Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2547448 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 3, 1951
Filing dateFeb 20, 1946
Priority dateFeb 20, 1946
Publication numberUS 2547448 A, US 2547448A, US-A-2547448, US2547448 A, US2547448A
InventorsCharles Demuth
Original AssigneeCharles Demuth
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hot-air space heater
US 2547448 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 3, 1951 c;. DEMUTH HOT-AIR SPACE HEATER Filed Feb. 20, 1946 .EfnIy-I.

. m m m m CHA RLES DEMUTH.

4.3- ATTORNEYfi.

Patented Apr. 3, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE HOT-AIR SPACE HEATER Charlesllemuth, Mineola, N. Y.

Application February 20, 1946, Serial No. 649,004

Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in space heaters of the type commonly referredto as hot air pi'peless heaters and comprising unitary structures for heating enclosed spaces.

Pipeless heaters or furnaces are relatively small, portable or semi-portable stoves or the like devices which are comparatively inexpensive and can readily be installed in any desired place. Such stoves as constructed in the past are convenient but are ineflioient from the point of view of heating a space uniformly as the hot air from the stove rises vertically abov it and does not mingle efficiently or effectively with the surrounding air to accomplish heatingof more than a very small volume of the space. My invention as .de scribed herein overcomes this deficiency.

One object of my invention is to provide a pipeless heater of unitary structure which will heat a space uniformly and efficiently,

Another object of my invention is to provide a pipeless stove or heater which is simple in construction and thermally efficient.

Other objects will be obvious from a reading of the following description in connection with the accompanying drawing in which:

Fig. 1 represents a vertical section of an embodiment of the invention; and

Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.

Similar reference numerals refer to similar parts throughout thefigures of the drawing.

In the drawing, I is the casing of a stove which contains a heating unit 2 of suitable type, such, for example as an oil burning unit. The heating unit has a flue 3 through which, the products of combustion pass on the way to a chimney, not shown. The furnace construction may be of any desired kind, one suitable type being shown in my Patent No. 2,286,719, issued June 16, 1942. Air from the space to be heated.- or, if desirable, fresh air from outside. the space is drawn into a chamber 4 through aninlet 5, which preferably is provided with suitable filter or air conditioning screening, by a blower or fan 6 of any desired construction. The air is forced by the fan into the casing I of the heater where it is heated by contact with heating unit 2 and the surfaces of the flue 3. After being heated, the air passes upward through a comparatively short pipe or duct 1 which is mounted on top of casing I. At the top of duct 1 there is mounted, by

means presently to be described, a mushroom or wardly and outwardly. Duct at its upper end is flared outwardly and downwardly into a flange l 0, whose surface is substantially parallel to that of hood 8. Between hood 8 and flange ID are mounted by appropriate means, such as welding or by bolts, a plurality of curved vanes ll. These vanes serve as supports for hood 8. Air deflected between hood 8 and flange Ill impinges on curved vanes H, which cause it to flow in a substantially tangential or spiral direction about the axis of duct 7, as well as downwardly due to the downward slope of hood 8' and flange NJ, as indicated by the arrows in Fig. 2. This directed flow of the heated air outwardly and downwardly prevents it from rising vertically above the heater and thus assures that the heat is imparted, by mixing of the hot air with room air, to a large space about the heater. The swirling flow imparted. to the heated air by curved vanes ll further promotes mixing of the heated air with room an.

Inaddition to the effect of the direction of motion of the heated air in promoting its admixture with air already present in the space to be heated, a still further feature of my invention adds to this effect. On the underneath side of the flange I0 I attach another flange l2, as by bolts l3. This flange l2 extends circumferentially about the upper portion of .duct 1 in an outward and downward direction, substantially parallel to and spaced from the flange Ill a suitable distance, forming an air space I4. As will be seen from Fig. 2, flange l2 extends outward a short distance farther than flange I0 but does not extend all the way in toward duct 1, thus leaving the space it between flanges l0 and I2 open onboth inner and outer sides. Heated air passing outward between hood 8 and flange it! creates suction in space It. This space I 4 being open at both ends, the suction draws air from the room into the inner side of space M and thence through that space, causing the air to be heated somewhat by contact with duct 1 and flange In. The air so drawn into space H! passes outwardly therefrom and intermingles with the heated air flowing outwardly between hood 8 and flange Ill.

