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Publication numberUS2550358 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 24, 1951
Filing dateApr 9, 1948
Priority dateApr 9, 1948
Publication numberUS 2550358 A, US 2550358A, US-A-2550358, US2550358 A, US2550358A
InventorsLe Grand John Peter, Walter Young Norman
Original AssigneeLe Grand John Peter, Walter Young Norman
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Spark plug terminal protector
US 2550358 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 1951 J. P. LE GRAND ET AL 2,550,358

SPARK PLUG TERMINAL PROTECTOR Filed April 9, 1948 INVENTORIi Jul-1N FLEER'AN D NURMANWXDUNE.

Patented Apr. 24, 1951 SPARK PLUG TERMINAL PROTECTOR John Peter Le Grand and Norman Walter Young, Detroit, Mich.

Application April 9, 1948, Serial No. 20,056

6 Claims.

This invention relates to spark plu terminal protectors for internal combustion engines such as are used in automobiles, trucks, motorcycles, airplanes, motor boats, tractors, and the like.

A principal object of the invention is to provide a spark plug terminal protector that will snugly fit all types of spark plugs and ignition cables eliminating all air spaces between the protector and the spark plug and conductor cable.

Another object is to provide a spark plug terminal protector that will tightly grip both 90 degree and vertical ignition wire cable terminals.

Another object is to provide a spark plug terminal protector that is easily installed using the terminal connectors provided with standard ignition cables, without using tools, or solder.

A further object of the invention is to provide a spark plug terminal protector which excludes moisture and dirt and eliminates the possibility of electric shock by preventing bodily contact with the exposed and bare contacts of the original spark plug connection.

Another object of this invention is to provide a device of the character specified that will reduce fire hazards, eliminate current flashes, and improve radio reception adjacent engines equipped therewith.

These and other objects and advantages are attained by the spark plug terminal protector of the invention which includes a sleeve member of resilient insulating material consisting of two sections, one of which is adapted to fit snugly over the insulating shell and terminal of a spark plug and to firmly grip the shell and terminal at all points, and the other of which is adapted to receive and snugly grip a conductor in such a manner as to bring the conductor into contact with the spark plug terminal and to firmly maintain such contact.

The invention will be more particularly described with reference to the illustrative embodiment of the invention shown in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is an elevational view of a spark plug terminal protector embodying the principles of the invention.

Fig. 2 is a sectional View of the protector of Fig. 1 fitted to a spark plug having a horizontal conductor.

Fig, 3 is a, sectional view of the protector fitted to a spark plug having a vertical conductor.

In the spark plug terminal protector illustrated in Fig. 1, iii is the resilient insulating protective sleeve such as synthetic rubber of the oil-and-heat-resisting type. The sleeve is of elbow shape having two sections II and I2. Section I! is of a length to receive a conductor terminal of an ignition wire cable, and section l2 of a length to receive the insulating shell and terminal of a spark plug. These two sections normally make an angle of between and The bore 55 of the sleeve is normally in the range of from about A to about inch. The bore can advantageously be uniformly tapered from about inch at its lower end to at its upper end, the side walls of the sleeve tapering correspondingly. A spark plug terminal protector of this design is adapted to fit snugly and grip tightly when used on spark plugs with either vertical or horizontal conductor connectors without wrinkling or bulging or forming air pockets in which dirt, oil and moisture may collect. At the ends of sections II and I2 beads 63 and M are preferably provided. The head I l aids in inserting a spark plug insulating shell and terminal into section I2 of the sleeve and bead l3 aids in inserting a connector and conducting cable into section II. To separate the spark plug and conductor the sleeve is rolled back with the aid of these beads thus breaking the air seal and friction grip existing between the interior of the sleeve and the spark plug and conductor therein contained. The beads also reinforce the ends of the protector.

In Fig. 2 of the drawings section l2 of sleeve It! is fitted over a standard spark plug insulat in shell 16 and plu terminal H, the sides of the sleeve snugly gripping all parts of the insulating shell providing the shell with a moisture, dirt and shock proof covering. Into bore [5 of section H has been inserted spark plug conductor cable I8 and its integral right angle connector I9. The sleeve conforms to the shape of the conductor and connector giving a smooth curve to the sleeve free from all wrinkles and bulges and firmly holding the connector I9 in contact with the spark plug terminal II. The connector I!) is of standard construction and is fitted to the end of conductor 18 in a manner well known in the art.

In Fig. 3 the protector sleeve Ill of Figs. 1 and 2 is adapted to a spark plug having a vertical conductor connector IS. The spark plug insulating shell It and terminal I! is inserted and slipped into section ii! of sleeve Ill and the conductor l8 and its integral connector Iii is slipped into section II of sleeve l0 until the connector and spark plug terminal I! are brought together and held in contact with each other. The sleeve conforms to the contour of the insulating shell [6, the connector [9 and the conductor [8, gripping them snugly and firmly with substantially no pockets, or wrinkles forming in the sleeve 10, and it is evident that with the protector of this invention, the spark plug terminal is positively protected from moisture, dirt, and mechanical shock, and such protection will greatly reduce fire hazards and current flash-overs and increase the useful life of the spark plug.

In a typical embodiment, the protector has an overall length of 2%". The diameter of the bore in the lower section is and the diameter of the bore in the upper section is A. The inner radius of the elbow portion is ti and the outer radius is lee", the wall thickness tapering in the elbow portion from a uniform wall thickness of A3" in the lower section to a uniform wall thickness of in the upper section. The lower section is 1" in length and the upper section is upper and lower sections is 125.

