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Publication numberUS2553479 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 15, 1951
Filing dateOct 15, 1946
Priority dateOct 15, 1946
Publication numberUS 2553479 A, US 2553479A, US-A-2553479, US2553479 A, US2553479A
InventorsDell Law Bertha, Schmarje Clarence F
Original AssigneeSchmarje Clarence F
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Screw holding screw driver and pickup tool
US 2553479 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 15, 1951 c. F. SCHMARJE ETAL 2,553,479

SCREW HOLDING SCREW DRIVER AND PICKUP TOOL Filed Oct. 15, 1946 8 Mllilllllllllllllllllll INVENTORS 61 Swmag'e P1 Law Patented May 15, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SCREW HOLDING SCREW DRIVER AND PICKUP TOOL Schmarje Application October 15, 1946, Serial No. 703,304

3 Claims. 1

Our present invention relates to a tool of the screw driver type having a plurality of uses, as

will be set forth hereinafter. This tool partakes somewhat of the nature of a compound tool, al though in structure it can scarcely be said to be a compound tool. Among the objects of this invention are the provision. of a. simple, inexpensive tool which can serve both as tweezers and screw driver; the provision of a simple tool which can be used for handling small screws in places where it is difficult to use a screw driver of ordinary construction because of the difficulty in getting the hands into restricted places; the provision of a tool of the type indicated which is easily operatedfor the production of'any of its intended.

functions; and such further objects, advantages,:

and capabilities as will hereafter appear and as are inherent in: the construction disclosed herein. Our invention further resides in the combination, construction, and arrangement of parts illustrated in the accompanying drawings and, while we have shown therein what is now regarded as the preferred embodiment of this invention, we desire the same to be understood as illustrative only and not to be interpreted in a limiting sense.

In the drawings annexed hereto and forming a part hereof,

Fig. 1 is a top elevation of a tool constructed in accordance with our present invention, the parts being shown in what may be called normal position;

Fig. 2 represents a longitudinal section of this tool in normal position;

Fig. 3 is a side elevation, partly broken away, showing this structure as supporting a screw, either when being inserted or removed;

Fig. 4 is a side elevation, partly broken away, showing this tool being used as tweezers;

Fig. 5 represents an end view of the structure shown in Fig. 1, taken in the direction of the ar rows 5 in that figure; and

Fig. 6 represents a transverse section taken approximately along the plane indicated by the line 66, Fig. 2.

Reference will now be made in greater detail to the annexed drawings for a more complete description of this invention. Broadly, this tool comprises an external tubular body member i, an internal body member 2, a pair of spring jaws 3, and spring means 4. As shown in Fig. 6, the body members I and 2 are non-circular in crosssection and fit one within the other in slidable relation. The body member 5 has a flange 5 projecting laterally therefrom which serves as a head therefor, while the body member 2 has a '2 similar flange 6 secured to the exposed end thereof which serves as a handle or head against which pressure may be exerted to compress the spring which surrounds the body member 2 and is located between the flanges 5 and 6.

The body member 2 is provided in one surface, intermediate the ends thereof, with a depression 7, the ends of which cooperate with a screw 8 which serves as a stop to limit relative movement of the body members i and 2, in at least one direction. Preferably, we so construct this tool that the screw 8 serves as a stop in both directions of movement of the body parts.

Normally, the ends of the jaws 3 are in engage ment and the inner ends thereof are inserted in a slot in the forward end of the body member 2, being held therein by a pin 9 which extends tranc versely through the body member 2 and the inner ends of the jaws 3, as shown in Fig. 2. The in tel-mediate portions of these jaws are bowed in opposite directions so that when the body member l is moved forwardly with relation to the jaws, it will cause compression of the intermediate portions, forcing them toward each other and causing the ends it to separate slightly so that they will engage the side walls of the slot in a screw II, as shown at I2. With a screw held in this position by the jaws 3, it is possible to line it up with a hole and screw it in without the necessity of touching it with a hand. This is a great advantage, as will be appreciated by any one who has tried to handle small screws, such as one-eighth by one-fourth inch A Of course this tool is not limited in use to screws of that size since it may be used with either large or small screws. However, it will be found to have especially great utility in working in places which are hard to get at.

