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Publication numberUS2552028 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 8, 1951
Filing dateSep 9, 1948
Priority dateSep 9, 1948
Publication numberUS 2552028 A, US 2552028A, US-A-2552028, US2552028 A, US2552028A
InventorsPreston Blair
Original AssigneePreston Blair
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric motor terminal block
US 2552028 A
Images(3)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 8, 1951 P. BLAlR 2,552,028

ELECTRIC MOTOR TERMINAL BLOCK Filed Sept. 9, 1948 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 May 8, 195l L 'P. BLAIR 2,552,028

ELECTRIC MOTOR TERMINAL BLOCK Filed Sept. 9, 1948 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 May 8, 1951 P. BLAIR 29552,@28

ELECTRIC MOTOR TERMINAL BLOCK Filed sept. 9, 1948 3 sheets-sheet s EEZ R23 20,?

234/8 (gaia (e565 hpggl hPeae 1171203 Patented May 8, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ELECTRIC MOTOR TERMINAL BLOCK Preston Blair, Chicago, Ill.

Application September 9, 1948, Serial No. 48,521

17 Claims. l

This invention relates to terminal blocks for dynamo-electric machines and more particularly to terminal blocks which are especially well adapted for use on dynamo-electric machines of the multiple-winding, multi-phase type.

Dynamo-electric machines of the multi-phase type, such as, for example, multiple-wound, polyphase motors, are well known in the art. Such machines customarily have a plurality of wires therein, such as lead wires, extending from the coils of the machine, and the like, which, during operation of the machine, must be connected to each other, and to external lines, such as power lines, in a predetermined manner. A common method of interconnecting these Wires is to run all the wires, both internal and external, into a housing, or terminal-box, afforded on the outside of the casing of the machine and make the necessary interconnections therein. For this purpose, the terminal-boxes heretofore known in the art, have customarily had a plurality of terminal posts therein to which the internal and external lead wires have been manually and individually attached in the proper combinations. The combinations in which such wires are to be connected vary with the conditions under which the particular device is to be operated. Thus, for example, the wires of a polyphase motor which is intended to operate on 220 volts are customarily connected in different combinations than if the same motor is intended to operate on 440 volts, and the proper wiring of other dynamo-electric machines is similarly dependent on the conditions under which the machines are to be operated. oftentimes, when dynamo-electric machines of this type are shipped from the factory or the like, the conditions under which the machine is to operate are not known to the shipper. For example, when a polyphase motor which is readily adapted to operate on either 220 or 440 volts is shipped, it oftentimes is not known at which voltage the motor is to be operated. As a result, it has been common practice in the past for factories, and the like, to ship dynamo-electric machines, such as polyphase motors, with the lead wires extending into the terminal-box of the machine but not connected therein, leaving the connecting of the wires to be performed by the operator of the machine, the wiring to be performed in accordance with the conditions under which the machine is to be operated. Such procedure places the burden upon the party receiving the machine to ascertain that the machine is properly wired. Machines cf this character are, of necessity, somewhat complicated in nature and, therefore, it will be seen that this procedure may easily result in improper connection of the motor, because of inexperience or carelessness on the part of the person eifecting the wiring, which will result in improper operation of the machine or possibly even damage thereto.

A primary object of my invention is to afford effective means for overcoming this difficulty.

An object ancillary to the foregoing is to enable dynamo-electric machines, such as polyphase motors, or the like, to be wired in such a manner that when it is desired to vary the voltage at which such a machine is to be operated, the necessary changes in the interconnection of the wires of the machine may readily be made in a novel and expeditious manner.

A further object of my invention is to enable the wiring of polyphase motors and the like to be readily varied for either high or low Voltage operation by a simple manual movement of a novel actuating member embodied in the motor.

Yet another object of my invention is to afford a novel terminal block for quickly and easily effecting changes in the wiring of dynamo-electric machines of the multi-phase type to adapt the machine for either low voltage or high voltage operation.

Another object of my invention is to afford a terminal block which may be readily mounted in the terminal-box of a dynamo-electric machine and which, when so mounted in the terminal-box is automatically connected to the internal wiring of the machine, in a manner whereby the internal wiring of the machine may be quickly and easily varied in a novel and expeditious manner for high and low voltage operation.

Other and further objects of the present invention will be apparent from the following description and claims and are illustrated in the accompanying drawings which, by way of illustration, show a preferred embodiment and the principles thereof and what I now consider to be the best mode in which I have contemplated applying those principles. Other embodiments of the invention embodying the same or equivalent principles may be used and structural changes may be made as desired by those skilled in the art without departing from the present invention and the purview of the appended claims.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is an elevational view of a motor showing a terminal block, embodying the principles of my invention, mounted thereon;

Fig. 2 is a detail sectional view taken substantially along the line 2 2 in Fig. l;

Fig. 3 is a top plan view of the terminal block shown in Fig. 2, but showing certain parts thereof in different operative positions;

Fig. 4 is a wiring diagram illustrating the manner in which the terminal block is connected to the coils of the motor when the parts of the terminal block occupy the position shown in Figs. 1 and 2;

Fig. 5 is a wiring diagram illustrating the manner in which the terminal block is connected to the coils of the motor when the parts of the terminal block occupy the position shown in Fig. 3;

Fig. 6 is a top plan View of a modiied form of terminal block embodying the principles of my invention;

Fig. 7 is a wiring diagram illustrating the manner in which the terminal block shown in Fig. 6 is connected to the coils of the motor when the parts of the terminal block occupy one operative position;

Fig. 7A is a simplied schematic diagram showing manner in which the windings of the motor are connected to the power lines in Fig. 7;

Fig. 8 is a wiring diagram illustrating the manner in which the terminal block shown in Fig. 6 vis connected to the coils of the motor when the parts of the terminal block occupy another operative position; and

Fig. 8A is a simplied schematic diagram showing the manner in which the windings of the motor are connected to the power lines in Fig. 8.

For the purpose of illustrating a preferred embodiment of my invention a terminal block 26, embodying the principles of my invention, is shown mounted in the terminal-box 22 of a multiphase motor 24.

The motor 2li is of the two-winding, threephase type, the phase groups I, II and III of the motor 24 being connected in star and each cornprising a pair of coils or windings C1 and C11, C2 and C22, C3 and C33, respectively, Figs. 4 and 5.

The terminal-box 22 has a bottom wall 26, Fig. 2, made of suitable insulating material such as wood, rubber, or the like, and nine terminal pins 28 are mounted in the bottom wall 26 and extend therethrough in a manner well known to those skilled in the art, the terminal pins 28 being arranged in three parallel rows, or groups, R1. R2 and R3 of three terminals each, with each of the terminal pins 22 in each of the three groups arn ranged in alignment with the pins corresponding thereto in each oi the other groups, and with the three lines of pins disposed in parallel relation to each other.

Each of the coils C1, C2 and C3, Figs. 4 and 5, have a terminal 3io, 32C and 33e, respectively, disposed on one end thereof and connected by lead wires SIW, 32W and 33W, respectively, to corresponding individual terminal pins 253 in row R1. The coils C11, C22 and C33 each have a terminal 3io, itc and Sec, respectively, connected by wires Siw, 35W and 36W, respectively, to corresponding individual terminals 28 in row R2. Likewise the coils C1, C2 and C3 also have terminals 3io, BSc and 3de, respectively, disposed on the end thereof opposite the terminals 3io, 32e and 33o, and the terminals 'lc, 36o and 39e, are connected by wires l'w, 38W and 39W to corresponding' individual terminals 28 in row R3. 'I'he ends of the coils C11, C22 and C33, opposite the ends on which the terminals 34d, 35o and. 36?

are disposed, are connected together at a common terminal T.

