|Publication number||US2548237 A|
|Publication date||Apr 10, 1951|
|Filing date||Nov 29, 1943|
|Priority date||Nov 29, 1943|
|Publication number||US 2548237 A, US 2548237A, US-A-2548237, US2548237 A, US2548237A|
|Inventors||Pearson Oke L|
|Original Assignee||Pearson Oke L|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (12), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 10, 1951 o. PEARSON DOLL WITH MOVABLE PARTS 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filgd Nov. 29, 1943 fnz/enzoz 0K 8 L P e ars n Aprfifi 1% 1951 sgm 2,548,215?
DOLL WITH MOVABLE PARTS Filed Nov. 29, 1943 I 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 J72 yefizar 1O Ufie Z Pears 072 ZQQ April 10, 1951 o. L. PEARSON 2,548,237
DOLL WITH MOVABLE PARTS 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Nov. 29, 1943 026 E Pearson Patented Apr. 10, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE This invention relates to doll constructions and means and mechanisms associatedtherewith for transmitting manually created or activated movement from various points on the doll body to pivot or otherwise move the arms and legs or either thereof selectively. More particularly, the invention is directed to novel and inexpensive constructions adapted to be built with, incorporated in, or combined with doll bodies whereby manually applied pressure will activate the arms or legs which are usually hingedly or pivotall connected thereto.
It-is an important object of my invention to provide, in association with doll bodies,.a novel elastic element on the dollbody surface through journalled rollers or shafts or pins with ofiset crank portions, a lever and bands or belts to the journalled rods or other journalled elements which mount the arms or legs on the doll body, and which include spring or elastic ,means or manuallyactivated movement in either direction by means of depression of lever meansfor returning the movable parts and also the arms or legs to original positions.
Other and further important objects of. my invention will be apparent from the following description and appended claims.
This invention, in a preferred form, is illustrated in the accompanying drawings and described with reference to numerals on the drawings which are but one preferred illustration of my invention.
Fig. 1 is a front elevational View of a typical doll illustrating a yieldable, flexible or elastic element mounted on and covering an opening in the front part thereof.
Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken on a vertical plane through the doll body and illustrating parts of the limbs broken away.
Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view of the doll body taken on the vertical plane indicated by 3-3 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a transverse cross-sectional view of the doll body taken on the horizontal plane in-v .dicated by 4-4 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged cross-sectional view ofan arm portion and an illustrative mounting thereof taken on line 55 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view, taken on a vertical plane of a doll body, and showing a slightly modified form of metal, ball-bearing or crank-bearing mounting members operatively connected to the central offset cranked shaft whereby the limbs may be selectively moved.
Fig. 7 is a vertical cross-sectional view taken on line 1-1 of Fig. 6. I
Fig. 8 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view through the doll body and portions of the head illustrating movable connecting elements operatively connecting the head and portions thereof and arms and legs connected together as illustrated in Figs. 6 and 7 for selective movements with the roller mechanism such as illustrated in Figs. 8 and 9. v I
Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view with parts broken away, taken on line 9-9 of Fig. 8 and illustrating interfitting independently rotatable rollers or rotors.
Fig. 10 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view similar to Fig. 8 though in addition illustrating operating connections between the centrally disposed crank member and movable head. and optional linking means to movable parts of the head, i. e.,the eyes.- I f Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view taken on a transverse vertical plane longitudinally of Figure -8 illustrating a modified form of connecting means or linking shafts or elements between the respective arms and legs wherein each of said connecting elements are independently rotatable, and wherein the right arm and leg are operatively connected to be moved simultaneously by one lever and the left arm and leg adapted to be moved simultaneously by selective movement by the other actuating lever. Referring to the drawings, reference numeral l9 designates a conventional form of back section of a doll body which, in most instances, is molded or cast in concave form conforming to body shape, and reference numeral I l designates the front section which is usually molded or cast from suitable material and which is of a size to fit with and register with the back section l0 so that when two sections are assembled and secured together by a suitable means during the course of manufacture of dolls, the same will substantially simulate the human body. In usual manufacture of dolls, the front and back sections are made separately, this providing for relatively quick and easy mounting and connection of the head and limbs by conventional forms of securing or fastening members whereafter the front or belly portion is cemented or otherwise secured in place.
