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Publication numberUS2554585 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 29, 1951
Filing dateJan 27, 1949
Priority dateJan 27, 1949
Publication numberUS 2554585 A, US 2554585A, US-A-2554585, US2554585 A, US2554585A
InventorsMiller Albert W
Original AssigneeMiller Albert W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Coupling
US 2554585 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1951 A. w. MILLER 2,554,585

COUPLING Filed Jan. 27, 2 sheets-sheet 1 IN V EN TOR. in BE/PTM ll/LLEP 4 Patented May 29, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE COUPLING Albert W. Miller, Jamaica, N. Y.

Application January 27, 1949, Serial No. 73,053

-9 Claims. (01. 285-122) The present invention relates to couplings, and has special reference to couplings for tubes, pipes and other elongated members.

The principal object of the invention is to provide a coupling of this character which is of simple and strong construction, which may be easily applied and detached, and in which a firm leakproof joint is provided without weakening or otherwise damaging the tube in the coupling, and the tube is effectively protected against fatigue and breakage in service.

The several features of the invention, whereby this and other objects may be attained, will be readily understood from the following description and accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of one form of the coupling shown applied to the end portion of a tube;

Fig. 2 is a corresponding View of the coupling with the parts assembled ready to receive the end portion of the tube, the tube being shown in elevation;

Fig. 3 is a corresponding view, but with the parts separated;

Fig. 4. is a view corresponding to Fig. 1 of a modified form;

Fig. 5 is a view corresponding to Fig. 1 of another modified form;

Figs. 6 and 7 are views corresponding to Figs.

2 and 3 respectively of the latter modified form; 1

and

Fig. 8 is a modification of the form shown in Fig. 5.

The coupling shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 comprises a body member having a sleeve 4 formed on one end, a clamping nut 6 screw-threaded to the end of the sleeve, and a contractible longitudinally slotted collar 8, Fig. 1 showing the coupling assembled and fastened to the end portion of a tube [0.

The end portion of the body member opposite the sleeve 4 is provided with an axial bore l2 of substantially the same diameter as the internal diameter of the tube I 0. At the inner end of the bore I2 there is a tube end fitting I4 in the form of a conical nipple. The interior surface of the sleeve 4 has a cylindrical inner end portion l6, and the remaining portion l8 thereof flares outwardly.

The inner end portion of the collar 8 has an exterior surface of slightly greater diamete than the interior diameter of the end portion E6 of the sleeve. The remaining outer portion of the collar 8 is provided with longitudinal slots 20, the collar illustrated having four such slots, three of them being shown in the drawings. The exterior surface of this outer portion of the collar 8 is tapered inwardly.

The clamping nut 6 is provided with an end wall having anaxial bore 22, and the outer end of the collar 8 and the co-engaging portion of the end wall of the clamping nut are beveled.

With the parts assembled as shown in Fig. 2, the end portion of the tube l0 may be inserted through the nut aperture 6 and collar 8 with its end abuttingthe tube end fitting 14. The diameter of the outer end of this fitting may be slightly less than the inner diameter of the tube Upon tightening the clamping nut 6, the end wall thereof by engagement with the outer end of the collar 8 urges the collar inwardly so as to cause its inner end to be forced into the cylindrical portion it of the sleeve 4, thus contracting said end of the collar to cause it to tightly grip the tube. During this movement of the collar the outer beveled end thereof through its engagement with the beveled portion of the end wall of the nut 6, causes the longitudinally slotted portion of the collar to be contracted about the tube. Upon the further tightening of the clamping nut 6, the tube I0 is forced inwardly with the collar so as to cause the inner end of the tube to be flared tightly around the conical fitting M; The further inward movement of the collar is then limited by the engagement of its exteriorly tapered portion with the interior surface of the sleeve 4, and during such final tightening of the clamping nut the outer split portion of the contractible collar is caused to grip the tube with greater firmness. Thus the collar throughout its length grips the tube, but with the pressure decreasing from the inner to the outer end of the collar.

The coupling components are assembled when manufactured and need not be disassembled before being installed. When the tube has been inserted, as the clamping nut is tightened, the collar 8 first grips the tube and then both the tube and the collar move inwardly forcing the end of the tube to flare tightly around the conical fitting which acts as a spreading die to form an endurable leak-proof joint. As the nut is further tightened after the tube has been flared to a predetermined extent, the tapered surface of the collar which at this point has become embraced by the interior wall of the sleeve 4, checks the inward longitudinal movement of the collar- 1 protects the tube against fatigue and breakage in service.