Thus it will be seen that when the motor is wired in accordance with the principles of my invention, the inner terminals 3io, 32C and 33C of the outer coils C1, C2 and C3, as viewed in Figs. 4 and 5, are permanently attached to corresponding` individual terminal pins 23 in the outer row R1; the outer terminals 34e, 35e and 36a on the coils C11, C22 and C33, as viewed inI Figs. 4 and 5, are permanently attached to corresponding individual terminal pins 23 in the intermediate row R2; and the outer terminals 37o, 38C and 32o on the coils C1, C2 and C3, as viewed in Figs. 4 and 5 are permanently attached to corresponding individual terminal pins 28 in the other outer row R3. -It is possible to permanently attach the lead wires 3|W--39W to the terminal pins 28, because, when a terminal block, such as the block 26, embodying the principles of my invention, is used on the motor 2li, it is unnecessary to change the lead wires .Hw- 355W of the motor from one terminal pin to the other, when changing the motor from high to low voltage operation, the terminal block 2li embodying means for quickly and easily effecting the necessary changes in the connections between the various terminal pins, as will be discussed in greater detail presently.

The terminal block 2li comprises a rectangularshaped body member @I which may be constructed from a sheet of suitable insulating material such as wood, rubber, or the like, the body member il having two oppositely disposed, and parallel, faces i2 and lili. Nine terminal posts SIB-39B, respectively, are mounted in and extend through the body member lil from the face i2 to the face 4, in spaced relation to each other corresponding to the spaced relation of the terminals 28 to each other. Each of the terminal posts 13 E13-39B includes a socket member 43, Fig. 2, and the socket members 43 each have a receptacle 45, formed in the end thereof adjacent the face de, which is adapted to receive a corresponding one of said terminal pins 23 and to engage the latter in good electrical contact therewith. Each of the socket members i3 also has a receptacle '31 formed in the end thereof, adjacent the face 152 of the body member fil. The receptacles il are threaded internally and are adapted to operatively receive screws or bolts i9 for a purpose which will be discussed in greater detail hereinafter.

The body member li of the terminal block 2B is of such a size, and the socket members 63 are so disposed therein that the terminal block 20 may be mounted in the terminal-box 22 with the face ed of the body member lil disposed adjacent to the bottom wall 26 of the terminal-box 22 and with the socket members fi?, disposed in operative engagement with the corresponding terminal pins 28. Thus it will be seen that with the terminal block Z disposed in this manner within the terminal-box 22 the individual terminal pins 2S are in good electrical connection with the terminal posts SIB- 38B so that interconnection of the screws `4) of the terminal posts BIB-39B is ef festive to interconnect the terminal pins 28 and, therefore, the windings C1, C11, C2, C22, C3 and C33, in a like manner.

A switching member 5l, comprising a, body member 53 to which four elongated contact members 5E, 56, 5l and 5S are attached by any suitable means such as rivets 6G, is mounted on the body member 4l and is adapted to be actuated in a manner whereby it is eiective to vary the interconnection of the screws 49 and, therefore, the terminal posts 3| B-SSB, as will be discussed in greater detail presently. The body member 53 of the switching member 5| may be made of any suitable insulating material such as for example wood, rubber, or the like, and is substantially of lattice work construction, having three parallel cross arms |52, 53 and -64 interconnected by two longitudinally extending arms 66 and 61.

The contact member 55 is substantially E-shaped in form, the body portion of the E-shaped contact member 55 being connected by two of the rivets 68 to the lower surface of the cross-arm 62, exteriorly of but in parallel relation to the row R1 of terminal posts 39B, 32B and 33B. The legs of the E-shaped contact mem ber 55 project toward the cross-arms 62 and S3, and afford contacts 1|, 12 and 13 adapted to be moved into, and out or", engagement with the screws 49 on the terminal posts 3|s, 32a and 33B, respectively, in row R1 on the terminal block 20, as will be discussed in greater detail presently.

'The contact vmembers 51S, 51 and 53 are substantially identical in form, each comprising an elongated strip of suitable electrically conductive material such as for example copper. Each of the contact members '56, 51 and 58 is connected to the cross-arms B3 and S4 of the switching element 5| by an individual pair of rivets 65 and,

is mounted in operative position on the body member 4| of the terminal block 20, the screws 49 in the terminals 34B, `35B and 36B extend through the slots 15, 11B and 11, respectively, and afford guide members for the movement of the switching element 5|. The contact members 55, 51 and 58 are disposed between, and in alignment with the terminals Sie and 31B, 32B and 38B, and 33B and 39B, respectively, and are also disposed in alignment with the contacts 1|, 12 and 13, respectively, on the contact member 55. Each of the contact members 56, 51 and 58 have two contacts 8| and 82, 83 and 84, and 85 and `86, respectively, disposed on opposite end portions thereof which are adapted to be moved into and out of engagement with the screws 49 on the terminals SIB and 31B, 32B and 38B, and 33B and 39s, respectively, upon predetermined movement of the switching member 5i as will be discussed in greater detail hereinafter.

From the foregoing it will be seen that the switching member 5| comprises a slide member mounted on the upper face 42 of the terminal block 28 and held thereon by the screws 49 in the terminals 34B, 35B and 38B, these screws acting both as connecting members eiective to connect the contact members 55, 51 and 58 to the terminals 34s, 35s and 38B, respectively, and as guides which, in cooperation with the slots 15, and 11, respectively, are eective to guide the switching member 5| in its sliding movement so as to insure straight-line movement of the switching member 5| back and forth between the terminal posts disposed in the rows R1 and R3.

The elongated contact members 55, 56, 51 and 58 are so disposed on the body member 53 of the switching member 5|, and the slots 15, 16 and 11 are of such length, that when the switching member 5| is disposed in the extreme right hand position shown in Fig. 1, wherein the contacts 82, 84 and 36 on the contact members 55, 51 and 58 are disposed in engagement with the screws 49 on the terminal posts 31B, 38a and 35B; the contacts 1|, 12 and 13 on the contact member 55 are disposed in engagement with the screws 63 on the terminal posts 3 IB, 32s and 33B, respectively; and the contacts 8|, 53 and 85 on the contact members 55, 51 an 5t are disposed in spaced relation to the latter terminal posts. When, on the other hand, the switching member 5| is disposed in the extreme left hand position, shown in Fig. 3, it will be seen that the contacts 8|, S3 and 85 on the contact members 55, 51 and 5S are disposed in engagement with the screws 119 on the terminal posts SIB, 32s and 33B; the contacts 1|, l2 and 13 are disposed in spaced relation to these latter terminal posts; and the contacts 82, 4 and on the contact members 55, 51 and 58, respectively, are disposed in spaced relation to the terminal posts 31B, 38B and 39e.

In both of the aforementioned positions of the switching element 5| it will be seen that the contact members 55, 51 and 58 and, therefor-e, the contact members 8| and 82, 83 and 84, and 85 and 85, are connectedat all times to the terminal post 35B, 35B and 35B, respectively, by the screws 43 which project through the slots 15, 15 and 11 formed in the aforesaid contact members. Thus it will be seen that movement of the switching member 5! into the right hand position shown in Fig. l is eiective to interconnect the terminal posts 33s, 35B and 35B with the terminal posts 1B, 38B and 39B, respectively, and to connect the terminal posts BIB, 32B and 33s together; and movement of the switching member 5| into the extreme left hand position shown in Fig. 3, is effective to break the aforementioned interconnections of the terminals 3|B-33B afforded by the position of the switching element 5| in the extreme right hand position, and, in place thereof, to interconnect the terminals 3|s, and 34e, 32B and 35B, and 33B and 35B. Such movement of the switching element 5l is elective to vary the intern connection of the wiring of the motor 24 for low and high voltage operation, respectively, as will be presently discussed.

