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Publication numberUS2552515 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 15, 1951
Filing dateNov 16, 1948
Priority dateNov 16, 1948
Publication numberUS 2552515 A, US 2552515A, US-A-2552515, US2552515 A, US2552515A
InventorsFrederick J Bremer
Original AssigneeMosler Safe Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fire-resistant doorframe
US 2552515 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 15, 1951 Filed Nov. 16, 1948 F. J. BREM ER 2,552,515

FIRE-RESISTANT DOORFRAME 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. FREDERICK J BREMER May 15, 1951 F. J. BREMER FIRE-RESISTANT DOORFRAME 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Nov. 16, 1948 III/S JNVENTOR. Egon/0r .1 585MB? Patented May 15, 1951 FIRE-RESISTANT DOORFRAME Frederick J. Bremer, Hamilton, Ohio, assignor to The Mosler Safe Company, Hamilton, Ohio, a

corporation of New York Application November 16, 1948, Serial No. 60,306

11 Claims. 1

This invention relates to vault doors and more particularly to fire resistant vault door frames and to improvements in features of construction thereof that make it possible to install and set the frames with the doors hung thereon, without the use of grouting and at the same time improving the heat insulating properties of the frames.

This application is a continuation-in-part of my application Serial No. 629,755, filed November 20, 1945, now abandoned.

An object of this invention is the provision of a fire resistant vault door provided with a frame having means associated with the stiles and header of the frame whereby the frame and its door may be set in a door opening in a vault wall in a plumb condition without grouting-in the frame, the said means being accessible from within the vault for such adjustments as may be necessary from time to time to realign the door to plumb in the event the frame and its door should be thrown out of plumb for one reason or another.

Another object of this invention is to provide a fire resistant door frame that shall be so constructed that a plurality of dead air spaces are provided between the walls at the sides and top of the opening in the vault wall and the stiles and header of the door frame, the construction of the frame being such that insulation may be confined in such spaces to supplement the heat insulating properties of such dead air spaces.

These and other objects of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in this particular art from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a view in front elevation of a fire resistant door hung in a door frame embodying the invention, the door and frame being mounted in place in an opening in a vault wall;

Fig. 2 is a view in section taken on line II--II on Fig; 1 showing the construction of the door frame stiles and means provided for securing the stiles to the vault walls;

Fig. 3 is a view in section taken on line III-III of Fig. 1 showing the details of construction of the header of the door frame and means provided for securing such header to the vault wall at the top of the opening therein;

Fig. 4 is a partial view partly in section as seen from the vault side of the door locking in the direction of the arrows IVIV on Fig. 3, showing the open or hollow construction of the header and door stiles and the insulated space between 2 the door frame at the sides and top of the opening in the vault wall;

Fig. 5 is a view in perspective, partly in section, of a section of member employed in conjunction with the door stiles and header for securing the door frame in place and also for providing a heat insulating dead air space between the vault walls at the sides and top of the vault wall opening and the rear portions of the stiles i and header of the door frame; and

Fig. 6 is a view in section of one of the door frame stiles showing a modified means for securing the door frame in the opening in the vault wall.

Throughout the drawings and the specification like reference characters indicate like parts.

In Fig. 1 of the drawings is illustrated a fire resistant vault door I hung in a. frame '2 disposed within a rectangular opening 3 in a vault wall 4. The door frame rests on the floor 5 in the vault door opening.

As may be seen in Figs. 2, 3, 4 and 6,. the door frame is spaced from the vault wall at the sides and top of the opening 3 and the space between the door frame and the vault Walls is closed, both at the front and vault sides of the vault Wall so that this space is a dead air space and forms efiicient insulation against the transfer of heat from the front of the vault wall through to the vault side of the door.

The door frame in which door I is hung comprises a sill "i made of heavy steel plate, stiles 8 and 9 and a header Ill. As will be described more in detail, the stiles 8 and 9 and the header to are made from structural members of steel or suitable steel alloy shaped and formed so that the various members of the stiles and header may be rigidly secured together and to the sill by welding or other suitable means. At the front of the stiles and header is a border comprising upright plates H and I2 and a horizontal plate 13. The border plates II and I2 as shown,extend from the jamb of the door frame stiles laterally a sufficient distance to span, conceal and close the spaces between the stiles and the vault wall at the sides of the door frame. Border plate It extends from the jamb at the top of the door upwardly and across the space between the header and wall at the top of the opening in the vault wall so as to close and conceal this space. The border plates II, l2 and I3 form a part of the stiles 8 and 9, and header ll], respectively.