The components of the coupling are so constructed that the end of the tube cannot be pinched, weakened or otherwise damaged in fastening it to the coupling, and inadvertent damage to the connection by ov-ertightening the clamping nut is effectively prevented. The tube may be disconnected and re-connected as many times as desired without damage to the tube .or coupling.

In the modification shown' in Fig. '4, instead of' the extent of the cutting of the end of the collar into the tube 34.

It Will be apparent that with this construction also, the coupling components are assembled when manufactured and need not be dismantled before being installed.

The tube to be connected may be freely inserted through the aperture in the end wall of the nut, through the split collar, into thetube end fitting and against the shoulder 38, and it is fastened so as to establish a secure leak-proof joint by tightening the clamping nut. When the nut has been completely tightened, the split portion of the c'ollar firmly embraces the tube over a considerthe outward flaring of the interior surface .of the sleeve 4 being of a uniform taper as shown in the preceding views it is formed by a cylindrical bore 23 ha ving the inner' end 24 thereof taperedinwardly to the inner cylindrical surface I6. With this construction the engagement of the outer This r coupling is-provided with a body member 25 having'a sleeve 28 formed at one end, a clamping nut 30 screw-threaded to the end of the sleeve, and acollar 32, Fig. 5, showing the parts of the coupling assembled and fastened to .a tube 34.

The end portion of, the body member 26 opposite the sleeve 28 is provided with an axial bore 36 of substantially the same-diameter as the internal diameter of the tube 34. At the inner end of this bore 36, there is a shoulder 38. The inner end of the interior surfaceof the sleeve 28 is provided with a tube end fittingin the form of a cylindrical socket 40, Adjoining this surface is a conical or outwardly flaring surface 42 which adjoins another outwardly flaring surface 44, the surface 44 flaring to a less degree than the intermediate surface 42. V V Thecollar 32 has an inner end portion 46 which has both its interior and exterior surfaces substantially cylindrical, its interior surface being of slightly greater diameter than the interior surface of the remaining portion of the collar. Said remaining portion of the collar is provided with longitudinal slots 48, and the outer surface thereof is tapered. The outer end of the collar 32 abuts against the end wall of clamping nut 30.

With the parts assembled as shown in Fig. 6, the tube 34 is inserted through the aperture in the end wall of the nut 30 and through the collar 32 with'its 'end abutting the shoulder 38 at the bottom of the sleeve 28.

Upon tightening the clamping nut 30, the collar 32 is forced inwardly, and as the inner end of the collar rides on the tapering portion 42 of the sleeve'it is deflected in against the tube and duringits continued movement cuts into the tube as shown in Fig. 5. During the continued tighteningof the nut 30, the tapered surface of the contractible slotted'collar by engagement with the interior surface 44 of the sleeve 28, causes said portion of the collar throughout its length to tightly embrace the tube 34; Also, such engagement of said tapered surface of the collar with the sleeve efiectively serves as a stop to limit the inward movement of the collar and thus limits able area, the pressure between the tube and the collar gradually diminishing in an outward direction from the 'inner end of the collar. The spreading and diminishing of this radial clamping force dampens and distributes vibrations, and thereby protects the tube against fatigue and breakage in service; It also protects the tube end, especially the point where it is scored and the wall thickness is reduced, from surface strains and stresses due to axial loading or bending of the connected tube.

When the exterior tapered surface of the collar comes into contact with the interior surface of the outer end of the sleeve, the wedging action between these parts and the tube stops the inwardlongitudinal movement of the collar and prevents its deflected inner edge from cutting further into the surface of the tube. Thus a preset means is provided to prevent the end of the tube from being severed or unduly weakened by being scored too deeply or being crushed by 6X?- cessive pressure by overtightening of the clamping nut.

Also, as in the construction previously described, the tube may be disconnected and reconnected as many times as desired without damaging the tube or coupling or the durability of the leak-proof joint.

In the form shown in Fig. 8 instead of the outer portion of the interior surface of the sleeve 28 beingtapered, it is formedcylindrical for ease of manufacture. In.this form it will be noted that only the outer end of said portion of the sleeve engages the split collar.

