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Publication numberUS2554363 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 22, 1951
Filing dateMar 11, 1948
Priority dateMar 11, 1948
Publication numberUS 2554363 A, US 2554363A, US-A-2554363, US2554363 A, US2554363A
InventorsClarence F Glaser, Howard G Pillsbury
Original AssigneeClarence F Glaser, Howard G Pillsbury
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Decorative article for christmas ornaments
US 2554363 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Clarence F. Glaser and Howard G. Pillsbury, Detroit, Mich.

Application March 11, 1948, Serial No. 14,278

2 Claims.

The invention relates to novel and improved decorative articles, and to novel and improved methods and means for making the same. The invention is particularly useful in the manufacture of hanging ornaments such as window decorations, Christmas tree ornaments, or the like.

An object of the invention is to provide novel and improved articles of the nature indicated, which can be fabricated rapidly and cheaply, in such manner as to accurately simulate the object they are intended to represent.

A further object is to provide a decorative article in the nature of a Christmas tree ornament which closely simulates the appearance and physical characteristics of a real icicle.

A further object of the invention is to provide a. Christmas tree ornament of icicle-like character which is easy to manufacture, and can be sold at low cost, which will last for years, and which is relatively indestructible.

A further object of the invention is to provide a Christmas tree ornament of the character described which can be fabricated in quantity by relatively unskilled personnel.

Other objects and advantages of the-invention will be immediately apparent, or will appear from a study of the following specification, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which the several figures represent successive steps in the fabrication of an artificial icicle, as follows:

Fig. 1 is a fragmentary side elevational view of a sheet of material being wrapped around a tapered mandrel;

Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1, but showing the wrapping operation completed;

In Fig. 3 the shaped article has been removed from the mandrel and has been immersed in a vessel containing an air-drying adhesive material of specifically advantageous character, and is thereupon being withdrawn from the vessel.

Fig. 4 shows the embryo icicle being sprinkled with a crystalline substance of light refractive character adapted to reflect light from its crystalline facets, as from ice particles.

Fig. 5 shows the finished article in condition for its intended use.

Before the present invention is described in detail, it is to be understood that the inventionhere involved is not limited to the specific item or arrangement of parts herein illustrated or described, as the invention obviously may take various forms. It also is to be understood that the phraseology or terminology herein employed is for the purpose of description and not of limitation, the scope of the present invention being defined in the appended claims.

As is universally known, practically all decorative articles used up to the present time for Christmas decorations are made from blown glass or like material of extreme thinness. As a result, there is a high breakage loss from dropping the articles, or failing to use a high degree of care in wrapping or packaging them for shipment or storage. Artificial icicles of such character have surface appearance not at all approximating a genuine icicle in appearance. While the present invention maybe used for other purposes, it will be described as adapted to the manufacture of an artificial icicle.

As a basic material we use a mat of fiber glass. Fiber glass is obtainable in many forms, either as thread or fabric woven therefrom, but we prefer matted sheets of uneven texture, sometimes termed glass wool, which can be readily pulled to desired shapes. It is light in weight, and nonflammable.

Referring now to the drawings, a mat of glass wool It is wound around the tip portion ll of a suitable mandrel or stick which may be of wood, metal, or other suitable material. With a slight amount of practice, the result shown in Fig. 2 may be obtained, the fiber glass cone l2 being secured by a short length of fine flexible Wire, or a string or rubber band [3.

The cone !2 is now slipped 01f the mandrel, and is immersed in a vessel I4 which contains a quick drying adhesive fluid I5 of translucent character, and relatively viscous, so that on removal therefrom the dripping of excess fluid quickly stops. One such fluid, which we normally prefer, consists of a vinyl plastic resin dissolved in methyl isobutyl ketone, and commercially obtainable under the trade designation E. C. 366 adhesive, the "E. C. 366 designation being a registered trade-mark of the manufacturer. After withdrawal from the adhesive, and while the cone is still moist, it may be sprinkled with a crystalline, granular material of light refractive character, such as ground quartz or sodium chloride,

as indicated in Fig. 4. This produces a very pleasing visual effect when drying is completed. To obtain a similarly pleasing result, approximately 30 per cent by volume of sodium chloride may be nary room temperature conditions. When dried, the excess material at the upper end may be trimmed off to suit, and conventional attaching devices such as the linkage l1, l8 may be used to suspend it in its intended position on a tree, or otherwise.