In Fig. 4, we have shown this tool being used as tweezers. For this purpose, the heads 5 and 6 are moved toward each other, relatively, compressing the spring 4, and this permits the jaws to separate, since these are so bent at their inner ends as to cause them to move away from each other when the body member 2 is pushed into the body member 1, the jaws 3 spreading and remaining in contact with the forward end of the body member I, as shown in Figs. 2 and 4. The jaws, after being spread, are applied to the object to be picked up and then the spring 4 is permitted to move the body member I forwardly on the jaws 3, which causes them to close on the article II which can then be picked up.

It will of course be understood that the specific description of structure set forth above may be departed from without departing from the spirit of this invention as disclosed in this specification and as defined in the appended claims.

Having now described our invention, we claim:

1. A tool for the purpose indicated comprising a tubular body of rectangular cross-section, having an outwardly extending flange at one end, a second body of rectangular cross-section slidably mounted within the first body, the second body projecting from one end of said first body, said projecting end portion having an outwardly extending flange, a compression spring surrounding the second body and abutting said flanges, said spring being adapted when compressed and released to cause relative longitudinal movement of the bodies, means for limiting relative longitu" dinal movement of said bodies in at least one direction, and a pair of curved spring jaws connected at one end to the other end of the second body and being of a size to slide within the first body, the other end portions of said jaws being flat and normally pressing against each other flatly when the spring is uncompressed, but the mid-portions, lengthwise of said jaws,. being bowed outwardly away from each other an amount greater than the transverse distance across the first body, said jaws being capable, when partially Withdrawn into the firstbody, of bending inwardly to slide within the first body and when so drawn into the first body having their exposed ends separated.

2. A screw driver comprising a tubular member, a plunger mounted within said tubular member for limited reciprocation therein, said plunger having one end thereof terminating within said tubular member and the other end extending beyond the end of said tubular member, spring means for urging said plunger in one direction in said tubular member, and a pair of opposed spring jaws secured to the end of the plunger within the tubular member, said jaws having fiat opposed tips and being bowed apart between said tips and the ends secured to said plunger, said tubular member being of a length to contact the bowed apart portion of said jaws upon movement of said plunger toward the tips,

said tubular member upon such movement of said plunger first moving said tips together into flat contact, the bowed portions being sufficiently curved so that, with the tips thereof in flat contact, the bowed portions external of said tubular member are spaced apart a distance greater than the opening in the end of the tubular member, whereby upon further movement of the plunger the end portions of the tips move apart.

3. A screw driver comprising a rectangular tube, a complemental rectangular plunger mounted for sliding movement within the tube, means for limiting the sliding movement thereof to limiting positions such that one end of said plunger is always extended beyond a first end of the tube and the second end of the plunger is always within the tube, a pair of spring jaws, with one end of each jaw secured to said second end of said plunger, said jaws having flat tips at their other ends spaced normally apart and in fiat contact upon initial flexure of said jaws together, said jaws being bowed apart a distance greater with said tips in contact than the size of the opening in the second end of the tubular member, the jaws being moved together by contact of the tubular member with the bowed portions of said jaws into a position of flat contact of said tips upon initial movement, and, then, upon further movement, to a position with the end portions of said tips apart.