As' will be evident to those skilled in'the art, my invention permits various modifications with out departing from the spirit thereof or the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. 'In a coupling of the class described, a body member having a sleeve formed at one end, and a tube end fitting formed at the inner end of the sleeve, a clamping nut screw-threaded to the end of the sleeve having an end wall provided with an axial opening, and a collar having its inner end portion extending into said sleeve and its outer end adapted to be engaged by said end wall of the nut, the inner end portion of said collar being substantially cylindrical and the remaining portion of the collar being slotted to increase the resiliency thereof, said parts when thus assembled being adapted to receive a tube with the collar in sliding engagement with the tube and the inner end of the tube positioned against said tube end fitting, said collar and said sleeve having co-engaging portions whereby upon tightening the nut said inner end portion of the collar is contracted so as to clamp the tube and the slotted portion of the collar is then caused to grip the tube, the pressure of said slotted portion of the collar on the tube decreasing from the inner to the outer end of the collar.

2. In a coupling of the class described, a body member having a sleeve formed atone end and the remaining portion of said member having an axial bore leading from the interior of said sleeve, a transverse annular shoulder being provided between the end of said bore and the inner end of said sleeve, a clamping nut screw-threaded to the end of the sleeve having an end wall provided with an axial opening, and a collar with the inner end portion thereof having its interior diameter slightly greater than the interior diameter of the remaining portion of the collar, said remaining portion of the collar being slotted to increase its resiliency, and said collar extending into said sleeve with its outer end arranged to be engaged by said end wall of the nut, said parts when thus assembled being adapted to receive a tub: with the collar in sliding engagement with the tube and the inner end of the tube abutting said shoulder, and co-enaging surfaces on the collar and sleeve whereby upon tightening the nut the inner end of the collar is deflected inwardly so as to cut into the wall of said tube and the slotted portion of the collar is then caused to grip the tube.

3. In a coupling of the class described, a body member having a sleeve at one end and an annular shoulder at the inner end of the interior of the sleeve, a clamping nut screw-threaded to the outer end of the sleeve having an end wall provided with an axial opening, and a collar having a substantially cylindrical inner end portion with the remaining portion of the collar slotted to increase the resiliency thereof, the exterior surface of said slotted portion of the collar flaring outwardly, said parts when thus assembled being adapted to receive a tube with the collar in sliding engagement with the tube and the inner end of the tube abutting said shoulder, and co-engaging surfaces on the collar and sleeve whereby upon tightening the clamping nut the inner end of the collar is caused to out into the tube and then by engagement of said flared surface of the collar with the interior surface of the sleeve the slotted portion of the collar is caused to grip the tube.

.4. In a coupling of the class described, a body member having a sleeve formed at one end and an annular transverse shoulder at the inner end of the interior of the sleeve, a clamping nut screw-threaded to the end of the sleeve having an end wall provided with an axial opening, and a collar having the interior diameter of its inner end portion slightly greater than the interior diameter of the remaining portion of the collar, said remaining portion of the collar being slotted to increase the resiliency thereof and having its exterior surface flared outwardly, the interior surface of the sleeve having an outwardly flared portion near its inner end and the remaining outer portion of the interior surface of the sleeve being flared outwardly to a lesser degree than said first-mentioned flared portion, the inner end of the collar engaging the outer boundary of said first-mentioned flared portion, and the outer end of said collar being adapted to be engaged by said end wall of said nut, said parts when thus assembled being adapted to receive a tube with the collar in sliding engagement with the tube, and the inner end of the tube abutting said annular shoulder, whereby upon tightening the nut the inner edge of the collar is first caused to ride on said first-mentioned flared portion of the sleeve and then to be deflected and forced into the material of said tube, and then said slotted portion of the collar is caused to grip the tube by engagement of its said outwardly flared surface with the second-mentioned outwardly flared portion of said sleeve.

5. In a coupling of the class described, a body member having a sleeve formed at one end, and a tube end fitting formed at the inner end of the sleeve, a clamping nut screw-threaded to the end of the sleeve having an end wall provided with an axial opening, and a collar having its inner end portion extending into said sleeve and its outer end adapted to be engaged by said end wall of the nut, the inner end portion of said collar being substantially cylindrical and the remaining portion of the collar being flared outwardly, said parts when thus assembled being adapted to receive a tube with the collar in sliding engagement with the tube and the inner end of the tube positioned against said tube end fitting, said collar and said sleeve having co-engaging portions whereby upon tightening the nut said inner end portion of the collar is contracted so as to clamp the tube and the said flared portion of the collar is then caused to engage the outer end portion of the sleeve.