As previously mentioned, the motor 24 shown in the accompanied drawings is of the three-wire, three-phase, type, and provision has been made for connecting three power lines thereto. For this purpose I have provided three terminal posts 9|, 52 and 53 comprising bolts or screws S5, 95 and 51 operatively mounted in the body member 4| of the terminal block 2Q, adjacent to the terminals 31B, 38B and 39B, respectively, and connected thereto by jumpers Eel, 552 and |53, respectively. These terminal posts 9|, 92 and 33 comprise the terminals to which outside wires may be connected for the normal operation of the motor 24, when my terminal block 25 is embodied therein and, of course, as will be obvious to those skilled in the art, in connecting the terminal posts 9|, S2 and 93 to power lines, the proper individual one of each of the three power lines is connected to a corresponding one of the terminal posts 5|, 92 and 53 by means of the bolts 55, 9S and 91, to thereby connect the terminals 31s, 38B and 39B, through the jumpers |il|, |62 and |83, to the respective power lines.

lto the proper position.

Operation With my novel terminal block, when it is desired to change from low Voltage to high voltage operation of the motor 2li, it is unnecessary for the operator to unfasten the lead wires BHW-39W from the individual terminal posts 28 to which they were fastened and then reconnect them to other terminal posts 28, as was heretofore the common procedure for making such a changeover. In a motor embodying my novel terminal block 2B when it is desired to re-wire a motor for either low or high Voltage operation it is merely necessary to shift the switching member 5l This obviously aiords a novel and expeditious means for accomplishing such re-wiring and eliminates the danger heretofore present that a workman, through inexperience or carelessness might re-wire the motor incorrectly with resultant improper operation of the motor and possible damage thereto.

Thus, for example, it will be seen that with the switching element 5l disposed in the extreme left hand position shown in Fig. 3 the motor 24 is wired for high voltage operation. This wiring of the motor 24 is best shown in Fig. 5 wherein it will be seen that power lines P1, P2 and P3 are connected to the terminal posts Sl, 32 and Q3, respectively, and, therefore, through the jumpers lill, H32 and m3 to the terminal posts 37B, 38B and 39B. With this positioning of the switching member 5l the terminal posts SIB, 32B and 33B are interconnected by the contact members 56, 5l and 58 to the terminal posts 3GB, 35B and 36B, respectively. Thus, it will be seen that the power line P3 is connected through the terminal post @3, the jumper m3, the terminal post Bee, the wire Btw, the terminal 39o, the coil C3, the terminal 33o, the wire 33W, the terminal post 33B, the contact member 58 of the switching member 5l, the terminal post 36B, the wire 35W, the terminal 36o, and the coil C33, to the central terminal T, thereby connecting the coils Cs and C33 in series; the power line P2 is connected through the terminal post 92, the jumper lll2, the terminal post 38B, the wire 38W, the terminal 36o, the coil C2, the terminal 32o, the wire 32W, the terminal post 32s, the contact element 5l of the switching device l, the terminal post 35B, the wire 35W, the terminal 35o, and the coil C22, to the central terminal T, thereby, connecting the coils C2 and C22 in series; and the power line P1 is connected through the terminal post 9 i, the jumper 553i, the terminal post Ble, the wir-e 37W, the terminal 3io, the coil C1, the terminal Slo, the wire 3lw, the terminal post Bis, the contact element 56 of the switching element 5l, the terminal post 35B, the wire 34W, the terminal Sc, and the coil C11, to the central terminal T, thereby, connecting the coils C1 and C11 in series. Thus it will be seen that the three-phase groups of the motor 24 are connected in star with the two coils in each of the phase groups connected in series with each other and that therefore, the motor 2li is properly wired for high voltage operation, such as, for eX- ample, 440 volts.

If it is desired to operate the motor 2li on low voltage such as for example 220 volts, the rewiring of the motor 2li may be readily accomplished by shifting the switching member 5I from the eXtreme left hand position shown in Figs. 3 and 5 to the extreme right hand position shown in Figs. l and 4. Such movement of the switching member 5I is effective to vary the Wiring of the motor 24 from the star-series arrangement shown in Fig. 5, wherein the three-phase groups are arranged in star, with the individual coils of each phase group connected in series with the other coils of that group, to the star-parallel arrangement shown in Fig. 4 in which the individual coils within each phase group are connected in parallel with each other so that in the two-coil, three-phase arrangement shown in the drawings two parallel, star connections are afforded.

Thus, referring to Fig. 4 it will be seen that with the switching element 5l disposed in the aforementioned extreme right hand position, and with the three power lines P11, P12 and P13 connected to the terminals 9i, 92 and 93, the power lines P11, P12 and P13 are connected through the terminals 9|, 92 and 93, and the jumpers lill, i632 and H33, to the block terminal posts 31B, 38B and 39B, respectively, and, in addition, are connected through the contact members 5G, 5l and 5B to the terminal posts 3GB, 35B and 36B. With this interconnection of the terminal posts Bln, 38B and 39B, and the terminal posts Sie, 35B and 36B, to the power lines P11, P12 and P13, it will be seen as will be discussed in greater detail presently, that two separate star connections are afforded in the motor 213, with the terminals 31B, 38B and 39B forming the outer terminals of one star connection and the contact element 53 afording the inner or central terminal thereof, and the terminals Een, 35B and 36B affording the outer terminals of the other star connection and the terminal T affording the inner or central terminal thereof.

Thus it will be seen that the power line P13 is connected through the terminal post 93, the jumper 33, the terminal post 39B, the line 39W, the terminal 353e, the coil C3, the terminal 33e, the line 33W, the terminal post 33B, to the contact member 53; the power line P12 is connected through the terminal post 92, the jumper HB2, the terminal post 38B, the wire SSW, the terminal 33e, the coil C2, the terminal 32o, the wire 32W, and the terminal post 32B, to the contact member 53; and the power line P11 is connected through the terminal post 9 l the jumper l? l, the terminal post 37B, the wire 37W, the terminal Slo, the coil C1, the terminal 3io, the wire 3lw, and the terminal post 3R13, to the contact member 53. Likewise, the power line P13 is connected through the terminal post 93, the jumper m3, the terminal post 39B, the contact member 53, the terminal post 35B, the wire Stw, the Contact 3&0, and the coil C33, to the central terminal T; the power line P12 is connected through the terminal post S2, the jumper m2, the terminal post 38B, the contact member 5l, the terminal post 35B, the wire 35W, the terminal Sc, and the coil C22, to the central terminal T; and the power line P11 is connected through the terminal post Qi, the jumper till thev terminal post 31B, the contact member 56, the terminal post 355B, the wire Sllw, the terminal 34o, and the coil C11, to the central terminal T. From the foregoing it will be seen that the motor 24, when wired as shown in Fig. e, is arranged for efficient low voltage operation.

Modified form of terminal block shown in Figs. 6, 7, 7A, 8 and, 8A

In Figs. 6, 7, 7A, 8 and 8A is shown a modied form of my invention comprising a terminal block which is especially well adapted for use in connecting the windings of a two-winding, threephase type motor, wherein the phases are connected in delta.

atascos In Figs. 6, 7, 7A, 8 and 8A, parts shown therein which are like parts shown in Figs. l to 5, inclusive, are indicated by the same reference numbers with the prefix 2 added to the numerical portion of the reference numbers.

The terminal block 225 shown in Figs. 6 to 8A, inclusive, like the terminal block 2U shown in Figs. l to 5, inclusive, comprises a rectangularshaped body member 22| which may be constructed from sheet of suitable insulating material, such as wood, rubber, or the like. Nine terminal posts 2MB- 23913, respectively, like the terminal posts SIB-39B extend through the body member 24| and are mounted therein in three parallel groups or rows R21, R22 and R23 of three terminal posts each, each of the terminal posts in the rows R21, R22 and R23 being disposed in alignment with corresponding terminal posts in the other two of the three rows.

Three terminal members 2313, 23213 and 23SB are mounted on the base member 24| in a fourth row R21 adjacent to the row R21 and in spaced parallel relation thereto. The terminal posts ZSIB, 25213 and 23E/B are connected to the terminal posts 235B, 232B and 233B, by jumpers 25h, 232.1 and 233.1, respectively, extending across the lower face of the body member 24|, Fig. 5, for purposes which will be discussed in greater detail hereinafter. Thus, it will be seen that the terminal block 228, like the terminal block 25, embodies, in eiect, three rows oi spaced terminal posts, the fourth row of terminal posts mounted on the base member 22| comprising, in effect, merely an extension oi the row R21, the terminal posts in the row R'21 being per- :t

manently attached to selected posts in the row R21.

