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Publication numberUS2550455 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 24, 1951
Filing dateMar 8, 1948
Priority dateSep 23, 1946
Publication numberUS 2550455 A, US 2550455A, US-A-2550455, US2550455 A, US2550455A
InventorsDavies Clarence J
Original AssigneeNat Automotive Fibres Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Trim panel and method of making the same
US 2550455 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

ri 24, Q C. J, vDAVIES SS-S TRIM PANEL AND METHOD oF MAKING THE SAME Original Filed Sept. 23, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet l Q N JI 2 P PEG.. P

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VCLARENCE J. nAvnEs mami/#AMM ATTORN EYS pr 24, i951 -c. .1. DAviEs i 2550,45

` TRIM PANEL AND' METHOD 0F MAKING THE SAME Original Filed Sept. 25, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

CLARENCE J. DAVIES WW Aamfiaw ATTORNEYS Patented Apr. 24, 1951 2,550,455 laf d l "ERIM PANEL AND METHOD F MAKING THE SAME ClarenceY J. Davies, Detroit, Mich., assignor to National Automotive Fibres,

Inc., Detroit, Y

Mich., a corporation of Delaware Original application September 23, 1946, Serial i Divided and this application March 8, 1948, Serial No. 14,022

The invention relates to trim panels designed for use on walls and doors to impart an ornamental finish thereto. More particularly, the invention relates to that type of structure comprising a body portion of impregnated fibers anda fabric covering forthe 'external surface thereof fashioned with the desired ornamental design. The instant application is a division of my pending application for Patent Serial No. 698,669V filed September 23, 1946, issued May 14, 1950, as Patent No. 2,500,895.

7 Claims. (Cl. 154-116) construction may be formed of sisal fiber with It'ilis Vthe object of the invention to obtain a structure of this type having improved characteristics and more particularly in the construction of the border or edge portion of the panel.

It is a further object to improve and simplify the method of forming such structure and with these objects in view the inventionV consists, first, in the improved panel; and, second, in the method of forming the same as more'fully hereinafter set forth. i

While the claimsin the instant application are I confinedto the panel'and the method of'forming the same, I have for greater clarity included a description of apparatus which may be :used in carrying out the method." Y

In the drawings: y

Fig. 1 is an elevation of atrim panel which specifically forms the interior finish for an automobile door;

Fig. 2 is a section on line 2-2, Fig. 1;

Fig. 3V is a sectional elevation showing a portion of the press together with the rams `and dies for Y forming the panel; and

Figs. 4, 5, 6 and '7 are enlarged sections of a portion of Fig. 3 illustrating the sequence of operations in the forming of the reinforced edge portion of the panel.'

In the general process of forming trim panels, of the type above referred to, abat or layer ofV loose fibers together with a fabric cover on one yments A2 *and `A3 formed of parallel horizontalV any suitable thermo-setting binding agent.

, The construction as above described will have a fabric finished face but with unfinished 4edge portions. It is, therefore, arprimary object of my invention to obtain a finished edge or borderA portion which is completely covered by the fabric and which also forms a reinforcing and strengthening element of the panel. It is afurther object to accomplish this edge lforming operation substantially simultaneouslywith the operation for forming the body portion of the panel.

The specific panelrillustrated in Fig. 1 has a substantially fiat body portion A providedrwith a central circular ornament Af formed of parallel circular grooves, and top and bottom ornagrooves. Completely surrounding the panel is a border bead A4 which generally is formed as fol-4 lows. 4.The panel blank is first ,cut to slightly larger' dimensions than those of the finished panel.V The edge portion on each side is returnV bent to bring the fabric cover around and beneath the same, and said return bent portion is then subjected to` greater pressure to further densify the fiber filling. This method is preferably auto-T matically carried out in apparatus of the followor both sides thereof is placed.. between heated dies in a press and subjected toV high compression.

This will compact the fibers which have a binding Vmaterial commingled therewith and, while still retained under pressure, a curing is effected which permanently binds the fibers to each other and to the fabric cover. "The desired design or ornamentation is produced by the shape of the dies, so that after curing has been accomplished a substantially rigid ornamental panel is formed.

