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Publication numberUS2554078 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 22, 1951
Filing dateNov 17, 1948
Priority dateNov 17, 1948
Publication numberUS 2554078 A, US 2554078A, US-A-2554078, US2554078 A, US2554078A
InventorsLeo C Werner
Original AssigneeWestinghouse Electric Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electron discharge device and locking means therefor
US 2554078 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1951 c. WERNER I 4,078

ELECTRON DISCHARGE DEVICEYAND LOCKING MEANS THEREFOR Filed Nov. 17, 1948 INVENTOR 'L. C. WEE/YER ATTORNEY Patented May 22, 1951 ELECTRON DISCHARGE DEVICE AND LOCKING MEANS THEREFOR Leo C. Werner,,Bloomfield, N. J., assignor to Westinghouse Electric Corporation, East Pittsburgh, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Application November 17, 1948, Serial No. 60,505

13 Claims. 1 This invention relates to electron-discharge devices and, moreparticularly, to locking means associated with spacers therein for the cathode or filament support rods or leads, which have of necessity close relation to a grid, if employed, and its supports. The-principal object of my invention, generall considered, is to provide, in an electron-discharge device, means for locking insulating bushings in fiat metaldiscs or spacers, as well as locking suppcrtrods and/or insulating bushings to such metal discs or spacers, without tie wires and notching of said rods, whereby such discs may serve as spacers for the filament leads. Another object of my invention is to provide a metal sleeve slit at both ends to form bendable locking tabs for holding with respect to both internal and external members.

A further object of my invention is to provide a metal sleeve which is inserted over an insulating bushing, and portions of each end thereof alternately lockingly bent over said bushing and an associated spacer plate, or such a sleeve similarly 'wires or posts, with parts in section on the line -II-II of Figure 3, viewed in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 3 is an axial sectional view on the lines IIIIII of Figure 2, in the direction of the arrows. I

Figure 4 is a perspective view on an enlarged scale showing one of the filament posts of Fig. 2 extending through an insulator, held in the spacer plate by means embodying my invention. Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure 4., but showing one of the filament leads or rodsof Fig. 2 extending through said spacer platefand held in place by means embodying my invention.

Figure 6 is a perspective view of oneof the insulator locking means embodying myinvention.

Figure F7 is a perspective view of one of the filament rodor lead locking means embodying my invention.

Figure 8 is a view similar to Figu but showing .in' additiontheillustrated filamentlead 2 held in place in its insulator by means such as illustrated in Figure 5.

In the Bailey et al. patent, No. 2,404,042, dated July 15, 1946, there is disclosed an electron-discharge device comprising a vacuum-tight container formed by an outer metal tube which acts as the anode, which container encloses a grid and a cathode. The leads or conductive posts for said cathode pass through a spacer formed as two plates, between which are held ceramic insulating discs or bushings, in order to insulate alternate cathode leads from one another. The present invention involves an improvement over that of said patent, in that the means for looking the insulating discs to the spacer plate, and certain leads or cathode posts to said spacer plate, are improved and th necessity for studs supporting said spacer plate from the underlying metallic supporting plate, is avoided.

Referring now to the drawing indetail, there is disclosed a specific embodiment of the invention in-a form of discharge device It! comprising a vacuum-tight container formed by an outer metal tube II which acts as the anode, and which is closed at its upper end, or that shown cut away, in a conventional manner. It' is closed at its lower end by means of a glass bowl or base l2, which is sealed to it in a suitable manner, as by feather-edge joint l3. From the bottom of the bowl at the exterior thereof, project the usual contact prongs M for making connection with external conductors.

Disposed coaxially within the anode II is a grid l5, supported fromv an interior plate It as by means of wires or rods ll extending therefrom in a conventional manner. Inside the grid I5 is a cathode I8, formed as a plurality of hairpin sections, each with parallel wires or legs, all

of said legs being symmetrically disposed as elements of a cylinder in relatively close proximity to the grid. On the axis of the coaxial cathode and grid is a metal post [9, which forms a center support for the upper end of the cathode. Each filament section has one leg secured at its lower end to a lead, rod, or post 2 l, and its other leg secured at its lower end to a lead, rod, or post 22, the posts extending downwardly into the bowl !2. The posts 22, constituting one set, pass through. in contact with, and are secured in, a metallic supporting plate 23 formin common electricalconnection thereto. The o her'set of posts 2l -pass fwith clearance through said plate 23 and arejsecured tov an insulativei plate 24$,

sidaofsaid plate' fig....e.... t

which isdi'sposed inengagement withthe under The posts 2! are secured to brackets 25 which support the two plates, 23 and 24, therea-bove. These brackets are carried by inwardly-projectparts of a plurality of the aforementioned prongs i i, and thereby have electrical connection with the exterior of the device. Said metal-- lic supporting plate 23 has a connection (not shown) with another one of said prongs 14. Of course, one set of posts will during operation be at a potential different from that of the other set for obtaining current flow in the several filament sections.