The said front and back body sections l and H are cast or otherwise formed with integral neck portions, illustrated by reference numeral [2, and which neck defines annular opening i3, which receives the joint-forming extended portion of the head, (not shown). Said front and back body sections it and H are also formed during their manufacture with substantially semi-circular recesses which are so located that when the front and back sections are secured together, said recesses will form a pair of shoulder or arm or joint receiving openings It and also a pair of oppositely directed leg receiving openings 15, as illustrated in Fig. 2.
Reference numeral it illustrates or designates arms having upper socket joints with upper inwardly pivoted and inwardly extending socket joints which fit loosely or at least'movably, in
the openings I4 of the body. Reference numeral IT designates legs whose upper inwardly extendmg portions forming rounded extensions movably fit into the openings i5 and whose surfaces slidably and flexibly engage the edges of the defined openings I5.
The legs I1 have formed therein, preferably during the molding process, elongated passages I8, which open inwardly as illustrated in Fig. 2, and which are 50 positioned that they will be in alignment when the legs are in normal position. The inner ends of said passages is are preferably slightly enlarged, and optional sleeve joint or socket members l9, which have their inner end portions preferably expanded or flared outwardly, are secured in said passages is respectively, either during the molding process of the legs or subsequently. Said bearing or sleeve members l9; which are optional, are preferably mounted in both the passages l8 and in the mwardly opening passages 28 of the arms and I may be of elliptical cross section asfor example illustrated in Fig. 5.
As the arms and legs are individually and separately molded, the bearing elements 'or sleeves !9 may be cast directly into socket or joint portion of one or more of the legs and one or more of the arms. For example one end of the pin may be cast directly on one and the other end of the pin cemented on in the assembly of the doll.
I Reference numeral 2| designates a pin, pintle, shaft or rod, preferably of metal, and which forms the connecting and mounting element for the legs I! and whose ends are of such size that they may be forcibly inserted into the passages formed thereby. The ends of the pintle or shaft 2|, are preferably slightly enlarged as for example, by substantial impact on the ends thereof, so as to form optional peripheral flanges which when the legs are mounted, will be disposed beyond the narrow portion of the passage or opening defined by bearing sleeves l9 and which will lie substantially between the out- \vard'ly flaring flanges on the inner ends of bearing sleeves 19, so as to securely hold the legs against any normal removal force which would "normally be imparted thereto during use of the doll.
The opposite ends of the shaft 2| are preferably of such cross-sectional shape as to correspond to the sleeve or joint members or bearing members l9 so that rotative movement imparted to the shaft 2| will be transmitted to pivot the legs. The sleeve or anchoring members 19 may optionally be longitudinally slit so as to allow for slight expansion when the respective ends of shaft 21 are mounted therein.
Reference numeral 22 designates a pin, pintle, shaft and anchoring member, preferably of metal, which may be of any desired cross-section, and optionally similar to shaft 2| thereof and of such length so as to extend from within the passage 20 of one of the arms to the corresponding passage of the opposite arm. I desire it to be understood that either the shaft 2! or shaft 22 may have either one or both of their respective ends securely mounted in the respective arms or legs by directly molding or cementing the same, as for example as illustrated in the upper left of Fig. 2 wherein the end portion of the shaft 22 is bent at an angle for more secure mounting thereof.