CLARENCE F. SCI-INIARJE. RAY B. LAW.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 198,935 Gilchrist Jan. 8,1878 437,647 Franklin Sept. 30, 1890 545,331 Balsley Aug. 27, 1895 1,169,955 Hammond Feb. 1, 1916 1,443,086 Muchow Jan. 23, 1923 2,408,887 Schriner Oct. 8, 1946

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US198935 *Jan 8, 1878 Improvement in screw-drivers
US437647 *Mar 27, 1889Sep 30, 1890 Rhodolph h
US545331 *Mar 14, 1895Aug 27, 1895 Screw holder and driver
US1169955 *Apr 29, 1915Feb 1, 1916George H HammondValve-pick-up tool.
US1443086 *Sep 27, 1920Jan 23, 1923 Spring tweezers
US2408887 *Jun 18, 1943Oct 8, 1946Lester A SnyderScrew driver
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2768543 *Jul 5, 1955Oct 30, 1956Pugh Jr James ENut holder with resilient fingers
US2783989 *Jul 13, 1953Mar 5, 1957Biederman Joseph BWeigh scale for mail parcels such as letters and the like
US2882591 *Oct 17, 1955Apr 21, 1959Grossman Harry CHydraulic valve lifter tool
US3276494 *Nov 23, 1964Oct 4, 1966Sundin Martin OScrewdriver with screw holding means
US3841686 *Mar 23, 1973Oct 15, 1974Fletcher LPet waste pickup device
US4552039 *Feb 24, 1984Nov 12, 1985Fisher George WNut and washer holding adjustable wrench
US4592347 *Dec 4, 1984Jun 3, 1986Mahruki Nimetullah M TRetraction device
US5480056 *Sep 15, 1993Jan 2, 1996Russell-Stanley CorporationPlunger for drum liner removal
US5609066 *Nov 15, 1991Mar 11, 1997Simplistik Design LimitedMechanism for actuating a vehicle parking brake
US6024737 *Feb 25, 1998Feb 15, 2000Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.Stent crimping device
US6277110Oct 18, 1999Aug 21, 2001Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.Method of crimping an intravascular stent onto a balloon catheter
US6481262Jun 20, 2001Nov 19, 2002Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.Stent crimping tool
US6510722May 10, 2000Jan 28, 2003Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.Stent crimping tool for producing a grooved crimp
US6568235Aug 10, 2000May 27, 2003Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.Assembly for crimping an intraluminal device or measuring the radial strength of the intraluminal device and method of use
US6651478Nov 28, 2001Nov 25, 2003Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.Assembly for crimping an intraluminal device or measuring the radial strength of the intraluminal device and method of use
US6840081Nov 18, 2002Jan 11, 2005Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.Assembly for crimping an intraluminal device or measuring the radial strength of the intraluminal device and method of use
US7272994 *Apr 14, 2006Sep 25, 2007Johnson Jerry LBolt grasping device
US7563400Apr 12, 2005Jul 21, 2009Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.positioning a drug delivery stent on a catheter balloon, positioning the balloon with the drug delivery stent within a polished bore of a mold of a metallic material, balloon is pressurized and heated within the mold as the mold radially restrains the stent from expanding; no damage to stent layer
US8221112Apr 21, 2011Jul 17, 2012Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.Method for retaining a vascular stent on a catheter
US8245377 *Jun 21, 2006Aug 21, 2012Automated SolutionsDevice for securing trim to a seat
US8375547Jun 29, 2012Feb 19, 2013Automated SolutionsDevice for securing trim to a seat
US8484821Jun 29, 2012Jul 16, 2013Automated SolutionsDevice for securing trim to a seat
US8627751 *Jun 13, 2012Jan 14, 2014Leonard Paul ParkinDevice for loosening and untying knots
US20070028435 *Jun 21, 2006Feb 8, 2007Raymond OrmacheaDevice for securing trim to a seat
US20120318109 *Jun 13, 2012Dec 20, 2012Leonard Paul ParkinDevice for loosening and untying knots
US20130138145 *Nov 30, 2011May 30, 2013Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.Tissue closure device with resilient arms
Classifications
U.S. Classification81/443, 81/345, 294/99.2, 294/100
International ClassificationB25B23/10, B25B23/02
Cooperative ClassificationB25B23/106
European ClassificationB25B23/10D1