It will be understood that each or" the termi-nal posts 2tlg-23913, like the terminal posts embodied in the terminal block 25, includes a socket member having a receptacle formed in one end thereof which is adapted to receive a corresponding one oi the terminal pins mounted in the terminal-box of a motor adapted to receive the terminal block 225', the terminal pins of such a motor being disposed in proper position in an insulating member, such as the member 2S in the motor 24, Fig. l, so as to automatically engage in the receptacles in the terminal posts of the terminal block 225 when the terminal block 222 is mounted on the motor, as previously discussed in greater detail with respect to the mounting or" the tere minal block 20 on the motor 24.

Each of the terminal posts mounted in the terminal block 22o, like the terminal posts mounted in the terminal block 25, has a screw 255 opere atively mounted on the upper end portion there'u of, affording an adjustable contact thereon.

A switching member 25|, comprising a body member 253 to which three elongated Contact members 256, 251 and 258 are attached by any suitable means such as rivets 266, is mounted on the body member 24| and is adapted to be actuated in a manner similar to thatl in which the switching member on the terminal block 2U is actuated to thereby eiect variations in' the inter-connections of the screws 4S and, therefore,l of the terminal posts 2MB-239B. The body member 253 of the switching member 255i' may be made of any suitable insulating material such as, for example, wood, rubber, or the like, and comprises two parallel cross-arms 252 and 254 interconnected by two longitudinally extending arms 66 and 61.

nf LA) The contact members 256, 251 and 258 are substantially identical to each other in form, each comprising an elongated strip of suitable electrically conductive material such as for example, copper. The contact member 255, 251 and 258 are somewhat different in form than the Contact members 56, 51 and 5B of the terminal block 2|), as will be discussed in greater detail presently, but, like the contact members 55, 51 and 58, each are connected to the cross-arms 252 and 264 of the switching element by an individual pair of rivets e@ so that the switching member 25| comprises a unitary assembly wherein the body member and the `Contact members 25B, 251 and 258 are permanently attached together.

The contact members 256, 251 and 258 each have longitudinally extending elongated slots 215, 215 and 211, respectively, through which the screws i5 in the terminal posts 234B., 235B and 236B extend. The contact members 255, 251 and 258 are disposed in alignment with the terminals in row R21, R21 and R23, corresponding to the terminals 235B, 235B and 235B, respectively, to which they are attached. However, it will be noted that as best seen in Fig. 6, the contact members 255, 251 and 252 are somewhat diierent in shape than the corresponding contact members 51 and L58 embodied in the terminal block 2. Thus, for example, it will be seen that the contact members 255, 251 and 258 have contacts 222, 254 and 285, respectively, formed on one `end thereof which corresponds to the contacts 82 84 and 82 of the terminal block 20 and which are adapted to be moved into and outpof engagement with the terminal posts 231B, 238B and 239B. However, the other end oi each of the contact members 256, 251 and 258 has a recess 368, and 352, respectively, formed therein within which are formed pairs or" contacts 28|, and 21|, 253 and 212, 225 and 213, respectively. As is best seen in Fig. 6, the two contacts in each of`v the pairs of contacts 213 and 285, 212 and 283', and 21| and 23|, respectively, are disposed in alignment with each other and are adapted to be moved into and out of engagement with the terminal posts 23|B and 233B, 233'B and 232B, and 2321; and 23|B, respectively, the recesses 3501, i and 322 being of such size that when the contacts 28|, 283 and 284 are disposed inengagement with the terminal posts 23|B, 232B and 233B, respectively, the contacts 271|, 212 and 213 are disposed in spaced relation to theV terminal posts 23212, 23312 and lil's,4 respectively, and when the contacts 21|, 212- and 212 are disposed in engagement with the terminal posts 23212, 23312, 23 |B, the contacts 28|, 253 and 285 areV disposed in spaced relation to the terminal postsY 23|B, 232B and 233B. Also, it will be seen that the contact members 255, 251 and 255 are so constituted' and arranged that when the contacts 2li, 212 and 213 are disposed in engagement with the terminal posts 23iB-23`3B, the contacts 282, 224 and' 286 are disposed in engagement with the terminal posts 231B, 238B and 239B, whereas, when the contacts 285, 283 and are disposed inen` gagement with the terminal posts 23|B, 232:12. and 233B, contacts 252, 224 and 225` are disposed in spaced relation to the terminal posts 23153;. 233B and 235B. It will be remembered that like the contact members 55, 51 and 52, the` contact members 255, 251 and 258 are at all times in engagement with the terminal postsl 234B, 235B an'd 235B.

Thus it will be seen that the elongated contact members 255, 251 and 258 are so disposed on the body member 253 of the switching member 25! that when the switching member 25| is disposed in the position shown in Fig. 7, the contact members 256, 251 and 258 are eifective to interconnect the terminal posts 23213, 232B and 222B, 23313, 235B and 238B, 23|'B, 236B and 239B, respectively, whereas, when the switching member 25| is disposed in the position shown in Figs. 6 and 8, the engagement of contact members 255, 25? and 25S with the terminal posts 232B and 23TH, 23213 and 238B, and 23le and 239B, respectively is broken and the contact members 255, 25? and 258 are then effective to interconnect the terminal posts 23lB and 234B, 232B and 235B, 233e and 233B, respectively.

As in the terminal block 220, three terminal posts 29|, 222 and 293,`including screws 295, 295 andr29| operatively mounted therein, are mounted in the body member 22| adjacent to the terminals 227MB, 253B and 232B, respectively, and are connected thereto by jumpers 2 l t l, 2 l 22 and 2| @3. These terminal posts 22 l, 292 and 293 comprise the terminals to which the appropriate power lines may be connected to the terminal block 222 in the manner previously discussed with respect to the terminal block 22.

From the foregoing it will be seen that my novel terminal block 222, like the terminal block 2li includes a switching element which is operable to be shifted selectively into either one of two positions to thereby selectively interconnect various combinations of the terminal posts mounted in the base member of the terminal block. As previously discussed, it will be noted that the contact members 255, 25? and 258, like the contact members 55, 5l and 58 of the terminal block 2t are, at all times, in good electrical contact Y with the central terminal posts 232B, 235B and 236B and are adapted to be movedY into and out of engagement with the end terminals posts 231B, 238B and '239B to which the power lines are attached through the jumpers Zlll, 2|2 and 2|i3 when my terminal block 220 is in operation.

Operation It will be remembered that the terminal block 221| shown in the accompanying drawings is adapted for use on multiple-winding multi-phase dynamo-electric machines, such as, for example, motors and the like, wherein the windings of the machine are connected in delta. When so used, the terminal block 220 is mounted in a terminalbox such as the box 22 on the motor 2d, Fig. I, with the terminal posts 22113-23913 engaged with terminal pins disposed in proper position in the terminal-box of the motor, in the same manner as previously discussed in greater detail with respect to the terminal block 26v shown in Figs. 1 to 5 of the drawings. As in the case of the terminal block 2B, when the novel terminal block 222 is used in a multiple-winding, multi-phase motor, wherein the windings are connected in delta, and when it is desired to change from low voltage to high voltage operation of the motor, it is unnecessary for the operator to unfasten the lead wires from the individual terminal posts and then reconnect the lead wires to the other terminal posts, as was heretofore the common procedure for making such a changeover. In a motor embodying my novel terminal block '226, when it is desired to re-wire a motor for either low or high voltage operation, it is merely necessary to shift the Switching member to the proper position. This obviously aifords a novel and expeditious manner for accomplish-v ing such re-wiring.