Referring to the particular illustration of Fig. 2, the back section 10 has formed in the opposite side walls adjacent to the edges thereof, a pair of aligned inwardly opening recesses or passages 24 and 25. The latter passage 25, pr f r ly extends from the outer to the inner surface of the side wall as indicated at the right of Fig. 2. Optionally inwardly extending integral bosses 21 may be formed on the said opposite walls, the said respective passages extending therethrough as illustrated. A shaft, shaft-like member, or pin 26, of metal, wood or other suitable material and which may be of one or more parts has one end securely mounted or optionally journalled in the passage 24 and its other end mountedor optionally journalled in passage 25. Said shaft may be inserted either'from the outside of the body through passage 25 to mount the same, or in instances where the passaged bosses 21 are formed immediately adjacent the central edges of the body portions, the pin or shaft 25 may be merely placed and mounted into saidpassages or recesses from above. Inwardly extending edge portions of the front section I I, when securely cemented in place partially over said recesses or passages,v may retain said shaft or pin 26 in position.
Mounted on pin 26 are a'pair of substantially adjacent coaxial rollers, rotors or pulleys 28 and 29 respectively which are journalled on said pin 26 so as to be movable independently of each other. These rollers may be mounted in the described or an equivalent manner by holding the same in position and then inserting the pin 26 therethrough, and mounting the ends of said pin as has been described. In those instances when the pin 26 is inserted from outside of the body and through the passage of the side wall of back section In, the outer portion of the passage 25 beyond the end of pin 26 may be closed or plugged with cement or any suitable plug as indicated by numeral 38 in Fig. 2.
A flexible band 3| of any suitable material, i.e., fabric, has one end turned about shaft 22 and secured thereto by any suitable fastening means of fastening element, as for example, a staple 32 as illustrated in Fig. 3. The opposite end portion of band 3| is disposed over the upper or front surface of roller 29 and thence partially rotated thereabout and also anchored in any suitable manner to the surface of said roller 29.
A second flexible band 33 of any suitable material is passed over and around the back or underside of roller 28 and the end portion thereof secured by pin, staple or other fastening element to said roller 28, and the other end portion of said band passes over the front surface of leg shaft 2| and at least partially wound therearound and fastened by a pin, staple or other equivalent fastening element, substantially as illustrated in Fig. 3. It will be apparent that rotation of roller 28 in a forward and downward direction will rotate shaft 2| in the opposite direction and thereby pivot or move forwardly the legs anchored thereto.
The front section H of the body has formed therein, preferably during the casting and molding process, an opening 34 of substantial size, said opening being preferably defined by an integral inwardly extending flange 35 as illustrated in Figs. 3 and 7. A flexible fabric member 36, which is preferably though optionally of a rubber, elastic or rubberized composition, is secured over said opening 34 by cement, adhesive or equivalent means and in such a manner that same may be manually depressed inwardly.
Mounted within the doll body and below said opening 34 is an optional compressible coil spring 3'! whose base end portion is preferably mounted about an inwardly extending stud or boss 38 formed integral with the back wall of back section l0, and which is of a length to substantially reach or engage the flexible strip or panel 36. A lever or arm 39, preferably of metal, has one end connected to or secured upon roller 29, and its free end is preferably gradually curved and disposed so as to normally lie under or adjacent to the inner side portion of the flexible panel 36..
A second lever or arm 40, has one end mounted upon the roller 28 and its outwardly free end is preferably curved and normally disposed under and substantially adjacent to the other side portion of the flexible panel 36. A second optional expansion spring 31-h is mounted with its base in the back of the back section II] and its opposite end in substantial contact with the under surface of free curved end of lever or arm 4|]. One spring 3! may be satisfactorily utilized for both said curved levers where the same is of suihcient size and area so that its forward end would engage both said levers.
Said levers or arms 39 and 40 optionally formed of bands or strips of metal or other suitable material are adjustably mounted about the rollers 28 and 29 respectively with the aid of screws, such as securing screw 4| as illustrated in Fig. 3, so as to provide for the full, quick and easy adjustment of the positions of said levers or arms when it is desired to tighten the bands 3| and 33 respectively when said levers are in normal position adjacent the fabric member 36. When it is desired to properly mount the said levers 39 and 4|), the screws 4| are loosened and'the rollers or rotors 28 and 29 rotated until the belts or bands 33 and 3| are taut, and then the screws 4| are tightened to clamp the said levers on said rollers while the free end of lever 39 is in retracted position.
