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Publication numberUS2546366 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 27, 1951
Filing dateMay 1, 1947
Priority dateAug 22, 1946
Publication numberUS 2546366 A, US 2546366A, US-A-2546366, US2546366 A, US2546366A
InventorsLindae Eola A
Original AssigneeEola Lindae, Joseph P Pohrer
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Switch
US 2546366 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 27, 1951 QH, NDAE 2,546,366

SWITCH I Original Filed Aug. '22, 1946 FIG. I

INVENTOR. WILLIAM H.L|NDAE DECEASED gmdw-fmu r \w v ATTO RN EY.

' BY EOLA A.LINDAE ADMINISTRATRlX,d b n Patented Mar. 27, 1951 2,546,366 FlCE:

SWITCH William H. Lindae, deceased, late of St. Louis, Mo., by Eola A. Lindae, administratrix de bonis non, St. Louis, Mo.; said William H. Lindae assignor of one-half to Eola Lindae and onehalf to Joseph P. Pohrer Original application August 22, 1946, Serial No. 692,341, now Patent No. 2,511,354, dated June 13, 1950. Divided and this application May 1,

1947, Serial No. 745,196

(ill. 200-162) Claims.

, This invention relates in' general to certain new and useful improvements in electrical switches, and more particularly, to those of the knife type, and is a division of application Serial No. 692,341, filed August 2 1946, now Patent No. 2,511,354, June 13, 1950. The usual knife switch comprises a single blade for each circuit to be made or broken, that is, a single-pole switch comprises one blade hingedly engaged at one end between contacts pressing against both sides of the blade, which end is called the hinge jaw, and rotatably engaging and disengaging at the other end opposed spring contacts, called the break jaw. In the invention, however, a pair of parallel blades is employed, which engage between them, at both the hinge and the break ends, clips with sphericallyrounded contact faces. The primary ob ect of the present invention is to provide a double knife-type electrical switch with spherical contact surfaces interposed between the blades at both the hinge and the break ends.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a switch having a plurality of spherical contact surfaces which in the actuation of the switch connect and disconnect quickly and positively. v

An additional obiect of the present invention is to provide a switch with spherically-formed contact or bearing points reinforced with silver or other metal suitable for long-wearing electrical contacts.

,- Another object of the present invention is to provide a high-capacity electrical switch whose current-transmitting parts may be economically fabricated from fiat metal, and are readily assembled and easily replaced.

' A further object of ..'the present invention is to provide a. 'switch'of the type stated'h'aving air i ventilated contact, posts for. readily dissiparing" heat generated'by contact, arcing and current conduction.

The above and other objects will become more fully apparent from the following specification, which, by way of illustration rather than limitation, sets forth preferred processes and preferred forms of apparatus constituting embodiments of the present invention, the scope of which is defined in" the appended claims. 7 In the accompanying drawings: --Figure l is a top plan view of a switch constructed in accordance with and embodying the invention; I {V ;Figure 2 is a side elevational view of the switch, the open or disconnected position thereof being indicated in dot-dash lines;

Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view taken along line 3-3 of Figure 2; and

. A designates a switch comprising two pot-type,

porcelain insulators l conventionally mounted in suitably spaced relation upon the steelwork of a transmission tower or some other supporting structure (not shown). Molded, or otherwise mounted in and projecting upwardly from the insulators l are studs 2, and mounted thereon by means of nuts 3 are copper terminal blocks 4 having binding posts 5 for the attachment of buss bars 6. The inner ends of terminal blocks 4 areprovided with a pair of parallel milled slots v1v fortightly receiving upright contact posts 8, the latter being retained therein by press-fitted pins 9 passing through laterally drilled apertures Hi, It, in contact blocks 4 and posts 3, respectively.

Each of said contact posts 8 consists of. two halves symmetrically formed from flat copper stock, their upper end-portions I! being bent inwardly and mitered to bear tightly against each other and thereby be retained in spaced parallel relation to permit the free circulation of air therebetween for ventilation purposes. Beneath their inwardly bent upper-end portions H, the contact posts 8 are outwardly drawn, pressed, stamped or embossed in the provision of protruding spherical portions [2, at the outer, or contacting, surfaces of which are silver inserts l3. Each pair of matching spherical portions l2 of the two symmetrically opposed halves of each post together form a substantially ball-like contact, the surface of which is concentric with the vertical plane along which the mitered upper end-portions ll meet. In the preferred embodiment shown, there are four such ball-like con tacts, although more or less than four may readily be employed where desired.

It will be noted that the posts 8 fixedly attached to the insulators i at both the hinge end (shown at right in Figure 1) and the break" end (shown at left in Figure 1) are substantially identical. However, at the so-called hinge end, contact post fl is laterally drilled as at to receive hinge bolt l5 which, by means .of

radially split spring washers I5 and nut [1, holds the blades IS with adjustable tension against'the silver contact inserts l3 of the contact post 8 at that end. At the other, or break end, ter minal block 4 is tapped to receive bolts [9 secure ing to it the fixed latch keeper 2!).

'The break ends of blades is are laterally drilled near their extremities to receive bolt 2| which, together with nut 22, holds between said blades [8 a channel-shaped spacer 23 and a rock- 3 ably mounted latch lever 28 having a hook adapted to engage the latch keeper 20. At its upper end, the latch lever is provided with a ringshaped latch handle 26. Bolt 2| also passes through, and together with nut 22 holds adjacent to the outer surfaces of blades l8, leaf springs 2! having bent outer ends 28 and inwardly protruding embossed spherical portion 29 whereby to space said springs 2'! with reference to the outer surfaces of blades 18. tending through the break ends of blades 58 is a bolt 30 provided at its threaded end with a nut 3i for connecting the inner ends of leaf springs 21.

extending spherical portions 29 of springs 27 against the out-er surfaces of blades E5 in the vicinity of the engagement and electrical contact of their inner surfaces with the interposed contact post 8 at the break end of the switch.