The appearance of the final product is only inadequately indicated in Fig. 5, since the glistening light-reflective and light-refractive efiects cannot be reproduced in a drawing. The icicle so produced is of light weight, but has sufficient body so that it may even be handled carelessly without injury. A small solidified globule such as indicated at l9, in Fig. 5, usually forms at the lowermost tip during the early drying stages, and conveys the additional illusion of a melting icycle. The final product is flame resistant, and flash proof, since it will burn only very slowly if a flame is applied thereto. It preserves its original form and appearance indefinitely. It can be made to sell at such a reasonable price that it will successfully compete with ornaments heretofore available, but of highly fragile character, and not at all realistic in appearance.

We have described a simple method whereby the decorative articles constituting the present invention can be made by hand. If desirable or necessary, the method may be facilitated by recourse to readily available mechanical aids, but without varying the method in its essentials.

A conical mandrel may be chucked in a drill press or lathe, and turned at a moderately high speed, for example 900 to 1500 revolutions per minute. A thin sheet of fiber glass mat is brought into contact with the rotating mandrel and it is immediately wound thereon. The fiber glass cone, so formed, may he slid from the mandrel without stopping the machine.

As a further aid, the cone so formed may be nested in a conical hole of suitable size in a block, and a low gage wire looped around the larger end of the fiber glass cone. The top can then be trimmed and the cone dipped as before.

Mechanical dipping means may be provided consisting of an endless conveyor, such as a chain or belt, carrying hooks upon which the tie wire is looped while the hooks depend from the lower race of the conveyor. The conveyor moves above and adjacent to the upper surface of dipping liquid in .an elongated trough. Beyond the trough end the conveyor inclines slightly upwardly to lift the articles from the liquid, and the conveyor then carries the articles above a drip pan at such speed, and for such distance that the drip ceases. At this point an operator lifts the articles from the hooks and places them on a dryer. Two operators, one at each end of the conveyor, can handle a substantial production in this way.

What we claim is:

1. A decorative article consisting of a fiber glass mass shaped to simulate an icicle, and impregnated with vinyl plastic resin to which has been added about 30 per cent of sodium chloride.

2. A decorative article consisting of a fiber glass mass shaped to simulate an icicle, impregnated with vinyl plastic resin, and having sodium chloride crystals adhesiv'ely clinging to its surface.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,784,008 Herrmann Dec. 9, 1930 1,979,888 Kranz Nov. 6, 1934 2,103,939 Flanagan Dec. 28, 1937 2,204,859 Hyatt June 18, 1940 2,221,194 Keller Nov. 12, 1940 2,269,185 Dawson Jan. 6, 1942 2,311,613 Slayter Feb. 16, 1943 2,367,611 Raymond Jan. 16, 1945 2,448,114 Olson Aug. 31, 1948 2,513,565 Johnson July 4, 1950 OTHER REFERENCES Vinylite Resins, Bakelite Corp. (p. 16) 1947, N. Y. C;-

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1784008 *May 9, 1927Dec 9, 1930Consortium Elektrochem IndAdhesive composition
US1979888 *Dec 23, 1933Nov 6, 1934Bernard WilmsenChristmas tree ornament and method of making the same
US2103939 *Feb 17, 1937Dec 28, 1937Flanagan William MOrnamental base for christmas trees
US2204859 *Sep 14, 1938Jun 18, 1940Columbus Coated Fabries CorpCoated glass fabric
US2221194 *Nov 25, 1938Nov 12, 1940Keller Nellie GDecorative object
US2269185 *Nov 15, 1939Jan 6, 1942Gen ElectricMethod of forming coil insulation
US2311613 *Apr 11, 1939Feb 16, 1943Owens Corning Fiberglass CorpTransparent composite material
US2367611 *Feb 26, 1941Jan 16, 1945Raymond Lambert LCandle ornament for christmas trees
US2448114 *May 18, 1943Aug 31, 1948Goodrich Co B FMethod for making heat-molded articles containing fabric reinforcements
US2513565 *Jun 21, 1945Jul 4, 1950Oscar I JohnsonOrnamental attachment for electric lamps or the like
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2785060 *Oct 15, 1952Mar 12, 1957George F KeelericProcess for making abrasive article
US2821802 *Nov 17, 1954Feb 4, 1958Glaser Clarence FOrnamental device
US2871152 *Dec 6, 1955Jan 27, 1959Frank J TobinLaminated tile
US2980574 *May 28, 1956Apr 18, 1961Kemlite CorpPlastic sheet material
US3054711 *Jul 6, 1959Sep 18, 1962Powell Charles WMethod of making simulated sculpture
US6224239Apr 16, 1999May 1, 2001Kurt S. Adler, Inc.Decorative lamp fixture with icicle shape having interior with plurality of vertically-spaced lights
U.S. Classification428/7, 428/15, D11/121, 428/523, 428/696
International ClassificationA47G33/08
Cooperative ClassificationB29K2105/128, B29C70/12, A47G33/08
European ClassificationB29C70/12, A47G33/08