corner uprights, the ends of the side andi-end wallsbeing arranged within the corner uprights, the ends of the bottom and the lower ends of the end walls being disposed within the bottom cross pieces, side and end rim pieces lsecured on the outer sides of the side and end Wallaangled corner brackets secured to the said side and end rim pieces and constituting vreinforcing elements'said corner bracketsbeing provided with pintle openings extending along the end walls andat the top of said brackets, stacking Vbails provided `with inturned pintles engaging the pintle openings of said corner brackets, longitudinally disposed side and intermediate bottom bars diSposedbelow the bottom and constituting slide rails, and outer and vintermediate sockets receiving the ends of the bottom bars and having attaching flanges, the attaching flangesof the intermediate `socket members being secured to the bottom and being provided with tongues disposed within the bottom 'anges of the bottom cross pieces, Ythe outer'socket members beingprovided with inner attachingang'es secured to the bottom and having tongues Adisposed within the bottom iianges of the bottom cross pieces, and angular'lyrdisposed'outer flanges lapped upon and secured to the side lwallsand having -tongues engaged within the side flanges ofthe corner uprights. A y

3. In-afreceptacle having bottom, side and end walls, reinforcing and stacking structure comprising inwardly facing angled corner uprights embracing the ends'of thejside and end walls, inwardly facing angled bottom cross piecessecured to the lower ends of the corner uprights,

-`the ends 'of vthe bottom and the lower -ends of the end walls beingfdispose'd rwithin the bottom cross pieces, side and end-rim.-pieceslsecuredon the outer sides of the side and end walls at the amarte top thereof andin overlapping relation to the corner uprights, angled corner brackets secured to the said side and 'end rim pieces and constituting reinforcing elements, said corner brackets being provided with pintle openings extending along the` end walls and at the top of said brackets, downwardly facing U-shaped reinforcing members embracing intermediate por- .tions of the side rim pieces and xedly secured -ing bail wear members.

; 4. In a receptacle having bottom, side and end walls, reinforcing and stacking structure comprising inwardly facing angled corner uprights `embracing the ends of the side andfend Walls, in-

wardly facing angled bottom cross pieces secured to the lower ends of the corner uprights, the ends of the bottom and the lower ends of the end walls being disposed within the bottoml cross pieces, side and end rim piecessecured on the outer sides of the side and end walls at the top thereof and in overlapping relation to the corner uprights, angled corner brackets secured to the said side and end rim pieces and constituting reinforcing elements, said corner brackets being provided with pintle openings extending along the end walls and at the top of said brackets, stacking bails provided with inturned pintles engaging the pintle openings of said corner brackets and swingable to erected position with the cross members thereof supported on the side reinforcing members, longitudinally disposed side and intermediate bottom bars disposed below and' secured to the bottom and constituting slide rails,

and sockets receiving the ends of the bottom bars and constituting wear members, said sockets being lapped upon the bottom of said cross pieces and having attaching anges secured to said bottom and being provided with tongues engaged within the bottom cross pieces.

5. In a receptacle having bottom, side and end walls, reinforcing and stacking structure comprising corner uprights, bottom cross pieces secured to the lower ends of the corner uprights, side and end rim pieces secured on the outer sides of the side and end walls and to the upper ends of the corner uprights, downwardly facing U- shaped reinforcing members embracing intermediate portions of the side rim pieces and secured thereto, pivotally mounted stacking bails swingable to erected position with the cross members thereof supported on the side reinforcing members, longitudinally disposed side and intermediate bottom bars disposed below and secured to the bottom, and side and intermediate sockets being lapped upon the bottom of said cross pieces and receivingthe ends of the bottom bars and having attaching flanges secured to the bottom and provided with tongues disposed within the bottom cross pieces, the side socket members being provided with angularly disposed outer flanges lapped upon and secured the corner uprights, a. bottom and side and end to the side walls and having tongues engaged within the corner uprights, the outer socket members being of such length as to constitute stacking bail Wear members.

' 6. In a receptacle having bottom, side and end walls, reinforcing and stacking structure comprising corner uprights, bottom cross pieces secured to the lower ends of the corner uprights, longitudinally disposed side and intermediate bottom bars disposed below and secured to the bottom, and side and intermediate sockets being lapped upon the bottom of said cross pieces and receiving the ends of the bottom bars and having attaching anges secured to the bottom and provided with tongues disposed within the bottom cross pieces, the side socket members being provided with angularly disposed outer flanges lapped upon and secured to the side walls and havingtongues engaged within the corner uprights.

7. A structure of the class described comprising corner uprights, bottom cross pieces secured to the lower ends of the corner uprights, side and end top rim pieces secured to the upper ends of the corner uprights, downwardly facing U- shaped reinforcing members embracing intermediate portions of the side rim pieces and xedly secured thereto, pivotally mounted stacking bails swingable to erected position with the cross members thereof supported on the side reinforcing members, longitudinally disposed bottom bars lapped ybelow said bottom cross pieces, and sockets receiving the ends of the bottom bars and provided with tongues engaged within the bottom cross pieces and end fianges embracing the ends of said bottom bars.

8. A structure of the class described comprising corner uprights, bottom cross pieces secured to the lower ends of the corner uprights, side and end top rim pieces secured to the upper ends of the corner uprights, longitudinally disposed bottom bars lapped below said bottom cross pieces, and sockets receiving the ends of the bottom bars and provided with tongues engaged within the bottom cross pieces and end flanges embracing the ends of said bottom bars.