Referring to Fig. 7, I here show a transverse cross-sectional view taken on line of Fig. 6 as illustrated. A pair of optional depressible members, buttons or plugs 42 respectively are adapted to be positioned in side by side relationship. In Fig. '7 I illustrate in cross section only one of said depressible members or plugs 42, 43, it being understood that both thereof are preferably substantially similar and of substantially semi-circular form and in side by side relation.
One satisfactory manner in which said depresslble members may be made is illustrated in cross-section in Fig. 7, wherein the same is composed of a substantially fiat metal disk 42-41, which is secured to a cup-like member 42-b, which preferably has the optional annular flange 42-0 as indicated to define between said flange and the edge portions of disk or plate 42-a an annular space in which the edge portions of the body-which define said front opening are disposed. Thesaid annular space designated as 42-d is of sufficient size so that said depressible member or members 42 may be moved inwardly and outwardly. Each of the depressible members 42 may have connected thereto an optional inwardly extending eyelet 44 in which the free curved end of one of the levers 39, 40, respectively, may be movable so that said depressible member 42 may, when depressed, cause the curved end of said levers 39 respectively to move in said eyelet or eyelets 44.
It will be apparent that utilization of members substantially like or equivalent to members 42 will dispense with any use of an elastic and yieldable panel such as 36 over the said front opening, and that either of said depressible members may be selectively depressed according to the part of the doll desired to be moved.
Referring to Fig. !8, I have illustrated in dotted lines extending toward the right hand portion thereof, typical positions of a flexible band or bands 3|a, whose end portion or portions at the right hand part of the figure is illustrated as connected to the bent end or anchoring hook of an inwardly extending arm or lever 48. It will be noted that numeral 49 designates an extension or upwardly extending end portion of band 3|a. However, band 49 may be a separate band which is connected to either of the rollers .62 or 63.
In the doll construction which is proposed here, it will be noted that a shaft is journalled within the head and an eye is secured to each end of the shaft by means of arm 10. Also in the construction which is proposed and which is illustrated in Fig.- 10, a tongue is secured to a rotatable shaft by means of member 84. It is further to be appreciated that as the shaft or pin to which the eye or tongue is secured, is rotated that the eyes will either open or close and that the tongue will move in or out depending upon the rotation of the respective pins or shafts. Band 49 may be connected to the shaft which controls the tongue and to the shaft which controls the eyes, it being understood that movement in one direction of the band 49 will cause the tongue to move outwardly and movement in another direction of said band will cause the tongue to move inwardly; also respective upward or downward movement of the band 49 will cause the eyes either to open or close depending upon whether band 49 is connected to the pin controlling the eye by being attached from behind or from in front of said pin. If it is desired to have control of the eyes in both directions with respect to the movements of the other members of the anatomy, the spring -3! and elastic element 58 are preferably eliminated and an additional band (not shown) is connected to either of the rollers 62 or 63 and is connected to the shaft to which the lever or arm 10 is secured, suchlast mentioned connection'being opposite to the connection of the band 49, i. e., if the band 49 is connected to the pin by passing in front of it the said band (not shown) will be connected to -thepin controlling the eyes by passing; behind; itso that movement of. the rollers. in the; same direction to. which the respectivebands are attached will cause. the eyes as oneunit to: move in opposite.-directionsbecause ofthe opposite connection to the shaft control.- lingthemovement of. the eyes. Itis to be understood. that any of the elements may have other movement selectively controlled by the. use of similar reversed connections controlling the: respective pins or" shafts such as illustrated .with respect to the pins-.18 and 19 in Fig. 11'.