The method of assembly and disassembly of the switch for the replacement of parts is apparent from the construction shown and correct alignment of the parts follows inherently from the spring pressures against the several spherical contact surfaces.

Switches constructed as disclosed herein, whether of the single-pole single-throw type as illustrated or of more complex detail, as of multiple-pole, double-throw type, operate with a minimum of friction, due to the ball-like contacts. This permits higher contact pressures, which, together with the self-aligning feature, results in more positive electrical contacts than would otherwise be possible. At the break end of the switch, the movement of the blades into and out of engagement with the several spherical contact faces is progressive, so that the contact is made and broken quickly.

It should be understood that changes and modifications both in the methods as well as in the form, construction, arrangement and combination of the several parts of the switch may be made and substituted for those herein shown and described without departing from the nature and principle of the present invention.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed and desired to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. An electrical switch comprising a dielectric base-forming means, terminal ventilated contact posts mounted thereon in spaced relation to each other, a pair of blades, one on each side of said clips, a hinge bolt attaching one end of said blades to one of said contact posts, resilient separator means disposed between and adjacent the opposite ends of said blades for moving said blades simultaneously into and out of contact with the other contact post, leaf springs operatively mounted upon the blades and having inwardly-protruding surfaces for abutment against the outer surfaces of the blades, and an adjustable tension bolt connecting said springs.

2. Anelectrical switch comprising a dielectric base-forming means, terminal contact posts having spaced parallel portions mitered together at their upper ends and mounted on said base-forming means in spaced relation to each other, a pair of blades, said blades being disposed on opposite sides of the contact posts, a hinge bolt attaching one end of said blades to one of said contact posts, resilient separator means disposed between and adjacent the opposite ends of said blades for moving said blades simultaneously into and out of Also mounted in and ex- By adjusting nut 3!, any desired amount of spring pressure may be exerted by the inwardlycontact with the other contact post, and leaf springs mounted on the outer surfaces of said blades, said springs having bent outer ends and inwardly projecting surfaces for spacing the springs in reference to the outer surfaces of the blades.

3. An electrical switch comprising a dielectric base-forming means, terminal contact posts having spaced parallel portions mitered together at their upper ends and mounted on said base-forming means in spaced relation to each other, a pair of blades, said blades being disposed on opposite sides of the contact posts, a hinge bolt attaching one end of said blocks to one of said contact posts, spring washers mounted on the ends of said hinge bolt for holding the blades with adjustable tension against the contact posts, resilient separator means disposed between and adjacent the opposite ends of said blades for moving said blades simultaneously into and out of contact with the other contact post, leaf springs mounted on the outer surfaces of said blades, said springs having bent outer ends and inwardly-projecting surfaces for spacing the Springs in reference to the blades, and an adjusting bolt extending through the blades and connecting the inner ends of the leaf springs for regulating the amount of spring pressure exerted by the inwardly-projecting surfaces of the springs upon the blade.

4. In an electrical switch having spaced terminal contact posts and a pair of blades disposed on opposite sides of the contact posts, a leaf spring mounted on the outer surface of each of said blades, said spring having a bent outer end and an inwardly projecting surface for abutment against the outer surface of the blade whereby the spring is spaced in reference to the blade, and an adjusting bolt extending through the blade and connecting the inner ends of the leaf springs for regulating the amount of spring pressure exerted by the inwardly projecting surface of the springs upon the blade.

5. An electrical switch comprising a pair of spaced terminal contact posts having spaced parallel portions mitered together at their upper ends, a pair of blades, said blades being disposed on opposite sides of the contact posts, one end of said blades being hingedly mounted upon one of said contact posts, spring washers disposed against the outwardly presented faces of the v hinged end of said blades for holding the blades with adjustable tension against the contact posts, and resilient separator means disposed between and adjacent the opposite ends of said blades for moving said blades simultaneously into and out of contact with the other contact posts.

EOLA A. LINDAE, Admintstratrix de bom's non of William H. Linda, Deceased.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Crabbs Mar. 28, 1944

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2784282 *Feb 21, 1956Mar 5, 1957Allis Chalmers Mfg CoHinged electrical connection
US2894101 *Jan 20, 1958Jul 7, 1959S & C Electric CoSwitch contact construction
US2962573 *Oct 1, 1958Nov 29, 1960Gen ElectricElectric circuit interrupter
US3033964 *Oct 1, 1958May 8, 1962Gen ElectricElectric circuit interrupter
US3183335 *Mar 23, 1962May 11, 1965Albert & J M Anderson Mfg CompHigh pressure contact switch with rotatable locking means
US3240911 *May 18, 1962Mar 15, 1966Westinghouse Electric CorpElectric knife switches with simplified contact pressure adjustament
US3356815 *Aug 24, 1965Dec 5, 1967Westinghouse Electric CorpElectric knife switches with simplified contact pressure adjustments
US3361880 *Aug 19, 1966Jan 2, 1968Marvin F. SymesHigh voltage air break switch
US3458679 *Sep 2, 1966Jul 29, 1969Robertshaw Controls CoPlug-in receptacle for a circuit selector switch
US6271489 *Dec 31, 1999Aug 7, 2001Square D CompanyCam-lock enhanced pressure switch contacts
EP1244123A1 *Mar 12, 2002Sep 25, 2002Schneider Electric Industries SASDevice for assuring the passage of an electric current between articulated conductive arms
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/555, 200/256, 200/255
International ClassificationH01H31/28, H01H1/58, H01H1/00, H01H31/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01H31/28, H01H1/5833
European ClassificationH01H31/28