Stile 8 comprises a jamb l5 which extends inwardly from border plate II to a point where the inner face of the vault door I is located. Jam

thr'oughanopeningin portion 25.

l6 as shown, has an irregular surface composed of shoulders and an-gularly disposed faces so as to conform to the shape of the adjacent edge of the door I. The inner edge of the jamb it is of substantial Z-shape so as to provide an abutment or bearing I? for the lock bolt 18 of the door. To the inner edge of the jamb It an upright structural member l9 I of substantially L-shape is secured by welding or other suitable means. The long leg of the L abuts a flange 28 at the inner edge of jamb I6 and is welded thereto and at the extreme inner edge of meme ber 19 is a flange 2| which serves to strengthen and stiffen member 19 and. also. to provide an abutment for a closure plate 22 atthe-vault side of the stile. The stile also includes a structural member 23 disposed adjacentthe wallat the sidev of the vault wall opening. This member is so formed that its transverse section has a frontor forward portion 24 of substantially channel shapeand a. rear offset portion 25 of substantially L.-shape. The rear portion 25. is offset in a direction away from the adjacent vault wall so as. to. provide a space 26 which is substantially widerthan the. space. 2? atthe forward portion of the stile. The rear vertical edge of the offset portin.25;.terminates.in a flange 28 to which the closure plate 22 may bev secured.

Within. the space 26 formed by the offset portion 25 of the structural member 23.is disposed anupright. or. structural member at of substantially channel shape. One flange of the channel 3i'l-Labuts Web. 3| which joins the offset portion 25 with the channel 24. The rear flange of member.

Bills longer .thanthe opposite flange so that it may abut flange 28 of the offset portion. 25. Channel 30 constitutes apart of the means provided forsecuring the door frame in theopeningin the. vault wall in a plumb position. It also serves to. completely close the space 28 into av self-contained air space which isseparatedfrom thespace 2.7.at the forward portion of the door frame. Channel 3i} is not fixed to the door frame stile as it is required to be movable so that it can be moved towards or away. from the offset portion 25 as may be required, first in the placing of the. door within the opening in the vault walland secondin securing the door frame and its door to the vaultwall in plumb position.

As shown in Figures 4 and member 39 is provided with elongated slots 33 in the rear flange thereof which overlies and abuts flange 28 of portion. 25. These slots are spaced along the flange sothat it may be adjusted laterally towards or away fromthe adjacent vault wall at theside of thedoor stile when securing bolts 3% have. been placed through the cover plate 22.

At spaced points in the height of the member 33. stools or bearing pedestals 36 are welded or otherwisesecured to-tlie web of channel 39 against which screw jacks 33 may be turned with more or lessforce as may be required to properlyalignthe door for plumb position and to secure .it. in the opening in the vault wall. As shown-each jack this in the form of a screw which is. threaded. through a nut 39 welded to offset portionv 25. of member 23 and extends Jack 38 may beinclosed withinatubular-housingfifi one end of which is welded to-thenut 39 and the other end. of which extends through the web-of the structural member I9 and is welded thereto. Jacks 33am provided-at their outer ends with slots til for accommodating a screw driver orthe like.

If desired, the outerends of thetubular 4 housings 39' may be closed by means of screw plugs 4|. Thus screw jacks 38 are accessible from inside the vault without removing the back closure plate 22.

As shown by Figs. 3 and 4, the stiles are provided with a plurality of jacks 38 disposed at spaced points vertically of the door stile. These jacks are preferably uniformly spaced so that the adjustment of the door 'frameto plumb position may be readily facilitated.

When channel members 36 are mounted in place as; shown, they form inclosed dead .air spaces in the rear portions of the door stiles. These air spaces arein themselves eiiicient heat insulating barriersto the transfer of heat from the front of the vault door through to the interiorof the vault. However, the heat insulating properties of these spaces may be supplemented by-placi-ng-insulation in the channels to the depth of the short flanges thereof or to the depth of the. stools 35. This insulation may be of a monolithic type having the property of. expand.- ingor increasing in volume when heated to high temperatures. Theidepth of thelayer of insulation in therespective channels is such that when the temperature is raised sufiiciently it will expand and substantially fill the spaces 2%.