Further referring to Fig. 8 it will be noted that one end of the flexible band 3| is attached to. offset portion 5|a of the crank 5|. The opposits; end of band 3| is. connected to roller 63, asillustrated. in Fig. 9.. It will be observed therefore by depressing the.- lever 33 band 3| will be caused to. roll on roller. 63 to thereby cause the arm. to swing forwardly and upwardly. One end of; flexible band 33 is attached to ofiset bail 53a of crank 53 and the opposite end secured. to the roller. 62'. The roller 62 is rotated by depression of. lever 4|)- (a portion of which is shown inFig. 9) causing'the legs to move forwardly and upwardly.
It is to be understood that the modification embraced. herein includes the concept of making rollers 63 and 62 integral or a single roller.
Reference numeral 5|) designates an elastic spring element, preferably a rubber band or the like, which has one end operatively connected to a rear portion of the head, as for example on a portion of the inwardly extending, arm 48. The opposite end of the elastic element or member 50 may be connected to any stationary part of the doll body or to an axially aligned portion of the crank member 5|, so that when the head is moved, pivoted or tilted in a generally forward direction, the elastic member 50 will return the same to substantially normal position when the depressing means herein described is released. It will be understood that the extent or degree of movement which is desired to be imparted to the particular movable part may be adjusted or regulated by varying the size of the roller or rollers or rotors 2B and 29, to which the opposite ends of the bands, cables or belts 3| are connected, or: in the case of use of bent metal crank. shafts 54, by varying the length of the offset bail or crank portions, two of which are designated as 55 and 56 in Fig. 6.
In Fig. 5, taken on line 5-5 of Fig. 2, I have shown the end portion of shaft 22, which is preferably of oval cross-section mounted in the. split metal sleeve i9 which is of substantially similar shape, and. which is preferably corrugated and member 54 having two offset bail-like portions 55 and 56 extending in opposite directions as indicated. The opposite ends of the crank member 54 are suitably journalled in the walls. of the body, preferably in suitably formed recesses formed in bosses 21, which are. preferably formed integral with the rear body section I!) and in such a manner that the said recesses 24 and 25 open to the edge of. the rear section before it is joined by adhesive or other fastening means to the front section. In. this. manner, the crank member. 54 may be. seated, into the recesses of bosses 21 before the. front section II is joined to the. rear section Ill.
The. lever 33, shown in Figs. 6 and 7, has one end suitably secured to an intermediate portion of crank member 54 so that upon depression of said lever, said crank member 54 will be partially rotated.
The flexible band 3| has one end connected to one offset part of crank member 54 and its other end connected to the normally rearwardly extending bail S I -a of crank member 5|, the opposite ends of said crank member 5| being suit:- ably mounted and anchoredin the arms IS. The other offset member 55 has the band 33 connectedi thereto and the other end of said band 33 is connected to the offset member 53-a of crank member 53; Asan example of a returning element, an optional elastic. element 58- may be cormected to; the offset member 55 and tothe. end portion of crank member 53 so as to normally return the crank member 54 and the lever 39 to original position and tosimultaneously aid in returning the arms and legs to normal position substantially alongside and parallel to the body. The said elastic member 58 may optionally be anchored to any stationary element within the body, such as the wall of the front section II, by means of an optional rivet or fastening element 6.0 as illustrated inthe lower left hand portion of Fig. '7.
While Fig. 8 illustrates in side elevation only one, of the depressible levers 39, having a depressible spring 31 mounted beneath the same in the manner hereinabove describedl desire it v,to be understood that said construction illustrated in Fig. 8 optionally has two. such levers 39, each whereof is suitably secured and extending substantially radially from one of a pair of co-axial rollers or rotors 62 and 63, which levers and rollers are illustrated in longitudinal cross section in Fig. 9. Said rollers 62 and 63 may be mounted in the manner illustrated in Fig. 2 and may be made of either wood, metal or other suitable material. In Fig. 9 I have illustrated the roller 62 having extensions or studs 64 and 65 at opposite ends thereof, and the roller or rotor 63 having a stud 66 which is seated in and journalled in the recess ofboss 21 in the hereindescribed manner. The roller or rotor 63 has a central passage therein opening on one end thereof and in which the stud or extension 65 is journalled so that said rollers are thereby held in co-axial position and are normally independently rotatable,,and may be selectively moved by depression of their respective independent levers 39 and 40.
