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Publication numberUS2548491 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 10, 1951
Filing dateJan 28, 1950
Priority dateJan 28, 1950
Publication numberUS 2548491 A, US 2548491A, US-A-2548491, US2548491 A, US2548491A
InventorsPeek Jr Sandford Christopher
Original AssigneeSylvania Electric Prod
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Low-current fuse
US 2548491 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 10, 1951 s. c. PEEK, JR

LOW CURRENT FUSE Filed Jan. 28, 1950 Fig.1


0 l q H Z 2 I2 WW I 4 4 I n x X x g. E x v H a F :& E 3 8 w M! 6 l M M 1 Patented Apr. 10, 1951 LOW-CURRENT FUSE Sandford Christopher Peek, Jr., Salem, Mass, as-

signor to Sylvania Electric Products Inc., Salem, Mass, a corporation of Massachusetts Application January 28, 1950, Serial No. 141,031

6 Claims.

This invention relates to fuses for interrupting high voltage; low current circuits on overload, and relates particularly to such fuses for pulsed circuits, such as are used in television or the like.

In many such circuits, although the current is low, the voltage is so high that considerable power may be passed in an overloaded circuit, causing overheating and possibly fire.

The common types of fuse, consisting chiefly of fusible links directly heated by the current passing through it, is unsatisfactory for currents below about ten milliamperes and are incapable of interrupting circuits at greater than 1000 volts.

My invention provides a fuse operable at currents of a milliampere or even lower and capable of breaking such currents even in circuits at voltages of many thousands.

My device is particularly effective in circuits utilizing a series of unidirectional pulses of low average current.

A feature of the invention is a joint of fusible metal in proximity to a resistor, and with a spring to pull the joint open quickly when the fusible metal melts, this rapidly breaking the circuit.

Another feature of the invention is a condenser connected across said resistor to reduc the pulse voltage drop in the resistor without reducing the current available for heating the resistor.

A further feature is a carbon resistor and a fusible joint spaced slightly from said carbon rod 7 but close enough thereto to be heated thereby.

An additional feature is an insulating coating for said resistor, to confine the emitted heat to the portion of the resistor near the fusible link, at least to a considerable extent.

Still another feature is a tube of glass or other refractory insulating material enclosing the operating elements of the device.

Other advantages, features and objects of the invention will be apparent from the following specification, taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which:

Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of the device; and

Figure 2 is a perspective cut-away view of a portion of the device of Figure 1.

In the figures, the hollow glass tube I has the metal end caps 2, 3 fixed to each of its ends. The lead-in terminal wires 4, 5 are fixed to the end caps 2, 3, by the solder 5, I, for example. The resistor [3 has a lead-in wire 8 soldered to a connecting wire 9, which in turn is fixed to lead-in wire 5 for example, by the solder Ill. The lead-in wire I I to condenser 12 is also affixed to Wire 2 by solder Ill.

Lead-Wire 8 extends into electrical and mechanical connection with the carbon rod resistor 13, which is enclosed in the insulating cylinder l4, except Where the cylinder [4 is cut away at I5,

to expose the carbon rod l3 to the fusible metal It for heating the same. The fusible metal l6 joins the lead-in wire ll, firmly fixed electrically and mechanically to an end of carbon rod 13 opposite to the end to which lead-in wire 8 is fixed, to the connecting wire 18, which is in turn soldered to an end of the stretched helical spring l9. Lead-in wire 20 from condenser l2 may be soldered to wire I! to connect the condenser I2 across the resistor 13. An insulating tube 2| may be used around wire 20.

The spring I9 is connected at one end to the lead-in wire 4, for example, by solder 3.

The wire H, is turned back on the resistor to place the fusible metal I6 in position to be heated by the current in carbon rod l3, which is surrounded by the electrically and thermally insulating tube [4 at other points. The fusible metal is close to, but spaced from, the rod l3 to be in heat-receiving relationship therewith Without short-circuiting to the rod l3.

For use with a current of about 1.1 milliamperes, I have used a resistor 83 of about a megohm. This is a rather large resistance and would, by itself, tend to reduce considerably the maximum value of pulses passing therethrough. I have found that the shunting of a condenser [2 across the resistor [3 enables the use of such a large resistor without undue effect on the pulse magnitude. The condenser appears to shunt the alternating components of the pulse across the resistor l2, the resistor 12 then passing the direct current component. I have found that this does not reduce the effectiveness of the resistor as a heating element.