Door stile 9 is similar in substantially all re spectstodcor stilet, the only difference being in the configuration of its jamb member [6. The configuration of jamb member 1.5- is such as to conform. to the shape of the adjacent side of the vanltdoorl. The inner edge of the jamb mem her it terminates .in a Z-shaped section having a flangeor abutment llagainst which the lock bolt lamaybeariwhenthe door is closed and locked. Since the stile. Sas shown is in all other respects the. samev as stile .8, similar andcorresponding partsarewdesignated by thesame reference characters- The front upright border plates and I2 are weldedto the forward flangesof the jamb members l6 and It and the channel portions 24 so as to-forma unitarypart of the door stiles.

The header in is fabricated from structural elementshaving substantially the same shape as the -structural' elements embodying the door stiles 8;and-9: It has a-jamb-memberlfi'h the configuration of which is'like that-of jambl6 and conforms-to theconfiguration of the adjacent top side of the vault door i. In other respects the structural members comprising header it are the same in section as those making up the stiles 8 and 9; therefore, similar and correspondingparts will bedesignated by the same reference characters with the subscript It applied so as to indicate that these members arepart of the header.

InFigs. 3 and 4 are shown,.respectively, a sectionof theheader anda view of door stile 9 and a portion ofhead-er it as seen from the interior of-the vault,. parts being broken away and sectioned-to indicatehowthe-channel members 30 and (mi are forced-against -the vault walls at the sides and top of the door frame In;-Fig. 4. the hQlhWfiPQCFQw hiflid-QQIJ t 9 and e eader are eenasthec r. nlet i nd. 2h. a e

removed;

Fig. 4;also {illustrates how the structural .members composing theheader and door stilesare so;-,fltted; together that. the hollow. space of. the stilesand of .theheader within which heat insulationisiconflned are continuous .and connected andralso that the space between 'the'door frame and the-mallsatthesides andtop of the-opening in the vault wall 4 is a continuous communicatin space.

In Fig. 6 is a view in section illustrating a modified form of jack for securing the stiles and header door frame in place. This type of jack may be employed in place of the concealed type of jacks illustrated in Figs. 2, 3 and 4. The type of jack illustrated in Fig. 6 comprises a screw 45 having screw thread engagement with a nut 46 which is secured as by welding to the offset portion of the structural member 23. The jack extends through an opening in the offset portion 25 and its inner end is disposed to bear on a stool or bearing 36. The end of the screw extending into the hollow of the door stile or header is provided with a head 61 shaped to accommodate a wrench whereby the screw may be turned in one direction or the other as the adjustments require. The screw 45 is accessible for adjustment when the closure plates at the vault side of the door frame are removed.

As shown in the drawings, the door stiles 8 and 9 and header H) are hollow. Within this space may be confined safe insulation 48. The insulation 48 may be placed at the time the door is being fabricated, or at the site after the door has been installed. Preferably it is installed at the time of fabrication of the door. The insulation may be of any known type such as monolithic insulation containing a high percentage of such materials as cement, vermiculite, diatomaceous earth, and similar substances. Such insulation ordinarily contains a substantial amount of moisture which at high temperatures is converted to steam and aids and supplements the insulating properties of the insulation.

The insulation in the channel members and 3611 may also be of a monolithic type similar to that employed in the door stiles and header.

The spaces 21 and 21h between the door stiles and header and the adjacent vault Walls at the sides and top, respectively, of the opening in the vault wall may be utilized as a void space or it may be filled with insulation such as mineral wool or similar substance capable of withstanding high temperatures. Such insulation is indicated in Fig. 6 at 5|.