One optional method of mounting or anchoring the ends. of the shafts or linking elements 2| and 2-2. into the arms and legs respectively is illustrated. at theleft of; Fig- 2., and wherein the preferably bentv end portions are inserted into suitable transverse passages formed in the arms and legs and thence suitable, self-hardening cement I3 is placed about the inserted end portions. Upon hardening, the mass of cement securely holds said connecting or linking elements.
I have illustrated the roller 63 in cross section in Fig. 8 on which is also secured the flexible tion of said flexible connecting band or member -3|o' isdesigna-te'd by numeral 49 and diagram.-
matiuallyr illustrated: partially in dotted. lines in or member within the head and, on which the optionally movable eyes are mounted.
The forward portion of the head or neck is illustrated in Fig. 10 as provided with an anchoring hook or inward extension 48a which is operatively connected by a link or connecting member or band 3l-b to the bail-like portion 55 of ..crank member 54. Reference numeral desig- -glates a fragment of an optional conventional anchoring hook whose inner end (not shown) manual depression of the lever 59 against the action of the spring 31 will rock or pivot the head in a generally forward direction and that release of the pressure against said lever 59 will cause the spring 31 to return said lever 59 to upper or outer position and thereupon return and pivot the head to its original normal position. A similar action as that just described is effected with respect to the band or link 49, which permits selective movement of a portion of the head, for example the movable tongue 84, or movable eyes 10 which are only diagrammatically illustrated in Fig. 10;
In Fig. 9 I have illustrated a vertical cross sectional view showing the mounting of rollers 62 and 63 with broken oifportions of the sides of the doll and the recessed journalling openings provided the sides of the doll body. In Fig. 11 I illustrate a modified form of connecting means which are independently movable so as to permit selective and independent movement of the arm and leg on one side from the movement of the other arm and leg.
' Referring to Fig. 11, reference numeral 18 designates a shaft or pin having one end suitably anchored in one of the hereindescribed manners in the right arm, and reference numeral 80 designates a similar pin or shaft mounted and anchored in a suitable passage of the right leg. The inner ends of the pinsor shafts I8 and 80 are preferably reduced as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 11, and said reduced endportions are inserted in interfitting relation in end-opening passages of similar left hand shafts or pins 19 and BI, which are anchored in the left arm and left leg respectively in any suitable manner, such as for example as hereinbefore described. It is to be understood that the said interfitting telescopic relationship betweenthe said arm anchorin; p nsor shafts l8 and I9 is so that each one thereof is rotatable independently of the other, and similarly shafts or pins 80 and BI interfit telesc opicallyan d are independently rotatable. The said telescoping portions of said shafts or pins may be provided withany suitable means for preventing lengthwise. separation thereof, as for example, suitable set screws or studs similar to 82,
V which are mounted in suitable apertures formed in the shafts or pins 19 and 8|, and whose inner ends are adapted to seat and ride in an annular groove formed on the inner end portion of each of the shaft or pins 18 and 80, and one of which said grooves is partially shown in Fig. 11 and designated by numeral 83. It is to be further understood that said interfitting arm and leg anchoring pins can be made to function, respectively, as a one piece anchoring pin by merely tightly setting the above mentioned set screws or studs 82 against the inserted end of opposing pin.
The rotatable roller or rotor 52, illustrated par tiallylin cross section in Fig. 9, is operatively connected to the right arm and right leg (shown at the left of Fig ll) by suitable flexible band or link elements 33-?) and 33-11, which have their opposite ends wound about and suitably fastened or anchored on said shafts or pins 18 and 80.
