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Publication numberUS2546157 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 27, 1951
Filing dateApr 1, 1949
Priority dateApr 1, 1949
Publication numberUS 2546157 A, US 2546157A, US-A-2546157, US2546157 A, US2546157A
InventorsHume William G
Original AssigneeSperry Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Locking means for adjustable telescopic members
US 2546157 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 27, 1951 w. G. HUME 2,546,157

LOCKING MEANS FOR ADJUSTABLE TELESCOPIC MEMBERS Filed April 1, 1949 w Q ,4 rro/aw r Patented Mar. 27, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE LOCKING MEANS FOR ADJUSTABLE 'TELESCOPIC MEMBERS 6 Claims.

My invention relates broadly to adjustable supports and more particularly to adjustable securing means for adjustable telescopic members.

One of the objects of my invention is to provide a construction of telescopic support including means for locking the telescopic members constituting the support in a predetermined adjusted relative position by a simple twist of the hand.

Another object of my invention is to provide a construction of adjustable lock for telescopic members in which an eccentric sleeve is positioned over the end of a telescopic member through which a coacting telescopic member is free to slide longitudinally with a cylindrical sleeve disposed over the eccentric sleeve and confined thereon and having means associated therewith for establishing a frictional binding connection between the telescopic members in adjusted position.

Still another object of my invention is to provide a construction of adjustable locking means for telescopic members in which an eccentric sleeve is provided around the end of one telescopic member with respect to which a coacting telescopic member is arranged for longitudinal adjustment, the eccentric sleeve having a cylindrical sleeve rotative adjustably thereon, the cylindrical sleeve carrying at one end thereof an annular internal eccentrically disposed face adapt ed to irictionally engage the sides of one of the telescopic members for locking the said member in'adjus'ted relation to the coacting telescopic member and in which the cylindrical sleeve is provided with a skirt having means therein for confining the cylindrical sleeve for rotative movement'about the eccentric sleeve.

A'further object of my invention is to provide an improved and simplified twist lock for adjustably maintaining telescopic members in predetermined adjusted relation and wherein the twist lock comprises an eccentric sleeve surrounding the end of one of the telescopic members and a cylindrical sleeve surrounding the eccentric sleeve with a skirt in the cylindrical sleeve deformed at the periphery thereof for confining the cylindrical sleeve for rotative movement about the eccentric sleeve with an annular eccentric internal face carried by the said sleeve for establishing binding relation with the side walls of the enacting telescopic member when the cylindrical sleeve is twisted about the eccentric sleeve.

A still further object of my'invention is to provide a simplified arrangement of confining means for a rotative cylindrical sleeve forming a part of a twist look at the junction of coacting-tam scopic slidable members constituted by a multiplicity of instruck lugs peened under the periphery of the coacting eccentric guide sleeve for permitting controlled rotative movement of the cylindrical sleeve.

Other and further objects of my invention reside in the arrangement of confining means for the rotative cylindrical sleeve of an adjustable lock for telescopic members as set forth more fully in the specification hereinafter following by reference to the accompanying drawings, in

which:

Figure 1 is a perspective View, partially broken away and illustrated in section, of a telescopic metallic clothes prop in position for supporting a clothes line and showing the application of the locking means to the telescopic members of the prop; Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the look-- ing means applied to the telescopic members of the clothes prop with fragmentary parts of the prop broken away and illustrated in longitudinal section; Fig. 3 is a side elevational view of the locking means shown in Fig. 2, looking in the direction of arrow A in Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view through the locking means illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3, taken substantially on line 44 of Fig. 5; Fig. 5 is a transverse sectional view taken substantially on lines 55 of Figs. 2 and 4; Fig. 6 is a transverse sectional view taken substantially on line fi-S of Figs. 2 and ,4; Fig. 7.is atransverse sectional View takensubstantially' on line 1.'l' of Figs. 2 and 4, looking upwardly to illustrate the confining lugs in the skirt of the cylindrical sleeve; Fig. 8 is a transverse sectional view showing the top of the cylindrical sleeve twisted into a position to release the tubular members so that they are free to slide to an adjusted position; Fig. 9 is a transverse sectional view looking beneath the cylindrical sleeve in a position corresponding to the position illustrated in Fig. 8; Fig. 10 is a Vertical sectional view of the cylindrical sleeve shown partially in perspective for more clearly illustrating the eccentric arrangement 01" the aperture in the end flange of the cylindrical sleeve; and Fig. 11 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view showing the manner of attaching the eccentric sleeve to the end of one of the telescopic sections, the view being shown partially in perspective.