When a vault door provided with a door frame such as herein illustrated, is to be installed, the back plates 22 and 22h are removed, the jacks are retracted and preferably the channel members 3!! and B lls are removed from the frame. The door frame and door are then inserted into the opening in the vault Wall until the front plates II, If and I3 abut the surfaces of the wall surrounding the opening in the vault wall. The door frame and the door are then shifted so that it will be centrally disposed within the door opening. The channel members 39 and 3% associated with the door stiles 8 and 9 and header in may then be inserted into the spaces 26 and 26h. The jacks are then advanced towards the bearing members 36 and 3% thereof until the channel members abut the walls at the sides and top of the opening in the vault wall. The door and frame are then checked for plumb with the vault door I closed, adjustments being made in the screw jacks until the door is plumb. The door is then opened wide and it is again checked for plumb and if further adjustments in the jacks are required these are made until the door and door frame hang in a plumb position when the door is Wide open. After testing the frame and door for plumb in both open and closed positions, the proper adjustments in the jacks having been l0 door stiles and the header, respectively.

made until the desired plumbness has been attained, the jacks are uniformly tightened to assure that the door frame will be secured in the vault door opening. The cover plates 22 and 22h may now be placed and secured by means of bolts 35. These bolts extend through the elongated slots 33 in the channel members 39 and 3% into nuts 52 Welded to the flanges at the innermost edges of the offset portions 25 and 2511 of the Since a door such as herein illustrated, does not require any grouting in the space between the door frame and the walls at the sides and the top of the opening in the vault walls, the door may be installed after the vault walls have been finished and decorated as the installation of the door will not mar or spoil this finish.

After a door has been installed and for one reason or another the door should settle out of plumb, it may be readjusted to a plumb position by adjusting the jacks 38. As these are readily accessible, the readjustment and realignment of the door frame and its door may be effected quickly and with a small expenditure of time and labor. If the door frame were grouted-in as was the practice with prior art doors, such readjustment could not be effected without tearing out the hardened grout, and this would involve a large expenditure of time and labor.

Having thus described the invention, it will be apparent-etc those skilled in this particular artthat various modifications and changes may be made in the embodiments of the invention illustrated without departing from either the spirit or the scope thereof. Therefore, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. A fire-resistant vault door frame having a fire-resistant door hung therein, said frame having stiles and a header fabricated from. steel shapes, and a steel sill all secured together as a rigid structure, the stiles and header being hollow Within which insulation may be confined, the front portions of the outer walls of said stiles and the front portion of the top wall of said header being relatively close to but spaced from the adjacent walls of the opening inthe vault wall, and the rear portions of said outer stile walls'and the rear portion of the top wall of said header being offset into the hollows thereof to provide greater spacing from the adjacent walls of the opening in the vault wall than the front portions, and a channel for each of said offset portions having their flanges extending into said ofiset portions and the Webs thereof presented to the walls of the opening in the vault well, said channels extending substantially throughout the height and width of said stiles and header respectively, and means supported by each of said stiles and said header for actuating its associated inverted channel and adjustably forcing the respective webs thereof into engagement with the walls of the opening in the vault wall to adjust the door frame to and secure it in a plumb position.

2. A door frame according toclaim 1 characterized by the fact that the flanges of the respective channels on the vault side of the stiles and header respectively, are deeper than the other and close the hollow space in said stiles and header at the vault side thereof, whereby said channels with said offset portions of the stiles and header form an enclosed air space at the vault side of the door, and additionally close the forward space between the stiles and header and areas-1's header; respectively,.are deeper than the other and. close. the hollow space in said stiles and header: at the vaultside thereof, whereby said channels with said. offset portions of the stiles and header form an enclosed air space at the vault side of the door, andadditionally close the forward'spacebetween the'stiles andheader and the walls of the opening in the vault wall to provide a second dead air space therebetween, and insulating material in said channels having a property upon being heated of expanding and substantially filling the space within said channels and the offset portions of said stiles and header;

4. A door frame according to claim 1 characterized by the fact that the flanges of the respective channels on the vault side of the stiles and header respectively, are deeper than the other and close the hollow space in said stiles and header at the vault side thereof, whereby said channels with. said offset portions of the stiles and header form an enclosed air space at the vaultside of the door, and in additionv close the forward space between the stiles and header and the wallsof the opening in the vault Wall to provide a second dead air space therebetween, and

insulating material in said channels.

5. A door frame according to claim 1. characterized by the fact that the means for adjustably actuating the webs of ,the respective channels against the walls at the sides and top of the open 2 ing in the vault wall comprises a plurality of 'tion.