The rotatably mounted roller or rotor 63 is operatively connected to shaft elements or pins 19 and 8!, at the right of Fig. 11, by bands, belts or links 33-12 and 33 respectively, the other ends of said bands being wound about and secured in any suitable manner about said shaft members or pins, 19 and 8!. His tobe understood that when lever 39 is depressed against the action of a spring 31, the right arm and leg will be swung forwardly, as the result of bands 33a and 33b winding about the rotatable roller 62 and the other ends of said bands 33a and 33b simultaneously unwinding from said shafts or pins 18 and 80, and when released the action of said spring 31, together with the aid of gravity acting upon'the extended arm and leg, will return the same to original position. Similarly, when the lever 40 is depressed in the hereindescribed manner, the left leg will be selectively pivoted forwardly and left arm backwardly as the result of bands 33a and 33b winding about the rotatable roller 63 andthe other ends of said bands 33a and 33b simultaneously unwinding from said shafts or pins 19 and 8| and also returned to original position in the same manner as described with reference to the right arm and leg.-
' I am aware that various changes may be made in the embodiment of the invention herein specifically described without departing from or sacrificing anyofthe advantages of the invention or any features thereof, and nothing herein shall be construed as-lirnitations upon the invention, its concept or structural embodiment as to the whole or any part thereof.
v I claim as my invention:
' 1. In a doll construction, a doll body; a neck and head having a pair of eyes movably mounted in said head; a transversely extending shaft journalled in said body; a plurality of rollers rotatively mounted in said body upon said transversely extending shaft below an upper portion of said body, said body having'an opening; a depressible member mounted in said opening, fiexible bands having one end of each thereof connectedto said rollers respectively and each having the other'end thereof connectable to said eye; a lever, mounted on each of said rollers and extendingto points adjacent said frontdepressible member;.thetdepressionof said depressible member and therebyof the selected levers adjacent thereto being adapted to rotate, as selected, said rollers to open or close said eyes.
2. Ina doll construction, a doll body having movable arms and legs connected thereto; transversely extending shaft-like members connecting said arms together and legs together respectivelyf cause the other end thereof being attached to the said shaft-like member connecting said arms, to unwind from said shaft-like member, thereby causing said arms to raise; a second flexible band having one end thereof connected to another of said rollers so that when the said lever is depressed, it will cause said flexible band to wind around said roller and simultaneously cause the other end thereof attached to the said shaft-like member connecting said legs to unwind from said leg-connecting shaft-like member, thereby causing said legs to raise; and a spring mounted in said body and normally engaging said lever being adapted to return said lever to outermost position. 7
3 In a doll construction, a doll body having movable arms and legs connected thereto; transversely extending shaft-like members connecting said arms and legs respectively; a roller rotatively mounted in said body intermediate said shafts, said body having a front opening, a lever mounted on said roller extending to a position adjacent said front opening; a depressible member movably mounted in said opening; a flexible band having one end thereof connected to said roller and its other end connected to the shaftlike member connecting said arms, so that when the lever attached to said rolleris depressed, it will cause said flexible band to wind around said roller and to unwind from said shaft-like member connecting said arms; a second flexible band having one end thereof connected to said roller and its other end connected to the shaft-like member connecting said legs, so that depression of said lever will cause said flexible band to wind around roller and to unwind from said shaft-like member connecting said legs, whereby partial rotation of said roller will partially rotate said shafts and simultaneously raise said arms and legs; and a spring mounted in said body and normally engaging said lever and adapted to return said lever to outermost position.