Thus, for example, it will be seen that, as will be presently discussed in greater detail, with the terminal posts 29|, 292 and 223 connected to lead wires P2| P212 and P2l3, and with the switching element 25| disposed in the position shown in Fig. 7, the motor on which the terminal block 22B is mounted is wired for low voltage operation such as, for example, 220 volts; and with the terminal posts 29|, 292 and 293 connected to the power lines P201, P202 and P203 and with the switching element 25| in the position shown in Fig. 8, the motor on which the terminal block 222 is mounted is wired for high voltage operation, such as, for example, Ms] volts.

It will be noted that when the terminal block 22|) is mounted on a motor in operative position, the terminal posts 2MB- 239B are automatically interconnected through suitable terminal pins and internal wiring to predetermined coils or windings in the motor. Obviously, this inter connection of the individual terminal posts to the individual windings remains the same whether the switching member is in the position shown in Fig. 7 or Fig. 8. Thus, for example, it will be seen that as shown in Figs. 7 and 8, the terminal posts 23H13, 232B and 233B are connected by wires 23|w, 232W and 233W to terminals 23|o, 232e and 233e on windings C201, C202 and C203 of phases I, II and III, respectively; the terminal posts 232B, 235B and 236B are connected by wires 231|w, 235W and 236W to terminals 252C, 235e and 235e on windings C111, C222 and C213 of phases I, II and III, respectively; and terminals posts 2'3113, 238B and 239B are connected by wires 23lw, 222W and 239W to the terminals 231C, 233C and 239C on the windings C201, C202 and C203 of phases I, II and III, respectively, and are connected through the jumpers 2|9l, 2||l2 and 2&23 to the terminal posts 29|, 292 and 223. These connections, as previously pointed out, remain the same whether the switching member 25| of the terminal block 221i is disposed in the low voltage operation-position shown in Fig. 7 or in the high voltage operation-position shown in Fig. 8. Thus it will be seen that the terminal posts 23 |13, 224B and 237B, disposed in alignment with each other, aiford the terminal posts which are connected to the terminals 23|c, 232e and 2Mo of the coils in phase I; the alined terminal posts 232B, 255B and 238B afford the terminal posts which are connected to the terminals 232e, 235e and 238e of the windings in phase II; and the terminal posts 233B, 236B and 239B afford the terminal posts which are connected at all times to the terminals 233e, 235e and '233C of thewindings in phase III. Also it will be seen that the terminals 237C, 232C and 239e afford common terminals between the windings C201 and C202, C202 and C233, and C203 and C211, of phases I and II, and II and III, and III and I, respectively.

Referring now to Fig. 7, it will be seen that with the switching member 25| in the position shown therein, the individual windings of the three phases are each connected in parallel across corresponding pairs of the power lines P211, P212 and P213, as is schematically indicated in Fig. 7A. When so connected it will be seen that, as best shown in Fig. 7, the power line P211 is connected through the terminal post 22|, the jumper 2|0|, the terminal post 231B, the Wire 231W, the terminal 23ic, the coil C201, the terminal 23|o, .the wire 23|w, the terminal post 23|B, the jumper 23h, the terminal post 23H3,

the contact member 258, the terminalr post 239B, the jumper 2lll3, and the terminal post 293 back to the power line P213, thereby connecting the coil C201 across the power lines P211 and P213. Inasmuch as the contact member 256, when disposed in the position shown in Fig. 7, also directly connects the terminal post 234B to the terminal post 237B, it will also be seen that the coil C211 of phase I is connected in parallel across the power lines P211 and P213, this connection eX- tending from power line P211 through the terminal post 29|, the jumper 2|3|, the terminal post 231B, the contact member 255, the terminal post 231113, the wire 234W, the terminal 234C, the coil C211, the terminal 239e, the wire 239W, the terminal post 239B, the jumper 2N2, and the terminal post 293 to the power line P213.

In a similar manner, the coils C202 and C222 of phase II are connected between the power lines P212 and P211, the circuit through the coil C202 being from the power line P212 through the terminal post 222, the jumper 2 l 52, the terminal post 235s, the wire 235W, the terminal 238e, the coil C202, the wire 232W, the terminal post 232B, the jumper 2323, the terminal post 2552's, the contact member 255, the terminal post 231e, the jumper 2|iii, and the terminal post 22|, to the power line P211; and the circuit through the coil C222 being from the power line P212 through the terminal post 292, the jumper 2|2, the terminal post 238B, the contact member 25?, the terminal post 235B, the wire 235W, the terminal 235e, the coil C222, the terminal 23'10, the wire 23lw, the terminal post 237B, the jumper 2||, and the terminal post 29| to the power line P211.

Also the coils C203 and C233 of phase III are connected in parallel across the power lines P213 and P212, the circuit through the coil C203 being from the power line P213 through the terminal post 223, the jumper N53, the terminal post 23513, the wire 239W, the terminal 239e, the coil C203, the terminal 233e, the wire 233W, the terminal post 233B, the jumper 233.1, the terminal post 23312, the contact member 257, the terminal post 238B, the jumper 2N2, the terminal post 292, to the power line P212; and the circuit through the coil C233 being from the power line P213 through the terminal post 293, the jumper 2|i33, the terminal post 238B, the contact member 258, the terminal post 236B, the wire 235W, the terminal 236C, the coil C233, the terminal 233e, the wire 238W, the terminal post 238B, the jumper 2N2, and the terminal post 252, -to the power line P212.

Thus it will be seen that with the switching member 25| disposed in the position shown in Fig. '7 each Of the windings C201, C202, C203, C211, C222 and C233, are connected in parallel across corresponding pairs of the power lines P211, P212 and P213 for low Voltage operation.

If it is desired to operate the motor, to which the terminal block 226 is connected, on high voltage such as for example on 440 volts, the rewiring of the motor may be readily accomplished by shifting the switching member 25| from the position shown in Fig. 7 to the position shown in Fig, y8. Such movement of switching member 25| is effective to vary the wiring of the motor from the delta-parallel arrangement shown in Figs. 7 and 7A, wherein the three phase-groups are arranged in delta, with individual coils of each phase connected in parallel with the other coils of that phase, to the delta series arrangement shown in Figs. 8 and 3A in Which the individual coils within each phasei4 group are connected in series with each other so that a delta connection is afforded wherein each of the windings in each phase are in series with the other windings in that phase.

Thus, referring to Fig. 8, it will be seen that with the switching member 25| disposed in a position in which it is shown therein, and with the three power lines P201, P202 and P203 connected to the terminals 29|, 292 and 293, a delta-series circuit is allorded for the three phases or" the dynamo-electric machines to which the terminal block 228 is attached. For example, it will be seen that a circuit is established through the phase I from the power line P201 to the power line P203, this circuit extending from the power line P201 through the terminal post 29|, the jumper Zilli, the terminal post 232B, the wire 'aw, the terminal 23lc, the coil C201, the terminal 23|c, the wire 23|w, the terminal post 235B, the contact member 255,

the terminal post 235B, the wire 234W, the termi--- nal 234C, the coil C211, the terminal 232e, the wire 239W, the terminal post 250B, the jumper 2 S3, and the terminal post 293, to the power line P203, to thereby connect the coils C201 and C211 of phase I in series across the power lines P201 and P203 as indicated in Fig. 8A. Similarly, a circuit is established from the power line P202, through the coils C202 and C222, of group II to the power line P201, this circuit extending from the power line P202, through the terminal post 292, the jumper 2|i2, the terminal post 238B, the wire 233W, the terminal 233e, the coil C202, the terminal 232C, the wire 232W, the terminal post 232B, the contact member 251, the terminal post 235B, the wire 235W, the terminal 235e, the coil C222, the terminal 231C, the wire 231W, the terminal post 23h, the jumper 2 I 0|, and the terminal post 29 i, to the power line P201, to thereby connect the coils C202 and C222 of the phase I in series across the power lines P202 and P201 as' indicated in Fig. 8A. At the same time it will be noted that a circuit is established through the coils C203 and C233 of phase III, which circuit extends from the power line P203, through the terminal post 293, the jumper Zi, the terminal post 235313, the wire 239W, the terminal 232C, the coil C203, the terminal 233C, the wire 233W, the terminal post 233B, the contact member 258, the terminal post 23613, the wire 230W, the terminal 235e, the coil C233, the terminal 231%, the wire 238W, the terminal post 235B, the jumper 2m?, and the terminal post 292, to the power line P202, to thereby connect the coils C203 and C233 of phase III in series across the power lines P203 and P202 as shown in Fig. 8A.