The above described means for causing mixture of the heated air with the atmosphere of the space being heated, is facilitated and positively effected by the velocity imparted to the air by fan 6. For purposes of convenience in fabricating and assembling the parts, the duct I preferably comprises a conduit section la secured at its lower end to a vertical upwardly extending outlet passage provided in the top of the housing I and secured at its upper end to a cooperating part 1b of the separately formed distributor head comprising the parts 8-13, inclusive.

It will be seen, therefore, that I have provided a novel and practical unitary space, heater for conditioning the air of an enclosure in a thoroughly eificient manner. It will be apparent that this invention comprises a unit which will heat a given space far more thoroughly than any pipeless furnaces now in use.

Having described my invention with particularity with reference to a presently preferred form of the same, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art after understanding the invention, that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the scope of the invention, and it is my intention to cover in the appended claims such changes as come within the scope of the invention.

What I claim is:

1. A unitary space heater comprising a casing containing a heating unit, a relatively short outlet conduit extending upwardly from said casing, an air distributor head in axial communication with the upper end of said conduit, said head comprising an inverted conical wall disposed over the outer end of said conduit in substantially axial alignment therewith and hav-' ing its outer diameter spaced upwardly from said outer conduit end, a first peripheral wall disposed in outward radial continuation of said conical wall in a downward direction, a second peripheral wall disposed in outward radial continuation of said outer conduit end in spaced relation to said first peripheral wall, and upwardly and downwardly extending spirally disposed baffles interposed in the space between said first and second peripheral walls, means for forcefully moving air to be heated into said casing and past said heating unit and through said conduit and head, whereby the flows of said heated air is reversed from an upward direction and is caused to flow outwardly, downwardly and substantially tangentially in the vicinity of said heater.

2. In an air heating furnace having a casing provided with an inlet passage and an upwardly extending outlet passage at the top and a heating unit intermediate said passages and a blower for forcing air through said casing past said heating unit and upwardly through said outlet passage, the combination with said upwardly extending outlet passage of a hot air distributor comprising a vertical air duct in communication with said outlet passage, a hood supported by and disposed above the top of said duct and having in its center an inverted cone, a circumferential flange adjoined to the top of said duct and sloping downwardly toward its outer edge, the surface of said hood being substantially parallel to said flange and providing therewith a peripherally disposed downwardly extending outlet for said vertical air duct, and a second circum- 4 ferential flange affixed to said first flange substantially parallel thereto and providing therewith a peripherally disposed air space exterior said air duct outlet.

3. An air distributor adapted to be mounted vertically over a forced feed, unitary heater, comprising a vertical air duct, a hood supported by and disposed above the top of said duct and having in its center an inverted cone, a circumferential flange adjoined to the top of said duct and sloping downwardly toward its outer edge, the surface of said hood being substantially parallel to said flange and providing therewith a peripherally disposed downwardly extending outlet for said vertical air duct, and a second circumferential flange affixed to said first flange substantially parallel thereto and providing therewith a peripherally disposed air space exterior said air duct outlet.

4. In a pipeless space heater, the combination of a furnace, means for drawing air into heat transfer relationship with said furnace, said furnace having an upwardly extending duct providing an outlet for heated air, a distributor head disposed immediately above and carried by said furnace having a central throat in communication with said outlet duct and an upper end wall flaring upwardly and outwardly from the axis of said throat and thence outwardly and downwardly to provide a circumferential flange exterior the diameter of said throat and a second flange substantially parallel to said first flange and spiral bafiles interposed between said,

first and second flanges for directing the heated air outwardly, downwardly and tangentially, anda third circumferential flange in spaced relation beneath said second flange and providing therewith means for drawing unheated air into par-' allel flow with the heated air whereby the heated air is mixed with the unheated air in the space to be heated.

CHARLES DEMUTH.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the flle of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,126,348 Basman Jan. 26, 1915 1,861,812 Modine June 7, 1932 2,190,937 Demuth Feb. 20, 1940 2,207,201 Kurth July 9, 1940 2,247,987 Carson July 1, 1941 2,363,839 Demuth Nov. 28, 1944 2,367,104 Demuth Jan. 9, 1945 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 111,177 Great Britain Nov. 22, 1917 396,468 Great Britain Aug. 10, 1933 509,220 Great Britain July 12, 1939