My invention is directed to an arrangement of locking means for telescopic members in which an eccentric sleeve is secured around the end of one telescopic member through which a coacting telescopic member is adapted to adjustably slide.

A cylindrical sleeve having an eccentrically apertured flange on one end, and a skirt on the other end surrounds the coacting telescopic members and the eccentric sleeve on one of said members. The skirt is provided with instruck lugs which confine the sleeve for rotative movement around the eccentric sleeve. The eccentric aperture provided in the flanged end of the cylindrical sleeve establishes frictional binding relation with the sides of one of the coacting telescopic members for locking the telescopic members in predetermined adjusted position. The locking action is effected by a simple lateral twist to permit the telescopic member to be slidably adjusted and maintained in predetermined rotative position. The particular application of my invention illustrated herein relates to a clothes prop and it Will be understood that the structure of my invention is not restricted to clothes props, but may be employed in connection with any telescopically adjustable arrangement of tubes.

Referring to the drawings in more detail reference character 1 designates a metallic tube adapted to be longitudinally adjusted telescopically with respect to metallic tube 2. The metallic tube 2 contains a rubber tip 211 in the end thereof which may engage the pavement, floor, or ground in suporting the prop as shown in Fig. l with respect to clothes line which passes through slot 4 in pliable head 3 mounted in the end of tubular section I. The construction of the pliable head 3 is set forth more fully in my co-pending application Serial No. 81,365 filed March 14, 1949, for Line-Gripping Device for Props.

The line 5 is shown suitably loaded with clothes 6 supported thereon by pins 1. While the invention is illustrated in connection with a clothes prop it will be understood that my invention is equally applicable to extensible and retractible telescopic member's used as supports under trees for supporting the loaded branches thereof in protecting the branches against injury under conditions which are encountered in loaded orange trees fruit trees, nut trees, etc.

The coacting tubular sections 1 and 2 are locked in adjusted position by means of the twist lock 8 of my invention. The twist lock 8 includes an eccentric sleeve 9 which fits over the end of one of the coacting tubular tube sections 2 as shown more clearly in Fig. 11. A relatively broad fiattened annular end is thereby presented by the combined thicknesses of the tubular member 2 and the eccentric sleeve 9 through which the coacting tubular member I is arranged to telescopically slide. A cylindrical sleeve It having a knurled external surface surrounds the coacting tubular members i and 2 and the eccentric sleeve 9.

The knurled cylindrical sleeve 10 has a flange H on one end thereof extending in a plane substantiall normal to the axis of the sleeve. Through this flattened end H there is an eccentric aperture l2 presenting a fiat annular internal face adapted to make slidable frictional contact with the exterior surface of the adjustable tubular section I.

The knurled cylindrical sleeve H) has a skirt M of reduced section extending integral therewith. This skirt M is thinner than the wall of the knurled cylindrical sleeve It and after the cylindrical sleeve It has been slipped over the eccentric sleeve 9 the skirt i4 is deformed out of its normal shape in at least one portion of its periphery for confining the knurled cylindrical sleeve II) for rotative movement about the eccentric sleeve 9. This is accomplished by forming instruck lugs at spaced intervals in skirt M as shown at l5, l6 and IT. The intermediate lug I6 is disposed in a position directly opposite the position of maximum eccentricity of the eccentric aperture 12 in flange II. The related lugs l5 and ii are symmetrically arranged on opposite sides of lug IS and conjointly confine knurled cylindrical sleeve It for rotative movement upon eccentric sleeve 9. The relation of the knurled cylindrical sleeve ID to the eccentric sleeve 9 is such that by a simple twist the eccentric inner annular face [2 of flange Il may establish binding frictional contact with tubular section I eccentric tubular face 12 is twisted a binding force is exerted against tubular section l tending to cant it to a position wherein it frictionally binds within coacting tubular section 2.

Fig. 8 indicates the manner in which a twisting force is applied to knurled cylindrical sleeve if in unlocking the tubular sections; whereas, Fig. 9 is a view of the under side of the cylindrical sleeve H3 in the process of unlocking the bound parts of the telescopic structure. The external surface of the knurled sleeve [0 provides a finger grip for facilitating the twisting of the knurled sleeve [0 in looking and unlocking the adjusted tubular sections.