9. A structure of the class described comprising corner uprights, bottom cross pieces secured to the lower ends of the corner uprights, side and end top rim pieces secured to the upper ends of the corner uprights, longitudinally disposed bottom bars lapped below said bottom cross pieces, and sockets receiving the ends of the bottom bars and provided with tongues engaged Within and welded to the bottom cross pieces.

10. A receptacle comprising inwardly facing angled corner uprights, inwardly facing angled bottom cross pieces secured to the lower ends of the corner uprights, side and end rim pieces secured to the upper ends of the corner uprights, pivotally mounted stacking bails swingable to erected position with the cross members thereof supported on the side rim members, longitudinally disposed bottom bars lapped below said bottom cross pieces, sockets receiving the ends of the bottom bars and having tongues engaged within the bottom cross pieces and end flanges embracing the ends of said bottom bars, and bottom side and end walls disposed with their ends within the angles of said uprights and bottom cross pieces and supported thereby and by said rim pieces and said bottom bars.

11. A receptacle comprising corner uprights, bottom cross pieces secured to the lower ends of -walls operatively associated with said corner uprights and' bottom cross pieces, longitudinally disposed bottom bars lapped below sa-id bottom cross pieces, and upwardly facing channelshaped sockets having end anges embracing the ends of said bottom bars, the ends of the bottom bars beingl disposed within the channel sockets l and extending below the bottom cross pieces, said sockets having attaching flanges secured to the bottom and provided with tongues disposed above said bottom cross pieces, said tongues being Welded to the upper sides of said cross pieces.

12. A receptacle comprising corner uprights, bottom cross pieces secured to the lower'ends of the corner uprights, a bottom and side and end walls operatively associated with said corner uprights and bottom cross pieces, longitudinally disposed bottom bars lapped below said bottom cross pieces, and upwardly facing channel-shaped sockets having end iianges embracing the ends of said bottom bars, the ends of' the bottom bars being disposed. within the channel sockets and extending below the bottom cross pieces, said sockets having attachingv flanges secured to the bottom and provided with tongues lapped upon said bottom cross pieces.

13. A receptacle comprising a bottom, bottom end pieces disposed below the bottom, bottom supporting bars lapped below said bottom cross pieces, and sockets embracing the ends ofthe bottom bars and having attaching anges secured to the bottom and provided with tongues disposed between said bottom cross pieces and bottom, said tongues being welded to the upper sides of said cross pieces, said bottom bars being secured to the bottom intermediate the said sockets.

14. A receptacle comprising a bottom, bottom end pieces disposed below the bottom, bottom supporting bars lapped below said bottomy cross pieces, and sockets embracing the ends. of' the bottom bars and having attaching flanges secured to the bottom and provided with tongues disposed between said bottom cross pieces and bottom.

15, A receptacle comprising corner uprights, bottom cross pieces secured to the lower ends of the corner uprights, bottom supporting bars lapped below said bottom cross pieces, and sockets receiving the bottom bars, said sockets having flanges provided with tongues lapped upon said bottom cross pieces and welded thereto and end iianges embracing the ends of said bottom bars.

16. A receptacle comprising corner uprights, bottom crossv pieces secured to the lower ends of the corner uprights, bottom supporting bars lapped below said bottom cross pieces, and socket members receiving the ends of'` thebottom bars, said sockets having flanges provided with tongues lapped upon said bottom cross pieces and end anges embracing the ends of said bottom bars.

17. A structure of the class described comprising corner uprights and bottom cross pieces secured to the lower ends of said uprights, a bottom, and side and end walls supportingly engaged with said corner uprights and bottom cross pieces, bottom bars disposed adjacent the edges of the bottom and lapped below said bottom cross pieces, and sockets lapped upon the bottom of said bottom cross piece and receiving the ends of the bottom bars and provided with inner flanges secured to the bottom and upturned outer flanges overlapping and secured to the side walls. and end iianges embracing the ends of said bottom bars the inner flanges being provided with tongues engaging the inner sides of the corner uprights.

WILSON F. BEST,

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 706,908 De Wright Aug. 12, 1.902 1,381,979 Fenalson June 21,l 1921 1,858,846 Woolsey et al. May 1 7, 1932 1,988,259 Albaugh Jan, 15, 1935 2,034,439. Maurer, Jr. Mar. 17, 1936 2,114,643 Winchell Apr. 19, 19.38 2,105,179 Best et al. Jan. 11 1938 2,224,818 Hovorka Dec. 10, 1940 2,378,224 Kiff June 12, 1945 2,411,121 Wilson Nov. 12, 1946

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US1381979 *Sep 30, 1919Jun 21, 1921Fenlason Orin CWood and tin bound basket
US1858846 *Jul 25, 1928May 17, 1932United Milk Crate CorpCrate
US1988259 *Sep 6, 1932Jan 15, 1935Albaugh Merton VCrate
US2034439 *May 2, 1935Mar 17, 1936Maurer Jr John FBottle case
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3323673 *Sep 1, 1964Jun 6, 1967Cowan Lawrence JMaterial handling basket
US3561634 *Sep 11, 1968Feb 9, 1971Impetus IncShipping container
US3828965 *Feb 29, 1972Aug 13, 1974Jet Forwarding IncContainer having resilient support means
US3992804 *Feb 11, 1975Nov 23, 1976Senese Dominick JLobster trap
US5083666 *May 23, 1989Jan 28, 1992Lam David C SCrates for transporting rubber blocks or sheets
Classifications
U.S. Classification206/506, 220/668
International ClassificationB65D21/06
Cooperative ClassificationB65D21/062
European ClassificationB65D21/06B