From the foregoing it will be seen that the switching member 25| is eective to be moved into and out ci engagement with the terminal posts ESIB, 232B and 232B, in a manner similar to that in which the switching member 5| of the terminal block 22 is effective to be moved into andout of engagement with the terminal posts 3213, BIB and 32B and, like the switching member 5l or the terminal block 2S, is elective when moved into engagement with the terminal posts 23213, 232B and 239B, to connect the individual windings of the various phases in parallel across the power lines and, on the other hand, when moved to operative position out of engagement with the terminal posts 23l13, 238B and 239B is eliective to connect the plurality of windings ineach individual phase group in series with the other windings in that group and across the power lines connected to the terminal block.

' From the foregoing it will be seen that I have "i alforded a' novel terminal block whereby the wiring of a motor may be varied in a novel and expeditious manner for operation of the motor on either high or low voltage.

Also it will be seen that I have afforded a novel terminal block which eliminates the necessity for extensive and relatively complicated re-wiring o a motor when the motor is being switched from operation on high voltage to operation on low voltage, or vice versa, and which latter procedure has been most common heretofore.

Furthermore it will be seen that I have provided a novel terminal bloeit wherein it is unnecessary to remove any part thereof from the motor during such a changeover from high to low Voltage operation, or vice versa, and which is eilicient and practical in operation and may be economically produced commercially.

Thus, while I have illustrated and described the preferred embodiment of my invention, it is to be understood that this is capable of variation and modification and therefore do not wish to be limited to the precise details set forth, but desire to avail myself of such changes and alterations as fall within the purview of the following claims.

I claim:

1. A terminal block for use in a dynamo-electric machine of the type includingT a plurality of machine winding terminals disposed in predetermined relation to each other, said terminal block comprising an insulating member adapted to be disposed on said machine in predetermined position, a plurality of terminal members disposed on said insulating member in spaced relation to each other and in position to operatively engage corresponding ones of said winding terminals when said insulating member is disposed in said predetermined position on said machine, and a switching member mounted on said insulating member, said switching member being movable relative to said insulating member into operable engagement with a plurality of predetermined combinations of certain ones of said terminal members to thereby electrically connect all of said terminal members together in a plurality of predetermined relationships when said insulating member is disposed in said predetermined position on such a machine.

2. A terminal block for use in a dynamo-electric machine of the type including three phases and wherein each phase comprises two windings, said terminal bloclz comprising an insulating member, a plurality of terminal members mounted on said insulating member in a plurality of spaced rows oi three terminal members for operative connection to selected ends of said windings, means including selected ones of said terminal members for connecting power lines to such windings, said plurality of terminal members being operable, when so operatively connected to said windings, and when connected together in one combination, to connect such phases across respective pairs ci such power lines with each winding in each phase connected in parallel with the other winding in that phase, said plurality7 of terminal members being operable, when so operatively connected to said windings, and when connected together in another combination, to connect such phases across respective pairs of such power lines with each winding in each phase in series with the other winding in that phase, and a switching member mounted on said insulating member and movable thereon into two operative positions, said switchiii i6 ing member including a plurality of conductor members disposed thereon in position to connect said terminal members in said one combination when said switching member is disposed in said one position, said conductor members being disposed on said switching member in position to connect said terminal members in said other combination when said switching member is disposed in said other position.

3. A terminal block for use in a dynamo-electric machine of the type including a plurality of windings, said terminal block comprising an in sulating member, a plurality of terminal members mounted on said insulating member and adapted to be connected to selected ones of said windings, said terminal members being disposed on said insulating member in spaced relation to each other and in a plurality of groups also disposed in spaced relation to each other, and a switching member mounted on said insulating member in electrical contact with said terminal members in one of said groups and movable relative thereto into operable engagement with a plurality of predetermined combinations of terminal members in the other of said groups to selectively connect said terminal members in said one group and terminal members in said other groups together in a plurality of predetermined relationships and thereby connect the said windings in corresponding predetermined relationship when said terminal members are connected to said selected ones of said windings.

4. A terminal block for use in a dynamo-electric machine of the type including a plurality of machine winding terminals disposed in predetermined relation to each other, said terminal blocl; comprising an insulating member adapted to be disposed on said machine in predetermined position, a plurality of terminal members disposed on said insulating member in spaced relation to each other and in relation to operatively engage corresponding ones of said winding terminals when said insulating member is disposed in said predetermined position on said machine, and a switching member slidably mounted on said insulating member, means on said insulating member for guiding said switching member, said switching member being slidably movable along said guide means on said insulating member into operable engagement with a plurality of predetermined combinations of said terminal members to thereby electrically connect said terminal members together in a plurality of predetermined relationships when said terminal members are so operatively engaged with said winding terminals.

5. A terminal block for use on a dynamo-electric machine of the three phase type and having two windings in eachphase, said terminal block comprising an insulating base, a plurality of terminal members mounted on said base, in spaced relation to each other and in a plurality of groups of three terminal members each, said terminal members being adapted to be connected to selected ones of said windings, each of the terminal members in each of the groups having a corresponding terminal member in each of the other groups and being disposed on said base in alignment with said corresponding terminal members in said other groups, and a switching member mounted on said base, said switching member comprising an insulating member and a plurality of electrical contact members disposed thereon in spaced relation to each other,

f said contact members being disposed on said in 1'7 sulating Amember in a "manner to afford three lines of Yfour electrical contacts each, .each of said lines of electrical contacts 'being `disposed in alignment with a respective one 'of said lines f corresponding terminal members, `'and said switching member being movable on said base into two operative positions,isaid:switching member being operable when `movedinto one of `said positions to dispose certain .of .said .contact members in engagement with corresponding .ones of said terminal posts Vin a mannerreffective'to connect the windings in each of .sa-id lphasesin such a machine in series, and saidzswitching member being operable when -moved into ithe Aother h.of said positions to dispose certain :of 'said contact members in engagementwithcorresponding ones of said terminal posts in a'marmer eiective'to connect the windings 1in each of said .phases 'of such a machinein parallel.

6. A terminal block for use on a dynamo-electric machine of the type including a plurality of machine windings, `and fa plurality of terminal members, eachof said terminalmembers being connected to a predetermined end of one of said windings, said `terminal block .comprising an insulating base adapted to be disposed .in predetermined position on such Va machine, .a plurality of terminal posts imounted on and :extending through said base 1in .spaced relation to each other, each of said terminal posts :being disposed .on said base in position to operatively engage vcorresponding individual :ones of lthe said terminal members of such a :machine when `said base is disposed in said predetermined zpsition on lsaid machine, land ia switching Ymember mounted on said base, :said switching member comprising an insulating member tand a plurality of metal contact members rmounted on V.said Vinsulating member incspaced relationto eachother, said switching member being ,sli'dable `on said base into a plurality `of predetermined positions to thereby `dispose "Contact members .on said -switching member in engagement with a corresponding plurality of predetermined combinations of said terminal posts. l

7. A terminal block for use on .dynamo-electric machines of the type lincluding a plurality of machine windings, -isaid 'terminal block comprising a base comprised `of an `electrical-*insulating material, va plurality -of Yterminal members mounted on said Ybasefand adapted to be connected to the said windings 4of 'such amotor, said Aterminal members being disposed on said base in Vspaced Vrelation to "each other :and in a plurality of groups, iand a Yswitchingmember vmounted on said base and movable thereon Ibetween 4said lgroups of Vterminal members, said switching member including a plurality :of :electrical-contact members `movable therewith into engagement with different groups of said terminal members for connecting terminal members in selected ones of ,said groups in a Ypredetermined plurality of combinations.