Various fibers may be used for the body material` and also variousbindirig "agents such as,`for example, phenol formaldehyde, urea formaldehyde or other synthetic resins.` However, one specific ing construction.

Apparatus B and B are upright frame members of a press and C and D are upper and lower rams movable toward and from each other. Between these rams is a cross-member-E of the frame on which is supported an annular bed-plate F having its iny ner contour corresponding to the form of the trim panel. Within the member F is a die member G and between the members F and G is an annular die member H, having a bottom portion-V H' extending beneath but separated from the die Amember G. Springs I yieldably support the die member G on the bottom H so as to be normally fiush with the bed H. An upper die J is secured to the ram C and has projecting downward therefrom the cutting blades K for trimming the blank to the desiredcontour. This, however, is larger? than the inner edge of the bed. member F to provide material for the return bend. The border portion of the die member J is formed as more".V

clearly illustrated in Figs. 4, 5, 6 and 7 and in- --cludes a groove portion J extending obliquely` into the die above the general plane of the panel,- and which overlaps the bed member F. A re-S turn bend portion J2 is formed preferably in a separate plate J3, which latter has fiange extending downward below the die J and has its inner periphery in line with that of the bed member F and the outer edge of the die member H. Thus, together the portions J and J2 of the die members J and J3 form a bead cavity for the return bent portion of the panel. Between the lower ram D and the bottom portion H of the die member I-I are pins L which during the operation of the press will raise the die member H and through the medium of the springs I will also raise the die member G.

Operation In the operation of the apparatus above described, the fiber bat is laid upon the lower die member G to extend beyond the same over the annular bed member F and the cover M, which may be either woven fabric or felt, is placed on top `of the bat. 'Ihe rst operation is the descent of the upper ram (the operating mechanism for the rams not being illustrated) which presses down the blade member K to cut both the cover and the ber bat to the proper contour. The lower ram is then raised, the lupper ram remainingstationary, and through the medium of the pins L die members H and G are raised. Inasmuch as the border portion of the blank extends over the bed member F and beneath the die member J3, this portion will be bent downward when the die member G is raised to compress the fibers against the upper die member J. This initial movement of the die member G is accomplished without materially compressing the springs I, but as the resistance due to the compression of the fibers increases the springs L will be compressed so that the annular die member H will be moved upward relative to the die member G and will engage the downturned portion of the blank. This portion will then be forced upward against the oblique face J which cams it outward into the bead cavity formed by the portions J and J2. As this cavity extends outward beyond the inner contour of the die member J3, it will produce a complete return bend in the border portion of the blank. Also, the compression pressure exerted on this border portion will be greater than that exerted by the die member G so that the fibers in this portion of the blank will be further densified. After the completions of the operations of the rams, the dies G, J and J3 will remain stationary in relation to each other while the curing of the blank is effected. This is preferably accomplished by heat. To this end, the die members G and J are heated preferably by members O and P, respectively, adjacent thereto, which members are provided with passages for receiving steam or other fluid heating means. The pressure and the heat are'continued until the blank is completely cured after which the rams are retracted and the completed panel removed.

What I claim as my invention is:

1. A trim panel comprising a compressed bonded ber body having a fabric cover on the outer face thereof, the margin of said panel being formed with an outwardly projecting enlarged bead having the fabric cover extending around and beneath the same and adhering thereto.

2. A trim panel comprising a compressed fiber body bonded with a synthetic resin and having a fabric cover on one face thereof adhered thereto by said resin, the margin of said panel being formed with an enlarged bead having the fabric cover extending around the same and having a more highly compressed ber core.

3. In a method of forming trim panels comprising compressing a blank composed of a fiber bat impregnated with an uncured binding agent and a fabric cover on one face thereof and curing the same while under compression; the step of cutting a blank of larger dimensions than the iinished panel, bending a marginal portion of said blank to form a transversely extending flange with its outer face within the finished dimension of the panel and in applying end pres sure against said flange and simultaneously camming outward the portion thereof adjacent to the bend to form a return bend constituting an enlarged bead with the fabric cover extending around the same, said end pressure being sufficient to more highly densify the fibers of said bead.

