US 2547005 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A1 1951 J. H. HERRICK ETAL v 2,547,005
CONTAINER Filed March 31, 1949 Patented Apr. 3, 1951 orrlc-c CONTAINER John Huntting Herrick, Wellesley, Mass and John Philip Pancoast, Glen Rock, N. J.
Application March 31, 1949, SerialNo. 84,566
2 Claims. 7 I 1 This invention relates to box-like containers having closed ends and adapted to hold" individual articles of merchandise, as distinguished from wrappers, envelopes, and the like protective coverings, on the one hand, and shipping cartons of corrugated construction or heavy fiber board, on the other hand.
In packaging small articles of merchandise such as lotions, drugs and the like bottled goods, it has been the usual practice to wrap the individual bottle in a sheet of corrugated material or other protective covering and then pack the wrapped bottle or assemblage into a box-like carton of fiber board of conventional construction. The necessity of using a protective wrapper requires either manual packing or the use of expensive, complicated packing machinery, both of which are objectionable in that they result in in-'- creasing the packaging cost.
The principal'object of the present invention is to provide a box-like container of the aforementioned type which overcomes the above objections and which is of simple construction and economical to manufacture.
Further objects will be apparent from a consideration of the following description and the accompanying drawings wherein:
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary plan View of a sheet of stock from which our improved container is produced;
Fig. 2 is a plan view of a container blank cut from the stock shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is an isometric view of a container produced from the blank shown in Fig. 2; and
Fig. 4 is an enlarged vertical section through the upper part of the carton shown in Fig. 3.
In accordance with the present invention our improved container comprises a box-like structure having side walls and inwardly folded or foldable end walls, the complete container being formed from a single piece of composite sheet material having fold lines defining an outer section and a plurality of other sections which carry corrugations on one face. Both faces of the outer section are free from corrugations and their opposite ends are formed with extensions projecting beyond the ends of the other sections so as to provide the inwardly folded or fol-dable ends of the box-like container. The other sections provide the side walls of the container and the parts are so constructed and arranged that the outer section is folded over against and adhesively secured or otherwise attached to the plain or uncorrugated face of the most remote section. If desired, the alternate ends of the latter sections may be formed with extensions or tabs providing inwardly folded'or foldable latteral fiaps adapted to provide, in effect, a corru gated liner for the inwardly folded or foldable ends.
With this construction and arrangement of paris the boxlike container or blank consists of a single piece of composite sheet material which, as a blank, may be readily'erected to provide a container having an integral corrugated liner adapted to aiiord adequate protection to a bottle packed therein or other article of merchandise, thus eliminating the necessity of first wrapping the bottle to be packaged in a suitable wrapper and then packing the assemblage.
in the accompanying drawings which show what is now considered a preferred embodiment of the invention, the numeral 5 designates a sheet of stock consisting of a layer of fiber board 2 which carries spaced strips of corrugated sheet material 3 adhesively secured thereto to provide a composite structure. The particular arrangement of the corrugated sheets 3 on the underlying base or fiber board '2 depends'upon the type and dimensions of the box to be produced. Where, as is here shown, a rectangular box-like container is to be produced, there is cut from the stock sheet I a blank B (Fi 2) having four scored or fold lines 5, 6, l and 8, defining five sections, including an outer section Ill corresponding to the plain section 2 of the stock sheet. and four other sections ll, l2, l3 and I4 which constitute the side walls of the box and which carry the corrugated material 3 on their obverse or inner faces.
The outer section It] corresponds in width to the sections I2 and I4 and its opposite ends are formed with extensions 96 and I! having integral tongues 18 and I9, respectively, defined by score lines. The extensions i6 and I7 project beyond the ends of the sections l0l4 so as to provide the inwardly foldable ends of the erected container (Fig. 3). The opposite ends of the'alternate sections H and I3 are also formed with extensions 2!), 2| and 22, 23 which provide the inwardly foldable lateral flaps of the container.
In order to form a container from the blank B the sections l3 and I4 are first folded about the score line 7 and the outer section II) is then folded about the score line 5 so as to overlie the section I4, and while thus disposed is adhesively or otherwise suitably secured thereto. The sections I I and I3 are then folded about the score lines 6 and 8 respectively so as to form a rectangular tube-like member, after which the lower flaps 22 and 23 and the end I! are folded inwardly to provide the corrugated lined bottom wall of the container, the tongue 19 being frictionally locked or held in place against the corrugated face of the wall l2. The container is now erected as shown in Figs. 3 and 4 so as to receive a bottle or the like after which the flaps 28], 2| and the upper ends [6 are folded to closed position in conventional manner.
While we have shown and described one desirable embodiment of the invention, it is to be understood that this disclosure is for the purpose of illustration and that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.
1. A box blank capable of being erected into a box-like container of the type having side walls and inwardly folding ends, said blank consisting of a piece of composite sheet material including and being foldable so as to provide a box of rectangular cross section wherein said four other panels provide the side walls of the container with the corrugations on the inside thereof, the ends of said end panel extending beyond the ends of said four other panels and being free of corrugations and providing the inwardly foldable ends of the container, the panels between said alter" nate panels having ends constituting flaps inwardly foldable into juxtaposition with the inner faces of said inwardly foldable ends of the end panel and covered with corrugated paper, the inner face of the end panel being foldable so as to overlie and be attached to the outer face of the most remote'of said four other panels.
2. A box-like container of the type having side walls and inwardly folded ends made from the blank of claim 1, said container consisting of a single piece of composite sheet material including a smooth outer layer and an inner layer of corrugated material secured to the inner face of the outer layer and coextensive with a major portion thereof, said sheet material having fold lines defining an end panel free from corrugated material so as to provide smooth inner and outer faces, and a plurality of other panels having corrugated inner faces and smooth outer faces, said other panels providing the side walls of the container, the opposite ends of said end panel extending beyond those of said other panels to provide the inwardly folded ends of the container, the body portion of said end panel overlying and being attached to the outer face of the most remote panel of said other panels to provide a multi-ply end wall in which the said end panel carries the inwardly folded ends of the container, the alternate ends of said other panels being formed with integral flaps having corrugated inner faces and smooth outer faces folded inwardly into juxtaposition to the inner faces of said inwardly folded ends.
JOHN HUNTTING HERRICK. JOHN PHILIP PANCOAST.
REFERENQES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Re. 23,096 Mullinix Apr. 5, 1949 91,666 Reber June 22, 1869 472,462 Mark Apr. 5, 1892 768,664 Johnson Aug. 30, 1904 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 53,638 Netherlands Nov. 1'7, 1942