'8. A Aterminal block Afor use on 'a dynamoelectric machine of the two-winding, three-phase type, wherein the phases are connected in star,

said Vterminal block comprising an insulating base, nine terminal members mounted on said base in spaced relation to each other and in three groups of three terminal members each, said Iterminal members 'being 'adapted to be connected to predetermined ends'of lthe windings in vsuch a motor, .and a switching :member movably mounted on said base iand `having 'a plurality 'of lcontact lmembers rdisposed in predetermined .positions thereon, said switching member being movable into two operative positions on `said base for switching'the windings in each phase between series and parallel connections when said terminal members are so connected to such windings, said switching member being operable when moved into one of said positions to dispose predetermined ones of said contact vmembers in engagement with corresponding ones of said terminal posts in a `manner effective to directly connect the terminal members in one of said groups to terminal members in one of the other two of said groups, and said switching Vmember being operable when moved into the other of said positions'to dispose predetermined ones of said' contact `members in engagement with corresponding ones of said terminal posts'in a manner effective to directly connect the terminal members in said vfirst mentioned one group VVto the terminal `members the second one of the other two of said groups.

9. A terminal block lfor use in a three-phase dynamo-electric machine of the type having a first'and a second winding in each phase, and. wherein each Iwinding :has a first and second end, Vand wherein the Asaid tfirst ends of al1 the said .rst windings are connected together at all times, lsaid terminal block comprising an insulating base, 'three groups of terminal members mounted in said base, said terminal members being .disposed 4in wspaced relation .to each other, and'each of said groups comprising'three terminal members, each of'said .terminal imembers in one of said groups being adapted-to be connected to the second :end vof a corresponding one ofthe said 'second windings in the machine, each of ,said terminal members in another o'f said groups Abeing adapted to Ybe connected Hto Atheiirst end .of acorresponding one of the'said second windings in the machine, and each of said terminal nmembers in the third of said groups 'being Iadapted to be' connected to vthe second end of a corresponding onevof the said rst windings'in the machine, land a switching member mounted on `said base 'and movable `thereon into ftwo predetermined positions, said Yswitching member `including aplura'lity of contact members so disposed relative to eachother that, when `said switching member is disposed in one of said predetermined `positions on said base, said vcontact members are'eiective to interconnect the individual ones `of said terminal members in said third group with said correspon'ding individual ones of said terminalmembers in said other of said groups, and, when said switching member is disposed in the other of said predetermined positions/on said base, :said contact members are eiiective to interconnect the individual ones of said terminal members fin said third group with said corresponding individual ones of said 'terminal lmembers in `*said one of said groupaand to connect `-all of said 'terminal .members in vsaid other Vof vsaid groups together.

10. A terminal block for use lon a dynamoelectric` machine Aof the three-phase Ytype having arst and second windinggin each of the phases,

Veach of .the windings having a first and second *.end thereon, and whereinfthephases are connectedzin star with'the second ends of all of .the

said .rst windings in the machine `attached together at all times, said terminal block comprising an insulating.base,:nine terminal'members mounted on rsaid base in spaced relation -tofeachfntlrer 4and Vin :two fend vgroups and an intermediate group of three terminal members each, each of the terminal members in each of the groups having a corresponding terminal member in the other two of said groups, each of the terminal members in each of said groups being disposed on said base in alignment with said corresponding terminal members in the other two of said groups and in a manner to afford three parallel lines of three corresponding terminal members, each of said terminal members in one of said end groups being adapted to be connected to the said second end of a predetermined corresponding one of said second windings, each of said terminal members in the other of said end groups being adapted to be connected to the said rst end of the said second winding to which the corresponding terminal member in said one end group is attached, and each of said terminal members in said intermediate group being adapted to be attached to the said iirst end of the said iirst winding in that phase in which the said second winding, attached to said corresponding terminal members in said end groups, is located, means for attaching said terminal members in said other end group to individual power lines, and a switching member mounted on said base for interconnecting said terminal members thereon in diierent predetermined arrangements, said switching member comprising an insulating member and a plurality of contact members mounted thereon, said switching member being movably mounted on said base with selected ones of said contact members attached at all times to individual corresponding terminal members in said intermediate group, said switching member being movable into two operative positions on said base and being operable when disposed in one of said positions on said base to dispose said contact members attached to said individual terminal members of said intermediate group in spaced relation to said terminal members in said other end group and in engagement with corresponding terminal members in said one end group, to

thereby interconnect said terminal members -I on said base in a manner eiective to connect said rst and second windings of each of said phases in series when said windings are attached to said terminal members, and said switching element being operative when disposed in the other of said two positions to dispose said contact members attached at all times to said terminal members in said intermediate group in spaced relation to said terminal members in said one end group and in contact with the corresponding ones of said terminal members in said other end group, and to dispose another one of said plurality of Contact members in engagement with all of said terminal members in said one end group, to thereby interconnect said terminal members on said base in a manner effective to interconnect said first and second windings of each of said phases in parallel relation to each other when said windings are connected to said terminal members.

1l. A terminal block for use on a dynamoelectric machine of the three-phase type, wherein each of the phases comprise a rst and a second coil, and wherein each of the coils have an inner and outer end and the inner end of all of said first coils are connected together, said terminal block comprising an insulating base, nine terminal members mounted on said -base in spaced relation to each other and in three parallel rows of three terminal members each. each of the terminal members in each of the rows having a corresponding terminal member in each of the other rows and being disposed on said base in alignment with said corresponding terminal members in the other two of the said three rows, each of said terminal members in one of the end rows of said three rows being adapted to be connected to the said outer end of a corresponding one of the said second coils, each of said terminal members in the other end row of said three rows being adapted to be connected tothe said inner end of the said second coil to which the corresponding terminal member in said one end row is connected to the outer end thereof, and each of said terminal members inthe intermediate one of said three rows being adapted to be connected to the outer end of the said first coil in the same phase as the second coil to which the corresponding termina1 members in said end rows are connected, means for interconnecting said terminal members in said one row to individual power lines, and a slide member extending between said three rows and comprising an insulating member having four elongated contact members mounted thereon in spaced relation to each other, one of said contact members being disposed on said insulating member in parallel alignment with said other of said end rows of terminal members and on the opposite side thereof from said intermediate row, each of the other three of said contact members being secured to and slidably mounted on a corresponding one of said terminal members in said intermediate row and being disposed thereon in alignment with the corresponding terminal members in said two end rows of terminal members, said slide member being movable transversely to said three rows of terminal members into a position wherein said one contact member is disposed in spaced relation to all of said terminal members on said base, said other three contact members are disposed in spaced relation to all the terminal' members in said one end row, and each of said other three contact members are disposed in engagement with the said corresponding terminal member in said intermediate row and with said terminal member corresponding thereto in said other end row, to thereby afford series connections for the rst and second coils in each of said phases, and said slide member being movable transversely to said three rows of terminal members into a position wherein said one contact member is disposed in engagement with all of said terminal members in said other row, said other three Contact members are disposed in spaced relation to all the terminal members in said other row, and each of said other three contact members are disposed in engagement with the said corresponding terminal member in said intermediate row and with said terminal member corresponding thereto in said one end row, to thereby afford parallel connections for the rst and second coils in each of said phases.