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1126348 *Jun 24, 1914Jan 26, 1915Anthony M BasmanVentilator-hood.
US1861812 *Nov 15, 1928Jun 7, 1932Modine Mfg CoHeating device
US2190937 *Jun 8, 1938Feb 20, 1940Charles DemuthAir conditioning register
US2207201 *Aug 9, 1938Jul 9, 1940Anemostat CorpAir distributing device
US2247987 *Mar 12, 1937Jul 1, 1941Clifford C CarsonApparatus for heating and ventilating
US2363839 *Feb 5, 1941Nov 28, 1944Demuth CharlesUnit type air conditioning register
US2367104 *Feb 6, 1943Jan 9, 1945Charles DemuthVariable volume air distributor
GB111177A * Title not available
GB396468A * Title not available
GB509220A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2583374 *Oct 18, 1950Jan 22, 1952Hydraulic Supply Mfg CompanyExhaust fan
US2854915 *Sep 17, 1953Oct 7, 1958Clifford H CarrMethod and apparatus for air conditioning
US4616557 *Jul 10, 1985Oct 14, 1986Paoluccio John AAir mixing device and method for preventing insects from finding human beings
US4841847 *Dec 10, 1987Jun 27, 1989Shoji HirayamaAir cleaning apparatus and construction of clean room with the same
US4854224 *Jun 14, 1988Aug 8, 1989Shoji HirayamaAir cleaning apparatus and construction of clean room with the same
US7931449Sep 15, 2009Apr 26, 2011Dyson Technology LimitedFan
US7972111Mar 1, 2010Jul 5, 2011Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8052379Mar 3, 2010Nov 8, 2011Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8092166Nov 20, 2009Jan 10, 2012Dyson Technology LimitedFan
US8197226Mar 3, 2010Jun 12, 2012Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8246317Mar 3, 2010Aug 21, 2012Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8308432May 24, 2011Nov 13, 2012Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8308445Sep 3, 2008Nov 13, 2012Dyson Technology LimitedFan
US8348596Oct 27, 2011Jan 8, 2013Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8348597Oct 28, 2011Jan 8, 2013Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8348629Mar 17, 2011Jan 8, 2013Dyston Technology LimitedFan
US8356804Mar 3, 2010Jan 22, 2013Dyson Technology LimitedHumidifying apparatus
US8366403Jul 21, 2011Feb 5, 2013Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8403640Mar 3, 2010Mar 26, 2013Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8403650May 24, 2011Mar 26, 2013Dyson Technology LimitedFan
US8408869Mar 3, 2010Apr 2, 2013Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8430624Mar 3, 2010Apr 30, 2013Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8454322Nov 1, 2010Jun 4, 2013Dyson Technology LimitedFan having a magnetically attached remote control
US8469655Oct 28, 2011Jun 25, 2013Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8469658Mar 3, 2010Jun 25, 2013Dyson Technology LimitedFan
US8469660Mar 3, 2010Jun 25, 2013Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8529203Sep 14, 2012Sep 10, 2013Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8613601Mar 3, 2010Dec 24, 2013Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8661803Dec 18, 2007Mar 4, 2014Mack Trucks, Inc.Exhaust diffuser for a truck
US8684687Apr 30, 2013Apr 1, 2014Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8708650Aug 9, 2013Apr 29, 2014Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8714937May 25, 2012May 6, 2014Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8721286Mar 3, 2010May 13, 2014Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8734094Jul 22, 2011May 27, 2014Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
US8764412Feb 27, 2013Jul 1, 2014Dyson Technology LimitedFan
US8770946Mar 21, 2011Jul 8, 2014Dyson Technology LimitedAccessory for a fan
US8783663Dec 18, 2012Jul 22, 2014Dyson Technology LimitedHumidifying apparatus
US8784049Apr 30, 2013Jul 22, 2014Dyson Technology LimitedFan
US8784071Aug 17, 2012Jul 22, 2014Dyson Technology LimitedFan assembly
EP2461104A1 *Dec 2, 2010Jun 6, 2012Solar-Master Switzerland GmbHAir treatment system
WO2009078845A1 *Dec 18, 2007Jun 25, 2009Mack TrucksExhaust diffuser for a truck
WO2010067088A1 *Nov 9, 2009Jun 17, 2010Dyson Technology LimitedA fan
WO2012017221A2Jul 1, 2011Feb 9, 2012Dyson Technology LimitedA fan assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification454/329, 237/53, 126/104.00R, 126/110.00B
International ClassificationF24H3/02, F24H3/06
Cooperative ClassificationF24H3/065
European ClassificationF24H3/06C