By forming all of the parts of the prop and locking means from aluminum conditions of rust are eliminated so that the prop may be exposed to all conditions of weather. The collapsible structure of the support is such thatthe structure may be carried into a basement from outside installations and compactly stored. The tubular sections may be readily adjusted to different lengths of the order, for example, from 4% to 8' in height.

While I have described my invention in one of its preferred embodiments I realize that modifications may be made and I desire it to be understood that no limitations upon my invention are intended other than those which may be imposed by the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is as follows:

1. Adjustable locking means for telescopic rod sections comprising an eccentric sleeve secured over the end of one telescopic tubular rod section, a second rod section slidable within the aforementioned tubular rod. section, a cylindrical sleeve enveloping both of said rod sections and surrounding said eccentric sleeve, said cylindrical sleeve having an inwardly directed flange on one end extending laterally over the end of said first mentioned tubular rod section and the eccentric sleeve thereon and terminating in an eccentric inner annular face operative to establish rotative sliding contact with the surface of said second mentioned rod section, and means for confining said cylindrical sleeve for movement about said eccentric sleeve for wedging said eccentric inner annular face into binding relation with said second mentioned rod section.

2. Adjustable locking means for telescopic rod sections comprising an eccentric sleeve secured over the end of one telescopic tubular rod section, a second rod section slidable within the aforementioned tubular rod section, a cylindrical sleeve enveloping both of said rod sections and surrounding said eccentric sleeve, said cylindrical sleeve having an inwardly directed flange on one end extending laterally over the end of said first mentioned tubular rod section and the eccentric sleeve thereon and terminating in n eccentric As the inner annular face operative to establish rotative sliding contact with the surface of said second mentioned rod section, said cylindrical sleeve having a depending annular skirt thereon, and means extending from said annular skirt and enveloping the edge of said eccentric sleeve for confining said cylindrical sleeve for rotative movement with respect to said eccentric sleeve for effecting frictional engagement between the eccentric inner annular face of the flange of the cylindrical sleeve and said second mentioned rod section for securing said rod sections in a selected relative position.

3. Adjustable locking means for telescopic rod sections comprising an eccentric sleeve secured over the end of one telescopic tubular rod section, a second rod section slidable within the a orementioned tubular rod section, a cylindrical sleeve enveloping both of said rod sections and surrounding said eccentric sleeve, said cylindrical sleeve having an inwardly directed flange on one end extending laterally over the end of said first mentioned tubular rod section and the eccentric sleeve thereon and terminating in an eccentric inner annular face operative to establish rotative sliding contact with the surface of said second mentioned rod section, said cylindrical sleeve having a depending annular skirt thereon, means extending from said annular skirt and enveloping the edge of said eccentric sleeve for confining said cylindrical sleeve for rotative movement with respect to said eccentric sleeve for effecting frictional engagement between the eccentric inner annular face of the flange of the cylindrical sleeve and said second mentioned rod section for securing said rod sections in a selected relative position, and a knurled external surface on said cylindrical sleeve for facilitating the manual twisting of said cylindrical sleeve.

4. Adjustable locking means for telescopic rod sections comprising an eccentric sleeve secured over the end of one telescopic tubular rod section, a second rod section slidable within the aforementioned tubular rod section, a cylindrical sleeve enveloping both of said rod sections and surrounding said eccentric sleeve, said cylindrical sleeve having an inwardly directed flange on one end extending laterally over the end of said first mentioned tubular rod section and the eccentric sleeve thereon and terminating in an eccentric inner annular face operative to establish rotative sliding contact with the surface of said second mentioned rod section, said cylindrical sleeve having a depending annular skirt thereon, an instruck lug in said skirt extending radially inwardly beyond the peripheral limits of said eccentric sleeve for confining said cylindrical sleeve for rotative movement with respect to said eccentric sleeve for effecting a binding engagement between the eccentric inner annular face of the flange of the cylindrical sleeve and said second mentioned rod section for securing said rod sections in a selected relative position.