12. A terminal block for use in a dynamo-electric machine of the type including a plurality of machine winding terminals disposed in predetermined relation to each other, said terminal block comprising a sheet of di-electric material adapted to be disposed in predetermined position on said machine, a plurality of terminal members extending through said sheet between the faces thereof, each of said terminal members comprising a socket member having a terminalreceptacle in the end thereof adjacent to one of the faces of said sheet, and a screw member .mounted in and projecting outwardly from the other end thereof adjacent to the vother of the faces of said sheet, each of said terminal-receptacles being adapted to receive a corresponding one of the winding terminals of such a machine, and said terminal members being disposed in said sheet in spaced relation to each other and in .position to operatively engage each of said winding terminals in said terminal-receptacle in a corresponding one of said terminal members when said sheet is disposed in said predetermined position on said machine, and a switching member for electrically connecting said terminal members together in a plurality of predetermined relationships, said switching member comprising a plurality of elongated metal contact members disposed on said other face of said sheet, and an .insulating member attached to said contact members, said switching member being slidable on said other face of said sheet into a plurality of operative positions thereon, said elongated contact members being disposed on said insulat- 'ing member in a manner whereby movement of said insulating member into each of said oper- Aative positions is eiiective to move said contact members into engagement with predetermined :terminal members to thereby electrically connect said terminal members in a corresponding one vof said predetermined relationships, selected ones of said Contact elements having elongated slots i therein, and predetermined ones of said terminal members being engaged at all times with corresponding ones oi said selected contact members within said slots to thereby connect said predetermined terminal members to said correi sponding ones of selected contact members at all times and be effective to guide-said switching member in its sliding movement on said other face of said sheet.

13. A terminal block of the type adapted to be .r

used on a dynamo-electric machine of the multiple winding, multi-phase type, said termi-nal block'comprising an insulating base, twelve terminal members mounted on said base in spaced relation to each other, said terminal members e being disposed on said base in four parallelrows of three terminal members each, said terminal members in each of said rows being disposed on a line with the corresponding terminal member in each of the other oi said rows, and a switching member mounted on said base, said switching member comprising an insulating member and three elongated contact :members mounted thereon, each of said contact members being disposed in lalignment with said corresponding e terminal members in a respective one of said lines and having a recess formed in one end portion thereof, said switching member being disposed on said base with corresponding terminal members in one of said end rows and onev of the intermediate rows disposed within the recess in the corresponding one oi said contact members, the terminal members in the other of the intermediate rows in engagement with the corresponding Contact members, and the terminal members in the other end row disposed in alignment with the corresponding contact members adjacent the end thereof opposite the end having the recess formed therein, said switching member being movable into a plurality of operative positions on said base, and said contact members being movable therewith into engagement with diierent combinations of said terminal members for connecting said terminal members in a plurality of predetermined combinations.

14. A terminal block for use in a dynamoelectric machine of the three-phase type wherein each phase .includes two windings each having inner and outer ends, and the phases are connected in delta, with each of the outer ends of each of the windings connected to a conductor member in common with the outer end of a winding vin another phase, said terminal block comprising an insulating base, a plurality of terminal members mounted .on said base in spaced rela- .tion to each other and in four parallelrows of three terminal members each, each said terminal .members in one of the end rows being adapted to be .connected to a respective power line and to one of such conductor members, each of said .terminal members in one of the intermediate rows vbeing adapted to be connected to the inner .end of a winding in a respective phase, each of the terminal members in the other lof the .intermediate rows being adapted to be connected to the inner end of the other winding in a respective phase, means electrically connecting each of the terminal members in the other end row to a selected one of said terminal members in said other intermediate row, and a switching 4member movably mounted on said base and having a plurality of-contact members disposed 'in .predetermined positions thereon, said switching .member being movable into two operative positions on said base, said switching member being operable when moved into one of said posi- .tions to dispose said contact members in engagement with said terminal posts in a manner effective to'connect each winding in each .cisaid phases .between 1a pair of such power .lines and in parallel with the `other winding 1in said phase, said switching member being operable when moved 4into the other of said positions to dispose said contact members in engagement with said terminal posts in a manner effective to connect each winding in each of said phases between a pair oi vsuch power lines and in series with the other winding in said phase.

15. The terminal block dened in claim 14 and wherein each of said terminal members in each of said four rows is disposed in position wherein corresponding lto the Iposition of a terminal member in each of the other rows, and whereinsaid corresponding terminal members in said rows are disposed in alignment with each other, "and wherein said switching member comprises an insulating member and three Contact members mounted thereon, each of said contact members being disposed in alignment with a selected one of'said lines'of corresponding terminal members and being slidably connected to the terminal post in said selected line and in said one intermediate row to thereby slidably mount said switching member on said base, said contact members being so disposed on said insulating member that when said switching member is disposed in said one position on said base said contact members are in spaced relation to said corresponding terminal members in said other intermediate row and in engagement with said corresponding members in said one intermediate row and both of said end rows, and when said switching member is disposed in said other position on said base said contact members are in spaced relation to said corresponding terminal members in both of said end rows and in engagement with said corresponding terminal members in both of said intermediate rows.

16. In a dynamo-electric machine of the type 75 including three phases and in which each phase comprises two windings, an insulating member, a plurality of terminal members mounted on said insulating member in spaced relation to each other along three substantially parallel lines, predetermined ones of said terminal members along each of said lines being connected to respective individual ends of said windings, and a switching member slidably mounted on said insulating member for reciprocating movement longitudinally of said lines between two operative positions, said switching member when in one of said positions being disposed in operable engagement with one combination ci said terminal members whereby each of said windings are connected in parallel to the other winding in the same phase, said switching member when in the other of said positions being disposed in operable engagement with another combination of said terminal members wherebi7 each of said windings are connected in series to the other winding in the same phase.

17. A terminal block for use in a dynamoelectric machine of the three-phase, two-winding type for selectively controlling the operative connection of the windings of such a motor, said terminal block comprising an insulating base, nine terminal members mounted on said base for connection to predetermined ones of the said windings of such a machine, said terminal members being disposed in three groups of three terminal members each with each of said groups comprising two outside terminal members and an intermediate terminal member, and means comprising a switching member for selectively interconnecting said terminal members in a plurality of combinations to thereby correspondingly interconnect'the aforesaid windings o1 such a machine when the latter are connected to said terminal members, said switching member comprising an insulating member and a plurality of conductor members mounted on said insulating member and affording twelve electrical contacts disposedon said insulating member in three rows or four contacts each, each of said rows comprising two outside contacts and two intermediate contacts, one of said intermediate contacts in each of said rows being slidably mounted on said one intermediate terminal member in a corresponding one of said groups for slidably and guidingly supporting said switching member between two operative positions on said base, one of said outside contacts and both of said intermediate contacts of each of said rows being electrically interconnected in both of said operative positions of said switching member, said twelve contacts being so disposed on said insulating member that movement of said switching member between said two operative positions is eiective to move said outside contacts at one end of said rows into and out of engagement with said outside terminal members in corresponding ones of said groups, and to move the other of said intermediate contacts into and out of engagement with the other of said outside terminal members in said corresponding groups., and to move the other of said outside contact members into and out of predetermined electrical connection with said other outside terminal members in said corresponding groups, said twelve contacts being so disposed relative to said terminal members and each other that, when said switching member is disposed in one of said operative positions said other outside contacts are disposed in said electrical connection with said corresponding other outside terminal members,v

said one outside contacts are disposed in engagement with said corresponding one outside terminal members, and said other intermediate contacts are disposed out of engagement with said corresponding other intermediate terminal members, and when said switching member is disposed in the other of said operative positions said other outside contacts are disposed out of said electrical connection with said corresponding other outside terminal members, said one outside contacts are disposed out of engagement with said corresponding one outside terminal members, and said other intermediate contacts are disposed in engagement with said corresponding other outside terminals.

PRESTON BLAIR.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 263,554 McCabe et al. Aug. 29, 1882 1,123,321 Lamme Jan, 5, 1915 1,393,822 Parker Oct. 18, 1921 1,502,909 Deflassieux July 29, 1924 1,608,613 Oswald Nov. 30, 1926 1,701,382 Macmillan Feb. 5, 1929 2,057,525 Horning Oct. 13, 1936 2,319,490 Clark May 18, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 373,153 Great Britain May 17, 1932 568,582 France Dec. 24, 1923

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Referenced by
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Classifications
U.S. Classification310/71, 361/823, 439/722, 200/16.00R
International ClassificationH02K5/22
Cooperative ClassificationH02K5/225
European ClassificationH02K5/22B