Inter-mediate the ends of the several posts 2| and 22, and also on the central post 19, is a transverse and preferably circular metallic spacer plate 26. The grid-supporting wires or legs I! pass to the bowl E2 on the outside of the spacer 26, out of contact therewith, but because of limited space, necessarily near to the same and likewise near to the filament parts. There may be during operation a high electrical gradient or radio-frequency electrostatic field between the posts of one set and the grid.

According to the present invention, the metallic spacer 26 is shown provided with a plurality of apertures, preferably disposed on a circle whose center is the axis of the support lead 19. Alternate apertures are larger than those therebetween, so that those numbered 27 are relatively large, while those numbered 28 are relatively small. In the relatively large apertures 21, there are disposed ceramic bushings or insulators 29, or such formed of lava or its equivalent. These insulators, preferably hollow cylindrical, serve to maintain the potential difference between the rods 2!, on which they are applied, and the adjacent rods 22 which are electrically connected to the spacer 26.

The insulators 29 are, in the present embodiment, held in place in the spacer 26 by improved locking devices 3! embodying my invention. These locking devices are each nothing more than a simple metal sleeve or thin-walled hollow cylinder, as shown in detail in Figure 6, that is, one provided with oppositely extending tabs 32 and 33, defined by slots or slits 34 and 35, respectively, in their opposite edges. The sleeve may be continuous, or formed by bending a properly slit or slotted flat metal plate to cylindrical or partly cylindrical form. Each locking device may, for example, be formed by combining two or more of such plates and assembling them around the circumference of the part to be locked in place. Although when assembled, each locking tab desirably extends in a direction different from that of its neighbors, it may, for example, extend in the same direction as one of its neighbors. This means that the locking does not have to be by uniform alternate bending one way and then the other. These devices 3i may be formed of nickel, tantalum, copper, or other metal such as is used for structural elements in discharge devices, dosirably about .01" thick. The depth of the slots or slits depends on the thickness of the particular disc or spacing plate 26 in use, and the diameter of the insulator 29 with which associated.

The spacer 26 is formed with apertures of such the spacer 26, withapproximately .001" or .002"

. additional, clearanceforassembly. A sleeve 3! may be inserted'over to grip eachbushing 29 and .some 01 its-tabs; bent ovenittherebetween. De-

sirably, bu notificessarily, everyother 011.6..0f

the tabs, 33 as well as 32, are crimped or permanently bent over, as shown in detail in Figures 4 and 8. Although only one end is shown in Figures 4 and 8, it will thus be understood that permanent bending over is effected at the lower end, or that not shown, in a similar manner. This holds each sleeve 3| to its insulator or bushing 29.

The bushings 29 are each then placed in a large aperture 21 and the remaining projecting tabs, 33 as Well as 32, crimped over to grip the spacer 26 therebetween as shown in Figures 4 and 8, it being thus understood that a similar crimping or bending is efiected at the lower side, or that not illustrated. This gives a double interlocking support, that is, each sleeve or locking device 3| is connected, not only to the insulating bushing, but also to the spacer 26.

Each rod 2| which passes through an insulating bushing 29 may be connected to said bushing in the manner illustrated in Figures 5 and 8, as by means of a locking device 36, formed generally like the device 3|, that is with tabs 3'! formed by slits and extending from both ends, as illustrated in Figure '7. However, it is considered ordinarily sufficient thata locking device 36 be employed only with each of the alternately-disposed rods 22 as shown in Figure 5. In accordance with this figure, it will be seen that a locking device 36 is placed in each aperture 28, and every other leg 37, formed by slits 38, bent down over the spacer 26 as illustrated in Figure 5, it being understood that a corresponding connection is provided at the bottom of the plate 26. The rods 22 which pass through these locking devices 36, are held in place with respect thereto by the unbent tabs 31 being secured thereto in any desired manner, as by spot welding, brazing, or soldering.