6. In a coupling of the class described, a body member provided with a sleeve at one end having a reduced inner end portion forming a socket, and a conical tube end fitting at the bottom of the socket, a collar having a reduced inner end portion slightly larger in diameter than the diameter of said socket adapted to be forced into the socket so as to be contracted thereby, and a clamping nut screw-threaded to the end of said sleeve having an end wall for engagement with the outer end of the collar, said end wall having an axial aperture to permit a tube to be passed therethrough and through said collar with its inner end in abutting engagement with said tube end fitting, whereby upon tightening said nut the collar is moved inwardly to cause its end to enter said socket so as to clamp the tube and then to force the tube inwardly therewith to cause the end of the tube to be flared over said tube end fitting, the outer portions of the collar and sleeve having surfaces which engage to limit the inward movement of the collar when the end of the tube is flared over said fitting a predetermined extent.

7. A coupling according to claim 6 in which the socket in said sleeve and the reduced inner end of the collar are substantially cylindrical and of such relative diameters that when the collar is forced into said socket so as to be contracted thereby it is caused to clamp said tube without materially contracting the tube.

8. A coupling according to claim 6 in which the outer portion of the collar is longitudinally slotted to permit it to be contracted to grip the tube, the outer end of said collar and the end wall of the nut having coengaging beveled surfaces serving during tightening of the nut to thus contract said slotted portion of the collar, and the exterior surface of the slotted portion of the collar flaring outwardly and by engagement with the outer portion of the sleeve tending to further contract the collar and then to limit the inward movement thereof when the tube is flared over said fitting.

9. A coupling according to claim 6 in which the socket in said sleeve and the reduced inner end of the collar are substantially cylindrical, opposed surfaces of the outer portions of said aunt-5 ,5

sleeve and said collar flare outwardly correspondingly, and said outer portion of the collar has longitudinally extending slots to permit said portion to be contracted to grip the tube, and the outer end of said collar and. the end Wall of said nut having coengaging beveled surfaces serving during tightening of the nut to thus contract said slotted portion of the collar, said flaring surfaces of the sleeve and the collar engaging to cause the collar to grip the tube with increased pressure and to limit the inward movement of the collar when the end of the tube is flared over said fitting, the gripping pressure of the collar on the 4 REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record. in the file of this patent: V

UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2271502 *May 8, 1940Jan 27, 1942Snyder Res IncDuctile tubing connector
US2453024 *Apr 24, 1946Nov 2, 1948Lawrence E OstromCoupling
US2453127 *Nov 16, 1945Nov 9, 1948Packless Metal Products CorpPipe coupling
US2466057 *Feb 18, 1947Apr 5, 1949Raymond SommaCombined tube connector and tube flarer
FR729401A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2727763 *May 29, 1950Dec 20, 1955Michel BergmanPipe connector for threadless pipe
US2761704 *Jan 14, 1952Sep 4, 1956Watts Electric & Mfg CoTube coupling adapted to upset pipe end
US3430187 *Mar 11, 1968Feb 25, 1969Roberts George GMarine plug
US5161835 *Jun 25, 1990Nov 10, 1992Yoshinori MiyakePipe joint mechanism having high maintainability with wrap-around seal member
US6079749 *Aug 4, 1997Jun 27, 2000Albino; MarkPreassembled fitting for use with corrugated tubing
US6276728Jul 8, 1999Aug 21, 2001Omega Flex, Inc.Fitting for use with corrugated tubing
US6428052Jun 21, 2000Aug 6, 2002Omega Flex, Inc.Fitting for use with corrugated tubing
US20110309615 *Aug 25, 2011Dec 22, 2011Swagelok CompanyFitting with adapted engaging surfaces
Classifications
U.S. Classification285/334.5, 285/341, 403/278
International ClassificationF16L19/10, F16L19/04, F16L19/00
Cooperative ClassificationF16L19/10, F16L19/04
European ClassificationF16L19/10, F16L19/04