4.. In a doll construction, a doll body having a pair of arm openings and a pair of leg openings; a pair of arms movably mounted in said arm openings; a pair of legs movably mounted in said leg openings; linking means connecting said arms and extending through said body; linking means connecting said legs and extending through said body; a transversely extending pin in the intermediate portion of said body; a plurality of rollers mounted on said pin; adjustable levers connected to said rollers respectively and normally extending to the front portion of said body, said body having an opening in the front portion thereof; a flexible band connecting one of said rollers and one arm; a second flexible band connecting another of said rollers and the other arm, said flexible bands being attached to said rollers, respectively, so that when the lever attached to one of said rollers is depressed, it will cause said respective flexible band to wind partially around said roller, thereby causing the other end of said last mentioned band attached i l 12* to a respective arm to simultaneously unwind from said respective arm, causing said arm .to raise; a third flexible band connecting one of said rollers and one of said legs; and a fourth flexible band connecting another of said rollers and the other of said legs, said third and fourth flexible bands being attached to said rollers respectively the selective depression of said leversrespectively being adapted to cause the said third and fourth bands respectively to wind around respective rollers thereby causing the other ends of said third and fourth bands attached to respective legs to simultaneously unwind from said legs causing said, legs to raise; a depressible member mounted in said opening, said levers being selectively depressible by said'depressible member; spring means in said body and normally engag ing said levers and adapted to return said levers to outermost position; the depression of said lever being adapted to rotate the roller to which it is attached, and thereby to move the band connected thereto to thereby impart and cause raising the arm or leg connected to said roller and band.
5. In a doll construction, a doll body having a connected and movable head and neck; a connecting and anchoring member connecting said head to the substantially upper portion of said body; said anchoring member having cranked portions extending in diametrically opposite directions; a plurality of rollers rotatively mounted in said body below said uppergportionbf said body; said body having a f'rontopening; a de-' pressible member mounted in said opening; flexible bands having one end of each thereof con nected to said cranked portions respectively; and the other end'of each thereof connectedto said rollers respectively, the partial alternative rotation of said rollers being adapted to move said head back and forth; a lever mounted on each of said rollers and extending to points adjacent said front depressible member and being adapted to be'depressed by said depressible member; the depression'of said depressible member'and said levers adjacent thereto being adapted to rotate said rollers, thereby causing bands to wind upon said rollers respectively to thereby cause the movementfof said head either back or forth.
' OKE L. PEARSON.
' RilFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number 'Name Date 98,643 V Smith Jan. 4, 1870 1,589,432 Sapp June 22, 1926- 1,978,337 Bowers Oct. 23, 1934 2,061,322 Massa Nov. 17, 1936 2,137,371 Marsh -Nov 22, 1938 2,198,234 l Stratt'on Apr. 23, 1940 2,290,861 Dale et al. July'21,
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|US2198234 *||Mar 20, 1939||Apr 23, 1940||Stratton Linda Lancaster Dodge||Cigar or cigarette lighter|
|US2290801 *||Apr 12, 1941||Jul 21, 1942||Mechanical Man Inc||Display device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2686388 *||May 4, 1951||Aug 17, 1954||Rudolph Seidl||Smiling doll|
|US2701933 *||Mar 7, 1951||Feb 15, 1955||Pearson Oke L||Movable doll|
|US2716839 *||Sep 25, 1952||Sep 6, 1955||Marvin I Glass||Movable feature toy figure|
|US2733546 *||Apr 9, 1951||Feb 7, 1956||Figure toy with movable eyes|
|US2856729 *||Aug 17, 1954||Oct 21, 1958||Gustave Miller||Animated dummy|
|US3130518 *||Jan 13, 1961||Apr 28, 1964||Glass||Movable figure toy|
|US3282588 *||Jul 26, 1963||Nov 1, 1966||Ashmele Anton||Sound reproducing apparatus|
|US4006555 *||Jun 11, 1975||Feb 8, 1977||General Mills Fun Group, Inc.||Doll with incrementally movable arm|
|US4069613 *||Feb 24, 1976||Jan 24, 1978||Lemelson Jerome H||Activity doll|
|US4183171 *||Feb 10, 1978||Jan 15, 1980||Marvin Glass & Associates||Changeable figure toy|
|US4575349 *||Feb 11, 1985||Mar 11, 1986||Coleco Industries, Inc.||Winged creature|
|US5308277 *||Jan 8, 1993||May 3, 1994||Pia Nielsen||Female playing doll, capable of imitating pregnancy and child birth|
|International Classification||A63H3/00, A63H3/18, A63H3/48|
|Cooperative Classification||A63H3/48, A63H3/18|
|European Classification||A63H3/18, A63H3/48|