4. A trim panel comprising a compressed bonded sisal iiber body having a fabric cover on the outer face thereof, the margin of said panel being formed with an enlarged outwardly projecting bead having the fabric cover return bent around the same and adhering thereto.

5. A trim panel comprising a compressed sisal fiber body bonded with a thermo-setting agent and having a fabric cover on the outer face thereof, the margin of said panel being formed with an enlarged outwardly projecting beadhand having the fabric cover return bent aroundl'the same and adhering thereto.

6. A trim panel comprising a compressed bonded vegetable fiber body having a fabric cover on the outer face thereof, the margin of said panel being formed with an enlarged outwardly projectngbead having the fabric cover return bent around the same and adhering thereto.

7. In a method of forming trim panels comprising compressing a blank composed of a fiber bat impregnated with a thermo-setting bonding agent and a fabric cover on one face thereof, and heating while under compression to effect a curing; the step of cutting a blank of larger dimension than the finished panel, bending a marginal portion of said blank to form a transversely extending flange 'with its outer face smaller in dimension than the finished dimension of the panel, applying end pressure against said flange* while permitting a controlled amount of outward expansion whereby the bend will be changed into a return bend with the fabric cover extending around the same.

CLARENCEE J. DAVIES.

REFERENCEs vOrrin) The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1387312 *Oct 30, 1920Aug 9, 1921Joseph RegensteinDoor-panel and the like
US1773926 *Sep 19, 1928Aug 26, 1930American Can CoDecorated container
US1838102 *Oct 17, 1930Dec 29, 1931Dennison Mfg CoInlay pad and means for and method of making the same
US1979131 *Dec 2, 1932Oct 30, 1934Woodall Industries IncTrim panel
US1998590 *Jan 11, 1932Apr 23, 1935Woodall Industries IncMethod of constructing door panels
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2705522 *Sep 26, 1950Apr 5, 1955Simon Kamborian JacobMethod of applying covering material to cushioned panels
US2717815 *Aug 27, 1952Sep 13, 1955Hubbard Charles JTable or the like
US2804909 *Jun 23, 1954Sep 3, 1957Hammer SamuelMethod for forming sheet material
US2903704 *Nov 23, 1956Sep 15, 1959Plant Jr John DMethod and apparatus for making wearing apparel
US2944622 *Jan 28, 1957Jul 12, 1960Fenestra IncSound absorbing structure
US2949151 *Aug 16, 1956Aug 16, 1960Tri Wall Containers IncMethod and machine for making triple wall corrugated paper board
US2954838 *May 8, 1956Oct 4, 1960Svenska Tandsticks AktiebolageSound deadening or absorbing wallboard
US3047910 *Nov 24, 1959Aug 7, 1962Plastomer Dev CorpMethod of making thermoplastic tubular container
US3075862 *Sep 24, 1957Jan 29, 1963Volkswagenwerk AgCover panels and method of manufacture
US3283052 *Jul 16, 1963Nov 1, 1966Werz Furnier SperrholzMethod and apparatus for coating the edge portions of compressed workpieces
US3432375 *May 13, 1964Mar 11, 1969American Can CoMethod of raw edge protection
US4173507 *Nov 15, 1977Nov 6, 1979W. H. Brady Co.Separating laminated layers
US4570410 *Aug 8, 1984Feb 18, 1986Duropal-Werk Ebehr. Wrede Gmbh & Co. KgComposite plate and method of making same
US4781956 *Dec 24, 1985Nov 1, 1988Ford Motor CompanyInterior trim component for a motor vehicle
US4802948 *Dec 5, 1986Feb 7, 1989Ford Motor CompanyApparatus for producing interior trim component for a motor vehicle
Classifications
U.S. Classification428/74, 156/216, 428/165, 428/128, 52/309.1, 428/157, 156/443, 428/171
International ClassificationB60R13/02
Cooperative ClassificationB60R13/0243
European ClassificationB60R13/02D2