Most of the bushings and spacers now in use have a step machined in both, so that if the bushing cracks, it will be locked in the spacer and not fall into the bulb. In accordance with my present invention, my new locking device serves the purpose without the costly machining necessary to make a two-step opening in the spacer and a shoulder on the bushing.

Although I have shown a certain design of locking sleeve, yet other designs may be made within the spirit and scope of the invention. It will be understood that my invention is particularly adapted for use with support rods or leads not smaller than inch in diameter. On very small diameter bushings, a space may be cut out, instead of the slitting as shown in Figure 7, to make the circumferential width of each tab relatively small and thereby avoid a sharp radius thereon which might make it difilcult to effect a neat crimping operation.

Although a preferred embodiment of my invention has been disclosed, it will be understood that modifications may be made within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. An. electron discharge device comprising a cathode, support rods for said cathode, a metallic spacer plate formed with apertures, cathode support members disposed in said apertures and comprising rods and insulators on alternate cathode support rods, locking sleeves enclosed in said spacer plate, said sleeves having intermediate hollow cylindrical portions, and tabs at both ends, some of which are bent over on saidspacer plate and others of which are secured to members disposed in said plate apertures, and other locking, sleeves enplosedlnsaid linsulators, said.other-sleeves.havin tabsa b 0111! ends some of which are bent over on said insulators and others of which are secured to the support rods passing through said insulators.

2. An electron discharge device comprising a cathode, support rods for said cathode, a metallic spacer plate through which said cathode support rods extend, insulators on alternate cathode support rods and enclosed in corresponding apertures in said spacer plate, locking sleeves on said other support rods and enclosed in said spacer, said sleeves having tabs, some of which are bent over on said spacer plate and others of which extend along said support rods and are secured thereto, and other locking sleeves enclosed in said insulators, said other sleeves having tabs at both ends some of which are bent over on said insulators and others or" which are secured to the support rods passing through said insulators.

3. An electron discharge device comprising a cathode, support rods for said cathode, a metallic spacer plate through which said cathode support rods extend, insulators on alternate cathode support rods and enclosed in corresponding apertures in said spacer plate, locking sleeves on said insulators and enclosed in said spacer plate, said sleeves having tabs some of which are bent over on said spacer and others of which are bent over said insulators, and other locking sleeves on said support rods and enclosed in said insulators, said other sleeves having tabs, some of which are bent over said insulators and others of which are secured to said other support rods.

4. An electron discharge device comprising a grid, a cathode, support rods for said grid and cathode, a metallic spacer plate enclosed by said grid support rods and through which said oathode support rods extend, insulators on alternate cathode support rods and enclosed in corresponding apertures in said spacer plate, and locking sleeves on said insulators and'enclcsed in said spacer plate, said sleeves having tabs at both ends, some of which are bent over to grip said spacer plate therebetween and others of which are bent over to grip said insulators therebetween.

5. An electron discharge device comprising a grid, a cathode, support rods for said grid and cathode, a metallic spacer plate enclosed by said grid support rods and through which said cathode support rods extend, insulators on alternate cathode support rods and enclosed in corresponding apertures in said spacer plate, locking sleeves on said other support rods and enclosed in said spacer, said sleeves having intermediate hollow cylindrical portions, and tabs at both ends, some of which are bent over on said spacer plate and others of which extend along said support rods and are secured thereto, and similar means for locking said insulators in place.

6. An electron discharge device comprising a grid, a cathode, support rods for said grid and cathode, a metallic spacer plate enclosed by said support rods and through which said cathode support rods extend, insulators on alternate cathode support rods and enclosed in corresponding apertures in said spacer plate, locking sleeves on said insulators and enclosed in said spacer plate, said sleeves having tabs some of which are bent over on said spacer and others of which are bent over on said insulators, and other locking sleeves on said other support rods and enclosed in said spacer plate, said other sleeves having tabs, some of which are bent over on said spacer plate and others of which are secured to said other support rods.

7. An electron discharge device comprising a metal plate spacer, apertures in said plate for the reception of members associated with an electrode in said device, alternate apertures being larger for the reception of members including insulators on leads to said electrode, locking sleeves passing through certain of said apertures, said sleeves having tabs, some of which are bent over on said spacers and others of which are secured to members disposed in said apertures, and other locking sleeves enclosed in said insulators, said other sleeves having tabs some of which are bent over on said insulators and others of which are secured to the leads passing through said insulators.