5. Adjustable locking means for telescopic rod sections comprising an eccentric sleeve secured over the end of one telescopic tubular rod section. a second rod section slidable within the aforementioned tubular rod section, a cylindrical sleeve enveloping both of said rod sections and surrounding said eccentric sleeve, said cylindrical sleeve having an inwardly directed flange on one end extending laterally over the end of said first mentioned tubular rod section and the eccentric sleeve thereon and terminating in an eccentric inner annular face operative to establish rotative sliding contact with the surface of said second mentioned rod section, said cylindrical sleeve having a depending annular skirt thereon, an instruck lug in said skirt extending radially inwardly beyond the peripheral limits of said eccentric sleeve at a position aligned with the position of maximum eccentricity of the eccentric inner ann lar face of said flange for confining said cylindrical sleeve for rotative movement with respect to said eccentric sleeve for effecting a binding engagement between the eccentric inner annular face of the flange of the cylindrical sleeve and said second mentioned rod section for securing said rod sections in a selected relative position.

6. Adjustable locking means for telescopic rod sections comprising an eccentric sleeve secured ever the end of one telescopic tubular rod section, a second rod section slidable within the aforementioned tubular rod section, a cylindrical sleeve enveloping both of said rod sections and surrounding said eccentric sleeve, said cylindrical sleeve having an inwardly directed flange on one end extending laterally over the end of said first mentioned tubular rod section and the eccentric sleeve thereon and terminating in an eccentric inner annular face operative to establish rotative sliding contact with the surface of said second mentioned rod. section, said cylindrical sleeve having a depending annular skirt thereon, and a multiplicity of spaced instruck lugs extending from said annular skirt and enveloping the edge of said eccentric sleeve for confining said cylindrical sleeve for rotative movement with respect to said eccentric sleeve for establishing a frictional engagement between the eccentric inner annular face of the flange of the cylindrical sleeve and said second mentioned rod section for securing said rod sections in a selected relative position.

WILLIAM G. HUME.

No references cited.

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2797942 *Jul 12, 1952Jul 2, 1957Harvey SchwalbeTelescopic clothesline props or the like
US2871044 *Oct 4, 1957Jan 27, 1959Everest & JenningsAdjustable telescopic connection
US2873129 *Aug 29, 1955Feb 10, 1959Tubelock CompanyLock for telescopic connections
US3124331 *Feb 3, 1961Mar 10, 1964 di renna
US3282274 *Jan 15, 1964Nov 1, 1966Scott Victor LTents
US3482857 *Oct 28, 1966Dec 9, 1969Electrical Fittings CorpThreadless coupler for joining electrical conduit or the like
US3724885 *Jan 7, 1972Apr 3, 1973Becker GLocking device for extensible tubes
US3833012 *Apr 27, 1973Sep 3, 1974Mc Allister JAdjustable tent pole
US3879086 *Sep 21, 1973Apr 22, 1975Moceri FrancescoFoldable sunshade attachment for a chair
US3915382 *Apr 29, 1974Oct 28, 1975Davis J CExtension spray gun
US4347758 *Sep 3, 1980Sep 7, 1982Gould Inc.Molded plastic control lock knob
US4373405 *Sep 3, 1980Feb 15, 1983Gould Inc.Molded plastic control lock knob with push and/or pull feature
US4373828 *Dec 17, 1980Feb 15, 1983Francesco SartoriDevice for rigidly coupling a handle to its corresponding manual instrument, and an instrument provided with the said device
US4470595 *Jan 15, 1982Sep 11, 1984Johnston David FPortable pole vaulting cross-bar replacer
US4585367 *Feb 5, 1985Apr 29, 1986Sears, Roebuck And Co.Releasable locking device
US4650429 *Aug 9, 1985Mar 17, 1987Brunswick CorporationThrottle friction device for outboard motor
US4717107 *Apr 17, 1987Jan 5, 1988Robert ServadioClothesline locking pole
US5083477 *Jan 31, 1991Jan 28, 1992Gould Inc.Control knob locking assembly
US5417511 *Aug 9, 1993May 23, 1995Warden; Roland R.Releasable lock for telescoping members
US5694695 *Apr 30, 1996Dec 9, 1997Lund; Allen E.Saw for use in tree trimming applications
US5931598 *Nov 12, 1997Aug 3, 1999Wang; Chi-ChungAssembly for connecting tubes
US7223041 *Apr 7, 2003May 29, 2007Manhasset Specialty Co.Camming coupler
WO1998049453A1 *Apr 27, 1998Nov 5, 1998Lambrecht BernhardTensioning and clamping device
Classifications
U.S. Classification403/351, 16/429, 248/353
International ClassificationF16B7/14, F16B7/00, E04H15/60, E04H15/32
Cooperative ClassificationF16B7/1427, E04H15/60
European ClassificationE04H15/60, F16B7/14E