These dimensions are illustrative and may be varied within reasonable limits. It is, however, advantageous to provide a gradual curve in the elbow portion between the upper and lower sections and to avoid sharp angles in this region that would give rise to wrinkles and the formation of air pockets when the elbow is flexed to accommodate connectors varying from the straight type to the 90 bend type.

From the foregoing description it is seen that the present invention provides a spark plug terminal protector that insures superior plug operation with concomitant increase in battery life, saving of gasoline, and reduction in spark plug fouling.

We claim:

1. A spark plu terminal protector comprising a flexible, resilient sleeve of annular crosssection formed of insulating material and consisting in the undeformed condition of two substantially straight end sections making an included angle of from 100 to 150 with each other and an intermediate gradually curved elbow-shaped section connecting said end sections the wall thickness of the elbow-shaped section diminishing substantially uniformly throughout its length.

2. A spark plug terminal protector comprising a flexible resilient sleeve of annular cross-section formed of insulating material and consisting in the undeformed condition of two substantially straight end sections making an included angle of from 100 to 150 with each other and an intermediate gradually curved elbow-shaped The angle included between the section connecting said end sections, the bore and the wall thickness of the elbow-shaped section diminishing substantially uniformly throughout its length.

3. A spark plug terminal protector comprising a flexible resilient sleeve of annular crosssection formed of insulating material and consisting in the undeformed condition of two substantially straight end sections making an included angle of from to 150 with each other and an intermediate gradually curved elbow-shaped section connecting said end sections, the bore and the wall thickness of the elbow-shaped section diminishing substantially uniformly throughout its length and the wall thicknesses of the two end sections being substantially uniform throughout their lengths.

4. A spark plug terminal protector of claim 3 wherein the substantially straight end sections have integral end beads.

5. A spark plug terminal protector comprising a flexible resilient sleeve of annular cross-section formed of insulating material and consisting in the undeformed condition of two substantially straight end sections making an included angle of about with each other and an intermediate gradually curved elbow-shaped section connecting said end sections, the bore and the wall thickness of the elbow-shaped section diminishing substantially uniformly throughout its length and the bore and the wall thicknesses of the two end sections being substantially uniform throughout their lengths.

6. A spark plug terminal protector of claim 5 wherein the substantially straight end sections have integral end beads.

JOHN PETER LE GRAND. NORMAN WALTER YOUNG.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 878,551 Mills Feb. 11, 1908 1,376,844 Weber May 3, 1921 1,814,997 Whittner July 14, 1931 1,898,064 Ridge Feb. 21, 1933 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 16,828 Great Britain June 13, 1912 17,003 Austria Oct. 10, 1935

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US878551 *Feb 2, 1906Feb 11, 1908David B MillsProtecting-hood for spark-plugs.
US1376844 *Sep 16, 1919May 3, 1921Herbert Weber EdmundCombined spark-plug terminal and protector
US1814997 *Apr 2, 1928Jul 14, 1931Wittner Edward FSpark plug
US1898064 *Dec 28, 1927Feb 21, 1933Ridge William FInsulator for spark plugs
AT17003B * Title not available
GB191216828A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2690541 *Apr 14, 1950Sep 28, 1954Carleton S MardenWaterproof connection for spark plug terminals and the like
US2724092 *May 8, 1951Nov 15, 1955Essex Wire CorpInsulated terminal
US2745075 *Jan 31, 1951May 8, 1956Essex Wire CorpInsulated terminal
US2750573 *Dec 8, 1953Jun 12, 1956Mika Stanley ESure lock connectors
US2835724 *Dec 21, 1953May 20, 1958Colbert Lee JSheathed electrical cables
US2868895 *Sep 4, 1953Jan 13, 1959Burndy CorpInsulating cover for pressurized panel
US2904769 *Jul 10, 1953Sep 15, 1959Gen Motors CorpSpark plug nipple
US3019287 *Sep 17, 1959Jan 30, 1962Chance Co AbBushing cover
US3597723 *May 1, 1970Aug 3, 1971Microdot IncSpark plug terminal
US4797115 *Nov 13, 1987Jan 10, 1989Prestolite Wire CorporationAngled boot for angled spark plug cable terminals
US6100472 *Apr 14, 1994Aug 8, 2000Bowthorpe PlcCable locking and sealing device
US8151781 *Jan 12, 2010Apr 10, 2012Federal-Mogul Ignition CompanyFlexible ignitor assembly for air/fuel mixture and method of construction thereof
US8419467Apr 14, 2010Apr 16, 2013John Mezzalingua Associates, Inc.Cover for cable connectors
US8474428Mar 7, 2012Jul 2, 2013Federal-Mogul Ignition CompanyFlexible ignitor assembly for air/fuel mixture and method of construction thereof
US8529288 *Sep 29, 2011Sep 10, 2013John Mezzalingua Associates, LLCCover for cable connectors
US8764480Jun 7, 2013Jul 1, 2014John Mezzalingua Associates, LLPCover for cable connectors
US20100175653 *Jan 12, 2010Jul 15, 2010Lykowski James DFlexible ignitor assembly for air/fuel mixture and method of construction thereof
US20120190234 *Sep 29, 2011Jul 26, 2012John Mezzalingua Associates, Inc.Cover for cable connectors
DE1204018B *Sep 19, 1961Oct 28, 1965Gen Motors CorpAnordnung des Zuendkabelanschlusses an einer Zuendkerze
Classifications
U.S. Classification174/77.00S, 174/135, 439/125
International ClassificationH01T13/06, H01T13/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01T13/06
European ClassificationH01T13/06