8. An electron discharge device comprising a metal plate spacer, apertures in said plate for the reception of support rods, alternate apertures being larger for the reception of insulators between said plate and the received rods, insulators in said larger apertures, locking sleeves on said insulators and enclosed in said spacer, said sleeves having tabs, some of which are bent over on said spacer, and others of which are bent over on said insulators, and similar means for locking said support rods in place.

9. An electron discharge device comprising a metal plate spacer, apertures in said plate for the reception of cathode support rods, alternate apertures being larger for the reception of insulators between said plate and the received rods, locking sleeves on the rods which pass through the smaller apertures, said sleeves having intermediate hollow cylindrical portions, and tabs at both ends, some of which are bent over on said spacer, and others of which extend along the received rods and are secured thereto, and similar means for locking said insulators in place.

10. An electron discharge device comprising a metal plate spacer, apertures in said plate for the reception of cathode support rods, alternate apertures being larger for the reception of insulators between said plate and the received rods, insulators in said larger apertures, locking sleeves on said insulators and enclosed in said spacer, said sleeves having tabs some of which are bent over on said spacer and others of which are bent over on said insulators, and other sleeves on said support rods and enclosed in said insulators, said other sleeves having tabs, some of which are bent over on said insulators, and others of which are secured to said support rods.

11. An electron discharge device comprising a metal plate spacer, apertures in said plate for the reception of support rods, alternate apertures being larger for the reception of insulators between said plate and the received rods, insulators in said larger apertures, locking sleeves on said insulators and enclosed in said spacer, said sleeves having tabs, some of which are bent over on said spacer and others of which are bent over on said insulators, and other sleeves on the other support rods and enclosed in said spacer, said other sleeves having tabs, some of which are bent over on said spacer, and others of which are secured to said other support rods.

12. An electron discharge device comprising a metal plate spacer, apertures in said plate for the reception of support rods, insulators in said apertures, locking sleeves on said insulators and enclosed in said spacers, said sleeve having tabs some of which are bent over on said spacer and others of which are bent over on said insulators, and other sleeves on said support rods and enclosed in said insulators, said other sleeves hawing tabs, some of which are bent over on said insulators, and others of which are secured to said support rods.

13. An electron discharge device comprising a metal spacer, apertures in said plate for the reception of support rods, insulators on some of said support rods, locking sleeves on said insulators and enclosed in said spacer, said sleeves having tabs, some of which are bent over on said spacer, and others of which are bent over on said insulators, and other sleeves on said support rods and enclosed in said spacer, said other sleeves having tabs, some of which are bent over on said spacer, and others of which are secured to said other support rods.

LEO C. WERNER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS 10 Number Name Date 1,933,110 Haller Oct. 31, 1933 2,246,722 Del Camp June 24, 1941 2,419,124 Dailey Apr. 15, 1947

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1933110 *Mar 19, 1931Oct 31, 1933Hygrade Sylvania CorpElectron discharge device
US2246722 *Jun 15, 1939Jun 24, 1941Cinch Mfg CorpFastener member and fastener secured installation
US2419124 *Nov 10, 1943Apr 15, 1947Westinghouse Electric CorpInsulating means for metallic spacers in electron discharge devices
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2850674 *Nov 17, 1955Sep 2, 1958Tung Sol Electric IncLight responsive circuit and electronic tube therefor
US2854503 *Apr 17, 1953Sep 30, 1958Raytheon Mfg CoLocking devices for bushings and structures thereof
US5141247 *Dec 18, 1990Aug 25, 1992Trw Inc.Air bag inflator assembly
US5382046 *Feb 25, 1991Jan 17, 1995Trw Inc.Air bag module installation structure and method
US5388858 *Feb 25, 1991Feb 14, 1995Trw, Inc.Air bag module structure and method of assembly
US5431379 *May 19, 1994Jul 11, 1995Trw Steering Systems Japan Co., Ltd.Method of interconnecting an input shaft and a torsion bar of steering mechanism and a torsion bar therefore
Classifications
U.S. Classification313/265, 174/152.00R, 29/513, 313/271, 313/292, 313/285
International ClassificationH01J19/42
Cooperative ClassificationH01J2893/0005, H01J19/42
European ClassificationH01J19/42