A. condenser of about 0.005 microfarad has been found satisfactory with a resistor of l megohm in a circuit feeding a cathode ray tube with a 15 kilocycle pulse on a 10% duty cycle, as is common in television apparatus. The 10% duty cycle means that the pulse is on for 10% of each cycle and off for the other Without the condenser, the resistor l3 would have to be of too small a value to give proper heating.

What I claim is:

1. A high-voltage low-current fuse comprising a resistor of high resistance, a fusible metal mass in heat-receiving relationship thereto and joining two metallic connecting pieces, a stretched spring attached to one of said metallic connecting pieces, the other of said pieces being connected to said resistor and a condenser in shunt to said resistor.

2. The combination of claim 1, in which the resistor is a carbon rod, and an insulating tube enclosing the major portion of said resistor but exposing the resistor in the proximity of said fusible metal mass.

3. The combination of claim 1, and a hollow insulating envelope enclosing said device.

4. A high-voltage low-current pulse fuse comprising a graphite resistor rod, an insulating tube enclosing said rod except at one portion thereof, a fusible metal mass spaced from, but in close proximity to, said resistor-rod at said portion thereof, two metal connecting pieces held together by said fusible mass, a coiled spring connected to and tending to pull one of said connecting pieces away from said fusible metal mass, the other of said connecting pieces extending to an end of said resistor, a condenser connected in shunt to said'resistor, an enclosing insulating envelope, and a terminal connection at each end of said envelope, one of said terminals being connected to one end of said resistor, the other being connected to one end of said spring.

5. The combination of claim 4, in which the resistor is of the order of a megohm in resistance and the condenser of the order of 0.005 microfarad.

' 6. A high voltage low-current pulse fuse comprising a resistor of high resistance, a fusible metal mass spaced from, but in close proximity to said resistor, twometal connecting pieces held together by said fusible mass, a coiled spring connected to and tending to pull one of said connecting pieces away from said fusible metal REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,401,881 Conrad Dec. 27, 1921 1,807,228 Starr May 26, 1931 2,117,123 Werner May 10, 1938 2,287,998 Johnson June 30, 1942 2,398,993 Ayers Apr. 23, 1946 2,495,791 Van Daele et a1. Jan. 31, 1050

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1401881 *Mar 31, 1917Dec 27, 1921Schweitzer & ConradProtecting device for electric circuits
US1807228 *Aug 19, 1929May 26, 1931Electrical Eng Equipment CoElectric fuse
US2117123 *Jul 31, 1935May 10, 1938Gen Motors CorpControl system
US2287998 *Jun 10, 1939Jun 30, 1942Bell Telephone Labor IncTelephone circuit
US2398993 *Oct 15, 1943Apr 23, 1946Gen ElectricProtective system
US2495791 *Feb 26, 1947Jan 31, 1950Daele Leon Marie VanSystem for the protection of transmission lines using alternating currents
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3395332 *Oct 14, 1964Jul 30, 1968Westinghouse Electric CorpVoltage dropping circuit
US3763454 *Feb 22, 1972Oct 2, 1973Tektronix IncThermal switch
US3778679 *Dec 8, 1972Dec 11, 1973Telecommunication Ind IncTemperature sensitive electrical regulating device
US3927353 *Jun 29, 1973Dec 16, 1975Hayes Christopher W JProtective device and method for use with audio amplification equipment
US3995246 *Feb 4, 1975Nov 30, 1976Morgan John MDevice for controlling the temperature and protecting against excessive flow of current of electric installations
US4700259 *Nov 6, 1985Oct 13, 1987University Of SydneyElectrical circuit breaking device
US5193044 *Aug 29, 1990Mar 9, 1993Alcatel Network Systems, Inc.Apparatus for line card power cross protection
US5844761 *Nov 24, 1997Dec 1, 1998Place, Iv; Oliver RexDevice for circuit board power surge protection such as protection of telecommunication line cards from lightning and power cross conditions
US6323750 *Apr 20, 1998Nov 27, 2001Siemens Matsushita Components Gmbh & Co. KgElectrical component with a safety release
US7969275 *Jun 28, 2011Enerdel, Inc.Fuse assembly with integrated current sensing
US20090184797 *Jul 23, 2009Enerdel, Inc.,Fuse assembly with integrated current sensing
U.S. Classification361/104, 338/334, 337/290, 337/184, 337/152, 338/215, 337/183
International ClassificationH01H85/36, H01H85/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01H85/36, H01H85/0052
European ClassificationH01H85/36