6. A door frame according to claim 1 characterized by the fact that the space between the front portions of said stiles and header and the walls of the opening in the vault wall are filled with a heat resisting insulating: material.

7. A door frame'according to claim 1 characterized by the factv that the space between the front portions of .said stiles and. header and the i walls .of the. opening in the vault wall are filled with a heat resisting insulating material, and in:-.

sulating material within. the channels. associated with the offset portions of" said stiles and header.

8. A fire-resistant. door frame for afire-resistantdocr adapted for mounting in an opening in a wall, said: frame comprising a steel sill and hollow stilesand header formed. of steel members, the. members of the stiles beingsecured to said" sill and to the: members: of the: header, said.- stiles having portions extending the full height.

thereof offset inwardly of the=doorframe channel membersahaving their flanges disposed intosaid offset portions andlbeing movable laterally offthe stiles, and means supported by said offset portions for adjustably actuating said channels into engagement" with the walls at the sides of an opening in awall in which said door frame is mounted to adjust said door to a predetermined positionand secure the same therein, said channels blocking the space between the door stiles and the adjacent walls at the sidesof the open- I ing in which it is mounted.

9; A fire-resistancedoor frame according to claim'8 characterized by the fact that means are provided on the frame header for adjustably securing the header to the wall at the top of the opening in which said'doorframe is mounted;

10. A fire-resistant door frame according to claim 8 characterized by the fact that a layer of insulation is disposed in the channel members of the frame.

11. A fire-resistantvault door frame having a fire-resistant door hung therein, said frame hav- 7 ing stiles and a header fabricated from steelshapes; and a steel sill all-secured together as a rigid structure, the stiles and header being hollow, a moisture containing safe insulation within and substantially filling the hollow space of said stiles and header, the front portions of theouter walls 'of'said stiles and the front portion of the top wall of said header being relatively close to but spaced from the adjacent walls of the opening in the vault wall, and the rear portions of said outer stile walls and the rear portion of the top wall of said header being offset into the hollows thereof to provide greater spacing from the adjacent walls of the opening in the vault wall than the front'portions, and a channel for each of said offset portions having their flanges ex tending into said offset portions and the webs thereof presented to the walls of the opening in the'vault wall, said channels extending'substantially throughout the height and width of said stiles and header, respectively, and means sup- REFERENCES CITED The following references are of. record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 381,329v Cahill Apr. 17, 1888 1,502,982 Dick July 29, 1924 1,770,189

Abbott July 8, 1930

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US381329 *Dec 1, 1887Apr 17, 1888 Adjustable jamb
US1502982 *Jul 31, 1923Jul 29, 1924Safe Cabinet CompanyVault
US1770189 *Dec 7, 1926Jul 8, 1930Diebold Safe & Lock CompanyVault construction
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2684646 *Jul 1, 1949Jul 27, 1954Herring Hall Marvin Safe CompaHeat and fire retarding construction for vault doors
US3200447 *Aug 24, 1962Aug 17, 1965Nat Brass CompanyPackaged door assembly
US3434238 *Jul 27, 1966Mar 25, 1969Mathes Kg HeinzWindow frame of structural metal or synthetic material
US5060582 *Oct 15, 1990Oct 29, 1991Salzer Sicherheitstechnik GmbhHigh security blast resistant door leaf
US7000550 *Aug 26, 2004Feb 21, 2006Mandall Michael CAblative blast resistant security door panel
US8336260Jan 14, 2011Dec 25, 2012Armorworks Enterprises LLCHigh security blast door lock and seal
US8424473Apr 29, 2010Apr 23, 2013Michael C. MandallBlast energy absorbing security door panel
DE2431800A1 *Jul 2, 1974Jan 22, 1976Riexinger Favorit TuerenFire-resistant sliding-door - includes sectional door-panel and heat-resistant insulating material inside
DE3621619A1 *Jun 27, 1986Jan 21, 1988Mueller Wilhelm KTuer oder fenster
DE4220114A1 *Jun 18, 1992Dec 23, 1993Klaus Dipl Ing RichterVorrichtung zum Verschließen einer Öffnung in der Wand eines Brandschutzraumes
Classifications
U.S. Classification109/77, 49/505
International ClassificationE05G1/024
Cooperative ClassificationE05G1/024
European ClassificationE05G1/024